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Ils. 48. 22.

11 bowed

22. 9.

and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And arrow went out at his heart, and he
Jehu sail, What hast thou to do with peace? turn his chariot.
thee behind me. And the waichman told, saying, 25 Then said Jehu to Bidkar his ca,
The messenger came to them, but he cometh not up, and cast him in the portion of the fie.

both the Jezreelile: for remember, how tha 19 Then he sent out a second on horseback, which I and thou rode together aster Ahab his fathe. came to them, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it Lord laid this burden upon him. peace? And Jehu ansivered, What hast thou to do 26 Surely I have seen yesterday ** the blood ... with peace? turn thee behind me.

Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the Lord; 20 And the watchman told, saying, He came even and I will requite thee in this itplat, saith the LORD. unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving Now therefore take and cast him into the plat of is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for ground, according to the word of the LORD. he driveth furiously.”.

27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw 21 And Joram said, Make ready. And his cha- this, he fled by the way of the garden-house : and riot was made ready. And Joram king of Israel, Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also and Ahaziah king of Judah, went out, each in his in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and $met Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite.

and died there. 22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, 28 And his servants carried him in a chariot to that he said, Is it peace, Jehu ? And he answered, Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his What speace, so long as the whoredoms of thy fathers in the city of David. mother Jezebel, vand her witchcrafts, are so many? 29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son

23 And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah. said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, o Ahaziah ! 30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jeze

24 And Jehu "drew a bow with his full strength, bel heard of it ; and sheit painted her face, and and smote Jehoram between his arms; and the tired her head, and looked out at a window. or, muching in madness. Hab. 1.6. Bind. $ found.

* bloods. a 1 Kings 21. 19. 11 or, portion. Josh. 17. 11. Judg. 1. 27. 2 Chr. y Rev. 2. 20-23.1 Alled his hand with a bow.

= 1 Kings 21. 29,

c c. 8. 25. 2 Chr. 22. 1, 2. 11 put her eyes in painting, Ez. 23. 40. fittest for the service to which Jehu was designated. The wis at a venture, as that which sent the fatal arrow through the dom of God is seen in the choice of proper instruments to be joints of his father's harness, but Jehu directed the arrow beemployed in his work. But it is not much for any man's re tween his shoulders as he fled, (it was one of God's arrows putation, to be known hy his fury. He that has rule over his which he has ordained against the persecutor, Ps. 7. 13,) and it own spirit, is better than the mighty. The Chaldee paraphrase reached to his heart, so that he died upon the spot. He was gives this a contrary sense: The leading is like that of Jehu, now the top-branch of Ahab's house, and therefore was first for he leads quietly. And, it should seem, he did not come up

cut off.

He died a criminal, under the sentence of the law, very fast, for then there had not been time for all this that which Jebu, the executioner, pursues in the disposal of the dead passed. And some think he chose to march slowly, that he body. Naboth's vineyard was hard by, which put him in mind might give Joram time to come out to him, and so despatch him of that circumstance of the doom Elijah passed upon Ahab, I before he entered the city.

will requite thee in this plat, said the Lord, (v.25, 26,) for the II. Joram hiinself goes out to meet him, and takes Ahaziah blood of Naboth himself, and for the blood of his sons, who were king of Judah along with him; neither of them equipped for either put do death with him as partners in his crimne, or sewar, as not expecting an enemy, but in haste to have their cretly murdered after, lest they should bring an appeal, or find curiosity satisfied. How strangely has Providence sometimes some way to avenge their father's death; or had broken their ordered'il, that men have been in haste to meet their ruin, when hearts for the loss of him; or (his whole estate being confis. their day has come to fall.

cated, as well as his vineyard) had lost their livelihoods, which 1. The place where Joram met Jehu, was ominous, in the was, in effect, to lose their lives; for this, the house of Ahab portion of Naboth the Jezreelite, v. 21. The very sight of that must be reckoned with; and that very piece of ground which ground was enough to make Joram tremble, and Jehu triumph; he, with so much pride and pleasure, had made himself master for Joram had the guilt of Naboth's blood fighting against him, of, at the expense of the guilt of innocent blood, now became and Jehu had the force of Elijah's curse fighting for him. The the theatre on which his son's dead body lay exposed a speccircumstances of events are sometimes so ordered by Divine lacle to the world. Thus the Lord is known by the judgment Providence, as to make the punishment answer to the sin, as which he erecuteth. Higgaion. Selah. face answers to face in a glass.

(2.) Ahaziah king of Judah was pursued, and slain in a little 2. Joram's demand was still the same, “ Is it peace, Jehu ? time, and not far off, v. 27, 28. 11.) Though he was now in Is all well? Dost thou come home thus, flying from the Syrians, Joram's company, he had not been slain, but that he was joined or more than a conqueror over them?" It seems, he looked for with the house of Ahab both in affinity and in iniquity; he was peace, and could not entertain any other thought. Note, It is one of them ; so he had made himself by his sins, and therefore very common for great sinners, even when they are upon the he must fare as they fare. Yet, [2.] Perhaps he had not at this brink of ruin, to flatter themselves with an opinion that all is time fallen with them, if he had not been found in company with well with them, and to cry peace to themselves.

