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own son in the faith,” and, many and what hard work he found at the others. Thus you see, that a father strait gate, after this he can tell how in Christ is one of large experience, happy he was in his first love, and is united to Christ Jesus, is blessed that he expected that it would conwith a great share of spiritual wis. tinue, then he can tell of his being dom and understanding and instru. weaned from the milk, then of going mental in begetting others. But into the field of battle, and of the thirdly, a father, literally should be cruel treatment he had from the one that loves, and is tender over his world the flesh and the devil, and the children ; hence Paul, when writing worst of all, his own heart; well after to the Thessalonians says,

all this he gets more and more estabgentle among you, even as a nurse lished, his hopes stand firmer and these cherisheth her children, so being af- storms do not shake him as formerly. fectionately desirous of you, we were His faith groweth and bis love to the willing to have imparted unto you, Lord, and he tells what he feels to not the gospel of God only, but also others. God gives him a door of utterour own souls, because ye were dear ance and makes him useful to the unto us.” And this is no easy thing souls of men, in communicating the except when love is in exercise : same Spirit, and thus he is a father, hence, Moses complains of the Lord's and is never more at home than when laying the burden of all the children be is telling others what God has of Israel, upon him, saying, “ have I done for his soul, and the Holy Spiconceived all this people, have I rit furnishes him continually, leads begotten them, that thou shouldest his mind to the ancient settlements, say unto me, carry them in thy bo when the covenant was made, leads som, as a nursing father beareth the him to see and feel bis eternal elec. sucking child," &c. Numb. xi. 12. tion, the righteousness of Christ, the you see what a different influence atonement, leads him into all the Moses was under at that time to what office and covenant characters of Paul was; thus a father, spiritually, Christ, step by step, and constantly when under the sweet influence of leads him out of self to live wholly grace, is very tender and full of love upon Christ, so that as one of these to bis children in the faith. Fourth fathers said, " Out of his fulness be ly, a father literally, should see to the receives grace for grace,” and such feeding and clothing of his children ; are well established in several things. this is a natural cause : now Paul was First, in the fall of man, by a con. one of these fathers, in a spiritual stant feeling the plague of their own sense, and therefore he feeds his chil. hearts, as Paul did, “ O wretched dren, some with milk, “ I have fed man that I am." Secondly, in grace, you with milk, and not with strong that they never will be any better, meat, for ye were not able to bear it, but that all they have they are in. neither are ye now able." You see debted to God's grace for. Thirdly, how tenderly he acted towards them, in righteousness: that all Christ's and what wisdom God gave him, as becomes theirs by imputation, and Christ told Peter, who was another of they are quite at a point, that this is the these fathers, féed my lambs, feed one and only way, and they rejoice in my sheep,” bu c how can any man do it. Lastly, God blesses them with this, that has not travelled the road much wisdom and knowledge, so that bimself, all suchf can do, is to bring they well understand the way he has forth the letter o truth, but the let- led them, and feel a growing delight ter killetb, but if a man is sent of in it, and if they do not in this, they God, and a father in Christ, he can cannot in any thing else. Wisdom tell about bis first seeking the Lord, and knowlege is the stability of their times, &c. But I would mention may receive you into everlasting habanother sort of food, not only milk, itations."-Luke xvi. 9. or all comfort, which the babes have, In order to arrive at a right un. sucklings and children, but there is derstanding, in any measure of the strong meat also, hence he says, above sentence, your first query, we

Strong meat is for them of full must be assured, by and in the Holy age, which by reason of use, have Ghost, that the person who spake the their senses exercised to discern good words, was our Lord and Saviour, and evil ;" you know as well as I, that God the Son, Incarnate, Immanuel ; it will not not do literally to give to the Man Christ Jesus; and know the a baby, what you give to a grown same was and is, a parable, spoken to person ; no, each have their proper his disciples, the twelve apostles, with food ; now bere are some that have others assembled, together with enehad their senses exercised, and here mies, especially the scoffing pharisees. are sharp trials and conflicts from every Moreover we must be assured that quarter, all that former comfort which the parable now speaks, and will they once had, seems lost, and only speak, to peoples through time, in like a dream ; well, they come to hear judgment, and mercy, for a blessing

God is pleased to lead to his ransomed peoples, especially the preacher to describe, God's work, bis pullic witnesses, pastors, minisand be first shews how God begins, ters, and missionaries, called stewards, and he leads the soul on to his first See Gen. iii. ; xv. 2; Titus i. love.

