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ry, which are still fresh in his memory, by imaginary creations of humour or of fancy. These he proposes to communicate to his countrymen in a series of numbers from time to time as leisure, health, and other circumstances may admit.

We are exceedingly tempted to enrich our pages with such extracts as might convey some idea of the manner in which this plan is executed, but we fear that we cannot do it without committing an act of injustice towards the author as well as to our readers. We must therefore content ourselves with a short notice of the several articles it contains. A brief and unpretending prospectus is followed by the author's account of himself,' not written in the common plan of describing a fictitious assumed character, but vividly painting his own youthful feelings and that stirring instinct of curiosity which forced him to become a traveller. “ The voyage' to Europe, and the mental employments of the traveller during his passage, are then described with admirable truth and deep feeling, generally in a tone of pensive morality, but occasionally rising into highly poetical feeling and expression.

The third article is headed Roscoe, and is devoted to the eulo. gy of that elegant writer and most liberal, benevolent, and learned merchant, the chief benefactor and ornament of Liverpool. The writer enters into the praises of his favourite with that warmth and cordiality which indicate the strong sympathies of a congenial and kindred mind.

The next piece is a tale,' the Wife;' it is peculiarly appropriate to the present state of the commercial world, and though drawn from domestic life, is full of very elevated we may almost say, of sublime, moral sentiment. Its object is to paint the fortitude with which women of well constituted minds and strong affections can sustain the most overwhelming calamities and reverses of fortune, and to show how those disasters which humble the spirit of the lords of creation to the very dust, serve only to call forth the energies of the weaker sex, and give to their character a self-concentrated intrepidity which bears them buoyant through the storm.

The last article is Rips Van Winkle,' a tale found among the papers of the late Diedrich Knickerbocker,' in which the writer seems to have aspired to unite the Dutch painting of Crabbe and Smollet with the wild frolic and fancy of an Arabian tale.

We have now we think said enough on the subject to stimulate the curiosity of our readers, and we will not take off from this effect by any heavy and common-place criticism.


Capital Offences.


Account of the number of persons Atlas, containing maps of New York, tried, and the offences they were con- Ohio, Indiana, America, and Asia, bevicted of, at the Old Bailey sessions ing a continuation of a series of maps, (London), in the year 1818.

intended to exhibit a complete topoMurder

3 graphical view of the United States, on Burglary

25 a scale of 15 geographical miles to the Housebreaking

inch, together with general maps of the Highway robbery

25 other portions of the world: constructed Stealing in a dwelling house 68 from the most authentic documents, by Stealing privately in a shop 16 H. S. Tanper. Stealing on the river Thames 2 Horse stealing




CUSTS, IN THE SUMMER OF 1817. Cattle stealing

1 (Communicated by a youthful correspondent.) Cutting down trees

1 Since the last time appear’d these rude Returning from transportation 1

offspring of earth Forgery

2 What numbers have perish’d! what Uttering forged bank notes. 25

numbers had birth! -196 And many gay

soms shall moulder Having possession of forged bank

away notes without lawful excuse

98 Ere the trees shall renew their monoReceiving stolen goods

10 tonous lay. Manslaughter

6 Ob tell me, gay miners, by what dreary Embezzlement

2 road Fraud

Have ye thus persever'd in your dismal Grand larceny

1,093 abode, Misdemeanors

6 What pleasures detain'd you, what Uttering counterfeit coin

13 wishes or fears,

To complete your dim circle of slow1,430 rolling years?

To you it is Eden the Sun to behold Between the age of 10 and 14 38 In his palace of azure, of em'rald and

14 and 18 195 gold;
18 and 21 391 Your young gauzy wings for new life

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to prepare, Total under 21

624 And fly to carouse in the regions of air.

That enlivening planet return'd to our Account of the total amount of bank lands notes, and bank post bills, in circula- With brisker delight all Creation ex. tion from the 30th of December 1817, pands. to the 25th of January 1819.

You also bis pow'r and his tenderness Bank notes of 51. and

prove, upwards

L. 18,668,660 And it fills your weak bosoms with

1,701,610 rapture and love. notes under 51. 7,613,610 With what feelings does man your ap

pearance bebold,

L. 27,983,387 Who from history learns your companThe highest aggregate number of ions of old? bapk notes in circulation at any one He sees the blest angel of health on time, from the first of January 1818, to

your wing, January 25, 1819, was 30,945,8801., And hears Plenty rejoice in the wooda and the lowest, 24,610,8301.

as you sing.

Like you from the hardships of Winter In 1817, above 1200 persons charged

set free with offences under the game laws, My heart would expand with the leaves were committed to the different jails on the tree. of England and Wales.

But though Spring, Health, and Plenty

with you I recall, Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. You remind me of thoughts that are have issued No. 2, of an American dearer than all. MARCUS.

post bills



AUGUST, 1819.

ART. I.-Original Letters, from an American gentleman at Cal

cutta, to a friend in Pennsylvania.