them. It is a dangerous thing to associate with evil-doers; wo 3. Jehu's reply was very startling; he answered him with a may be entangled both in guilt and misery by it. question, Whal peace canst thou expect, so long as the whore V. 30-37. The greatest delinquent in the house of Ahab doms of thy mother Jezebel, (who, though queen dowager, was, was Jezebel : it was she that introduced Baal; slew the Lord's in effect, queen regent,) and her wilchernfts, are so many! See prophets; contrived the murder of Naboth ; stirred up her hushow plainly Jehu deals with him. Formerly, he durst not do band first, and then her sons, to do wickedly; a cursed woman Bo, but now he had another spirit. Note, Sinners will not al. she is here called, (v. 34,) a curse to the country, and whom ways be flattered; one time or other, they will have their own all that wished well to their country, had a curse for: three given them, Ps. 36. 2. Observe, (1.) He charges upon him his reigns her reign had lasted, but now, at length, her day is como mother's wickedness, because he had at first learned it, and to fall. We read of a false prophetess in the church of Thythen with his kingly power protected it. She stands impeached alira, that is compared to Jebezel, and called by her name, for whoredom, corporal and spiritual, serving idols, and serving (Rev.2.20;) her wickedness the same, seducing God's servants them with the very acts of lewdness; for witchcraft likewise, io idolatry; a long space given her lo repent, (v. 21,) as to Jeenchaniments and divinations, used in honour of her idols; and zebel; and a fearful ruin brought upon her, at last, (v. 22, 23,) these multiplied, the whoredoms and the wiichcrafts many; for as here upon Jezebel. So that Jezebel's destruction may be those that abandon themselves to wicked courses, know not looked upon as typical of the destruction of idolaters and perwhere they will stop. One sin begets another. (2.) Upon that secutors, especially that great whore, that mother of harlois, account, he throws hin off from all pretensions to peace; that hath made herself drunk with the blood of saints, and the " What peace can come to that house in which there is so much nations drunk with the wine of her fornications, when God shall wickedness unrepented of ?" Note, The way of sin can never put it into the heart of the kings of the earth to hate her, Rev. be the way of peace, Is. 57.21. What peace can sinners have 17.5, 6, 16. Now here we have, with God, what peace with their own consciences, what good, I. Jezebel daring the judgment. She heard that Jehu had what comfort, can they expect in life, in death, or after death, slain her son, and slain him for her whoredoms and witchcrafts, who go on still in their trespasses? No peace so long as sin and thrown his dead body into the por jon of Naboth, according is persisted in; but as soon as it is repented of and forsaken, to the word of the Lord, and that he was now coming to Jezreel, there is peace.

where she could not but expect herself to fall next a sacrifice to 4. The execution was done immediately. When Joram heard his revenging sword: now see how she meets her fate; she of his mo'her's crimes, his heart failed him, he presently con. posted herself in a window at the entering of the gate, to affront clu led the long threatened day of reckoning was now come, and Jehu, and set him at defiance. cried out, " There is treachery, o Ahaziah : Jehu is our enemy, 1. Instead of hiding herself, as one afrait of divine vengeance, and it is time for us to shift for our safety." Both fled, and, she exposed herself to it, and scorned to flee; mocked at fear,

(1.) Jora'n king of Israel was slain presently, v. 24. Jehu and was not affrighted. See how a heart hardened against dospatched him with his own hands. The bow was not drawn God will brave it out to the last, run upon him, even upon his VOL. 1.-113

( 897 )

A in


31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, 37 And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung Had Zimri dpeace, who slew his master?'

kupon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; 32 And he lifted up his face to the window, and so that they shall not say, This is Jezebel said, who is on my side? who? And there looked out to him two or three *eunuchs.

CHAPTER X. 33 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down; and some of her blood was

We have, in this chapter, I. A further account of Jebu's execution of his commis

sion. Be cut off, I. All Ahah's song, v, 1-10. 2. All Ahab's kindred, . Ilsprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he 14, 17. 3. Ahab's idolatry; his zeal against that, he took Jouadah to be wit

Dess to, (v. 15, 16;) summoned all the worshippers of Baal to alteori, (v.18 trode her under foot.

23,) and slew them all, (v. 24, 25,) and then abolished thui idolatry, v. 26-28. 34 And when he was come in, he did eat and

II. A short account of the administration of his government. I. The old idol

atry of Israel was retained, the worship of the calves, V. 2931. 2. '1 bis drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed woman, brought God's judgments upon them by Hazael, with which his reign concludes,

V. 32–36. and bury her: for she is a king's daughter.

35 And they went to bury her; but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the Jehu wrote letters, and sent to Samaria, unto palms of her hands,

the rulers of Jezreel, to the elders, and to 'them 36 Wherefore they came again, and told him. that brought up Ahab's children, saying, And he said, This is the word of the LORD, which 2 Now, as soon as this letter cometh to you, he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, say- seeing your master's sons are with you, and there ing, In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the are with you chariots and horses, a fenced city also, flesh of Jezebel;

and armour; di Kings 16, 9-20..or, chamberlains. e 1 Kings 16. 31. Ec. 6. 3. Is. 14. by the hand of. & 1 Kings 21. 23. h Ps. 83. 10. Jer. 8. 2. 16. 4. • nourish 18-20. Jer. 22. 19. 36. 30. neck, Job 15. 26. But never did any thus harden their hearts pavement, and then trodden on hy the horses, which were all against him, and prosper.

besmeared with her blood and brains. See the end of pride and 2. Instead of humbling herself, and putting herself into close cruelty, and say, The Lord is righteous. mourning for her son, she painted her face, and tired her head, IV. The very dogs completing her shame and ruin, accordthat she might appear like hersell, that is, (as she thought,) ing to the prophecy. When Jebu had taken some refreshnient great and majestic, hoping thereby to daunt Jehu, to put him in the palace, he bethought himself of showing so much respect out of countenance, and to stop his career. The Lord God

to Jezebel's sex and quality, as to bury her. As bad as she called to baldness and girding with sackcloth, but behold, painting was, she was a daughter, a king's daughter, a king's wife, a and dressing, walking contrary to God, Is. 22. 12, 13, There king's mother; Go, and bury her, v. 34. But though he had is not a surer presage of ruin than an unhumbled heart under forgotten what ihe prophet said, (v. 10, Dogs shall cat Jezebel.) humbling providences. Let painted faces look in Jezebel's God had not forgotten it. While he was eating and drinking, glass, and see how they like themselves.

