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not. And many other things there are, which they have received to hold, as the washings' of cups, and of pans, 5 and of brasen vessels, and of couches. Then the Pharisees and the scribes ask him, "Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders; but eat bread with 6 defiled hands?" And he answered and said unto them, "Well hath Isaiah prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, 'This people honoureth me with their lips, but their 7 heart is far from me. But in vain do they worship me, teach8 ing doctrines which are the commandments of men.' For ye lay aside the commandments of God, and hold the tradition of men; as the washings of pots and of cups: and many other 9 such like things ye do." He said also unto them, “Well do ye make void the commandment of God, that ye may 10 keep your own tradition. For Moses said, Honour thy

father and thy mother:' and, He who curseth father or 11 mother, let him surely die.' But ye say, 'If a man shall say to his father or his mother, It is Corban,' (that is, a gift,)


whereby thou mightest be profited by me; it is well.' And ye suffer him not thenceforth to do aught for his father or 13 his mother; making the word of God of none effect through your tradition which ye deliver: and many such like things 14 ye do." And when he had called unto him all the multi

tude, he said unto them, "Hearken unto me, every one of 15 you, and understand. There is nothing from without a man

which, entering into him, can defile him: but the things 16 which proceed out of him, are they which defile a man. If 17 any man have ears to hear, let him hear." And when he was entered into an house from the multitude, his disciples 18 asked him about that saying. And he saith unto them, "Are ye also thus without understanding? Do ye not perceive

1 Gr. baptisms. 2 pots, N. 3 Gr. common-unwashen, R.T.

of the person washing, who cleansed the palm of one hand with the fist of the other. See an allusion to this custom 2 Kings iii. 11. Also Newcome's note on ver. 3.

that whatsoever thing from without entereth into a man, 19 cannot defile him? because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly; and goeth out into the vault, cleansing 20 all food." And he said, "That which proceedeth out of a 21 man, that defileth a man. For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, mur22 ders, thefts, covetousness, maliciousness, deceit, impurity, 23 an evil eye, evil-speaking, pride, folly. All these evil things come from within, and defile a man.'


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And he arose, and departed thence into the confines of Tyre and Sidon; and entered into an house, and was desirous that no man should know it: but he could not be con25 cealed. For a woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet; 26 (now the woman was a gentile', a Syrophenician by birth;)

and besought him that he would cast the demon out of her 27 daughter. But Jesus said unto her, "Let the children be

filled first: for it is not right to take the children's bread, 28 and cast it to the dogs." And she answered and saith unto

him, “True3, Sir: and yet the dogs under the table eat of 29 the children's crumbs." Then he said unto her, "For these

words, depart: the demon is gone out of thy daughter." 30 And when she was come to her house, she found the demon gone out, and her daughter lying on the bed.

31 And he departed from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and came again to the lake of Galilee, through the borders 32 of Decapolis. And they bring unto Jesus one that was deaf,

and had an impediment in his speech; and beseech Jesus 33 to put his hand upon him. And Jesus took him apart from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears; and spat, 34 and touched his tongue; and when he had looked up to heaven, he sighed, and saith to him3, "Ephphatha:" (that is, 35" Be opened.") And immediately his ears were opened,

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and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plainly. 36 And Jesus charged them that they should tell no man: but

the more he charged them, so much the more abundantly 37 they published it; and were beyond measure amazed, saying, "He doeth all things well; he maketh both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak."

CH. VIII. IN those days the multitude being very great, and having nothing to eat, he' called to him his disciples, and 2 saith unto them, "I have compassion on the multitude, be

cause they have now continued with me three days, and have 3 nothing to eat. And if I send them hence fasting to their own houses, they will grow faint on the way: for some of 4 them come from far." And his disciples answered him,

"Whence can any one satisfy these with bread here in the 5 desert?" And he asked them, "How many loaves have ye?" 6 And they said, "Seven." And he commanded the multitude

to place themselves on the ground: and he took the seven loaves, and gave thanks, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples to set before them; and they set them before the 7 multitude. And they had a few small fishes: and he blessed, 8 and commanded to set those also before them. So they ate,


and were satisfied: and the people took up the remains of 9 the fragments, seven baskets. Now those that had eaten were about four thousand: and he sent them away.

