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profession of faith in Christ, and of years wasted in folly! We may of love towards one another, may here recotlect the deplorable end of repeatedly have the promises sealed King Charles the Second; who, after to them*.”-" I shall suppose the a life notoriously thoughtless and communicant,"remarks Mr. Milner, voluptuous, received the sacrament, " to have renounced his own righte- and extreme unction, froin the hands ousness, to have come to Christ as of a Popish priest. This ecclesihis all, with a desire to glorify and astic had been instrumental in saving enjoy him in ibis his appointed ordi- the king's life at the battle of Wor. nance. None but such are wel- cester ; and it is recorded by one come attendants at the altar: pone historian, that his majesty said of bnt such can have real communion him, that he had saved him twice, with Christ: none bat such receive first bis body, and then his soul. benefit from this service t."-To With respect, however, to the custom these testimonies might be added alluded to, Despand and Bellingham citations from Archbishop. Hort, (as, I believe, the papers informed Bishops Bull and Taylor, Hooker, the public) both commemoraled the (whom I have consulted), and doubt- death of Christ a few hours before Jess many, many others, whose works their execution. Yet not the smallest I have not at hand. Let me close symptoms of penitence appeared in with the evidence of Bishop Beve. these men, even on the scaffold itridge, who writes," But why, say self. "They died, and made no some, should there be any excep- sign.” To these may be added many tion? Did not Christ die for all other appalling examples of crimimankind? And is not that death nals dying in hopeless obduracy; said to be a full, perfect, and and some guilty of the gratuitous sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and sa- wickedness of plunging into etertisfaction for the sins of the whole nity with expressions of fearless world?' All this is true; but it contempt. It deserves the very sedoes not from hence follow, that all rious consideration of prison chapmen must be actually saved and lains, whether the administration of absolved from their sins, by virtue the Eucharist, in cases of this sort of his death. No; 'tis only they, who (I mean to criminals, whose conduct, apply to themselves the merits of after condensnation, exhibits nothing his passion, by partaking duly of like penitence or seriousness of any this holy Sacrament, which is the kind) has not the dreadful effect of proper means by which these bless. imparting fallacious hopes, and of ings are conveyed to us, ' whereby allaying certain misgivings or we are sealed to the day of re- alarms of conscience, which, if demption !

timely confessed to the minister, * The custom of administering the might haply end in repentance ; for Eucharist to persons under senience, then the spiritual assistant would of death was originally grounded, have something to work upon. it is to be feared, on the prevalent There are, thank God, exceptions to error of the efficacy of the ordi- be found, as in the behaviour of nance, under whatever circunstances Langhorne, described in your Numit might be received. Alas! how ber for last June, where ihe Sacraoften has the ceremony been re

ment could be administered to the sorled to as the last refuge of a consolation both of the giver and guilty couscience; not werely by recipient. As to poor Gamage, condemned criminals, but by indi- whose distressing story so much inviduals dying quietly in their beds, terested your readers, in the Number though stung with ine recollection for February, it does not appear that • Familiar Catechisn, ý v.

he availed himself of a privilege Sermon IX on 1 Cor. x. 16, 17.

which he too might justly have. * Private Thoughts, Article ..

claimed. The penitent Earl of Ru.

a

chester partook of the Communion from the Gospel. There may be with great joy and devotion, and no positive profligacy, and no inwith especial reference to the lively sulated act upon which he can rest views of the excellency of the knows a formal accusation; but there will ledge of Jesus Christ, which he be a tone of character, and a course had derived from the 53d chapter of conduct, at enmity with pure reliof Isaiah. This nobleman's name gion. I do not plead, ibat in sucha is introduced here in connection case a clergyman should have with the circumstances of persons authority to excommunicate; but under sentence of death, because he bow is it that there is not vested in regarded his own case as extremely every spiritual society a power to similar, having nothing to offer to separate the unworthy from the God, bat a life consumed in vanity worthy ? It is true, that according to and disobedience; so that if salva. the rubric prefixed to our own sacration were granted bim, he would be mental service, if any “be an open as a firebrand plucked out of the and notorious evil liver, or have done burning.

