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This Refolution is founded on an affumption which I pofitively declare to be falfe and inadmisible, viz. that Ireland enjoys no juft right or claim to the participation of commercial advantages, and must therefore engage to purchase them by a compenfation from Great Britain. This is not only an inference, but the foundation of the whole plan, and by treating. on fuch terms, Ireland would directly acknowledge the exclufive right of Great Britain to deny her that participation, without a compenfation of an annual fupply.

That Ireland ought to contribute to the defence of the trade of the empire, I am moft ready to admit.-And she has ever shown an inclination to bear her thare of the public expence even beyond her abilities.-My objection is to agreeing to pay. that contribution as a purchase of what he has a right to claim on other grounds, namely, as a compenfation for a participation of fimilar commercial advantages granted by her to Great Britain.-For

The only commercial advantages that are to be communicated to Ireland, by virtue of this act, are a permiflion to fend her manufactures, and the importable produce of foreign ftates, or our own colonies, into Great Britain. It is not material to advert to the regulations to be adopted on this trade. -I only afk if Great Britain does not now enjoy the power of fending fimilar articles, and her manufactures into Ireland; and if the has not ever fince the union of the crowns enjoyed this advantage?'

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In these remarks, it is obvious that the author endeavours to bend the fubject to his own prejudices; and that he might do this with the greater fuccefs, he very artfully observes, it is not material to advert to the regulations to be adopted on this trade.' But we muft beg leave to contend, that an attention to the propofed regulations is a matter of the utmost importance; and in fupport of this affertion we may appeal to the conduct of both the houfes of the British parliament on the prefent occafion. On what other account than for the purpose of establishing proper regulations, has fo much time been employed in examining the petitions of the various manufacturers?

The author, in his remarks on the Fourth Refolution, appears likewife to indulge himfelf in a ftrain of mifreprefentation. He infifts, that were the propofitions adopted, they would directly affect the independence of Ireland; but, by this affertion, he feems to lofe fight of the reciprocity which it is intended that the legislatures of both countries fhould equally exercise with respect to commercial regulations.

În treating of the Ninth Refolution, the author profeffes a deteftation of the idea that Ireland fhould be prohibited from a trade with the East Indies. But he ought to reflect, that this is a prohibition not peculiar to Ireland, fince, excepting the capital, all the ports in Great Britain are excluded from enjoying the privileges of the Eaft India Company.

According to this author, the people of Ireland never can be fatisfied without a total rejection of the Second, Fourth, Fifth, Eighth, Ninth, and fome parts of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Refolutions. He certainly has done all in his power to inftigate the Irish, particularly the volunteers, to fuch a rejection; and we cannot, without expreffing the ftrongeft disapprobation, behold any writer on a great national fubject, appeal to the paffions of the uninformed populace, in preference to the legiflature of the country. Such a conduct is evidently dictated by the worst of motives, and deferves to be reprobated by the opponents, as well as the abettors of the Refolutions.

An Addrefs to the King and People of Ireland. 8vo. 15. Debrett.

The author of this address holds, that the fyftem contained in the Twenty Refolutions is inadmiffible; and that the terms of it, on the part of the two contracting parties, viz. the parlia ment of Great Britain, and the parliament of Ireland, are of neceffity as to the one, or as to the other, a furrender FOR EVER of thofe inherent rights which neither can of right FOR EVER forego.' The author of this pamphlet writes difpaffionately; but his arguments are as inadmiffible, in our opinion, as the system of Refolutions is in his own.

Original Papers, 8vo. Is. Jarvis.