7; 1 Cor. iv. 2; Rev. xxii. 14. 21. (To be Concluded in our next.)

Furthermore it is necessary in order to properly understand the parable,

and to interpret the same, as your WATCHMAN'S

propounded query, to be assured that in the multitude of stewards, there

are some, unto whom the Lord gives To the Querists, with remarks on their pro


for stewardship, to pounded Queries, in June number of the Spiritual Magazine.- Page 128.

endure for a time only, and those

stewards, not being regenerated, BRETHREN, I am one of the favour. enter into Satan's temptations, ed readers of “ the Spiritual Maga- and fall into mischief, that is, zine,” among many thousands of unboly, unjust acts and deeds, christians, with yourselves, and against the Lord, against his word being continually instructed, comfor- and ways upon earth; proving them- . ted, and strengthened through it, by selves to be designedly mischievous, the Holy Ghost's various ministra- and upjust, and in consequence, as tions, I am constrained in his bless. the Lord says, “ May be no longer ings at times, to write a few lines for stewards.” Luke xvi. 2. insertion, in gratitude, humility, self- Therefore let us, wbo in the divine denial, christian charity, and filial re. blessing, are faithful, regenerated verence, before the Holy Ghost, and stewards with our households and the Father, and Christ, one God; congregations, look upon and hear praying the same may be rendered a our blessed Lord, addressing his blessing to his elect family on earth. disciples by parables, at some In these enjoyments, I am inclined to length, before he uttered the parable present remarks, as requested, which is

query. your " Three Queries."

We observe, “ He said unto his The first is, “ Make to yourselves disciples, There was a certain rich friends of the mammon of unrigh- man, which had a steward, and the teousness, that when ye fail, they same was accused unto him, that he






your first


had wasted his goods.” ver. 1. The of the stewardship, they, (my Lord's certain rich man was our Lord him- debtors) may receive me into their self, the man Christ Jesus, speaking houses. 4th verse. Thus we find the in parables, of all his unjust stew. Lord knows every thought, motion, ards, as one; from Cain to Balaam, and resolve of his unjust and just Core, king Saul, king Ahab, and' stewards, as of all creatures. Well, all others, to the Pharisees, who the Lord permitting, the unjust were then hearing him; with Ju. steward, in his unholy, unjust re. das, one of his disciples, whom solve, “ called every one of his the Lord knew, was, and would Lord's debtors to him, and said unto be through his life, an unjust the first, how much owest thou unto steward." It is well also to know my Lord ?” 5th verse, And he said, and mark, that the Lord's parables an hundred measures of oil !” And searched and tried the just stewards, the steward said unto him, “ take and all his disciples as they condemned thy bill and sit down quickly, and the unjust stewards, and their confe- write fifty.” 6th

Mark derates, who were accused by holy Je, that the omniscient eyes of the angels and suffering saints to their Lord were upon the unjust ones, and Lord. See Luke xvi. 1, 13, 14, 15. Ist their united injustice! Yet, permitverse. By which we are assured, that ting the same, the unjust steward all stowards of the Lord's, who cannot secured to himself, whilst beguiling by grace and truth, give a righteous his Lord's debtors, a covering in their account of their stewardship, will re. houses, at the same time, holding a ceive sooner or later, before or at their claim for fifty measures of oil, for his temporal death, his righteous sen- own use, or for sale! Oh, what an tence, "Thou mayest be no longer unholy confederacy! Alas, what steward.". Then they fail, as he speaks, awful professors. And the case of the and their “ confidence is rooted out next debtor was the same, who owed of their tabernacles.” yet unto their his Lord," an hundred measures of temporal death, their principle of wheat," unto whom the unjust stewinjustice continues in exercise against ard said, " write fourscore, the Lord, striving for self preservation steward by his injustice, secured anoand esteem among unjust professors, so they unjust beguiled professor's house, tempting the Lord and sinning against for a covering, holding also a claim him, and beguiling their Lord's for twenty measures of wheat, yet debturs into their own injustice, hate. all was the Lord's, who saw their in. ing and condemning the just in the justice, declaring the same in para. Lord, as king Saul did David ; which bles.

