Page images

superficial reasoning; to the love of writers express their contempt of amusement rather that information;. Calvin and his followers, we might to the wrelched frippancy with almost suppose that no man of comwhich the gravest subjects are disc mon understanding could ever have cussed; and to the disgraceful praca, listened for one moment 10 bis doc. tice (arising in general, we believe, trines. It would be well if these from consummate ignorance) of persons knew, 'wbat Mr. Whitaker grouping together, and holding up can tell them, that the reputed auto derision under some common thor of this scheme was " a man of térm of obloquy, persons wbo dit great practical piety, one of the fer widely both in principles and first scholars of his age, able to state practice.

and maintain his peculiar opinions “Subjects which would have put out an

with a clearness of conception and cestors to the expence of folios, are dispused purity of style never equalled by of with great confideuce in a pamphier his antagonists ;" that bis peculiarithe strong points of an argument are art. ties were embraced by many learn fully declined, the weak ones placed in the ed divines in the latter giears of inost prominent and ladicrous point of view Queen Elizabeth, and that the --and, when a few trifiing out works have learned during the 17th century been won, victory is triumphantly proclaimnwere pretty equally divided be ed, while the frstress itselt remains unassil tween Calvin and Arminius. --We ed. As an exumple of this style of political have some recollection of a mo. writing, flippant, shallow, petulant, and often uninformed, it is impossible not to be directed dern critical Professor, who coulto a certain periodical, and too-popular nis tends, that no Calvinist can be a cellany. The Letters of a Barrister' are to

friend to the Liturgy: let bim read be referred 10 the same class." pp. 10, 11. this sermon, and blusb for his assers

tion. In exposing "this detestable spirit," the author has it in view to " It may be a matter of surprize with prove, that persons of loyal charac. some who have indulged themselves in this ter, who embrace the fundamental arrogant abuse of the terins Calvinist and principles of Christianity, have no Calvinism, to be told, that the great Lord need to be estranged from each Bacon himself was a Supralapsarian. S'do other on account of opposite senija not quote such a name for the purpose of ments on the Calvinistic system. hath pleased God to bestow on every mah

repressing enquiry, but petulance: for as it He is evidenvy of opinion, that the

an under standing and conscience of his owilly treatment which Calvinists have re. he hath as good a right to exercise them, as cenlly experienced reflects no credit if Calvin had never written his Instituiwoos, upon their opponents.

or Bacon his Confession ; but it may pero 5"* Calvinism is become a sort of hideous chance abash the spirit of modern levity plantom, indistinct and obscure, at which

and presumption 10 bear these despised men start they know not why. Young men

terms connected with a name the rest

honoured for the extent and depth of his and young students in particular, have discovered that a single nanie is instead of a

researches among our countrymen, terras thousand arguments

, and willa a levity, inci- which many have hithertu perhaps been dent to their age and their attainments, modern conventicle and a raving fanaticom


wont to associate only with the ideas of : liave learned to conde in what they have not This is the proper and only legitimate wat been at the pains to ynderstand. --This conduct of the temper and the understanding is authority in natters either of faith or scio neither creditable to the beads nur to the hearts of those w lo pursue it. A little more

" And now, if by the veneration which allemion both to the nature and history of ancient examples vught to excite, our prejabis controversviu guld teach theni to treat

dices are in any degree abated on thu saba, Llap subject with more reserve and ditli ject itself, il portjou, perhaps, of the same

forbearance nay be permitted to extend it dence." 1.11 scotcri qe d ! johndi

From the manner in which some béd lle' hated and opprobrious name of

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Calvinists ; - for, with all the consequences" insult the friends of that measure, as which are even fairly cbargeable upon their enemies of the Church and State: system, if it in fact appear that these persons and it would do no injury to their are neverbeless distinguished by their acti- reasoning, if others would follow his vity in the cause of vital religion, that they

exaniple. inculcate {he love of God and man, that

of the monastic and collegiate they abhor the very Dame of Antinomianism, and preach the necessity of universal uhe. establishments, which have arisen dience to the Moral Law, while, perhaps, in this country since the date of thoy, on their part, are much too rigid and the French Revolution, he speaks in exclusive in refusing to tolerate ang contra-' terms of qualified approbation. His riety of sentiment in others, it canot be approbation' would be unmixed, if unseasonable to remind both the one and the members of these institutions the oiter, sirs, ye are brethren, why do ye confined themselves to the proper wrong one to another?"" pp. 12, 13.