the dogs had devoured her dead body, the dogs that vent about 3. Instead of trembling before Jehu, the instrument of God's the city, (Ps. 59.6,) and fed upon the carrion, so that there was vengeance, she thinks to make him tremble with that threaten- nothing left but her bare skull, (the painted face was gone,) and ing question, Had Zimri peace, who slew his master ? Observe, her feet and hands. The hungry dogs bad no respect to the (1.) She took no notice of the hand of God gone out against dignily of her extraction: a king's daughter was no more to her family, but flew in the face of him that was only the sword them than a common person. When we pamper our bodies, in his hand. We are very apt, when we are in trouble, to break and use them deliciously, let us think how vile they are, and out into a passion against the instruments of our trouble, when that, shortly, they will be either a seast for worms under ground, we ought to be submissive to God, and angry at ourselves only. or beasts above ground. When notice was brought of this to (2.) She pleased herself with the thought, that what Jehu was Jebu, he remembered the threatening, (1 Kings 21. 23,) The now doing, would certainly end in his own ruin, and that he dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel. Nothing should would not have peace in it. He had cut her off from all preten- remain of her but the monuments of her infamy. She had been sions to peace, (v. 22,) and now she thinks to cut him off like- used to appear on public days in great state, and the cry was, wise. Note, It is no new thing for 'hose that are doing God's " This is Jezebel. What a majestic port and figure! How work, to be looked upon as out of the way of peace. Active great she looks!" But now it shall be said no more. We have reformers, faithful reprovers, are threatened with trouble; but often seen the wicked buried, (Ec. 8. 10,) yet sometimes, as let them be in nothing terrified, Phil. 1.28. (3.) She quoted a here, they have no burial, Ec. 6. 3. Jezebel's name no where precedent, to deter him from the prosecution of this enterprise ; remained, but as stigmatized in sacred writ: jhey could not so

Had Zimri peace? No, he had ot; he came to the throne m m as say, “ This is Jezebel's dust; This is Jezebel's grave;" by blood and treachery, and within seven days was constrained or, “ This is Jezebel's seed." Thus the name of the wicked to burn the palace over his head, and himself in it; and canst shall rot, rot above ground. thou expect to fare any better ?" Had the case been parallel, it had been proper enough to give him this memorandum : for

NOTES TO CHAPTER X. the judgments of God upon those that have gone before us in V.1–14. We left Jehu in quiet possession of Jezreel, triany sinful way, should be warnings to us to take heed of tread umphing over Joram and Jezebel; and must now attend his ing in their steps. But the instance of Zimri was misapplied further motions. He knew the whole house of Ahab must be to Jehu : Zimri had no warrant for what he did, but was incited cut off, and therefore proceeds in this bloody work, and does to it merely by his own ambition and cruelly; whereas Jehu not do it deceitfully, or by halves, Jer. 48. 10. was anointed by one of the sons of the prophets, and did this I. He got the heads of all the sons of Ahab, cut off by their by order from heaven, which would bear him out. In comparing own guardians at Samaria. Seventy sons (or grandsons) Ahab persons and things, we must carefully distinguish between the had, Gideon's number, Judg. 8. 30. In such a number that precious and the vile, and take heed, leat from the fate of sinful bare his name, his family was likely to be perpetuated, and men we read the doom of useful men.

yet it is extirpated all at once. Such a quiver full of arrows II. Jehu demanded aid against her. He looked up to the could not protect his house from divine vengeance. Numerous window, not daunted at the menaces of her impudent but im- families, if vicious, must not expect to be long prosperous. potent rage, and cried, Who is on my side? who? v. 32. These sons of Ahab were now at Samaria, a strong city, perHe was called out to do God's work, in reforming the land, and haps brought ihither upon occasion of the war with Syria, as a punishing those that had debauched it; and here he calls out place of safety, or upon notice of Jehu's insurrection; with for assistance in the doing of it; looked if there were any to them were the rulers of Jezreel, that is, the great officers of the help, any 10 uphold, Is. 63. 5. He lifts up a standard, and court, who went to Samaria to secure themselves, or to consult makes proclamation, as Moses, (Ex. 32. 26,) IVho is on the what was to be done. Those of them that were yet under Lord's side? And the psalmist, (Ps. 94, 16,) IV ho will rise up tuition, had their lutors with them, who were intrusted with for me against the evil-doers? Note, When reformation work their education in learning, agreeable to their birth and quality, is set on fool, it is time to ask, " Who sides with it?"