any wrong to his neighbours, by Having offered these various facts word or deed, so that the congregaand opinions, directly or indirectly, tion be thereby offended," the mirelative to a matter which has occa- nister may forbid him to communisioned me considerable uneasiness, cate. Withoul staying to inquire I trust, that, should any considerate whether this rubric will defend the and experienced clergyman among minister from a law-guit (which may your correspondents be acting in be much doubted), it is observable, his parish on a different system, he that only criminals of scandalous will communicate his reasons for so life are to be the subjects of shame, doing; and I shall be relieved by and even then the congregation must finding, that the mysteries of relic formally express their offence. Yet gion may be celebrated, without the the Church herself, in ber exhortaviolation of spiritual feeling, at the tion to the Sacrament, says, "If any bed-sides of communicants, whose of you be a blasphemer of God, an conversation and general characterhinderer or slanderer of his word, designate them (according to my an adulterer, or be in malice or present-sentiments) as having neither envy, or in any other griesous part nor lot in this matter. It is crime, repent you of your sins, or surely a moral hardship on the mi- else come not to that holy table: nisters of the Established Church, lest, after the taking of that holy that they have scarcely the shadow Sacrament, the devil enter into you, of pastoral authority, in respect to as he entered into Judas, and fill unworthy coinmunicants. If they you full of all iniquities, and bring publicly refuse the elements to any you to destruction both of body and individual, they expose themselves soul.” In this most awful denunto an action in a court of law, for ciation, it is highly important to virtual defamation of character. A notice, that the Reformers rank refusal to go to a private house to blasphemers, and hinderers and administer item, is, I believe, not slanderers of God's word, as among cognizable in any court, either ec- the worst of singers, and place them clesiastical or secular.

much on the same level with Judas, gard, however, to the public refusal, or, at least, regard them as liable to I need not say, that a clergyman the arch-traitor's doom. The queswho has gathered his views of the tion then is, what is a blasphemer of Christian character from the Scrip. God, or a hinderer and slanderer of tures, must see numbers approach his word? If a blasphemer be a the Lord's Table, whose general common swearer, or a person who habits, he cannot but know, are uses the Divine Name irreverently in formed after a scheme dissonant conversation ;- if a binderer of the

With re

essen.

Divine word be a man who neglects by a death-bed sacrament) that I his own Bible, and laughs at people ought to apologize for touching it; who daily study the Bible; or ob. I mean, the ill effect of death-bed structs the diffusion of Bibles among sacraments on survivors. I have mankind at large; or hates persons heard an aged clergyman observe, who live as the Bible requires them, that, in visiting the sick, the main and secretly grounds his hatred on advantage he looked for referred to the conduct which the Bible has the by-standers, whose day of grace produced ; or discourages others from was apparently not yet drawing to reading the Bible, and opposes the a close : whereas, if the dying party growth of Scriptural principles were ready for the final summons, among his connections and depend- he so far needed no human assistants ;-if a slanderer of God's word, ance; and if unready, the case inbe a person who vilifies the prac. deed might not be hopeless, yet a tical effects of that word in the be- pastor's attendance was all but unhaviour of believers, and brands sin- available: in either case, neverthecerity with the title of hypocrisy; less, there were others standing or ridicules under other dames the around the bed, who might with fruits of the Spirit, when instru- greater likelibood hear what was mentally produced by the word; or said, to their eternal salvation. It is derides such preaching and private surely obvious, that the giving of pastoral admonition as are the sacrament to men who have iially scriptural; or depreciates and lived a worldly life, is something calumniates such books as bear tbe like assuring their companions that impress and sanction of the Bible : all will be well with them also when ifthis comment on the above-cited they come to die, for they too shall passage in the Exhortation be cor- receive a full pardon, even on this rect, the next inquiry is, where is side the grave: they may therefore ibat assembly of communicants delay repentance, eat, drink, and be among whom no blasphemer, nor merry; and when to-morrow they hinderer and slanderer of God's die, to-morrow they shall likewise word, can be found! In urging this bave the usual security against the inquiry, I feel that the serious and powers of death and hell. -Oh ye, exclusive views of the Lord's Supper, who are ministers of Jesus Christ, held by many devout ministers of and who have said to your people, the Church of England, are authen- “ If the righteous scarcely be saved, ticated by her own formularies * where shall the sinner and the un and, consequently, that her faithful godly appear !" forget not the value servants do not exceed their com- of the souls for which He shed bis mission, wheh they exercise a dis- most precious blood; and beware of cretionary right in regard to the ad. awakening a fallacious confidence ministration or non-administration among the living by an incautious to the sick. Here, at least, there is conduct towards the departing. no admixture of spiritual and secular Taking the subject upon a still jurisprudence.