duties of theit several stations; but We perfectly coincide with this when they travel into the neighable and intelligent divine, in the bouring parishes, and become misobservation that the Gospel of sionaries of the Papal faith in this Christ is entirely independent of Protestant land, these controverted topics. Whe

“it is perhaps more than can be expected ther predestination, according to the of human nature that the systematic couhCalvinistic view of it, be true or teraction which a faithful parochial minister false, whether the operation of Di- is bound to oppose to such enctoachments vine grace be irresistible or not, the should be altogether unaccompanied by fecl. doctrine of salvation through Jesus ings of animosity and resentment.” p. 17. Christ; and by faith in bis blood,' 1" In another instance we are unhappily must still be the doctrine of the committed arpong ourselves. It would liave Christian teacher: he must still required some intuition into hunian natbre call sinners to repentance, and la. ty foresee that a plan the most disinterested

and benevolent should harę occasioned a bour to build up the people of God in their most holy faith. And why its patronis.—The same advanced period of

spirit of hostility, or even rivalship, among then are we to cavil and dispute with society which produces a total separation of bitterness about questions of infe- mechanical arts, suggests the immense adrior moment? What benefit can' vantage of combination for the purposes of resolt from contentions, which dis- beneficence; and if ever there was an inplay little else than the pride or slance in which the independent operation folly, or malignity of the combate of two great associations for the same es. ants ?

cellent purpose might, instead of exciting * After a few strong animadversions spirit of censure and mutual recriminations upon the doctrine of "assurance,” as

have provoked them reciprocally to love it is occasionally taught and profess- of the Bible Societies. --But whither does

and to good works, it was in the institution ed, our author applies the principle not human depravity intrude itself, and of his text in relalion to our brethren what does it not poison? 'Yet, surely, bre: of the Church of Rome, • (for so thren in the same ministry, distinguished by we will continue to style them, their talents, their condition, and their sta* though Jacob forget us, and Israel tion in the Church, might have found in acknowledge us not');" and it is al- lleir favourite and useful pursuits, in Bib. most unnecessary to say, that he, lical' criticism, or in ecclesiastical history, still appears in the same character

more suitable occupation than in fanning of manly sentiment and liberal flame wlich liad already blazed too fiercely feeling. Be wishes to promote the

and spread too wide.” pp. 17, 18. spirit of conciliation and cbarity : In this passage we find much to but the principles, which he con- commend ; and we sincerely wish scientiously maintains he manfully that the Bishop* before whom the avows. His views appear to be un. sermon, was delivered, and all the favourable to the concession of the

* The Bishop of Chester: see an extract Catholic claims; but he does not from his Charge in our last Number, p. 736


[ocr errors]

Clergy in the United Kingdom The Socinians are making a great were influenced on this subject by effort to procure to themselves a the same spirit of diffusive liberality name and consequence among us: with the reverend author. But it but theirs' is a system too cold and contains one assupıption upon which too comfortless for the poor; and it we must beg leave to offer a single is never likely to take deep root remark. The spirit of rivalsbip among those who have access to the and hostility has never yet existed New Testament. The Aatinomian in the Bible Society. When it was heresy is of a more inviting, and first established, Lord Teigumouth, therefore of a more dangerous, 25the President, addressed an officiat pect; but if the ministers of the and respectful letter to the Society Church of England will be vigilant for promoting Christian Knowledge, and faithful, "the vile and absurd but the existing rulers of that So. ribaldry" (p. 18) of this school must ciety never condescended to notice eventually be silenced by the lans the communication. Every attack guage of truth. which has been made, commenced The conclusion of this sermon is in behalf, as it was pretended, of well worthy of the subject : it is the old Society: and the friends of candid, solemn, dignified, and imthe Bible Society have done no- pressive. Its excellence, we trust, thing more than defend themselves. will be a sufficient apology for the The Country Clergyman, and Dr. length of our quotation Wordsworth, and Dr. Marsh, and the Curate of Lackney, and the ed in this discourse, is perfecidy consistent