but, it is to be feared, brought them up in the idolatries of their III. Her own attendants delivering her up to his just revenge. father's house, and made them all worshippers of Baal. Jehu Two or three chamberlains looked out to Jehu with such a did not think fit to bring his forces to Samaria to destroy them, countenance as encouraged him to believe they were on his but, that the hand of God might appear the more remarkably side, and to them he called, not to seize or secure her lill further in it, made their guardians their murderers. orders, but immediately to throw her down, which was one way 1. He sent a challenge to their friends to stand by them; of stoning malefactors, casting them headlong from some steep (v. 2, 3,) “ You that are bearty well-wishers to the house of place. Thus was vengeance taken on her for the stoning of Ahab, and entire in its interests, now is your time to appear for Naboth : they threw her down, v. 33. If God's command would it: Samaria is a strong city, you are in possession of it, you justify Jehu, his command would justify them. Perhaps they have forces at command, you may choose out the likeliest perhad a secret dislike of Jezebel's wickedness, and hated her, son of all the royal family to head you, you know you are not though they served her; or, it may be, she was barbarous and tied to the eldest, unless he be the best and meetest of your injurious to those about her, and ihey were pleased with this master's sons; if yon have any spirit in you, show it, and set opportunity of being avenged on her; or, observing Jehu's suc one of them on his father's throne, and stand by him with your cess, they hoped thus to ingratiate themselves with him, and lives and fortunes." Not that he desired they should do this, keep their places in his court. However it was, thus she was or expected they would, but thus he upbraided them with their most shamefully put to death, dashed against the wall and the cowardice, and utter inability to contest with the divine coun

the way,

the peare

3 Look even out the best and meetest of your 10 Know now that there shall fall' unto the earth master's

's sons, and set him on his father's throne, nothing of the word of the Lord, which the Lord and fight for your master's hoʻise.

spake 'concerning the house of Ahab: for use LORD 4 But they were exceedingly afraid, and said, hath done that which he spake *by his servant Behold, two akings stood not before him : how then Elijah. shall we stand ?

i So Jehu slew all that remained of the bouse 5 And he that was over the house, and he that of Ahab in Jezreel, and his great men, and his was over the city, the elders, also, and the bringers- 'kinsfolk, and his priests, until he left him none up of the children, sent to Jehu, saying, We bare remaining. thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us; 12 And he arose and departed, and came to Sawe will not make any king: do thou that which is maria. And as he was at the shearing-houset in good in thine eyes.

6 Then he wrote a letter the second time to 13 Jehu Smet with the brethren of Ahaziah king them, saying, If ye be mine, and if ye will hearken of Judah, and said, Who are ye? And they anunto my voice, take ye the heads of the men, your swered, We are the brethren of Ahaziah : and we master's sons, and come to me to Jezreel by to- go down to "salute the children of the king, and the morrow this time. (Now the king's sons, being children of the queen. seventy persons, were with the great men of the 14 And he said, Take them And they city, which brought them up.)

mtook them alive, and slew them at the pit of the And it came to pass, when the letter came shearing-house, even two and forty men: neither to them, that they took the king's sons, and slew left he any of them. dseventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, 15 And when he was departed thence, he lighted and sent them to Jezreel.

on Jehonadab “the son of Rechab, coming to meet 8. And there came a messenger, and told him, him: and he **saluted him, and said to him, Is thine saying, They have brought the heads of the king's heart right, as my heart is with thy heart? And sons. And he said, Lay ye them in two heaps at Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give me thine the entering in of the gate until the morning. hand. And he gave him his hand : and he took

9 And it came to pass in the morning, that he him up to him into the chariot. went out, and stood, and said to all the people, Ye 16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal be righteous: behold, I sconspired against my mas- 'for the Lord. So they made him ride in his chater, and slew him : but who slew all these?

riot. a c. 9. 24, 27. 61 Kings 20. 4, 32. c for me. di Kings 21. 21. e Judg. 9. 5, ! 1 Kings 14. 10. I house of shepherds binding sheep, $ found. Mau. 14.8, 11. & c. 9. 14, 24. Al Sam. 3. 19. Jer. 14. 8, 29,

IR I Kings 20. 18. n2 Chr. 22.8. I found o Jer. 35.6, &c. p I Chr. 2. 1 Kings 21. 19, c. by the hand of tor, acquaintance. k Ps. 125. 5. 53. - blessed. Ezra 10. 19. rl Kings 19. 10. Prov. 27. 2. Ez. 33. 31. Matt. Prov. 13. 20.

6.2, 5. sels. “Do if you dare, and see what will come of it." Those But, (2.) He resolves all into the righteous judgment of God; that have forsaken their religion, have often, with it, lost both (v. 10,) The Lord hath done that which he spake by Elijah. their sense and their courage, and deserve to be upbraided God is not the Author of any man's sin, but even by that which with it.

men do from bad principles, God serves his own purposes, and 2. Hereby he gained from them a submission. They pru- glorihes his own name, and is righteous in that wherein men dently reasoned with themselves, Behold, two kings stood not are unrighteous. When the Assyrian is made the rod of God's before him, but fell as sacrifices to his rage; how then shall we anger, and the instrument of his justice, he meaneth not so, stand? v. 4. Therefore they sent him a surrender of them- neither doth his heart think so, Is. 10.7. selves, We are thy servants, thy subjects, and will do all that II. He proceeded to destroy all that remained of the house Thou shall bid us, right or wrong, and will set up nobody in of Ahab, not only those that descended from him, but those that competition with thee.” They saw it was to no purpose to were in any relation to him, all the officers of his household, contend with him, and therefore it was their interest to submit ministers of state, and those in command under bim, called here to him. With much more reason may we thus argue ourselves his great men, v. 11, all his kinsfolk and acquaintance, who had into a subjection to the great God. Many kings and great men been partners with him in his wickedness, and his priests, or dohave fallen before his wrath, for their wickedness; and how mestic chaplains, whom he employed in his idolatrous services, then shall we stand ? Do we provoke the Loril to jealmısy? and who strengthened his hand, that he should not turn from his Are we stronger than he? No, we must either bend or break. evil way. Having done this in Jezreel, he did the same in

