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built by Omri.—\ Ki. xvt S3, .4. 'In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omrl to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzali. 24, And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Simmer, owner of the hill, Samaria.'
taken by the king of Assyria;—3 Ki. xvii. 5,6—«« ch. XTii. p. (94). a, * Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. 6, In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Ha4ah and in Habor by the river of Goxan, and in the cities of the Medes.'—xviii. 9—12. 9,' And it came to pass in tile fourth year of king Hezekiah, which wat the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up agaimt Samaria, and besieged it. 10, And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hesekiah, that t'l the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. II, And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halab and in Habor by the river of Goxan, and in the cities of the Medes: 12, because they obeyed not the Toice of the Loan their God, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the Lord commanded, and would not hear them, nor do them.' [—see p. (95).
given to be inhabited by the heathen :—2 Ki. xvii. 21—.6
Us ruin had been predicted;—Ho. viii. 5—7. 6,' Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast thee off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long wilt it be ere they attain to inuocency P 6, For from Israel was it also: the workman made it; therefore it is not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces. 7, For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.*—Mi. i. 5—7. D, 'For the transgression of Jacob if all this, and for the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? is it not Samaria? and what are the high places of Judah ? are they not Jerusalem? 6, Therefore I will make Samaria as an heap of the field, and as plantings of a vineyard: and I will pour down the stones thereof Into the valley, and I will discover the foundations thereof. 7, And all the graven images thereof shall be beaten to pieces, and all the hires thereof shall be burned with the fire, and all the idols thereof will I lay desolate: for ■be gathered it of the hire of an harlot, and they shall return to the hire of an harlot.*
future restoration:—Je, sxxi. 4, 5. 4, * Again I will build tbee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt as-iin be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt
?o forth in the dances of them that make merry, 5, 'lion shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of S,imaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.'
the gospel was to be preached in.-—Ac. i. 8, 'But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.'
fulfilment .-—Ac. viii. 1,4—25
churches edified therein:—Ac. ix. 31, 'Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.'
called Shechem:—Ge. xxxiii 18, .9. IB, 'And Jacob came to Shaiem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-aram; and pitched his tent before the city. 19, And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread hts tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money.'
Joseph buried Mere;—Jos. xxiv. 32, * And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver; audit became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.'
That Jacob Oave, &e.
this portion had been bought with money .•—Ge. xxxiii. 18—20, 'And Jacob came to Shaiem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-aram; and pitched his tent before the city. 19, And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money. 20, And he erected there an altar, and called it El-elohe-Israel.'
Ge. xlvili. 22, * Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.'—See also ch. xxxlv.
his becoming a wayfaring man predicted:—Ps. ex, 7, * He shall drink of tiie brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.'
touched,4~c.:—He. iv. 15, 'For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.'
able to succour:—Be. il. 18, 'For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.'
7. Draw Water.
see the case of Abraham's servant:—Ge. xxlv. 11—.3, 20, 43, J. 11,' And he made his camels to kneel down without the city by a well of water at the time of the evenlnc, even the time that women go out to draw water. 12, And he said, O Lord God of my master Ahraham, I pray thee, send me good speed this day, and shew kindness unto my master Abraham. 13, Behold, I stand here by the well of water; and the daughters of the men of the city come out to draw water.* 20,' And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran again unto the well to draw water, and drew for all his camels.* 43,' Behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shall come to pass, that when the virgin cometh forth to draw water, and I say to her. Give me, I pray thee, a little water of thy pitcher to drink; 41,and she say to me. Both drink thou, and I will also draw for thy camels: let the same be the woman whom the Lord hath appointed out for my master's son.'
of Moses:—Hx. ii. 15—.7. lb. 'Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Million: and he sat down by a well. 16, Now the priest of Mldian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 17, And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.'
joy at the drawing of water, <rc:—Is. xii. 3,' Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.'
9. No Dealings.
trading dealings they had, but, #c.;—2 Ki. xvii. 24, 33— 41—tee p. (95).
had ill treated the Jews; they being not accepted by the Jews in the building of the temple, endeavoured to hinder i(;—Ezr. iv, 1—ES—see Addenda, p. 99, line 16.— Ne. vi. 1—14—see ch. vi. p. (90).
