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many diseases, 2 And the barbarous people 10 Who also honoured us shewed us no little kindness; with many honours; and, when for they kindled a fire, and re- we departed, they laded us eeived us every one, because with such things as were neof the present rain, and be- eessary. eause of the cold.
11 | And after three months 3 And when Paul had we departed in a ship of Algathered a bundle of sticks, exandria, which had wintered and laid them on the fire, there in the isle, whose sign was eame a viper out of the heat, Castor and Pollux. and fastened on his hand.
12 And landing at Syra4. And when the barbarians cuse, we tarried there three saw the venomous beast hang days. on his hand, they said among
13 And from thence we themselves, No doubt this man fetched a compass,b and came is a murderer, whom though to Rhegium ; and after one he had escaped the sea, yet day the
south wind blew, and vengeance suffereth not to live.
we came the next day to Pu5 And he shook off the beast teoli ; into the fire, and felt no harm. 14 Where we found breth
6 Howbeit, they looked ren, and were desired to tarry when he should have swollen, with them seven days; and or fallen down dead suddenly; so we went toward Rome. but after they had looked a 15 And from thence, when great while, and saw no harm the brethren heard of us, they come to him, they changed came to meet us as far as Aptheir minds, and said that he pii Forum and The Three was a god.
Taverns; whom, when Paul ng In the same quarters saw, he thanked God, and were possessions of the chief took courage. man of the island, whose name 16 And when we came to was Publius; who received Rome the centurion delivered us, and lodged us three days the prisoners to the captain of courteously.
the guard; but Paul was suf8 And it came to pass,
that fered to dwell by himself with the father of Publius lay sick a soldier that kept him. of a fever and of a bloody flux; 117 | And it came to pass, to whom Paul entered in, and that, after three days, Paul prayed, and laid his hands on called the chief of the Jews him, and healed him.
together; and, when they 9 So when this was done, were come together, he said others also, which had diseas- unto them, Men and brethren, es in the island, came and b Fetched a compass, that is, went were healed;
about, or coasted round,
some of the Jews. though I have committed no- prophets, from morning till thing against the people, or evening. customs of our fathers, yet was 24 And some believed the I delivered prisoner from Jeru- things which were spoken, and salem into the hands of the some believed not. Romans :
25 And when they agreed 18 Who, when they had not among themselves they deexamined me, would have let parted, after that Paul had me go, because there was no spoken one word, Well spake cause of death in me.
the Holy Ghost by Esaias e 19 But, when the Jews the prophet unto our fathers, spake against it, I was con- 26 Saying, Go unto this strained to appeal unto Cesar; people, and say, Hearing ye not that I had ought to accuse shall hear, and shall not un. my nation of.
derstand ; and seeing ye shall 20 For this cause therefore, see, and not perceive : have I called for you, to see you,
27 For the heart of this and to speak with you; because people is waxed gross, and that for the liope of Israelc I their ears are dull of hearing, am bound with this chain. and their eyes have they clos
21 And they said unto him, ed; lest they should see with We neither received letters their eyes, and hear with their out of Judea concerning thee, ears, and understand with their neither any of the brethren heart, and should be convertthat came shewed or spake ed, and I should heal them. any harm of thee.
28 Be it known, therefore, 22 But we desire to hear of, unto you, that the salvation of thee what thou thinkest; for God is sent onto the Gentiles, as concerning this sect, d we and that they will hear it. know that every where it is 29 And, when he had said spoken against.
these words, the Jews depart23 | And when they had ed, and had great reasoning appointed him a day, there among themselves. came many to him into his 30 7 And Paul dwelt two lodging; to whom he expound- whole years in his own hired ed and testified the kingdom house, and received all that of God, persuading them
con- came in unto him, cerning Jesus, both out of the 31 Preaching the kingdom law of Moses, and out of the of God, and teaching those
things which concern the Lord c For that religion which is the
Jesus Christ, with all confihope of Israel.
dence, no man forbidding him. d This sect, the professors and supporters of the Christian religion. e Esaias, Isaiah vi, 9, 10
TO THE EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL TO THE ROMANS.,
As St. Paul, who at first was also called Saul, was the author not only of this, but most of the epistles, it may not be improper to give a short account of his life. He was born at Tarsus, one of the principal towns in Cilicia, probably not long after the birth of our Saviour. His parents were Jews, of the tribe of Benjamin ; and as they were Pharisees, Paul was educated in all the principles and prejudices of that sect. He had the privileges of a Roman citizen by birth-right, but how his parents acquired these privileges is not certain. Paul spent the early part of his life at Tarsus, and probably was there taught Grecian literature and philosophy. He afterward went to Jerusalem to study under Gamaliel, a celebrated Jewish Rabbi, or doctor of the law, with whom he made great proficiency in the law, and the traditions of the elders.