3. This is improved so far as to make them the executioners Samaria, (v. 17,) slew all that remained to Ahab in Samaria. of those whom they had the tuition of: (v. 6,) If ye be mine, This was bloody work, and is not now, in any case, to be drawn bring me the heads of your master's sons by to-morrow at this into a precedent. Let the guilty suffer, but not the guiltless for time. Though he knew it must be done, and was loath to do their sakes. Perhaps such terrible destructions as these, were it himself, one would think he could not expect they should do intended as types of the final destruction of all the ungodly. it. Could they betray such a trust? Could they be cruel to God has a sword, bathed in heaven, which will come down their master's sons ? It seems, so low did they stoop in their upon the people of his curse, and be filled with blood, Is. 34.5, 6. adoralion of the rising sun, that they did it; ihry cut off the Then his eye will not spare, neither will he pity. h-a te of those 70 princes, and sent them in baskets a present III. Providence bringing the brethren of Ahaziah in his way, to Jehu, v. 7. Learn hence not to trust in a friend, nor to put as he was going on with this execution, he slew them likewise, confidence in a guide, not governed by conscience. One can v. 12–14. The brethren of Ahaziah were slain by the Arascarcely expect that he who has been false to his God, should bians, (2 Chr. 22. 1,) but these were the sons of his brethren, ever be faithful to his prince. But observe God's righteousness as it is there explained, (v. 8;) and they are said to be princes in their unrighteousness. These elders of Jezreel had been of Judah, and to minister to Ahaziah. Several things conwickedly obsequious to Jezebel's order for the murder of Na- curred 10 make them obnoxious to the vengeance Jehu was now bith, 1 Kings 21.11. She gloried, it is likely, in the power executing. 1. They were branches of Ahab's house, being she had over them; and now the same base spirit makes them descended from Athaliah, and therefore fell within his comas pliable to Jenu, and as ready to obey his orders for the mur- mission. 2. They were tainted with the wickedness of the der of Ahab's sons. Let none aim at an arbitrary power, lest house of Ahab. 3. They were now going to make their court they be found rolling a stone which, some time or other, will to the princes of the house of Ahab, 10 salute the children of the return upon them, Princes that make their people slaves, king and the queen, Joram and Jezebel, which showed they take the readiest way to make them rebels; and, by forcing were linked to them in affection as well as in affinity. These mon's consciences, as Jezebel did, they lose their hold of princes, forty-two in number, being appointed as sheep. for them.

the sacrifice, were slain with solemnity, at the pit of the When the separated heads were presented to him, he slyly shearing-house. The Lord is known by these judgments which upbraided them that were the executioners, yet owned the he ereculeth. hand of God in it. (1.) He seems to blame those that had V. 15—28. Jehu, pushing on his work, is here, been the executioners of this vengeance.

The heads were laid I. Courting the friendship of a gond man, Jehonadab the son in two heaps, at the gate, the proper place of judgment. There of Rechah, v. 15, 16. This Jehonadah, though mortified to the he acquitled the people before God and the world, (v. 9, Ye be world, and meddling lit le with the business of it, (as appears by righteous,) and by what the rulers of Samaria had now done, his charge to his posterity, which they religiously observed 300 comparatively acquitted himself: "I slew but one, they have years after, not to drink wine, nor dwell in cities, Jer. 35. 6, slain all these: I did it by conspiracy, and with design; they &c.) yet, iipon this occasion, wint to meet Jehu, that he might have done this merely in compliance, and with an implicit encourage him in the work to which God had called him. The obedience. Let not the people of Samaria, nor any of the countenance of good men is a thing which great men, if they be friends of the house of Ahab, ever reproach me for what I have wise, will value, and value themselves hy. David prayed, I et done, when their own elders, and the very guardians of the those that fear thee, turn unto me, Ps. 119.79. This Jehonadab, orphans, have done this." It is common for those who have though no prophet, priesi, or Levite, no prince or ruler, was, we done something 100 bad, to endeavour the mitigation of their may suppose, very eminent for prudence and pioty, and geneown reproach, by drawing others in to do something worse. I rally respected for that life of self-denial and devotion which ho

17 And when he came to Samaria, he slew all 23 Ana Jehu went, and vJehonadab the son of *that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had Rechab, into the house of Baal, and said unto the destroyed him, according to the saying of the Lord, worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that there bę which he spake 'to Elijah.

here with you none of the servants of the LORD, 18 And Jehu gathered all the people together, but the worshippers of Baal only. and said unto them, Ahab "served Baal a little, but 24 And when they went in to offer sacrifices Jehu shall serve him much.

and burnt-otlerings, Jehu appointed fourscore men 19 Now therefore call unto me all the prophets of without, and said, If any of the men whom I have Baal, all his servants, and all his priests; let none brought into your hands escape, he that letteth him be wanting: for I have a great sacrifice to do to go, his life shall be for the life of him. Baal: whosoever shall be wanting, he shall not live. 25 And it came to pass, as soon as he had But Jehu did it in subtlety, to the intent that he made an end of offering the burnt-offering, that might destroy the worshippers of Baal.

Jebu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, 20 And Jehu said, "Proclaim a solemn assembly and slay othem; let none come forth. And they for Baal. And they proclaimed it.

smote them with the edge of the sword; and the 21 And Jehu sent through all Israel; and all the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a the city of the house of Baal. man left that came not: and they came into the 26 Ånd they brought forth the Simages out of house sof Baal; and the house of Baal was full the house of Baal, and burned 'them. from one end to another.

27 And they brake down the image of Baal, and 22 And he said unto him that was over the brake down the house of Baal, and made it a vestry, Bring forth vestments for all the worship- draught-house unto this day. pers of Baal. And he brought them forth vest 28 Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel.