10. Gift Of God.—See Lu. xi. 13, § 02.
not to be purchased with money:—Ac. viii. 20, 'But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money.'
if eternal life, d-c.:—Rom. vi. 23, * For the wages of sin it death; hut the gift of God ii eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.'
WoULDEST HAVE ASKED.
invitation to ask:—Is. Iv. 1, ' Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.'—Zee. x. 1, 'Ask ye of the Lord rain iu the time of the latter rain; so the Lord shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass In the field.1—See ' Scripture Illustrations.'
God,' the fountain of living waters:'—Je. ii. 13, For my people have committed two evils; tltey have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.'
fountain opened:—Zee. xiii. 1, * It that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.'
foreshadowed by the water from the rock.—1 Co. x. 4, 'And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.'
whosoever will.•—Rev. xxii. 17, 'And the Spirit and the bride say. Come. And let him that heareth say. Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.*
!0. Livino Water:—Ge. xxvt. 19, ' And Isaac's servants digged in the valley, and found there a well of springing [or, living'] water.'—Le. xiv. 5,' And the priest [Continued—see next page.]
[Continued from page 92.] shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water.'
12. our father Jacob:—Je. vii. 15,' And I will cast you mil of ray tight, as 1 have cast out all your brethren, even the whole teed of Ephraim.'
II Nbtkr THIRST.
prediction at to deliverance from thirst:—Is. xlix. 10, 1 They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them.- for he that hath mercy on them ■hall lead them, even by the springs of water ahall he guide them.'
confirmation:—Jno. vi. 3ft, § 43, ■ And Jesus laid unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.'—Rev. vii. 16, ' They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.*
Springing Up.—See 'Scripture Illustrations.
waters iuued out, $c:—Ese. xlvii. 1, 'Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house ttood toward the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south tide of the altar.'
a pure river, Jr.:—Rev. xxii. 1,' And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.'
20. This Mountain.
appointed:—De. xxvli. 12, .3—tee 'Note.' —Jos. viii. 32—.5. 32,' Ami he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel. 33, And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Loan, as well the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerisim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel. 34, And afterward be read all the words of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law. 35, There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant [Ilc-b. walked] among them.'
appointed for united worship:—De.xti. 1—11. 1,' These are tne statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the Lord God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth. 2, Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess [or, inherit] served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree: 3, and ye shall overthrow [Heb. break down] their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire ; and ye shall hew down the graven Images of their gods, and destroy the names of them out o( that place. 4, Ye shall not do so unto the Lord your God. 5, But unto the place which the Lord your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, even unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shall come: 6, and thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks: 7, and there ye shall eat before the Lord your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put
iour hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the .ord thy God hath blessed thee. 8, Te shall not do after all the things that we do here this day, every man whatsoever is right in his own eyes. 9, For ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance, which the Lord your God giveth you. 10, But when ye go over Jordan, and dwell in the land which the Lord your God giveth you to inherit, and when he giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, Bo that ye dwell in safety: 11, then there shall be a place which the Lord your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the Lord.' [12—2'J.
the Lord chote Jerusalem.— Conditionally, 2 Chr. vii.
Psalm CXXXII. Lord, remember David, and all
2 his afflictions: how he sware unto the Lord, and
3 vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob; Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up
4 into my bed; 1 will not give sleep to mine eyes, or
5 slumber to mine eyelids, until I find out a place for
the Lord, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob
6Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah: we found it in the
7 fields of the wood. We will go into his tabernacles i
8 we will worship at his footstool. Arise, O Lord, into
9 thy rest; thou, and the ark of thy strength. Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let thy
10 saints shout for joy. For thy servant David's sake
11 turn not away the face of thine anointed. The Lono hath sworn tn truth unto David; he will not turn from it i Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thv
12 throne. If thy children will keep my covenant and my testimony that 1 shall teach them, their children
13 shall also sit upon thy throne for evermore. For the Lord hath chosen Zion; he hath desired it for bis ha
11 hitation. This it my rest for ever: here will I dwell ■
15 for I have desired it. I will abundantly [or, surely]
bless her provision: I will satisfy her poor with bread.