Calcutta, April 30th.
A MONG the objects of note, in this city, you will

naturally expect me to speak of the celebrated Black Hole, where a number of Englishmen were so cruelly confined, in the year 1756. The fact is, I had postponed visiting it from day to day, until very lately; when, after some preliminary trouble, I gained admittance. The black hole, or kaullah godaum, as the natives call it, is a kind of dungeon above ground, situated in one corner of the custom house buildings. It was formerly part of the old fort; and this apartment, with some others adjoining it, was used as a prison. At the time the British were confined there, the only door opening into it was from an adjoining cell; so that it was even more dismal than it is now. The East India company's officers have had two doors opened through the outer wall; and this, and the contiguous chambers, are occasionally used as godaums, or ware-houses, for salt petre, &c. The walls of this hideous place are of brick, and are beginning to moulder away. The external appearance is very ancient, and the surface is partly grown over with weeds, but the walls are so immensely thick that they would stand a great while yet. They are about six feet thick at the ground, and gradually decrease to about four feet at top. The part properly denominated black hole, consists of two contiguous oblong cells, with an arched opening between them. It is dismally dark; and the air so confined and oppressive, even with the door open, that it was almost suffocating. My impressions were quite solemn when I reflected that I was standing in the very place where so many unfortunate men had been permitted to perish.* Near the black hole is a

* Of 146 persons who were crowded into the black hole, in the evening, it is stated that only 23 came out alive, next morning.




monumental obelisk, erected in commemoration of the cruel deed, on the pedestal of which, it is inscribed, that

• This horrid act of violence
was as amply as deservedly revenged

on Surajud Dowla,
by his majesty's arms under
the direction of vice admiral Watson,

and colonel Clive, anno. 1757.' Very few of the natives now living, know any thing about the transaction; and those have mostly gathered what they do know from strangers who have visited the place. I inquired of some of our sirkars, touching the affair of the black hole, and found that they had never even heard of it.

A treat more agreeable than the view of this dungeon, awaited me in a visit which I recently paid to the company's botanic garden, situated on the right bank of the river, a few miles below the city. This is indeed a most superb establishment; and reflects great credit upon the taste and munificence of the East India company. Much of its excellence is also justly ascribable to the zeal of that worthy and indefatigable botanist, Dr. William Roxburgh, who personally superintended it for a considerable time. The garden embraces 300 acres of ground; of which, 100 are laid out and planted. There is a fine serpentine canal running through the middle of it, which is supplied from the Hooghly by a sluice, and can be filled or emptied at pleasure, by taking advantage of the proper time of tide. The most elegant walks, made with brick broken to the size of gravel, and skirted with shrubbery, pervade the grounds; and amid the groves of mangoes and other trees, are tanks for the collection and preservation of rain water. There are about 3000 species of plants, mostly tropical, assembled in this garden; and additions are constantly making. Such an elysian field, for a lover of botany, is seldom to be met with. Among the more rare and interesting plants, which attracted my attention, were the bread-fruit tree, artocarpus incisa; the nutmeg, myristica moschata; clove, caryophyllus aromaticus; cinnamon, laurus cinnamonum; the delicious litchi, of China, scytalia litchi, Roxb.; the adansonia; the famous banyan tree, ficus indica, whose long hori. zontal branches are supported by limbs which droop to the ground, and there take root, thus forming, from a single tree, a continuous and curiously arched grove; the sissoo, dahlbergia sissoo, Roxb. so much used here by cabinet makers, &c. &c. There were also considerable quantities of the teak wood, tectona grandis; introduced from Pegu, which is so highly prized as ship-timber,—and has, from its lasting qualities, received the appellation of the everduring teak of India.'-It would be vain to attempt giving you an adequate idea of the pleasures of a stroll through this delightful garden, where the most gorgeous flowers are perpetually unfolding to the view, and the most fragrant odours are wafted on every passing breeze. The mansion of the superintendant corresponds, in elegance and comfort, with the rest of the establishment; and the hospitable entertainment I received, while there, was such as might be anticipated from an amiable and accomplished cultivator of natural science. Having spent the day in a continued banquet of sweets, comprising the alternate enjoyment of fruits and flowers, I took my leave of this enchanting spot, as the sun approached the western horizon; and you can readily believe me, when I add, that as our boat receded from the scene, I cast many a ' longing lingering look behind.' One consideration alone, gave pleasure to my departure: and that was, a knowledge that our ship was nearly ready, and was speedily to sail for Philadelphia. The thoughts of home, and absent friends—so distant and so dear-fit ever and anon across my mind, in the midst of all my engagements; and as the moment approaches when we shall embark, excite the most irrepressible and anxious impatience.

Our cargo is now all on board, and to-morrow the pilot will haul the ship into the stream, and commence beating down the river. The monsoon has shifted to the S.W. since our arrival here, and we shall have the same difficulty in getting to sea, that we had in approaching this place. I have been busied these two days in stowing away my baggage, and taking leave of my Asiatic acquaintances. Last evening I crossed over to Sualky point, nearly opposite the city, to take a last farewell of Mr. C—, an English gentleman, and his interesting family,-in whose society I have passed many happy hours, since my arrival here. The lady of the family is what is called a Chee-chee: that is to say, her mother was a native Hindoostanee, and her father a British officer.

She was sent to England at an early age to be educated, and is an elegant and accomplished woman. Her engaging naiveté, vivacity, and good sense, have often reminded me of the fascinating Eliza, of Anjenga, with whom the abbe Raynal, and the sensitive Yorick, were so much enraptured. The graceful and delicate attentions of a fine woman are at all times captivating; but they are doubly so to the wanderer in a strange land, whose sensibilities are all awakened by a consciousness that he is far from the friends whose kind offices he might justly claim. Mrs. C. having heard me incidentally express my fondness for the cocoa nut and banana, during this last visit, I found, on returning to my boat, that her servant had, by her orders, nearly filled it with those favourite fruits. The time, and manner, of this engaging civility, abated nothing of those emotions which affected me at parting with friends whom I could never again expect to behold. You may possibly think it trifling to no. tice those little traits of benevolence; but should you ever take it in your head to roam in distant climes, you will find that even those little attentions, from a stranger, are admirably calculated to awaken your gratitude, and seize upon the finest feelings of the heart.

I will now, my dear H. bring to a close the last letter which 1 shall probably ever address to you from this romantic region. I

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