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19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.

20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years and he died.

21 ¶ And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah. 22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah, three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.

23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years.

24 And Enoch walked with God, and he was not: for God took him. 25 ¶ And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech.

26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters.

27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years and he died.

28 And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son. *

29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work, and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.

30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety

and five years, and begat sons and daughters.

31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.

32 And Noah was five hundred years old and Noah begat Shent, Ham, and Japheth. §

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CHAP. VI. The wickedness of the world causeth the flood. 8 Noah findeth grace. 14 The order, form, and end of the ark.

AND it came to pass when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them.

2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them: the same became mighty men, which were of old, men of renown.

5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagina

ascribed to their abstemious manner of life, in the natural way; it may be proper to enquire, why none of the others did not obtain the secret art of longevity. He attempts also to give another solution, and to which the learned Abarbanel replies, and endeavours to defend Maimonides; but the consideration of the whole, would lead me far beyond the limits alotted in these notes.

* In the Hebrew it is 15 a son and as this expression is not used by any of the others, it ought to be enquired why this distinction? to which I think it may be answered, that 1 is derived from na to build: And therefore Jarchi observes, that from 13 this son, which was Noah, the postdeluvian world was built: i. e. they all sprang from this very son.

There are two questions arising from this verse, which cannot be satisfactorily answered, namely, First, Whether Noah had already these three sons when he was 500 years old, or if then the first of them was born?-2dly, Whether they were born in the order that Scripture names them? or whether a preference is not given to Shem because of the honour he had thất Abraham sprang from him.

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395. Mahalaleel,

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874. Lamech, · 1056, Noah.

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622. Enoch was born - Jared being - 169 65 ·Methuselah - 187 Lamech 182


460. Jared,

Mahalaleel - 65

Note. The expression, AND HE DIED, concludes the narrative of every person mentioned in the chapter, except that of Enoch, who seems to have followed the path of virtue: and no niention is made of his death, but only that he was no more, for God had taken him.

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ס - 21 ויחי

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חֲנָיִךְ:19 וַיְהִי יִרֶד אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידְוֹ אֶת חֲלֹוֹךְ שְׁמֹנֶהְמֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת: 20 וַיִּהְיוּ כָּל־יְמֵי־יֶרֶד שְׁתַּיִם וְשִׁשִׁים שָׁנָה וּתְשַׁע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיָּמָת : חֲנוֹךְ חָמֵשׁ וְשָׁשִׁים שָׁנָה וָיוֹלֶד אֶת־־מְתוּשָׁלַח : 22 וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנוֹךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידְוֹ אֶת־ מְתוּשָׁלַח שְׁלְשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת: 23 וַיְהִי כָּל־יְמֵי חֲגִוֹךְ חָמֵשׁ וְשִׁשִׁים שָׁנָה וּשְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה :

24 וְיִתְהַלֵךְ חֲנוֹךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים וְאֵינֶנּוּ כִּי־לָקַח אֹתוֹ שביעי אֱלֹהִים : ס 25 וַיְהִי מְתוּשְׁלַח שֶׁבַע וּשְׁמֹנִים שָׁנָה

וּמְאַת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד אֶת־לָמֶךְ: 26 וַיְהִי מְתוּשְׁלַח אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידְוֹ אֶת־־לְמֶךְ שְׁתַּיִם וּשְׁמוֹנִים שָׁנָה וּשְׁבַע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת: 27 וַיִּהְיוּ כָּל־יְמֵי מְתוּשְׁלַח תִּשַׁע וְשִׁשִׁים שָׁנָה וּתְשַׁע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיָּמָת: ס

