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males, speaking of fasting, says, “A of his ancestors, sword in hand.
coach goes faster when it is empty The christian and military virtues
by fasting a man can be better of this illustrious warrior induced
united to God; for it is a principle his cotemporaries to bestow on him
with geometers, that a round body the distinguished title of-mmThe
can never touch a plane surface ex Chevalier, a Stranger to Fear or
cept in one point ; but God is this Reproach."
Surface, according to these words, His valour, tempered by humani-
Juftus et re&tus Dominus. A belly ty, was neither fierce nor cruel; bis
too well fed becomes round; it can- guide was prudence, and generosity
not thereforetouch Godexcept in one apd greatness of foul were his con
point; but fasting flattens the belly, stant companions. Though the
and it is then that it is united with chevalier was not rich, he frequent,
the furface of God in all points." ly gave considerable parts of those

spoils of his enemies, which the
SINGULAR PUNISHMENT custom of war made his legal pro-
OF A PHYSICIAN, ACCUSED OF perty, to relieve the necessitous, or
WANT OF SKILL.

to be distributed

among the compa. TOWARDS the close of the nions of his dangers.

Historians tell us, that the che, fifteenth century, Lorenzo de Me. dicis, of Florence, died of a disease,

valier was tall and slender, and of a which it is probable might have been pale complexion, with eyes black cured, had not Leoni, a celebrated and full of fire; he was extremely physician of Spoleto, left too much cheerful, but knew how properly to

be to the powers of Nature, by avoid

grave and serious when occafions, ing, the aid of medicine. Lazaro, required it. an inhabitant of Pavia, equally ce

In the year 1500, many towns of lebrated for medical skill with Leoni, the Milanese, which had risen againt having made this error publicly Lewis the Twelfth, submitted on the known, raised the resentment of the approach of the troops, which that deceased prince's friends to fo high prince had sent to reduce them to a pitch, that at length it proved la. obedience. The deputies of those tal to the physician. For Pietro, towns, in order to court the favour son to Lorenzo, a youth who, but of Bayard, presented him with

some seventeen years old, was able to plate curiously

, wrought. His geneovercome the most expert wrestler, ral, knowing he was not rich, bid happening to meet the unfortunate him accept it. “Heaven forbid," phyfician, near the brink of a deep replied the generous chevalier, “that well, grasped him with such adroit any thing Mould continue in my pofness and good will

, that he sent him fellion, which I receive from the hands headlong into the water; where,

of such perfidious people !” So say: being old and feeble, he was instantly ing, he distributed the whole among foffocated.

the soldiers that were nearest him.

Historians relate numberless such
MEMOIRS

instances of the generosity and great-
ness of the chevalier Bayard; but

the most fingular action of his life,
[Transmitted by G. W.]

is that of which the city of Bresse BAYAR D, who was, one of the bears witness. This city (having greatest captains of the age in which revolted in 1512 from the French, he lived, was born in 1476, and who had made themselves masters of died, in 1524, like the greater partit after the battle of Aiguadel) was

attacked,

OF THE CHEVALIER BAYARD.

2

attacked, taken, and pillaged. Bay. proof of her gratitude. “Since it, ard, who had been wounded at the muit be so," said Bayard, " I wilt. beginning of the fiege, as soon as not refuse it; provided you will grant. the place was taken, by his own ore me the honour of taking leave of ders was conveyed to the house of a the young ladies, your daughters." family of distinction: he comforted on their being introduced, he thanks them by his discourses, and fecured ed them for their care of him, and their property by placing two fol- for the pleasure he had received diers at their door, to whom he gave from their agreeable conversation. eight hundred crowns, in lieu of " I should be glad," added the che, what they might find in case they valier, “ were able to convince should plunder it.

you of my sense of those favours; After some days had passed, his but military men are seldom porn impatience to join the army in- fessed of those jewels so pleasing to creafed faster than the cure of his your sex. Your amiable mother has wound, which was not yet properly just presented me with two thousand healed. But when the mistress of five hundred ducats : permit me to the house faw he was determined to demand your acceptance of a thou.z. depart, the threw herself on her fand each for your marriage pore knees: “ By the rights of war,' tion. The other five hundred I give, said the to him, “ you are become to the religious of this city, who have the master of our lives and posses- been pillaged.” fons: you have preserved our ho The following winter, Bayard gave nour from violation. We hope fur- a striking proof of the greatness of ther, that your generofity will not his foul.' 'He lodged at Grenoble, permit you to treat us with severity, near the abode of a lovely girl, and that you will be pleased to ac. whose fingular beauty made a strong cept a present, proportioned rather impression on his mind. The infore to our fortune than our sense of gra- nation he received of her birth and titude.” At the same time the pre- fituation removed all restraint from sented him with a little box filled giving a free course to his desires. with ġolden ducats.