Thefe Papers have fo much the appearance of being genuine, that, with the concurring evidence of fome additional circumflances, we cannot doubt of their authenticity. They confift of a Letter from the late Earl of Hardwicke to a near Relation, on the Subject of a Miniferial Negociation in the Year 1763; and of a Letter from the Hon. Charles Yorke to the Rev. Dr. Birch. The letter from lord Hardwicke is dated Sept. 4, 1763. and contains an account of two conferences which Mr. Pitt had with a great perfonage at the Q's palace, relative to a new administration. At the former of those conferences, which was about ten days before, on a Saturday, every thing feemed to be in a fair train for a new minifterial arrangement; but, lo! at the conference on the fubfequent Monday, this flattering profpect entirely vanished.

Mr. Pitt likewife affirms, fays the writer of the Letter, that if he was examined upon oath, he could not tell upon what this negociation broke off, whether upon any particular point, or upon the general complexion of the whole: but that if the ***** fall affign any particular reafon for it, he will peyer contradict it.'

In the beginning of the Letter, we are prefented with an account of the feps which led to the conferences above men tioned. As this part is frongly marked with the characteristics of a political negociation, we hall lay before our readers an extract of it.

" I have

I have heard the whole from the duke of Newcastle, and on

Friday morning de fource from Mr. Pitt. But if I was to attempt to relate in writing all that I have heard in two converfations of two hours each, the dotterels and wheat ears would ftink before I could finish my letter. Befides, it is as ftrange as it is long, for I believe it is the most extraordinary tranfaction that ever happened in any court in Europe, even in times as extraordinary as the prefent.

I will begin, as the affair has gone on, preposterously, by telling you, that it is all over for the prefent, and we are all come back re infecta.

It began, as to the fubftance, by a meffage from my lord B-e to Mr. Pitt at Hayes, through my lord mayor, to give him the meeting privately at fome third place. This his lordfhip (lord B.) afterwards altered by a note from himself, faying, that as he loved to do things openly, he would come to Mr. Pitt's houfe in Jermyn-ftreet, in broad day-light. They met accordingly, and lord B-e, after the first compliments, frankly acknowledged, that his miniftry could not go on, and that the **** was convinced of it, and therefore he (lord B.) defired that Mr. Pitt would open himself frankly and at large, and tell him his ideas of things and perfons with the utmost freedom. After much excufe and hanging back, Mr. Pitt did fo with the utmoft freedom indeed, though with civility. Here I must leave a long blank, to be filled up when I fee you. Lord B-e heard with great attention and patience; entered into no defence; but at laft faid, "If thefe are your opinions, why fhould you not tell them to the **** himself, who will not be unwilling to hear you?", How can I, my lord, prefume to go to the who am not of his council, nor in his fervice, and have no pretence to afk an audience? The prefumption would be too great "But fuppofe his my fhould order you to attend him, I prefume, fir, you would not refuse it.". "The ****'s command would make it my duty, and 1 fhould certainly obey it."

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The Letter to Dr. Birch is dated October 9, 1762, and recommends, for good reafons, the eralement of a few words printed in brackets, in the doctor's edition of Sir Francis Bacon's Letters.

Obfervations on the Jurisprudence of the Court of Seffion in Scotland. 8vo. 15. Murray.

A

Much has been faid, and much written, of the neceffity of a reform in different departments of the ftate; but, if the reprefentation of this author be well founded, nothing can require it fo much as the mode of jurifdiction in the court of feflion in Scotland. According to his account, not only the jurifdiction of this court, but the mode of exercising it is indefinite, Inftead of favouring the prompt decifion of civil caufes, it is calculated to protract them even to an unlimited

period,

period. The forms of procefs being governed by no deter minate rules, a field of endlefs litigation is left open to thể lawyers, while their clients are involved in ruinous expences, and the judges are oppreffed with the accumulated load of contradictory arguments, fufficient to demand the attentive examination of feveral months, if not of years. In a word, it appears to be a court fo unhappily conftituted as to obstruct the objects of jurifdiction, even under the difpenfation of the most falutary laws; and it certainly calls aloud for speedy and effectual regulation.

The Speech of the Right Hon. Charles James Fox on the Irish Refolutions, May 12, 1785. 8vo. 25. Debrett.

Mr. Fox's Reply to Mr. Pitt, upon reporting the Fourth Propofition of the Irish Syftem, May 31, 1785. 8vo. 6d. Keariley.

As a literary Review is not the channel for the conveying of parliamentary debates, our readers will not expect from us an account of either of thofe Speeches. To judge of the force of the arguments, it is neceffary to be acquainted with those which were used by the oppofite party; and in refpect of rhetorical abilities, Mr. Fox's character is fufficiently known.

The Debate in the Houfe of Commons, on the Motion of the Right Hon. William Pitt, for Leave to bring in a Bill to amend the Reprefentation of the People in Parliament. 8vo. 1s. Stockdale.

This interefting debate brought the long agitated affair of a parliamentary reform to a crifis. For, though the prefs had groaned thefe feveral years with publications on the fubject, we have not, fince that period, met with one on either fide of the queftion.

A Political Pfalm, for the Service of the Year 1785. 4to. 15. Ridgeway.

Below the notice of criticism.

MISCELLANEOUS.

The Cafe of our Fellow-creatures the oppressed Africans. Svo. 2d. Phillips.

This is a ferious and well-meant addrefs on flavery. We have often had occafion to mention the subject, and have always born our testimony against this inhuman practice. We wish therefore the greateft fuccefs to the exertions of this very benevolent Society of Quakers. We fhall probably, at fome future period, have an opportunity of showing, that it is not less expedient than humane.

Heraldry of Nature; or, Inflructions for the King at Arms. Small 8vo. 2s. 6d. Smith.

This is a new mode of fatire, or rather a new form of abuse, The idea promifes entertainment; but the execution is mifer

ably

ably deficient. The author fhould have defcribed the men, and their friking characteristics, inftead of aiming at their foibles. The best part of the work is the felection of the mottos, and their tranflations; in which he difcovers fancy and ingenuity. The motto to the marquis of B's arms is CLAM; but - often, in his choice of thefe, he finks into puns and falfe wit. The Reviewers corrected: or Falfe Criticifm analyfed. By W. Edmonflone, Surgeon. Evo. 6d. Richardfon. 'Ploravere fuis non refpondere favorem Speratum meritis.'

This complaint was a very ancient one, and complaints of this kind will always continue. Mr. Edmontone's animadverfions were excited by the criticifm on his Effay on the Prevention of an Evil injurious to Health, and inimical to Enjoyment,' in the Monthly Review.

Adventures of a Pincufbion, defigned chiefly for the Ufe of Young Ladies. 24to. 6d. Marihall.

This is an inftructive and amufing little book: the leffons are inculcated with great addrefs, and they are strictly moral and juft. It is a favourable profpect for the fucceeding age, that the little books for children are so much improved in every respect.

Efay to prove the Infufficiency of Subalterns Pay in the Army, &c. Small 8vo. 25. 6d. in Boards. Stockdale.

Nothing is more generally acknowledged than that the pay of a fubaltern officer is really inadequate to his ftation. According to a calculation made by this writer, and which we think is far from being exaggerated, the almost unavoidable yearly expences of a fubaltern officer exceed his income by a fum nearly equal to his pay. The author pleads the cause of the military officers with modefty; and has fubjcined fome fenfible hints for more effectually recruiting the army.

Practical Benevolence. 8vo. Is. Murray.

A well-written letter, addreffed to the public by a universal friend, who offers his advice to perfons of all denominations, in the most delicate circumstances of life. The confpicuous philanthropy of the author merits our warmeft praife; and we heartily with fuccefs to a plan fo fingular, benevolent, and gratuitous.

Elements of Nature; or, Free Opinions Sported in the interior Cabinet of Venus. By Montaigne. 12mo. 25. 6d. Peacock.

According to the compiler, this pamphlet includes the beauties of Montaigne; but he would have acted more ingenuously, to have called these extracts the Deformities of that agreeable author.

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