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| happened early the morning after this after the Restoration, which the bard

fire: a gable end wall gave way be returned him with honour, though noc longing to Mr. Morris's house, and a without much difficulty, as his circumnumber of persons were buried in the stances were very low. Mr. Hartop ruins, amongit whom was one of the would have declined receiving it again, engineers belonging to the Sun-fire but the pride of the poet was equal ta Office, who went to apprize them of his genius, and he sent the money with their danger. At half past twelve, se an angry letter, which is extant among ven of the unfortunate persons were the curious possessions of this venerable taken out of the ruins dead, and the engineer was one of the number. In the whole, thirteen were dug out, ter

SKETCH OF CAGLIOSTRO. ribly mangled.

The famous count Cagliostro, about The fire broke out at Mr. Morris's, whom public opinion has often varied, the corner of Lambeth Marsh, and from is at present, with his wife, under thence communicated to the workshops close confinement in the castle of Sto of Messrs. Adams, builder to the Board Angelo, at Rome ; on a {rong charge of Works; the party walls were of no of having harboured a design against service, the fire having caught hold of the government. A great number of the window frames from house to house. persons have been arrested--and, among The damage sustained at this fire is esti- the rest, the marquis de Vevaldi, on mated at fifty thousand pounds, which fufpicion of being concerned with this falls on the Sun-fire Office.

singular adventurer. His real name is

Joseph Balsamo: 'he was born at Palera WONDERFUL LONGEVITY:

mo on the 8th of June 1743. In his Mr. Jonathan Hartop, now living at fixteenth year he became a monk of the village of Aldborough, near Bo- the third order at Caltagiron ; but not roughbridge, Yorkshire, has attained liking that state, he shortly after entered to the amazing age of one hundred and himself among the capuchins, by whom thirty-seven years, having been born in he was expelled. After defrauding a 1653. His father and mother both goldsmith, named Morano, of great died of the plague at their house in the lums, under pretence of possessing the Minories in 1666, and he perfectly re- secret to make gold, he retired to Camembers the great fire of London. He labria, and diffipated his ill-gotten eamis short in ftature, has been married five ings. He afterwards went to Rome, times, and has now alive seven children, where he turned transcriber; and mar[wenty-fix grandchildren, and one hun ried Laurencia Feliciani. In 1773, he dred and forty great grand-children. visued France; and the year afterwards He can read without Tpectacles, and appeared at Naples, as marquis of Pel.. plays at cribbage with perfect recol- legrini. He there met an uncle, with, section. Last Christınas-day he walked whom he returned to Palermo ; where nine miles to dine with one of his great Marano arrested him. After his libegrand-children. He remembers Charles ration, he went to Malta, where he afa the Second perfectly well, and once fumed the name of count Cagliostro. travelled from London to York with From thence he visited Muscovy, Po. the facetious Killigrew. He eats but land, Prussia, and Holland; from which little, and drinks nothing but milk; he last place he embarked for Morocco. He enjoys also an uninterrupted flow of afterwards professed the healing art ac spirits. The third wife of this very Strasburg, giving out that he possessed extraordinary old man was an illegiti- a secret art of curing the most obftinate mate daughter of Oliver Cromwell, who disorders. His fame in this way, called gave with her a portion amounting to him to Paris; where, taking a part in about five hundred pounds. He has the affair of the ever-memorable neckin his posseffion a fine portrait of the lace, he was thrown into the Bastille. Ufurper, by Cooper, for which the late After being discharged from this prison, Mr. Hollis offered him three hundred he came to England; but not thinking pounds, but was refused. Mr. Hartop himself secure from the attempts of lent the great Milton fifty pounds foon fome French emissaries, he travelled

througla

tors.

through Holland, Switzerland, Revero, de-Lis, but most probably has beert and Trente. His last arrival at Rome tranflated from the work of some Spafeems big with danger; and the suc- nifh navigator, whofe discovery being cess of his future career appears in a forgotten, lett room for the new discodoubtful point of view.

veries of English and French navigaPHENOMENON,

EARTHQUAKE. There is now in the possession of a

The beginning of this month, one gentleman at Leeds, a bean, the vege- morning, about four o'clock, the vila fation of which must have lain dormant lage of Arnfide, near Milthorpe in five hundied and twenty years; for on the reinoval of the wall of an ancient lent Subterràneous explosion, much

Weltmoreland, was alarmed by a vio. building of that place, in the spring of louder than thunder. The inhabitants, 1783, several layers being taken down, in the utmolt confternation, ran to the it remained so for several weeks, when sea-side to avoid the impending danger, there was a bean observed to shoot out in full vegetation, from a very

finall

When day-light appeared, a chasm of aperture in a piece of cement, lo hard, menfe depth, was discovered in the

nearly two hundred feet, and of an im. that it required considerable force to break it between two stones : therefore houses and a number of cattle were

earth. By this dreadful accident, fix it was concluded impossible it could be

lost. Three miles from this chasın, a conveyed there in any other manner buit smaller one was discovered'; which it with the cement, when the castle was first built, which was in 1263.

is supposed swallowed a horse which was grazing near.