29 How beit, from the sins of Jeroboam the son


. c. 9.8, 11 Kings 21. 21, 1 Kings 16. 31, 32. v 1 Kings 22. 6. to Job 13. 7. Prov. 29.5. Sorci ly. Il Kings 16. 32. for, so full, that they stood mouth to mouth.

z Matt. 13. 30, 41, 23, 32, 33. al Kings 2. 39. 8 Ex. 32 27. Deut. 13.6--11. Ez. 9.5-7. Imouth. $ stalues c 1 Kings 14. 23. d 2 Sam. 5. 21, 1 Kings 15. 13. e Ezra 6. 11. Dan. 2. 5. 3. 29.

y ver. 15.

lived : Jehu, though a soldier, knew him, and honoured him.ple of Baal. He pretended he would worship Baal more than He did not indeed think of sending for him, but when he met ever Ahab had done, v. 18. Perhaps he spoke this ironically, him, (though, it is likely he drove now as furiously as ever, he or to try the body of the people, whether they would oppuse stopped to speak to him; and we are here told what passed be such a resolution as this, and would resent his threatening to tween them.

increase his predecessor's idolatries, as they did Rehuboam's 1. Jehu saluted him; he blessed him, so the word is; paid threatening to increase bis predecessor's exactions, and say, him the respect, and showed him the good will, that were owing “If it be so, we have no pari in Jebu, nor inheritance in the to so great an example of serious godliness.

son of Nimshi." But it rather seems to have been spoken pur2. Jehonadab assured him that he was sincere in his interest, posely to deceive the worshippers of Baal, and then it cannot and a hearty well wisher to his cause. Jehu professed that his be justified. The truth of God needs not any man's lie. He heart was right with him ; that he had a true affection for his issued out a proclamation, requiring the attendance of all the person, and a veneration for the crown of his Nazariteship, and worshippers of Baal, to join with him in a sacrifice to Baal, desired to know whether he had the same affection for him, and (v. 19, 20:) not only the prophets and priests, but all, throughsatisfaction in that crown of royal dignity which God had put out the kingdom, who worshipped Baal, who were not near so upon his head, Is thine heart right? A question we should often many as they had been in Elijah's time. Jehu's friends, we put to ourselves: "I make a plausible profession, have gained may suppose, were aware of what he designed, and were not a reputation among men, but is my heart right? Am I sincere offended at it; but the bigoted besoiled Baalites began to think and inward with God ?” Jehonadab gave him his word, It is, themselves very happy, and that now they should see golden and gave him his hand as a pledge of his heart, yielded to him, (s0 days again. Joram had put away the image of Baal, (ch. 3. giving the hand is rendered, ? Chr. 30. 8,) concurred and co- 2 ;) if Jehu will restore it, they have what they would have, and venanted with bim, and owned him in the work both of revenge come up to Samaria with joy from all parts to celebrate the and of reformation he was now about.

solemnity, and were pleased to see the house of Baal crowded, 3. Jehu took him up into his chariot, and took him along with (v. 21,) to see his priests in their vestments, (v. 22,) and theme him to Samaria. He put some honour upon him, by taking him selves perhaps with some badges or other to notify their relainto the chariot with him; (Jehonadab was not ofien in a cha- tion to Baal, for there were vestments for all his worshippers. riot, especially with a king ;) but he received more honour from 2. He takes care that none of the servants of the Lord should him, and from the countenance he gave to bis present work. be among them, v. 23. This they took as a provision to preAll sober people would think the better of Jehu, when they saw serve the worship of Baal from being profaned by strangers : Jehonadab in the chariot with him. This was not the only time but it was a wonder, that they did not, by this, see themselves that the piety of some has been made to serve the policy of brought into a snare, and discern a design upon thein. They others; and that designing men have strengthened themselves that suffer themselves to be deceived by Baal, (as all idolaters by drawing good men into their interest. Jehonadab was a were by their idols,) no marvel if they are deceived by Jehu stranger to the arts of fleshly wisdom, and has his conversation to their destruction. in simplicity, and golly sincerity; and therefore, if Jebu be a 3. He gives order for the cutting of them all off, and Jehonaservant of God, and an enemy to Baal, he will be his faithful dab joined with him therein, v. 23. When a strict search was friend. “Come then,” (says Jehu,) come with me, and see made, lest some of the servants of God should, either for commy zeal for the Lord; and then thou wilt see reason to espouse pany or curiosity, be got among them, lest some wheat should my cause."

This is commonly taken as not well said by Jehu, be mixed with those lares; and when 80 men were set to stand and as giving cause to suspect that his heart was not right with guard at all the avenues to Baal's temple, that none might esGod in what he did, and that the zeal he pretended for the cape, (v. 24,) then the guards were sent in, to put them all to Lord, was really zeal for himself and his own advancement. the sword, and 10 mingle their blood with their sacrifices, in a For, (1.) He boasted of it, and spake as if God and man were way of just revenge, as they ihemselves had sometimes done, mightily indebted to him for it. (2.) He desired it might be when, in their blind devotion, they cut themselves with knives seen, and raken notice of, like the Pharisees, who did all 10 be and lancets till the blood gushed out, I Kings 18. 28.