Propositions were made to the moBayard fmiled, and asked how ther, who, consulting nothing but many there were? The lady, sup- her poverty, accepted them, and even posing he thought the present insig- forced her daughter to follow her to nificant, replied, trembling," Two the chevalier. This amiable maiden thousand five hundred, Sir; but if no sooner approached her lover, than they are not sufficient, we will en- she threw herself at his feet, and bedeavour to procure more.”—“No, dewing them with her tears, "My Madam,” answered the chevalier, lord,” faid she, “ do not dishonour

I will not accept of any money; an unfortunate victim of milery, of the care you have taken of me is whose virtue. you ought to be the prosuperior to the few services I have rector !” These words affected Baydone you. I demand of you only ard: “ Rife," said he, “ my daughyour esteem, and I entreat you to ter; you shall quit my house as accept of mine.” The lady, more virtuous, and much happier,, than furprised than fatisfied at fo fingular you entered it!” He immediately a mark of moderation, again threw conducted her to a secure retreat, herself at the feet of her benefactor, and the next day sent for her moprotesting she would not rise from ther. After having severely rethat posture till he had promised to proached her for the criminal pliazeçept her present, as the humble bility of disposition which the had

discovered,

discovered, he gave her fix hundred twenty-five years, and yet nobody francs as a portion to the man who understands what I say. might marry her daughter, and even added an hundred crowns more, to CURIOUS INCITEMENT purchase cloaths and the wedding

TO SLAVERY. dinner. In this manner did the good

GARCILASSO de la Vega chevalier cherith the femblance of relates, that a Spanish priest pervirtue. :

ceiving that the Peruvians chose This hero, following admiral Bon- rather to hang themselves, than to nivet into Italy, was wounded by labour in the mines, addressed them a musquet fhot, in the retreat from in the following words—"You with Rebec, in 1524. When he per- to hang yourselves, my friends, that ceived that his wound was mortal, he defired to be removed to the you may not be obliged to labour : shade of a neighbouring tree, with fince that is the case, i thall hang

myself too; but I must warn you of his face turned towards the Imperial army; “ for," said he, “having mines in the next world, as well as

one thing, which is, that there are never yet turned my back to an in this; and I give you my word, enemy, I fhould not chufe to do so that I'll make you work throughout in the expiring moments of my life.”

all eternity," Upon hearing this, Bourbon, who was pursuing the fu

tbe

poor Indians threw themselves gitives, happened to pass by near him; he stopped, and pitied his fate. name of God, not to commit such

at his feet, and beseeched him, in the so I have no cause to complain, my jord,” replied this brave soldier with of these unhappy wretches destroyed

a rash action. Had the two-thirds a: noble firmness peculiar to himn; themselves, the orator would have

I die in doing my duty: it is you been much embarrassed to keep his sve muit pity; you, who are now in word with the rest. arms against your prince, your country, and your oath." Before

ANECDOTE he expired, a gentleman asked him

OF A CHINESE STATESMAN., what he would wish to leave his children? 66 That,” he replied,

TANG-KAO-HUNG, emperor « which fears neither the times nor of China, who died in the

year 626 human power-wisdom and virtue." of our æra, being about to put to Thus fell the illustrious chevalier death two general officers, who, hav. Bayard ; a character in which bra. ing been commiffioned to guard the very and humanity were fo clotely burying-place of his ancestors, had united, that the one constantly add. cut down a tree, which, on account ed a luftre to the other,

of the respect of the Chinefe for such

monuments, was accounted facred; A NE CDO TE

one of his ministers, whose name has been preserved in history, Ty

jin-Kie, represented to him, that it A SPANIAR D, who was established would be cruel to take away the lives in a small town of Holland, and who of these two brave men merely for must have died of hunger had he their imprudence." What!" renot had a servant who spoke Dutch plied the emperor in a paffion, “shall and Spanish, faid one day to a I not punish, with the greatest seveSpanish traveller, who came to fee' rity, those who are wanting in rebim-“ How stupid the people are spect to my ancestors ? Have not in this country! I have retided here these two officers been guilty of that

OF A SPANIARD.

crime, by cutting down a tree which fins; and yet your filial piety does over-shaded their tombs ?” “ Well, not carry you so far as to make war my lord,” said Ty-jin-Kie, “the upon these facrilegious animals !" moles and the rats are far more de- The emperor, recalled to humanity ficient in respect to your ancestors, by these reflections, pardoned the since they even gnaw their very cof. two officers.

CHARACTERISTIC MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.