"The conduct of the tensper recommende several Archdeacons who have with the firmest determination of the undete. charged in the same cause were as standing: let every one be thoroughly petoi sailants: the Bishop of St. David's suaded in luis own nind,' nay, 'jet us conand the Dean of Carlisle, and the tend for the faith whicli was once delivered other Clergy, who have appeared as to the saints:' but not withi perulance or acthe friends of the Bible Society, ger," for the wrath of man worketh not the have come forward only to repel righteousness of God. Let us labuur to assault, and to vindicate truth; and form ourselves ou all the subjects of outros it is notorious that most, if not all, of versy, which have divided the Clmstian) the zealous advocates for the Bible world, and we shall quickly discover thara Society are friends and supporters

while indolence is the parent of bigatry, of the Society for promoting Chris- fairness and candor are the product of dilia: tian Knowledge. We have thought gent investigation. It Is impossible that all

these discrepancies should have arisen from it due to truth and justice to state

individual' vices of the head, or of ibe, these facle : at the same time we

heart: many, no doubt, are to be assigned must confess that this sort of dis- to that incurable diversity of opinien, which crimination in the sermon was not is inherent in the human understanding: called for, and would probably have And if, after all our diligence, we should done no good.

not attain to the perfect - knowledge of the There exists in some minds a truth, (and wlio will date to affirm thar be spurious, sort of cbarity, which makes has avained to it?) hamiliig aud diffiderer lule or no distinction of sects and at least can never be wrong; and tie that creeds. This is not the charity of knowoth the ingrmities of our nature, will, Dr. Whitaker. With the Unita- we trust, through the merits of his Son, bei rian.ansl the Antinomian," he says, gracious. unto us. On the contraty, *

we disclaim the idea of fraternity. may hold the truth in uncharitableness as We do them no wrong by total be the same; "for though we have the gift

well as "unrightevusness,' and the resalt will estrangement. We tremble at the orprophecy, and understand all mysteries, consequences of their errors." (part and all knowledge;" and though we båve'all 18.). It is impossible that the Clergy faith, so that we could remove mountains, can be too zealous in exposing the, and have noticharity, we are nothing.' erit 'of these monstrous, beresies. Let us also bear in mind that be tice

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

is shortly approaching when those gifts the law to which he adverts; 'so which are most ap! to betray men into the that if Christianity contradicts one heats of controversy, are strictly to be ac. law in the manner of its intluence, counted for—that the solemn period is draw. ii agrees with another. The author ing nigh, when wit, and eloquence, and the will forgive this trifling observation. ological learning, and controversial acute

We cannot close our Review withness, will be to their possessors as if they had never been-when, if we are permitted

out expressing a very earnest hope to reflect at all, the hours which we shall that this sermon may be widely reflect upon with least satisfaction will be read. We'recommend it u the those of intellectual surise and triumph, in clergy in general; and we also beg, which we once prided ourselves the most with becoming deference, to submit when • wrathi

, and bitterness, and evil- to the Society in Bartlett's Buildings, speaking,' and acrimonious writing, will no whether they would not render longer be sanctified by their subject--when real service to the cause of Religion the Gospel of Jesus Christ will appear in its apd the Church, by adopting it genuine character, not as a convenient vehi- into the list of their Tracts. But cle for the display of talent, not as a chan let it be adopted without the internel through which we may void the gall ference of a correcting committee : and bitterness of our coustitutions, not as a whetstone on which we may sharpen the

we wish for the sentiments not of weapons of debate; but as righteousness,

a committee, but of Dr. Whitaker: and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost;' as and the revision of the author, with a message sent from God to renew the na- such notes and references as he ture of fallen man, by the operation of Di. might think it expedient to insert, vine grace ; and through a life of faith, would soon adapt it in the form of working by love, to make us meet for the

a tract for general circulation, We inheritance of the saints in light.”” pp. shall be glad to find that this hinc 19, 20,

bas been as freely received as it is If we should venture to propose freely given. any correction in this truly admirable discourse, it would be the A Sermon preached at the Parish substitution of some other sentence Church of St. Bride, Fleet Street, in place of the first. We remem on Thursday, November 10, 1814, ber to have heard a clergyman, before the Church Missionary Sowhen speaking of the difficulty of ciety for Africa and the East, on composing sermons, complain bit. Occasion of the Departure of the terly that every sermon had a be. Rev. John Christopher Sperrhacken ginning and an end: the conclu. and the Rev. John Henry Schulze, sion, in the present instance, is as Missionaries to the Western masterly, but the beginning is ra Coast of Africa, together with sevether unhappy. It