Paul appears to have possessed great natural abilities, quick apprehension, strong feelings, and firm resolution, which qualified him for eminence as a teacher of whatever principles he might embrace. He distinguished himself by his zeal in favour of the Jewish religion, and against the disciples of Jesus Christ, till, on his way from Jerusalem to Damascus in order to persecute the Christians, he was called in a miraculous manner to the profession of that religion, which he was madly endeavouring to destroy. From this time Paul was ever a firm and unshaken friend to the Christian cause. He spent the remaining part of his life in travelling through the most populous parts of Asia and Europe, teaching the Gospel, and convincing both Jews and Gentiles, that Jesus was Christ the Messiah, the Saviour of the world.
It is pretty well ascertained, that Paul suffered martyrdom at Rome, being beheaded about A. D. 64, in the reign of the emperor Nero.
As this Epistle to the Romans is of great importance, and somewhat difficult to be understood, it may be well to be a little more particular concerning it.
At what time, and by whom the Gospel was first preached at Rome, is not certain ; but there is good reason to believe, it was early introduced there, and that its converts soon became numerous. As this church appears not to have been established by either of the apostles, St. Paul, about A. D. 57, lest it should be corrupted by the Jews, who, at this time were nu
merous at Rome, and of whom many were converted to Christianity, wrote this Epistle, in which he gives a summary of Christian doctrine, and endeavours to guard the Christians against those erroneous ideas, which the Jews entertained of justification by works, or by the observance of the ceremonial law; and of the particular election of their own nation.
Concerning justification the Jews assigned three grounds, which they trusted, would secure to them the favour of God
; 1. The extraordinary piety and merits of their ancestors, and the covenant made by God with those holy men; 2. the diligent study, and perfect knowledge of the law of Moses ; 3. the works of the Levitical law, which, especially circumcision and sacrifice, were to expiate sin. Hence they inferred, that the Gentiles must receive the whole law of Moses in order to be justified and saved. But Paul refuted these dangerous errors, by shewing, that by the deeds of the Levitical law, that is, eircumcision, sacrifices, purifications, &c. there was no remission, but only the knowledge of sin; and he taught that the Gospel reveals a righteousness before unknown, which is derived solely from faith, and to which both Jews and Gentiles have an equal claim.
Rom. jii. 20—25. The doctrine of the Jews concerning the particular election of their nation was, that, as God had promised to bless Abraham and his seed, to give him not only spiritual blessings, but also the land of Canaan, to allow him to live there in prosperity, and to consider him as his church upon earth; therefore this blessing extended to their whole nation, and that God was bound to fulfil these promises to them, whether they were righteous or wicked, faithful or unbelieving: and that the promise to Abraham, “ In thee shall all the nations of the earth be blessed,” consisted in the conversion of all nations to Judaism by the Jews. Hence they believed, that there was no church on earth, but the Jewish, in which men could be saved. But St. Paul shewed, that the promises of God were not made to all the natural posterity of Abraham, but only to his spiritual children, that is, to all those, whether Jews or Gentiles, who had obtained like precious faith with faithful Abraham.
As the Jews, at this time, were very seditious in Rome, Paul exhorts to be subject to magistrates, to abstain from vice, and that Jews and Gentiles, be united in the church by brotherly love.
commended. THE EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE, TO
10 Making request, if by 1 Paul's calling commended : any means now at length I
16 what his Gospel is. 18 might have a prosperous jourGod's
anger at sin. 21 The ney by the will of God to come Gentiles' sins. PAUL, a servant of Jesus 11 For I long to see you, Christ, called to be an apostle, that I may impart unto you separated unto the Gospel of some spiritual gift, to the end
ye may be established; 2 (Which he had promised 12 That is, that I may be afore by his prophets in the comforted together with you, holy scriptures)
by the mutual faith both of 3 Concerning his Son Je- you and me. sus Christ our Lord, which 13 Now, I would not have was made of the seed of Da- you ignorant, brethren, that vid according to the flesh, oftentimes I purposed to come
4 And declared to be the unto you, (but was let hitherSon of God with power, ac- to,)a that I might have some cording to the spirit of holi. fruit among you also, even as ness, by the resurrection from among other Gentiles. the dead;
14 I am debtor b both to the 5 By whom we have receiv. Greeks and also to the Barbaed grace and apostleship, for rians, both to the wise and to obedience to the faith among the unwise. all nations for his name ; 15 So, as much as in me is,c
6 Among whom are ye also I am ready to preach the Gosthe called of Jesus Christ; pel to you that are at Rome
~ To all that be in Rome, also. beloved of God, called to be 16 For I am not ashamed saints ;
Grace to you, and of the Gospel of Christ; for peace, from God our Father, it is the power of God unto and the Lord Jesus Christ. salvation to every one that be
8 First, I thank my God lieveth; to the Jew first, and throngh Jesus Christ for you also to the Greek. all, that your faith is spoken 17 For therein is the righof throughout the whole world. teousness of God revealed
For God is my witness, whom I serve with
a But was let bitherto. Though I in the Gospel of his Son, that have been hindered hitherto.
b I am debtor &c. As an apostle without ceasing I make men
of Jesus Christ I am bound to preach tion of you always in my pray- the Gospel both to the Greeks, &c.
6 As in me is, as is in my power.