This was seen of men. An upright heart approves itself to God, and accordingly done, and ihe doing of it, though seemingly barbacovets no more than his acceptance. If we aim at the applause rons, was, considering the nature of their crime, really righteous; of men, and make their praise our highest end, we are upon a The Loril, whose name is jealous, is a jealous God. false boltom. Whether' Jehu looked any further, we cannot 4. The idolaters being thus destroyed, the idolatry itself is judge; however, Jehonadab went with him, and, it is likely, utterly abolished. The buildings about the house of Baal, animated and assisted him in the further execution of his com- | (which were so many, and so stately, that they are here called mission, (v. 17,) destroying all Ahab's friends in Samaria. A a city,) where Baal's priests and their families lived, were deman may hate cruelty, and yet love justice ; mav be far from stroyed : all the lille images, statues, pictures, or shrines, thirsting after blood, and yet may wash his feet in the blood of which beautified Baal's lemple, with the great image of Baal the wicked, Ps. 58. 10,

himself, were brought out and burned. (v.26, 27,) and ihe templo II. Contriving the destruction of all the worshippers of Baal. of Baal broken down, and made a dunghill, the common sink, The service of Baal was the crying sin of the house of Ahab; or sewer of the city, that the remembrance of it mighi be blored that root of this idola'ry was plucked up, but multitudes yet re- oui, or made infamous. Thus was the worship of Baalquie mained, that were infected with it, and would be in danger of destroyed, at least, for the present, ont of Israel, though it had ins:cting others. The law of God was express, that they were once prev,iled so far, that ihere were but 7000 of all the thou. to be put to dea'h; but they were so numerous, and so dispersed sands of Israel, that had not bowed the knee to Baal, and those throughou! all parts of the kingdom, and perhaps so alarment concealed. Thus will God destroy all the gods of the heathen, with Jehu's beginnings, that it would be a hard matter to find and, sooner or later, triumph over them all. them all out, and an endless task to prosecute and execute them V. 29–36. Here is all the account of the reign of Jehu, though one by one : Jehu's project therefore is to cut them all off it continued 28 years. The progress of it answered not to tho together.

glory of its beginning. We have here, i. By a wilo, by a fraud, he brings thom togother to the tem I. God's approbation of what Jehu had done. Many, it is

I c. 8.


of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed 35 And Jehu slept with his fathers; and they not from after them, to wit, the golden calves that buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son were in Beth-el, and that were in Dan.

reigned in his stead. 30 And the LORD sud unto Jehu, Because thou 36 And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel hast dove well in executing that which is right in in Samaria was lwenty and eight years. mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was in mine heart, thy children

CHAPTER XI. of the fourth "generation shall sit on the throne of Israel.

The revolution in the kingdom of Israel was soon perfecter in Jehu's settlement; 31 But Jehu 'took no heed to walk in the law of

we must now inquire into the affairs of the kingdom of Judah, which lustili

head, (such as it was,) at the same time, and hy the same hand, as Israel did; the LORD God of Israel with all his heart : for he but things continued nuger there in distraction than in lerael, yel, after some

years, they were brought into a good pisture, as we find in this chapter. departed not from the «sins of Jeroboam, which 1. Athaliah usurpis the government, and deatroys all the seed royal, v.1. måde Israel to siu.

II. Joush, a child of a year old, is wonderfully preserved, v. 2, 3. II. At bis

years' end, he is produced, and, by the agency of Jehoiada, marie king, Y.432 In those days the Lord began to cut Israel 12. IV. Athaliah is sinin, v 13.-16. V. Both the civil and religious interests

of the kingilom are well settled in the hands of Joash, v. 17-21 od thus, títer short: and Hazael smote them in all the coast of

some interruption, things returned with advantage into the old channel. Israel;

33 From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manas saw that her son was dead, she arose, and sites, from Aroer, (which is by the river Arnon,) destroyed all the seed * royal. Seven Gilead and Bashan.

2 But 'Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, 34 Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that sister of Ahaziah, took +Joash the son of Ahaziah, he did, and all his might, are they not written in the and stole him from among the king's sons which buok of the chronicles of the kings of Israel ? were slain; and they hid him, even him and his J i Kors 12. 29, 23. Er. 29. 18-20. A ver. 35. c. 13. I, 10. 14. 23. 15.8-12. i toward the rising of the tun. for, even to Gilead and Bashan. m Am. 1. 3. observed not.' John i. 24. kl Kings 14. 16. 1 lo cu of the ends.

il the days were. 2 Chr. 22. 10 b c. 8. 26. seed of the kingdom. 1 2 Chr.

22. 11, Jehoshbeath. or, Jchoash. probable, censured him as treacherous and barbarous, called short in their duty to God, and therefore God cut them short in him a rebel, a usurper, a murderer, and prognosticated ill con their extent, wealth, and power. Hazael king of Syria was, cerning him, that a fainily thus raised would soon be ruined ; above any other, vexatious and mischievous to them, smote but God said, Well done, (v. 30,) and then it signified little them in all the coasts of Israel, particularly the countries on the who said otherwise. 1. God pronounced that to be right, which other side Jordan, which lay next him, and most exposed; on he had done. It is justly questionable, whether he did it from these he made continual inroads, and laid them waste. Now a good principle, and whether he did not take some false steps the Reubenites and Gadites smarted for the choice which their in the doing of it; and yet, (says God,) Thou hast done well in ancestors made of an inheritance on that side Jordan, which erecuting that which right in mine eyes. The extirpating of Moses reproved them for, Num. 32. Now Hazael did what idolaters and idolatry, was a thing right in God's eyes, for it is Elisha foresaw he would do, and foretold. Yet, for doing it, an iniquily he visits as surely and severely as any other; it was God had a quarrel with him, and with his kingdom, as we may according to all that was in his heart, all he desired, all he de- find, Am. 1. 3, 4. Because they of Damascus have thrashed signed; Jehu went through with his work. 2. God promised Gilead with thrashing instruments of iron, therefore (says God) hin a reward, That his children of the fourth generation from I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour him should sit upon the throne of Israel. This was more than the palaces of Ben-hadad. what took place in any of the dignities or royal families of that Lastly, The conclusion of Jehu's reign, v. 34-36. Notico kingdom; of the house of Ahab ihere were indeed four kings, is taken, in general, of his might; but because he took no heed Onri, Ahab, Ahaziah, and Joram, but the two last were bro 10 serve God, the memorials of his mighly enterprises and thers, so that it reached but to the third generation, and that achievements are justly buried in oblivion. whole family continued but about 45 years in all, whereas Jehu's continued in four, beside himself, and, in all, about 120