lfi t will also clothe her priests with salvation: and her
17 saints shall shout aloud for joy. There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for,
18 candle] for mine anointed. His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.
thalt choose Jerusalem again.-—Zee. U. 12, 'And the Lord shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.'
under the new covenant.-—Jer Hi. 14—.7. 14, * Turn, O backsliding children, saith the Lord; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will hring you to Zion: 15, and I wiU give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. 16, And it shall come to pass, when ye be multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, saith the Lord, they shall say no more. The ark of the covenant of the Lord: neither shall it come to mind [Heb. come upon the heart]: neither shall they remember it; neither shall they visit if; neither shall that be done [or, it be ma^nittett] any more. 17, At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the Lord; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the Lord, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the Imagination of their evil heart.*
Bosk A VII.
I A reproof of manifoLl sins. 11 God's wrath against
(hem for their hypocrisy.
1 When I would have healed Israel, then the Iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, and the troop of robbers spoileth
2 without. And they consider not In their hearts that I remember all their wickedness: now their own doings have beset them about; they are before my
3 face. They make the king glad with their wicked
4 ness, and the princes with their lies. They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, who ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough
5 until it be leavened. In the day of our king the princes have made Aim sick with bottles of wine; he
6 stretched out his hand with scorners. For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morn
7 ing it burneth as a flaming fire. They are all hot; as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: there it none among them that call
Seth unto me. Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.
9 Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him,
10 yet he knoweth not. And the pride of Israel tesilneth to his face: and they do not return to the Lord their God, nor seek him for all this.
11 Ephraim also is like asilly dove without heart: thev \2 call to Egypt, they go to Assyria. When they shall
go, I will spread my net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise
13 them, as their congregation hath heard. Woe unto theml for they have fled from me: destruction unto them! because they have transgressed against me: though I have redeemed them, yet they have spoken
14 lies against me. And they have not cried unto mo with their heart, when they howled upon their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, and they
15 rebel against me. Though I have bound and strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against
16me. They return, but not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land of Egypt.
JESUS AT THE WELL OF SYCHAR.
John iv. 13—21.
13 thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle? Jesus answered and said unto-her,
14 Whosoever drinketh of this water shall-thirst again: but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall-give him shall- ■ never ei? vov cutava * -thirst; but the water that I-shallgive him shall-be in him a-well of-water springing-up aWofxevov into everlasting life.
15 The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I-thirst not, neither come
16 hither to-draw. Jesus saith unto-her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither.
17 The woman answered and said, I-have no husband. Jesus said unto-her, Thou-hast- •
18 well'-said, I-have no husband: for thou-hast-had five husbands; and he-whom thou-'
19 now-hast is not thy husband: in that saidst-thou truly. The woman saith unto-him,
20 Sir, I-perceive 0twp« that thou art a-prophet Our fathers worshipped in this moun
21 tain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to-worship. Jesus
as to deliverance from ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for the;
. vi. 35, § 43; Rev.
12. And hit children, of viol, i.e., the family in general, including the servants, as in Ge. xlv. 11, * And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou halt, come to poverty.1 This, and the mention of the cattle conjoined, is agreeable to the simplicity of early times, especially in the east.
14. The toater thai I shall give him. Jesus here refers without doubt to his teaching, his grace, his Spirit, and the benefits which come into the soul that embraces his gospel. It is a striking image, and especially in eastern countries, where there are vast deserts and often a great want of water.
[ShutI never thirst, oi uh iJnW*P«ls rivalwnn '<-■, shall have nothing more ever to desire.—See Rev. vil. 16. 'Meaning that the vivifying effect of the "word of life" shall be such as to satisfy the moat ardent desires of the soul; which, placing its happiness in God and his worship, no other desire will be thought of. Also, that such is the nature of that truth, that by its purifying and sanctifying influence on the soul, it is, as it were, an ever-springing fountain of holy affections, producing comfort here, and everlasting happiness hereafter."]
16. Go, call thy husband. By thus shewing her that he knew her life, he convinced her that he was qualified to teach her the way to heaven.
£18. Is not thy husband, ou* lo-ri <r. i. 'Is not [really] thy husband. It appears that the woman had been five times married; but whether those marriages had been dissolved by death, or by divorce, does not appear. Both might be the case; and as divorce was then shamefully prevalent, this implies no certainty of infidelity on the part of the woman.]
19. / perceive ... a prophet. The woman is j ostly amazed that a stranger should be acquainted with the general tenour of her life—see ver. 29, p. 95. Such knowledge she knew could not be acquired but by Divine revelation, and therefore she justly inferred that Jesus must be at least a prophet; and, as such, be a proper authority to appeal to for the solution of the controverted question, as to the comparative holiness of the Jewish and the Samaritan places of common national worship.
20. Our fathers. The Samaritans: perhaps also
meaning to intimate that the patriarchs had done It also; Ge. xii. 6, 7, 'And Abram passed through the land unto the vlace or Sichem, unto the plain of March, . . there budded he an altar unto the Lord.' And of Jacob it is said, xxxiii. 20, 'And he erected there an altar, and called it Et-elohe-Israel.'
In this mountain. Mount Gerinim, but a little way from Sychar.
[The Samaritans maintained that on this mountain Abraham and Jacob had erected an altar, and offered sacrifices to Jehovah—see above; and therefore, that the Deity had willed blessing to be pro. nounced from thence, and an altar to be erected, alleging in proof De. xxvii. 4, 12, .3. 4, ' Therefore it shall be when ye be gone over Jordan, that ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and thou shall ptaister them with plaitter.' 12, .3, 'These shall stand upon mount Gerittim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan ( Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar. and Joseph, and Benjamin •* and these shall stand upon mount Ebal to curses Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Napktali:' and, in order to 'make surety doubly sure,'interpolating the text at ver. 4, and changing 72s Ebal, into D'PJ, Gerixim. Hence they called it 'the blessed mount,' 'the holy place.' Not only did the Samaritans then worship on mount Gerizim, but the remnant of them yet subsisting continue to do so three times in the year, with great solemnity. On this mountain Sanhallat had built a temple for his son-in-law Manasseh; it was destroyed by John Hyrcanus, the high priest. Sanballat was chief governor of the Cuthites, or Samaritans, and a secret enemy to Nehemiah.j
Ye say. Ye Jews say.
In Jerusalem. As it was contemplated In the law of Moses that there should be but one place to offer sacrifice and to hold the great feasts, so it followed that the Samaritans were In error in supposing that their temple was the place.
21. Worship the Father. Both places were to be laid waste, as being neglected of God; the worship offered there being not' in spirit and in truth.' It ia worthy of remark, that all worship ia most carefully shut out from the space formerly occupied by the temple at Jerusalem, except that of Muhammed, which most expressly refuses to acknowledge God as a Father. PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS.
JESUS HAKES HIMSELF KNOWN.
John iv. 22—.6. saith unto-her, Woman, believe me, the-hour cometh, when ye-shall- ■ neither in this
22 mountain, nor-yet at Jerusalem,--worship the Father. Ye worship ye-know not what we-know what we worship wpoo-Kwouuev 6 otdaficv: for salvation o-wrnpm is of the Jews.
23 But the-hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall-worship the Father
24 in spirit and in-truth: for the Father seeketh such to-worship him. God is a-Spirit:
25 and they that-worship him must worship Him in spirit and in-truth. The woman saith unto-him, I-know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is-come,
26 he-will-tell atHtyyaXet us all-things. Jesus saith unto-her, I that speak unto-thee am he.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 21. this mountain, nor at Jerusalem—'hktoiu for- , Jno. i. 17, fl 7. p.'
taking in the midst of the land,' It. vi. 9—12—desolation both of Samaria and Jerusalem predicted, Mic I. 5,6; ill.
22. IV worship ye know not what. Though the Samaritans received the five books of Hoses, yet they rejected the prophets, and of course all that the prophets had said respecting the true God. Originally, also, they had joined the worship of idols to that of the true God.—See 2 Ki. xvii. 26—31.
Salvation is of the Jews. Christ the Saviour sprnng of them, as also did the twelve apostles, and in general the first prenchers of the gospel: the gospel proceeded from them to the Gentiles.
23. And now is. The old dispensation is about to pass away, and the new one to commence. Already there Is so much light that God may be worshipped acceptably in any place.
The true worshippers. All who worship God with the heart, and not merely in form.
[In truth. Not through the medium of shadows and types; not by means of sacrifices and bloody offerings,' a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience* He. ix. 9; but in the manner represented or typified by all these—in the true way of direct access to God through Jesus Christ. 'For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true i but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us,' ver. 24, ib.J
seeketh such to worship him—'a godly seed,' Hal. ii. 15—'ye are a cho*en generation,' &c, 1 Pe. ii. 9— it had been predicted that the good Shepherd would seek out his sheep that had been scattered, Eze. xxxiv. II—.3—'that which was lost,' ver. 16—'the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost,* I.u. xi*. 10, § 80—'the lost sheep of the house of Israel,' Hat. x. 6, § 39—of which, see, as contrasted with treacherous Judah, Je. iii. 11—.8.
24. God is a Spirit—' ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude,' De. It. 12—' the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh,' Nu. xxvii. 16—'the Father of spirits,' He. xii. 9—'no man hath seen God at anytime,' 1 Jno. iv. 13—'now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord it, there if liberty,' 2 Cor. iii. 17.
26. / that speak unto thee am he—' it is he that talketh with thee,' Jno. ix. 37, § 55—so when adjured by the high priest, Hk. xiv. 61, .2, § 89.
For the Father seeketh, Jr. Jesus came to fulfil his Father's will; lie came 'to seek and save that which was lost,1 Lu. xix. 10, § 80. 'Salvation ' was to be 'of the Jews,' unto a people who were to be sought out; that in them the Lord might more particularly manifest the wonders of redeeming love.
24. God is a Spirit. This is the second reason why men should worship him in spirit and in truth. 'The Mast High dwelleth not in temples made with hands,' Ac. vii. 48; 'neither ts worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed anything, seeing he giveth to all tiff, and breath, and alt things,' xvii. 25. A pure, a holy, a spiritual worship, therefore, is such as he seeks—the offering of the so id rather than the formal offering of the body—the homage of the heart rather than that of the lips.
25. 7 know that Messias cometn. As the Samaritans acknowledged the five books of Hoses, so they expected also the coming of the Hessiah.
Will tell us all things. Jesus had decided the question proposed to him, ver. 20, In favour of the Jews. The woman seems not to have been fully satisfied, and therefore was disposed, »s was customary in that age, to leave the matter undecided till the advent of the Hessiah, who would finally determine these controversies.
26. I am he. 1 am the Hessiah.— See Nath&nael's confirmation, Jno. i. 49, § 10, p. 73.
20 rer. Let us beware of making religion consist in attention to outward forms, instead of heart devotion to God, through the knowledge of his mercy and truth in the gift of his Son.
[21 ver. Let tut see the truth of the Saviour of Israel confirmed, in the fulfilment of his prediction with regard to the ceasing of the true worship of God, even in the place he had himself specially appointed for meeting with his people.]
22, .3 ver. Let us never forget, that the salvation which hath been so remarkably manifested towards us was of the Jews, and that it was sent from them to os, that we might become the true worshippers, who should ' worship the Father in spirit and in truth.'
23 ver. Let us know, that as truly as the former prediction, with regard to the ceasing of true worship
in the land, has been fulfilled, so truly will this purpose of God with regard to the true worshippers be fully accomplished also.
[24 ver. He who was sent of the Father to seek and to save the lost sheep of the house of Israel hath found us In the outward manifestation of his grace: may he also find in us the character of the people he hath for so long a time been forming for his praise.}
Let It be duly impressed upon us, that no mere outward ceremonies will suffice,—that God who is a Spirit can only be worshiped aright after his own nature,' in spirit and in truth*
25 rer. Let us beware of putting away from ns that true knowledge of God and his ways which he is even now able and willing to bestow .
21. This Mountain, Nor At Jerusalem. a great forsaking predicted.-—Is. vi. 9—12.
Isaiah VI. In the year that kin? TJzziah died I ■aw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and
2 lifted upi and his train filled the temple. Above it ■ tood the seraphim*: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered
3 bis feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said. Huh, holy, holy, is the Lord
4 of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.