ral other Persons attached to the "Christianity, considered as a rule same Mission. By DANIEL WIof temper and conduct, appears to SON, M.A., Minister of St. John's contradict a fundamental law of Chapel, Bedford Row, and Chapnature, inasmuch as its influence lain to the Right Hon. Lord Visa increases in proportion as it recedes count Galway Princed by Defrom the centre." The idea itself site of the Committee. London: is not worthy of the sermon, nor of Seeley. 1814. pp. 47. the taste and talents of the author ; This is certainly an eloquent and and this law of nature is not an uni. powerful discourse, well adapted to versal law. We need not remind its purpose, and highly creditable to Dr. Whitaker, that within the sur- the zeal and piety, as well as to the face of ihe earth the influence of ability, of the preacher. Consider. gravity increases as we recede from ing the frequent recurrence of Mis the centre, for it varies directly as sionary Sermons, it must be admitthe distance: it is only without the ted to be no mean trial of the invensurface of the earth that we find tire faculıy« «o avoid falling on such


thus :

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

occasions, into a mere repetition of the duties of a Missionary; ahe ih
hackneyed remark and thread-bare extracting it we wish its applicauing
sentiment. We do not mean to to be extended to the watchmen &
insinuate that a sermon, on that ac our own Israel.
count; would be less edifying, al- *'**You, ther, my reverend brethren, are
though it would undoubtedly be going forth in the character of watches
less worthy of publication; for the You are to guard the Church of God." You
utility of Christian preaching des are to take-niemion of Jehorala in ledilen
pends not on the 'enunciation of lands. You are, by your exertions and
new propositions or original obser- prayers, to exercise a ceaseless vigilance it
yations, but, in subordination to Di- your office You will have to lay before a
yine Grace, on the intelligent deve people that sit, in darkness, all the grand
lopement and faithful application of truths of religion. You are to explain to
the plain and obvious truths of nature of moral good and evit ;-the succeerut

them the being and perfections of God; the Scripiure. Still, to justify the ex. ableness of iman; the extent and sanctions of pense of paper, ink, and presswork, the holy law; the guilt of every transgress and the call on the time even of an sion; and their consequent state of misery author's circle of friends, to say no and ruju. You are to unfold the glories of thing of the public at large, which the Divine Saviour; tae infinite grace and are involved in printing and pub. condescension of his work and sufferings, Fishing a sermon or a volume of and the stupendous scheme of reconciliation Sermons, it should, we think, have which is founded on his incarparian, agus, something to recommend it beyond and death. You are to be ministers of the mere statement of admitted ve. the Cross. You are to proclaim the ofera rilies. The Church Catechism, es

of mercy in Christ Jesus to a lost world. pecially if the Articles and Homi, the Holy Ghost, and to direct to him as the

Yon are to dwell on the person and work of jies are added to it, may very fairly source of all spiritual attentious and sigles be considered as superseding the conduct. You are to enforce all those dua necessity of such productions. But ties of the moral law, which are to low we need pot pursue this line of re- from these high principles

. You are, in a mark. Mr. Wilson's discourse does word, to know nothing but Jesus Christ, not require any apology for its 'in: and kim crucified."" pp. 16, 17, troduction to public notice, and it Our limits will only permit us to might have equitably preferred its subjoin to this full delineation of claim on public attention, even with- the duties of the true evangélical oat s the desire of the Committee. labourer, a few of the more striking

Mr. Wilson conceives that the exhortations which the preacher ad event to which, in Isaiah lxii. 6; 7, dressed to the Missionaries before the Christian is taught to look for him, and to which it is still our obward, is the Church's establishment ject to give a wider appropriation, and glory in the world;" and that the means by which this event will of immortal souls, view the lost and perish

"Contemplate, then, the unidetable value be accomplished, are the raising up ing state of the heathen world, consider the of men of fervent piety to enter.on brief and uncertain ard-degrading nature of the work of propagating the Gospel, all eartbly things, be penetrated with a diely aided and animated in their efforts conception of the glories of an eternal site by the exhortations apd prayers of reineinber the majesty and grace of the body the church militant at large. Passwhom you serve, call to mind time infinite ing over the able, but rapid, sketch condescension of the Redeemer, walise which he exhibits of the present

cross you go forth to proclaim, súbli fres moral state of mankind, and of the

quently of the mighty operation of Just brightening rays which the efforts Haly Spirit on whose wid you rely, of the Christian world have recently church by which you are animated look

mind the promises of the future glocy of the thrown athwart the gloom we find forward to thei consequences of thal, eternal our attention arrested by the follow aligs which you may be the mags ui corrent ing brief but comprehensive vieve of municating and you will learn the

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »