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But as God had design'd Jerusalem sot the Place of his Worship, David having, by divine Appointment, obtain'd the Crown, immediately set himself about driving the Jebusites out of that City. And 2 Sam. v. taking the strong Hold of Zion, sortify'd it, and built a Citadel there, and call'dic T&e City of David; repairing, beautifying, and much enlarging the whole beyond its ancient Boundaries.
Upon one Part of the Hill of Siont (which consisted of several Mounts) he built the Royal Palace, and setup the Ark of the Covenant; upon another, call'd Mount Moriah (even the same on which Abraham was directed to offer up his Son Isaac) he intended to build the Temple; but, being restrain'd by a special Message from God, he left that Work for his Son and Successor Solomon to perform; who began and finifh'd it, accordingly, with great Magnificence: and, for the Defence of it, built a Fort upon a third Mount of the Hill; as * Josephus assures us.
* V. Book of Wars. VII, of Antiquit.
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tfhe Babylonish Captivity.
However, in the fifth Year of Reho- 2 Chron. boam, Son of Solomon, (one who forsookxii- 2the Law of the Lord) Shijhak King of Egypt came up against 'Jerusalem, with a great Force, and sack'd the City; and took away the Treasures out of the House of the Lord, and out of the House of the King.
Afterwards, in the Reign of Hezekiah, Sennacherib, King of Assyria, sent a great Army and laid close Siege to it. Upon this, Hezekiab fortify'd and repair'd it; 2 Chron. and the Hand of the Lord being with him (for he was a pious, good King) the Assyrians, after a Time, were forc'd to raise the Siege, not being able to take the City. Yet, after this, it was taken and plunder'd three several times by Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon first, in the Reign of Jehoiakim; again, in that of Jehoiachin, his Sonj and a third time, in that of Zedekiah his Brother: when he burnt the whole City, demolish/d the Walls • <* and
and Fortifications of it, and carried away all the People to Babylon. ;\«w.v5V\l
*tbeir Return to their own Land.
Upon their being permitted to return by Cyrus King of Persia, after they had remain'd in Captivity Seventy Years, Zerubbabel rebuilt the Temple, and Nebemiah the City; and Ezra, the Priest and Scribe, restor'd the Law. And thus they stood, till the time of Antiocbus Epiphanes, who plunder'd the City, burnt the Law, and profan'd the Temple.
But all was soon after set right again by the valorous Conduct of Judas Maccabeus j and they continued in a flourishing Condition for many Years; 'till Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, two Brothers, contending about the Crown, Pompey, who happen'd at that time to be at the Head of the Ro* man Army in Syria, took Advantage of this Dissension, and seiz'd the City j which Antigonus the Son of Arifiokulus, by the Assistance of the Parthians, soon after re? cover'4
From him it was presently after taken Y>y the first Herod; who, by the Favour of the Romans, and the Assistance of their Proconsul of Syria, was declared King theresof.
Thenceforward it continued in Subjection, sometimes to the Herods, but mostly to Governors sent from Rome, till, because of the rebellious Disposition of its Inhabitants, it was, as we before observ'd, together with the Temple, utterly destroy'd and levell'd with the Ground, by Titus the Son of Vespasian Casar. After which, the Jews never attempted more to return to it.
SECT. I. Their Religious Affairs.
THE LAW, as was observ'd before, consisting of two Parts j one relating to the religious Worship of God, the other to the civil Duties of Man; it is but reasonable that we should treat of that Part, in the first Place, which respects God; and then of the other, which regards our Neighbour.
Now that Part of the haw which concerns the ceremonious Worship of God, may properly be consider'd under four Heads; as it relates to the four following sacred Things; Places, Days, Rites, and Persons. And it having been God's Will and Pleasure, to declare how he would be worsliip'd, for the greater Solemnity, in particular Places; upon certain stated Days, by peculiar Rites; and by Persons under certain Qualifications, consecrated and ordain'd for that Purpose; we (hall, for Method sake, consider each of these distinctly; and take a View of them separately, and successively, by that Light in which Divine Revelation exhibits them to us. It shall be the Business of this Chapter therefore to discourse of the Holy Places'.
The Places set apart and us'd for rellgi. ous Worship, were several. First of all the