7th verse.

Oh what cutting the Lord beholds and abhors. Observe parables, and heart-piercing doctrine therefore, that as the unjust steward for the Lord's disciples, and condemlost his stewardship, before resigning nations against the unjust stewards, his books, exercising himself in un- the pharisees, unto which the Lord holy, unjust ways, the Lord seeing added, Ye cannot serve God and and knowing him, and his heart and Mammon.” Then the pharisees, soul.devices informs us by parables, they derided him," that is, they that the unjust steward said within in wrath and enmity, scoffed at himself " What shall I do? For my the

and condemned his Lord taketh away from me the stew. parables before the peoples, so doing ardship : I cannot dig, to beg I am violence to their own consciences. ashamed !” Then the Lord informs See verses 13, and 14. Now all these us of the unjust steward's unholy, un- wrathful scoffings and deridings we just resolves; that is, I am resolved have seen and heard, in these days, wbat to do, that when I am put out by the Lords' national unjust stew

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80 the


ards, in states and churches, especi. have secured, a free reception into ally in Great Britain, uniting with the Houses, Palaces and Senates, of Mahomet and his mystical progeny, all the aforesaid unions oi the Lord's Socinians and others, the Lord's debt. debtors, like the unjust steward of ers, all in debt, for their national old, and have a claim also, for as much dues, owing him, as God of the of the mammon of unrighteousness ; whole earth, And the Stewards as they need, when they lose their now uniting and juggling with the stewardship. Such are the evils of Pope of Rome also, and his powers, these days, permitted by our Lord, kings, queens, princes, nubles, jesu. nationally and individually, among its and senators, who owe the Lord his unjust stewards, and their upjust millions, for their use of the sea confederates, which God's states and and eartb ; which debts instead of churches have to endure, for an apbeing demanded of them, by our na- pointed time, as of old, from Cain to tional stewards, for nerves and Abab, to Herod, Pilate, and the Phasinews, of the Lord's protestant na. risees, priests and unjust stewards. tions, and for the comfort of his faith. Luke xvi, 4, 7. But what is most ful protestant stewards, their house. wonderful to us, are the acts of our holds and churches; the unjust wonderful Lord, the man Christ Je. stewards, are giving them the Lord's sus, the Judge, Lawgiver and King of gold and silver, oil and wheat, that isall, who could crush them all as a moth, all temporal riches, which he designed that he should permit their injustice, for his faithful just stewards, from and even commend the unjust stew. kings; See Isaiali xlix. 23; and others ard in the parable, as those now liv. down to the poorest stewards, their ing, for their wisdom; wbilst his household and churches. These are law and testimony, in his justice, the awlul acts, and deeds of injustice, condemns all, in our presence, and done to the Lord, in these days, by before his angels ; See Deut. xxvii. his unjust stewards, for proofs see 13, 18, 25; Luke xvi. 15. The Lord the Socinian endowment, the May- so proving that his just stewards, nooth and other grants, and deeds their households and churches are of wasting the Lord's goods. called to suffer for his sake, and to Luke xvi, 1.

be bruised by devils, and their hu. Yes, yes, we see and know all this man unions. Gen. iii. 15; Phil. i. unjust waste, whilst the stewards, 29; Rev. xxii. 20,receiving inore not regarding their oath to the Lord, grace;" James iv. 6; Rev. xxii. 25. who gave them good gifts, talents Therefore the Lord in order to shew and powers, all qualifications for their us our lot, in the lap of his provi. stewardship; by which they entered dence, and to make known in. professionally, into the christian pro: justice, and impure wisdom of the testant brotherly covenant. Now unjust stewards, and their cruel per. having broken that covenant, forsak. secuting bands, all the Lord's debtors, ing the faithful and just in the Lord, he says " The children of this world, rejecting and contemning tens of are in their generation, wiser than the thousands of petitions from the faith children of light;” Luke xvi. 8. So ful and just, in church and state, was Ahithophel of old, the noted un, hetraying us as far as possible, into just steward, wiser than David, the the hands of our enemies, as Lord's just steward. Having there, Judas betrayed the Lord, after enrich- fore arrived at the end of the 8tb ing them with the Lord's goods, at verse ; we come to make remarks on the risk of losing their steward. the 9th verse, your propounded query, ship; we observe and publish the which is a parable the Lord spoke act, that they by their unjust deeds unto his disciples, Judas being one of

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them, saying in reference to the people's good, in all nations, honestly; unjust steward, and his wisdom and 80 we find, when that mammon is deeds of getting “the mammon of taken away by evil spirits, in evil unrighteousness;" "Make to your persons, by the Lord's permission, selves friends of the mammon of un- either by force, or fraud, as Abab, righteousness, that when ye fail, they Judas, and the unjust steward took may receire you into everlasting habi. it, and wasted it, sporting with it tations.” Luke xvi. 9. The parable among the Lord's debtors as the was a rightejus, life-giving, most lov. stewards of these days have done, as ing warning to all his regenerate just aforesaid. Then the same is called "the stewards who heard him, as to us and mammon of unrighteousness," which all who shall live unto the end of the Abraham, God's friend, and the father world, to be aware of taking “ the of the faithful would not take of, mammon of unrighteousnes," lest, when offered to him, see Gen. 14, 23. we should he received as apostates, And which the Holy Ghost forbids us, into the everlasting habitations of the and all his heirs, to touch, or to devil, who is the god of the mam- make friends with; the god of "the mon of unrighteousness, and the fa- mammon of unrighteousness," who ther of unjust stewards, in their in- was, and is the devil, or to take

any justice with their unions, in all the pari of it from the devil's anti-chrisearth, who delight in the mammon tian unions, see Isa. xxxiii. 15, 16. of unrighteousneas, and sell them- Nay, the Holy Ghost by his gracious selves as Ahab and others did of old influential inabiding, and counsel, unto Judas, and hundreds in these whilst the grace of life, filial fear, is in days, to work wickedness ; 1 Kings us, we cannot take the mammon of xxi. 23; Mat. xxvi. 15. But as an unrighteousness,” except by a violent old watchman, and diligent Bible temptation, and then God takes it reader, anıl also of commentators, I away from us, see Neh. v. 15; Acts must inform you, that some commen- xx. 23. Yes, I say, God takes it tators thought, and have so spoken, away from us, saying thou shalt and published, that in the parable, not covet,” and smiting us, he strips your query, the Lord spoke to his us, see Isa. lvii. 17. Then in ans. rich disciples only, through all ages, wer to the prayer of faith, in feelings commanding them to make to them. of godly sorrow for sins, and repen. selves friends of the mammon of tance towards God, confessing sins, unrighteousness, getting it, and hoping for cleansing, hating sin, and giving to the poor, either stewards or sinful selves, God cleanses, and par. others, and so obtain their friendship, dons, and comforts us, see Isa. Ivii. and esteem of christianity, &c, &c. 18, 19; 1 John vii. 9. Saying, "bread However, that cannot be the true shall be given, thy water sure,” Isa. and full signification of the parable, xxxiii. 16. This is the blessed lot of indeed such an interpretation is just stewards, with their households, unscriptural. Now in order to get and churches. see Mat. vi. 30; Luke at the true interpretation of the para. ix. 13, 14, 16, 17. It is only unjust ble, your query, we must be assured, stewards, their households, and that the first and highest signification churches, therefore, who make unto ef mammon is, temporal riches, as themselves friends of “the mammon God gave to the saints of old, and of unrighteousness," as Ahithophel especially to Abraham andSol omon. and Judas, with others, and the un. see Gen. xiii. 2; and 2 Chron. i. 12. just steward in the Lord's parable,

Well then, as we have the right and his unjust bands; then the devil's knowledge of mammon, as God's and those mammonists of unrighteousgifts to be used for his glory, and his ness, receive them into everlasting

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