5 Then said I, Woe is me 1 for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen
6 the King, the Lord of hosts. Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, tinting a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar:
7 and he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; aud thine iniquity is taken away,
8 and thy sin purged. Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for ns? Then said I, Here am 1; send me.
9 And he said. Go, and tell this people, Hear ye Indeed [or, without crating. Heb. near ye in hearing, etc.], but understand not; and see ye indeed, but per
lOceive not. Hake the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
tl Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate
12 [Heb. desolate with denotation], and the Lord have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in tin; midst of ihe land.
13 But yet in it shall be a tenth [or, when it it returned, and hath been browed], and it shall return, and shall be eaten : as a tell tree, and as an oak, whose substance [or, stock, or, stem] is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.
desolation both of Samaria and Jerusalem predicted :— Mi. i. 5,6—«ep. (92), ver. 5, under' Samaria, predicted.* —Mi. Hi.—see p. (62).
22. Yk Worship Tie Know Not What.
see as to the first institution of the Samaritan worship: —2 Kl. xvii. 24—tl—see eh. xvii., second column.
see Est. iv. 2,' Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them. Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esar-haddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither.'
the Athenians acknowledged simitar ignorance.—Ac. xvii. 23.'For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions [or. gods that ye worship], I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.'
Saltation ta or Tmr Jews.
Me Shiloh predicted to come of Judah:—Ge. xlix. 10, 'The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feer, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.'
will place salvation, Jfc.:—Is. xlvi. 13, 'I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry: and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory.*
ten men shall take, <fr..—Zee viii. 23, * Thus salth the Lord of hosts; In those dnys it shall come to past, that ten men shall take hold out of all lnngunges of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that Is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.'
< our Lord sprang out of Juda i'—He. vil. 14,' For if is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which irning p. 13.
23. True Worshipper*.—See' Scriptnre Illustrations,' —Zep. iii. 9,13. 9,' For then will I turn to the people a pure language [Heb. tip], that they may all call upon the name of the Lord, to serve him with one consent [Heb. shoulder].1 13,' The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor sneak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make them afraid.'
praying always:—Ep. vi. 18,' Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints.'
woiship Ood,ife..-—Ph. iii. 3, 'For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh."
see also Jno. Tl 63, 8 43, * It Is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.'—Bom. viii. t, 'There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.*—1 Co. xiv. 15, * What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understandiug also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the
understanding also.'— -2 Co. iii. ti—9— —1 Pe.
iii. 18, 'For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God,being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.'
Troth—See 'Scripture Illustrations.'
Skkketh Such To Worship Him.
a godly seed:—Mil. ii. 15,' And did not be make one? Tet had he the residue [or, excellency] of the spirit. And wherefore one P That he might seek a godly seed [Heb. a seed of God]. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.'
ye are a chosen generation:—1 Pe. ii, 9,' But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar [or, a purchased people] people; that ye should shew forth the praises [or, virtues] of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.'
it had been predicted, tfe. .-—Ere. xxxiv. 11—.3. 11,' For thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, aud seek them out. 12, As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. 13, And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.'
that which was lost:—Ese. xxxlv. 16, * I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.'— See' Scripture Illustrations.'
of which see as contrasted with treacherous Judah:— Je. iii. 11—.8—ieep. (39).
24. God Is A Spirit.
ye heard the voice:—De. iv. 12, * And the Lord spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a voice.'—Nu. xxvii. 16, 'Let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh, tet a man over the congregation.'— He. xiL 9,' Furthermore we hare had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live ? '—1 Jno. i*. 12,'No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.'—2 Co. iii. 17—see 'Scripture Illustrations.'
2 Kings XVII. In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elan to reign in
2 Samaria over Israel nine years. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.
3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave [Heb.
4 rendered] him presents [or, tribute]. And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
b Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.
6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river
7 of Gosan, and in the cities of the Medes. For so It was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the Lord their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh
8 king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, and walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the Lord cast out from before the children of Israel, and
9 of the kings of Israel, which they had made. And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the Lord their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of
10 the watchmen to the fenced city. And they set them up images [Heb. statues] and groves in every high
11 bill, and under every green tree: and there they
[Continued—see next page.]