Several hours after

the shock, the sands of the neighbourSOMERSET HOUSE.

ing coasts were considerably agitated, The estimates for the building of this fuperb edifice, delivered into the

SUICIDE. House of Commons, are as follow: A young officer belonging to the Ca. Expended

£•334,703 rysfort frigate, lately Thor himself at To be yet expended 33,500 Naples. He went on shore to resent,

as a gentleman, fome reproach cast on DISCOVERIES.

his birth by a shipmate ; but his una The Royal Society have formed a generous adversary declining the meetplan of a most extensive nature, for pro- ing, he addressed a farewel letter to moting discoveries in those parts of captain Smith, his commander, and Africa at present least known. The then fatally applied the contents of two first conduct of this scheme is commit- pistols to his tiead. ted to a Mr. Walwyn, and Mr. Hercules Cramond, an English gentleman of the faculty. They lately embarked for Lately, at Cherson, in Tartary, Mr. Marseilles, in' their way to Tunis; Howard, the celebrated philanthropist; from wherice they are to penetrate into after an illness of a few days. Visiting the interior parts of the country. Na. a young lady dangerously ill of a coijtural history, botany, antiquities, and, tagious fever, with a view to render above all, commerce, are to engage her assistance, he caught the infection their attention. Government patronizes which precipitated his death. It was the scheme.

his request to be buried in the garden An ancient map of the world has near Cherson. been discovered in the Britih Museum, The 14th, at Reading, Dr. Addingwhich lays down the coasts of New ton, in his seventy-eighth year, father Holland as described by Cook and to the speaker of the House of ComBougainville. This map, which is on parchment, appears from the character, The beginning of this month, Joand other circumstances, to have been seph II. emperor of Germany. He is made about the beginning of the fix- fucceeded as king of Bohemia and teenth century. The names are in Hungary by his brother the duke French, and it is adorned with Fleurs Leopold.

DEATHS.

mons.

The HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.

For A PRIL,

1790.

NUMBER XVIII.

FRAGMENTS.

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number of confpirators ready to fe. REMARKABLE INSTANCE

cond his design. Ofakoi, either OF COURAĠEIN PETER THE GREAT.

through weakness, or in hopes of [From the Ruffian]

being revenged, followed his conURING the commotions oc

ductor. They arrived in the night. bition of the princess Sophia, it is Kremlin, where the emperor rewell known that the revolt of the

sided. Strelitz + brought the Ruffian em

The slave having there found his pire almost to the brink of de- friends, they resolved to hold a con Itruction.

sultation that very night, in the ruins A brother of the famous Totte- of an old house, which was not far lawitau, colonel of that corps, loft diftant from the palace. his life upon the scaffold. He was

Osakoi, who had in vain attempted named Osakoi ; and as his money to learn from his companion who the and estate were confiscated, he left conspirators were, pressed him again his fon in a very deplorable state of to satisfy his curiosity, but without misery. This unfortunate youth,

success. having escaped the pursuit of the

When the hour of appointment emperor's cmiffaries, in a most won- approached, the flave only told him derful manner, was concealed in a

that he was going to be in company certain obfcure village, by an old with people who were animated with llave who had lived with his father. a desire of revenge; and who, pota When he arrived at the state of man

withstanding his youth, and want of hood, this domestic told him the fe. experience, earnestly willied to have cret of his birth, and proposed to him him for their chief.: “ The humi. a plan of avenging his family, by liating situation to which you are aftaffinating the czar. The now reduced,” added he; the

young man started with horror upon hear

blood of your

father still reeking ing this proposal'; but he diffembled all ought to arouse your courage, his sentiments, and the Nave, who and banish every idea of the danger imagined that he had brought him that may arise from prosecuting your over to his purpose, prevailed upon revenge." him to set out for Moscow, where,

These words inade

young

Osakoi he informed him, he would find a

tremble ; and with more reason, as * Eldeft sifter of the czar Peter, who car

the tavern was at that time full of. rying her views to the throne, attempted Russians, who, according to the cul. more than once to accomplish her brother's tom of their country, were giving death,

themselves up to intoxication and + A barbarous body of militia,

excefs, Vol. II.

L

O.Cakoi

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to us.

Ofakoi and the Aave repaired to perfon to be one of the conspirators, the ruins, where the fatal afsembly he readily obeyed. Having arrived was to be held. As the conspirators at a very narrow staircase, which were already met, the most confpi- they mounted with some difficulty, cuous among them addressed young they entered a small

apartment, the Orakoi in the following manner door of which the Russian immedi“ You see here,” said he, “ a set of ately shut. unfortunate men, who have escaped “Be not surprized" said the Rur. from the tyranny of the czar. That fian to him, “at what I have done; barbarian, though he put to death what I have to tell you requires the by the hands of the executioner, most profound fecresy. I am just and even by his own, the greater come, as well as you, from that afpart of our companions, the Strelitz, sembly, where the death of the czar has not been able to extend his fury has been resolved upon with a so