And immediately he entered into a ship with his disci11 ples, and came into the parts of Dalmanutha. And the Pharisees came forth, and began to dispute with him, seeking 12 of him a sign from heaven, trying him. And he sighed deeply

in his spirit, and saith, "Why doth this generation seek after a sign? verily I say unto you, No sign shall be given 13 to this generation." And he left them, and entered again [into the ship,] and departed to the other side.


Now the disciples had forgotten to take bread; nor had

'Jesus, R. T. and N. t.


15 they with them in the ship more than one loaf. And he

charged them, saying, "Take heed and beware of the leaven 16 of the Pharisees, and the leaven of Herod." And they rea

soned among themselves, saying, "It is because we have 17 no bread." And Jesus knew it, and saith unto them, "Why reason ye because ye have no bread? perceive ye not yet, 18 nor understand? have ye your heart still hardened? Having eyes, see ye not? and having ears, hear ye not? and do ye 19 not remember? When I brake the five loaves among the five thousand, how many panniers full of fragments took ye 20 up?" They say unto him, "Twelve." "And when the seven loaves among the four thousand; how many baskets filled 21 with fragments took ye up?" And they said, "Seven.” And he said unto them, "Why do ye not understand?"


Then he cometh to Bethsaida: and they bring unto him 23 a blind man, and beseech him to touch him. And he took the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the town: and when he had spitten on his eyes, and put his hands upon 24 him, he asked him if he saw any thing. And he looked up, 25 and said, "I see men, as trees, walking." After that Jesus

put his hands again upon his eyes, and made him look up: 26 and he was restored, and saw every man clearly. And Jesus sent him away to his house, saying, "Neither go into the town, nor tell any in the town."


Then Jesus and his disciples departed to the towns of Cesarea, in the dominion of Philip: and on the way he asked his disciples, saying unto them, "Who' do men say that I 28 am?" And they answered, "John the Baptist: but some 29 say Elijah: and others, one of the prophets." Then he saith

unto them, "But whom say ye that I am?" And Peter 30 answered and saith unto him, "Thou art the Christ." And he strictly charged them that they should tell no man concerning him.

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And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and the1 chief-priests and the scribes, and be killed, and within three 32 days rise again. And he spake those words plainly. Then 33 Peter took him aside, and began to reprove him. But when

he had turned about, and looked on his disciples, he reproved Peter, saying, "Get thee behind me, thou Satan 2: for thou regardest not the things which are of God, but the things 34 which are of men." And when he had called unto him the multitude and his disciples, he said unto them, "Whosoever desireth to follow after me, let him deny himself, and 35 take up his cross, and follow me. For whosoever desireth to save his life, shall lose it: but whosoever shall lose his 36 life for my sake and that of the gospel, shall save it. For


what will it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world 37 and forfeit his own life? Or what would a man give in ex38 change for his life? For whosoever shall be ashamed of me,

and of my words; in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him the Son of man also shall be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels." CH. IX. He said also unto them, "Verily I say unto you, There are some of those who stand here, who shall not taste of death till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power."


And after six days, Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and bringeth them up an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them: 3 and his garments became shining, very white, as snow; so 4 as no fuller upon earth can whiten. And Elijah and Moses * 5 appeared unto them; and were talking with Jesus. Then Peter spake and saith to Jesus, "Rabbi3, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee,

'the-wanting in N. t. and R. t. 2 thou adversary, N. 3 come, R. t. and N. t. 4 he shall save it, R. t. and N. t. 5 Master, or My Master, N. t. and m.

* See Matt. xvii. 3; and the note there. See also Kenrick's Exposition on

Matt. xvii. 3.

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