28 וַיְהִי־ לֶמֶךְ שְׁתַּיִם וּשְׁמֹנִים שָׁנָה וּמְאַת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶךָ בֶּן : 29 וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־־שְׁמָוֹ נִחַ לֵאמֹר זֶה יְנַחֲמֵנוּ מִמַעֲשֵׂנוּ וּמֵעַצְבוֹן יָדֵינוּ מִן־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר אֵרֵרָה יְהוָה: 30 וַיְהִי־ לְמֶךְ אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידוֹ אֶת־נֹחַ חָמֵשׁ וְתִשְׁעִים שָׁנָה וָחֲמֵשׁ מאת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִיסוּבָנָות: 31 וַיְהִי כָּל יְמֵי־לֶמֶךְ שֶׁבַע וְשִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה וּשְׁבַע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיָּמָת: ס 32 וַיְהִי־ נֹחַ בֶּן־חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד נֹחַ אֶת־שֵׁם אֶת־ חָם וְאֶת־יָפֶת : וַיְהִי כִּי־הֵחֵל הָאָדָם לָרֹב עַל־־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּבָנוֹת יִלְדוּ לָהֶם: 2 וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־ בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם כִּי אֹבָת הֵנָּה וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכָּל אֲשֶׁר בְּחָרוּ: 3 וַיֹּאמֶר יִהְוָה לֹא־יָדוֹן רוּחִי בָאָדָם לְעלם בְּשַׁבָּם הוּא בָשָׂר וְהָיו יָמָיו מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה: 4 הַנְפִלִים הָיוּ בָאָרֶץ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וְנָס אַחֲרֵי־כֵן אֲשֶׁר יָבֹאוּ בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים אֶל־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם וְיָלְדוּ לָהֶם הֵמָּה הַגִּבּרֶים

אֲשֶׁר מֵעוֹלָם אַנְשֵׁי הַשֶׁם : מפטיר 6 וַיַּרְא יְהוָה כִּי רַבָּה רָעַת הָאָדָם בָּאָרֶץ וְכָל־יִצֶר


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24 If Cain shall be avenged 6 | And Seth lived an hundred seven-fold, truly Lamech seventy and five years, and begat Enos. and seven-fold.

7 And Seth lived after he begat 25 | And Adam knew his wife Enos eight hundred and seven again; and she bare a son, and years, and begat sons and daughcalled his name Seth : For God, ters. said she, hath appointed me another 8 And all the days of Seth were seed instead of Abel, whom Cain nine hundred and twelve years : slew.

and he died. 26 And to Seth, to him also 9 And Enos lived ninety years, there was born a son; and he and begat Cainan. called his name Enos: then * 10 And Enos lived after he begat began men to call upon the name Cainan eight hundred and fifteen of the LORD.

years, and begat sons and daughCHAP. V.

ters. 1 The genealogy, age, and death 11 And all the days of Enos

of the patriarchs, from Adam unto were nine hundred and five years: Noah. 24 The godliness & trans

and he died. lation of Enoch.

12 And Cainan lived seventy This is the book of the genera

years, and begat Mahalaleel.

13 And Cainan lived after he tions of Adam, in the day that begat Mahalaleel eight hundred God created man; in the likeness and forty years, and begat sons of God made he him ;

and daughters. 2 Male and female created he 14 And all the days of Cainan them; and blessed them and called were nine hundred and ten years: their name Adam, in the day when and he died. they were created.

15 | And Mahalaleel lived sixty 3 And Adam lived an hundred and five years, and begat Jared. and thirty years, and begat a son,

16 And Mahalaleel lived after in his own likeness after his image; he begat Jared eight hundred and and called his name Seth.

thirty years, and begat sons and 4 And the days of Adam after daughters. : he had begotten Seth were eight 17 And all the days of Mahalaleel hundred years: and he begat sons were eight hundred ninety and and daughters.

five years : and he died. 5 And all the days that Adam 18 | And Jared lived an hunlived were nine hundred and thirty dred sixty and two years, and he years : and he died. S

begat Enoch.

and, no doubt but that his wife was with him; for Scripture makes no particular mention of the birth of women, any farther than saying, in general, that such a one begat sons and daughters; and the Jewish Rabbins assert, frona tradition, that Eve always bore twins, a son and a daughter, who were intended to be man and wise. Then Scripture proceeds to enumerate the seven generations, from Cain to Lamech's children, when the vengeance for Cain's murder was to take place, which was fulfilled by the general deluge.

* In his days men began first to offer up their prayers and supplications to God, as Abarbanel and Aben Ezra observe.

The longevity of the Antediluvians hath long employed the thoughts of mankind, to account for them in a natural way; for which reason, I shall just hint what that great-luminary Maimonides says in Moereh Nevucheem, part 2. chap. 47. “ The length of years which these, i. e, the Aniediluvians, are said to have enjoyed, was only to those particular persons mentioned by Moses; but, as to the rest of mankind, their years I am of opinion, were only such as are natural to us at present. That, as to the length of years of those particular persons, it may be ascribed to their abstemious way of life in the natural way, or as a supernatural gift.” And although Nachmanides has attempted to invalidate the force of what Maimonides has advanced, by objecting that he cannot perceive, why they should in particular live to this age; as they were not prophets, or particularly righteous men, so that they should have such gift in a supernatural manner; and if it is to be


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