NOTES TO CHAPTER XI. years. Note, No services done for God shall go unrewarded. V.1-3. God had assured David of the continuance of his

II. Jehu's carelessness in what he was further to do. By family, which is called bis ordaining a lamp for his anointed; this it appeared that his heart was not right with God, that he and this cannot but appear a great thing, now that we have was parial in his reformation. 1. He did not put away all the read of the utter extirpation of so many royal families, one after evil. He departed from the sins of Ahab, but not from the sins another. Now here we have David's promised lamp almost of Jeroboam; discarded Baal, but adhered to the calves. The extinguished, and yet wonderfully preserved. worship of Baal was indeed the greater evil, and more heinous I. It was almost extinguished by the harbarous malice of in the sight of God, but the worship of the calves was a great Alhaliah, the queen mother, who, when she heard that her son evil: true conversion is not only from gross sin, but from all sin; Ahaziah was slain by Jehu, arose, and destroyed all the seed not only from falseg xds, but from false worships. The worship royal, (v. 1,) all that she knew to be akin to the crown. Her of Baal weakened and diminished Israel, and made them be- husband Jehoram had slain all his brethren the sons of Jehoholden to the Silonians, and therefore he could easily part with shaphat, 2 Chr. 21. 4. The Arabians had slain all Jehoram's that: but the worship of the calves was a political idolatry, was sons, but Ahaziah, 2 Chr. 22. 1. Jehu had slain all their begun, and kept up, for reasons of state, to prevent the return sons, (2 Chr. 22. 8,) and Ahaziah himself. Surely never of the ten tribes to the house of David, and therefore Jehu was royal blood so profusely shed: happy the men of inferior clave to that. True conversion is not only froin wasteful sins, birth, who live below envy and emulation! But, as if all this but from gainful sins ; not only from those sins that are destruc were but a small matter, Athaliah destroys all that were left tive to the secular interest, but from those that support and be of the seed royal: it was strange that one of the tender sex friend it; in forsaking which, is the great trial, whether we can could be so barbarous, that one who had been herself a king's deny ourselves, and rust God. 2. He put away evil, but he daughter, a king's wife, and a king's mother, could be so bardit not mind that which was gond ; (v. 31,) He took no heed to barous to a royal family, and a family into which she was walk in the lato of the Lord God of Israel. He abolished the herself ingrafied; but she did it, I. From a spirit of ambition; worship of Baal, but did not keep up the worship of God, nor she thirsted after rule, and I hought she could not get to it any walk in his law. He had showed great care and zeal for the other way; that none might reign with her, she slew even tho rooting ont of a false religion, but, in the true religion, (1.) He infants and sucklings that might have reigned after her; for fear shoved no care, took no herd, lived at large, was not at all soli- of a competitor, not any must be reserved for a successor; and, citous to please God, and do his duty; took no heed to the scrip- 2. From a spirit of revenge and rage against God; the house tures, to the prophets, to his own conscience, but walked at all of Ahab being utterly destroyed, and her son Ahaziah among adven'ures. Those that are heedless, it is to be feared, are the rest, because he was akin to it; she resolved, as it were, graceless; for where there is a good principle in the heart, it will by way of reprisal, to destroy the house of David, and cut make inen cautious and circumspect, desirous to please God, off his line, in defiance of God's promise to perpetuate it; a and jealous of doing any thing to offend him. (2.) He showed foolish attempt, and fruitless, for who can disannul what God no zeal; wha! he did in religion, he did not do it with his heart, hath purposed ! Grandmothers have been hought more fond with all his heart, but did it as if he did it not, without any lives of their grandchildern than they were of iheir own; yet Ahaliness or concern. It seems he was a man that had little ziah's own mother is the wilful murderer of Ahaziah's own religion hinsell, and yet God made use of him as an instrument sons, and in their infancy too, when she was obliged, above of reformation in Lsrael. It is a pity but that those that do good any other, to nurse them, and take care of them ; well might to others, should always be good themselves.

she be called, Athaliah, that wicked woman, (2 Chr. 24, 7, Ill. The judgment that came upon Israel in his reign. We Jezebel's own daughter: yet herein God was righteous, and have reason to lear that when Jehu took no heed hiinself to visited the iniquity of Joram and Ahaziah, those degenerate walk in God's law, the people were generally as cireless as branches of David's house, upon their children. he, both in their devotions, and in their conversations. There II. It was wonderfully preserved by the pious care of one of was a general decay of piety, and increase of profaneness; and Joram's daughters, (who was wife to Jehoiada the priest, who therefore it is not strange that the next news we hear, is, In stole away one of the king's sons, Joash by name, and hid him, those days the Lord began to cut Israel short, v. 32. Their v. 2, 3. This was a brand plucked out of ihe fire ; what number neighbours encroached upon them on every side; they were were slain, we are not told, but, it seems, this, being a child in

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