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fairs, yet it was only a temporary Designations 3 \ / M <a a V ■
So likewise concerning the Temple, it is recorded that the Lord said, to David, 2 Ki"Ss and to Solomon his Son; In this house, and in Jerusalem, ivhich I have chosen out os all the tribes ofIsrael, will I put my Name for ever. It being the Tribe of Judab, out of which the Messiah was to arise, and not that of Ephraim; God might probably, out of Regard to Joshua, who was of the Tribe of Ephraim, permit him to fix the Tabernacle in Shiloh, which was within that Tribe, for a while, and till the In-* habitants of Jerusalem were utterly subdued; when it was to be translated thither, and remain for the Time to come, in the Tribe of Judah; to which David belong'd.
To this the Tsalmift, whoever he was, alludes, when he sings with a triumphant j^. Exultation; In Judah is God known, his Name is great in Israel j In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling-place in Sion, And in another Place, where, with a Rapture of Gratitude, he expresses himself thus; He res us d the tabernacle of Joseph, Psol,
F % witF* and chose not the tribe of Ephraim; but chose the tribe of Judah, the Mount Sion which he loved. And he built his sanctuary like high palaces, like the earth which he hath established for ever. He chose David aU so his servant, and took him from the fheep^ folds.
And, to prove that this Alteration was made in David's Time, and consequently by him, in another Psalm it is said, Jeru-* faltm is built as a city that is compact together: Whither the tribes go up, the tribes of the L o R D, unto the testimony of Israel, to give thanks unto the Name of the Lord. For there are set thrones of judgment; the thrones of the house of David.
However, the Tabernacle having been once set up in Shiloh, help'd, among other false Arguments, to confirm the erroneous Samaritans in their Pretensions to be of the true Stock of Abraham, and that the right P|ace of Worship and Judicature was with them; for Shiloh was in Samaria j as was also Shechem or Sychar, upon Mount Ephraim; which was appointed for one of the Cities of Refuge; and where the Bones of Jojeph were buried, And upon this
Ground it is, that the Samaritan Woman argues the Point with our Lord. Our fa- J°hn iv. thers (fays she) worship d in this mountain; and ye fay, that in Jerusalem is the place ivhere men ought to worship.
From this Claim therefore, equally urg'd On both fides, arose and continued a mortal Aversion to each other, between the two Countries; insomuch that the Jews ivould have no dealing with the Samaritans. And two of our Lord's Disciples, educated in the fame Leaven of Uncharitableness, wanted to be calling for fire from bea- Luke ix. xten to consume a whole Village of them, be- s+' cause they were shy of admitting their Master and them, being Jews, into their Houses.
The Samaritans, on the other side, as we may believe, were not wanting in Returns of the fame Courtesy. They rejected all other Scripture besides the Five Books of Moses; because it mostly refers to Jerusalem as the Place of Worship.
The great Charity and Moderation of our blessed Lord, is therefore highly worthy of Observation, upon this Occasion: For tho' he justly condemns the Er
F 4 ror
ror of the Samaritans, whose Religion had a Mixture of Heathenish Superstition in
John iv. ir, by saying, Te worship ye know not what: We know what we worship-, for salvation is of the Jews: , Yet he rebukes his Difciwv pies for their intemperate Zeal and irreU-r r gious Proposal, in Terms somewhat severe; Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of; for the Son of Man is not come to di* Jiroy mens lives, hut to save them. And, so saying, departed quietly to another Village. But, to return from this Digression.
Jerusalem, in early times, was call'd Salem; of which Melchizedek was King, in
Gen. xiv. the Days of Abraham; the Inhabitants ,J whereof were, even then, call'd Jebufites: whom the two Tribes of Judah and Benjamin (for to them it was allotted) had ne
Jofli. xv. ver been able to drive out, till the time of
The City therefore belong'd to both these Tribes. As for the Jebufites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out, say the sacred Records j which shews their Right to this City, if they could have obtaia'd it. And
Benjamin's Claim is, by the generality of Interpreters, justified from the celebrated Prediction of Moses concerning this Tribe, before his Death. And of Benjamin be Dcu*-. said, 'The beloved os the Lord jhall dwell in safety by him; and the Lord Jhall cover him all the day long, and he stall dwell between his shoulders. Besides which, it is exprefly said, The children of Benjamin did Judges L not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited21' Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day. Whence we may conclude, that the City of Jerusalem came to be affign'd to both these Tribes, because of the Bigness of it; and which has led some to think that part of the Temple itself stood upon the Portion of the Tribe of Benjamin.
Be that as it will, these two Tribes so border'd upon each other, and remain'd so closely attach'd in Fealty to Rehoboam, when the other ten went off from him, that thenceforward they were look'd upon as united by a kind of Coalition j and were both of them call'd and known by the J^ame of Judab.