Heaven hath preserved us to lemn oath. Like you, I have been execute its vengeance, and the fatal admitted this night, for the first moment is now arrived. Shudder time, among the conspirators; and, with horror, young Osakoi! I have like you, I have particular reasons seen the blood of thy unfortunate fa- for being the irreconcileable enemy ther flied on the scaffold: I followed of my fovereign : but if his blood bc him to the melancholy spot; but I due for the cruelties with which he could not save him !-- Wandering for is accused, our plot is very badly ten years through the most frightful laid. For who, I pray, are these and dreary desarts, the misery of our conspirators? Wretches stained with situation compelled us to seek by crimes, who have eluded the rigour fraud that subsistence, to which our of the laws; and plunderers, who rank, as soldiers and citizens, gave breathe nothing but robbery, murus a just title. But, to-morrow, that der, and pillage. And who are their cruel tyrant and his courtiers shall accomplices According totheir acfall by our hands. We loved your count, the chief men of the empire, father, who was our chief; do you and yet they have not dared to riame in turn become so, and let your re- any one amongst them! Who would solution and courage prove you wor- fo far disgrace himself, as to unite in thy of the choice which we have any scheme with such banditti?made,"

What plot have they opened to as ? Osakoi perceived, that in the pre- For whom do we expose ourselves to sent juncture there was no alterna- danger, and for whom do we labour? tive, and that even the appearance -Plan, means, resources every of weakness would be his fentence of thing is unknown to us. death; he assumed therefore a cour with us to become the blind instrue rage which he did not naturally pos- ments of such an enterprise. fefs.

These, young Osakoi, were my It was agreed by the conspirators, doubts and fears during this aflem. on separating, that they should as 'bly. The conspirators have ape femble next morning at the fame pointed you their chief; I readily hour; and that, for the greater se. subscribe to their choice; but make curity, Olakoi and the slave should ine see a little more clearly into this return to the inn by different routes. dark and mysterious business, and

Scarcely had Orakoi advanced you inay depend upon the exertions thirty steps, when he was accosted of my arm. by a Ruilian, who begged him to Ofakoi was struck with the confi. follow him, As he imagined this dence of the Ruffian, and this con

fidence

Yet they

fidence emboldened him to unveil was to be resolved upon. He had the his sentiments fully. “You must courage to go thither, and escaped have remarked my surprise," said he, observation, by mixing with the con< when I found myself in the midst fpirators. Having observed Osakoi of such an affembly: satisfied with much confused, and to falter in his my condition, acquainted only with answers, 'he determined to save him, my cottage, and a stranger to ambie in case he should be found not abfotion, I enjoyed the most perfect tran- lutely guilty. quillity-My eyes have been opened ; After having freed Ofakoi from I have been informed that I had a fear, by loading him with praise and father to avenge; and that, in or. caresses, he required of him that he der to acconplish this end, I must would return to his companion at stain my hands with the blood of the inn, and give as an excuse for my sovereign. But was I ever ac- his delay, that he was unacquainted quainted with this father? Am I with the streets of Moscow. certain whether he was innocent The slave believed what he said, or guilty ? And, whilst under this and Osakoi next morning went with doubt, I muft affaffinate my master! him to the assembly. It was there de- These thoughts, I confess, are re- cided that they should set fire to the pugnant to my feelings. ' For who palace; that during the confusion am I, to judge of the emperor's con- occafioned by the conflagration, a duct? What right-what authority part of the troop should employ has Heaven given me to punish him? themselves in pillaging, whilst the The proposal made me shudder : other, headed by Olakoi, should but the fear of death repressed my join the conspirators in the castle, answer on my very lips. Since you who were particularly named, and have opened your heart to me, read who were people of the first emiwhat passes in mine;-I deteft crimes, pence in theitate: that they should af. and above all, a crime of this nature:' terwards advance towards the aparta voice within me seems to cry out, ment of the emperor, who would no • Love and respect thy sovereign.' doubt come forth, alarmed by the Have pity therefore on my youth ;' noise, and that they should then I give myself up to your direction dispatch him with their poignards.

Save me from the fury of these Every thing was thus settled, and barbarians, who have chosen me to they were going to pronounce the be the executioner of their master, oath, when the guards of the czar and of mine. For if I must either surprised them. They were immeperish, or attempt the life of the diately seized, and thrown into priczar, I choose rather to perish inno- fon ;- and the accomplices whom cent.”

they named were also arrested, and “ Thou shalt not perish,” cried speedy punishment followed their the Ruffian; “it is the czar who crime ;--they were committed into now speaks to thee! and who can re- the hands of the executioner, and ward the noble ingenuity of thy sen- . suffered that very day. timents."

Orakoi rose rapidly, and foon saw The person who spoke to him was no one between himself and the em. indeed the emperor himself, who, peror, except prince Menzikoff. under the disguise of a Nave, had overheard part of the plot in the

PHILOSOPHY. tavern. This discovery suggested an idea to him of being present at JOHN. Raulin, of the order of the assembly where his destruction Cluny, in his Sermones quadrages

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