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meal a stranger partakes with them THE PERSIANS.

brings a blefling upon the house: to [From Francklin's Tour from Bengal to

account for this, we must understand Perlia; juft published.]

it as a pledge of faith and protection, S during my stay in Persia (says when we consider that the continual

Mr. Francklin) from the litu- wars in which this country has been ation I was placed in, by living in a involved, with very little ceflation, native family, I had an opportunity fince the extinction of the Sefi faof seeing more of the nature and dif- mily, have greatly tended to an position of the middling sort of peo- universal depravity of disposition, ple, and their manners and customs, and a perpetual inclination to acts than perhaps has fallen to the lot of of hostility. This has leffened that moit travellers; I am induced to give softness and urbanity of manners for the few observations I made during which this nation has been at all that period. The Persians, with re- former times so famous; and has ac spect to outward behaviour, are cer- the same time too much extinguished tainly the Parisians of the east. all sentiments of honour and humaWhilst a rude and infolent demean- nity amongst those of higher rank. our peculiarly marks the character The Persians, in their conversaof the Turkish nation towards fo- tion, aim much at elegance, and are reigners and christians, the beha- perpetually repeating verses and palviour of the Persians would, on the fages from the works of their most contrary, do honour to the most favourite poets, Hafiz, Sadi, and civilized nations: they are kind, Jàmi; a practice universally pree courteous, civil, and obliging to all valent, from the highest to the low-, strangers, without being guided by est; because those who have not the thofe religious prejudices fo very advantages of reading and writing, prevalent in every other Mahome or the other benefits arising oin dan nation; they are fond of en- education, by the help of their mequiring after the manners and cus- mories, which are very retentive, toms of Europe ; and, in return, and what they learn by heart, are very readily afford any information always ready to bear their part in in respect to their own country, conversation. They also delight The practice of hospitality is with much in jokes and quaint exprefthem so grand a point, that a man fions, and are fond of playing upon thinks himself highly honoured if each other; which they sometiines you will enter his house and partake do with great elegance and irony. of what the family affords; whereas There is one thing much to be adgoing out of a house, without sinoak- mired in their conversation, which ing a caleàn, or taking any other is the frict attention they always refreshment, is deemed, in Persia, pay to the person speaking, whom a high affront; they say that every they never interrupt on any account.

They

They are in general a perfonable, came to visit the family where I and in many respects a handsome, lived, which many did, directed by people : their complexions, saving their curiosity to see an European, thofe who are exposed to the incle. understanding I belonged to the mencies of the weather, are as fair house, they made no fcruple of puttas Europeans.

ing off their veits, and conversing The women at Shirauz have at all with great inquisitiveness and famitimes been celebrated over those of liarity, which seemed much gratified other parts of Persia for their beauty, by my ready compliance with their and not, without reason. Of ghose requests, in informing them of Euwhom I had the fortune to fee du- ropean customs and manners, and ring my residence, and who were never failed to procure me thanks, mostly relations and friends of the with the additional character of a family I lived in, many were tall good-natured Fcringy (the appeland well thaped ; but their bright lation by which all Europeans are and sparkling eyes was a very striking distinguished). The women in Perbeauty : this, however, is in a great fia, as in all Mahomedan nations, measurę owing to art, as they rub after marriage, are very little better their eye-brows and eye-lids with than slaves to their husbands. Those the black powder of antimony (call. 'mild and familiar endearments which ed furma), which adds an incom- grace the social board of an Exparable brilliancy to their natural ropean, and which at the same time lustre. The large black eye is in they afford a mutual satisfaction to moft eftimation among the Perfians, either sex, tend also to refine and and this is the most common at polith manners, are totally unknown Shirauz. As the women in Mahu- in Mahomedan countries. The huf. medan countries are, down to the band, of a suspicious temper, and meanest, covered with a veil from chained down by an obstinate and head to foot, a fight is never to be persevering etiquette, thinks himobtained of them in the street ; but felf affronted even by the enquiry from my situation, I have feen many of a friend after the health of his of them within doors, as when any wife!

SELECT BIOGRAPHY.

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LIFE OF

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fects. But more fully to determine CAPTAIN JAMES COOK. the question, Mr. Cook ordered

fome buckets of water to be drawn (Compiled from Dr. Kippis's late Publication.]

up alongside the ship, which were

found full of an innumerable quanContinued from page 73.

tity of small globular infects, about N the 29th of August, between the size of a common pin's head,

our voyagers were near the Cape of life was perceived in them, there Good Hope, the whole sea, within could be no doubt of their being the compass of their fight, became living animals, when in their own at once, as it were illuminated. native element; and they were unThe captain had been formerly doubtedly the cause of the sea's ilconvinced by Mr. Banks and Dr. Tumination. The Refolution and Solander, that such appearances in Adventure, on the 30th, anchored the ocean were occafioned by in. in Table Bay, at the Cape of Gond

Hope,

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