different ground, let me finally obThere is another point, on this serve, that, after all, no thinking matter, which I have neglected 10 person will, as I believe, assert the mention in its proper place. This, absolute necessity of the Eucharist however, is so wisely treated by to any man's safety. The Church Bishop Burnet ț, (if you only apply calls the Sacraments generally, newhat he says about a death-bed re- cessary to salvation." One may pentance, to the false hopes excited therefore suppose circumstances,

• In Article xxix. and in the Hornily on where neither of the seals of the the Sacrament, the same views are expanded covenant may be had; but it is im. and confirmed.

possible to suppose a case where + Pastoral Case, ch, viii,

({ reter exclusively to enlightened

Countries) salvation is attainable read; but this would be productive, wirbout repentance, and faith, and of the utmost confusion, and enlove. And why should I not say to tirely destroy that uniformity which a dying reprobate, “ You may yet it is so important to preserve in the be saved, if you repent and believe public service of our church. I the Gospel; and if you do so repent am persuaded that no clergyman, and believe, the omission of the San who seriously reflects upon the crament shall be no bar to your en- solemn declaration of conformity to trance into Heaven? But while I the Liturgy which he has been recannot, with all my attention and quired to make, will ever think himlonging for your salvation, see the self at liberty to depart from it in least discernible symptom of your the smallest particular.” Now, sir, repentance and faith, I shall not my difficulty arises from that part of bring to your death-bed the em- the above passage which is in Italics, blems of a Saviour, whom, even in and which relates to the changing of this threatening hour, you continue the lessons ; for, in the edition of the to neglect." If this language be Homilies printed at the Clarendon called eruel, what epithet would the Press at Oxford in the year 1810, objector use in describing the priest, there is prefixed to “ the second who attended the dying agonies of part," "an admonition to all ministers King Charles the second, and (as ecclesiastical,” in which I read the both thought) extracted the sting of following direction: “ And where it death by administering a conse- may so chance, some one or other crated wafer !—But I shall now re- chapter of the Old Testament, to linquish the whole inquiry; repeat- fall in order to be read upon the ing a wish, that some of my elder Sundays or holydays, which were and more experienced brethren better to be changed with some other would indulge myself and your of the New Testament of more edificaother professional readers with their tion, it shall be well done, to spend mature sentiments on a subject of your time to consider well of such chareternal importance.

ters before hand, whereby your prudence and diligence in your office may appear; so that your people may have cause to glorify God for you,

and be the readier to embrace your To the Editor of the Christian Observer. labours to your better commendation,

to the discharge of your consciences, I should be obliged to some of your and their own.” There certainly correspondents, who are well versed

then appears to be a great difference in ecclesiastical matters, if they between this admonition of the book would favour me with a solution of of Homilies, and that of the Bishop the following difficulty :-In the of Ely's Charge, upon the subject of primary charge of the present Lord changing the lessons of our church, Bishop of Ely, I find the following service. The bishop's words seem observations, p. 10 : " Excellent as to imply that no such discretionary our Liturgy is, we are by no means power belongs to a clergy man, and prepared to assert that it may not ihat a man would be bighly culpable still be capable of improvement: who should attempt to make any but however this may be, no private such change. The words of the individual is authorised to make the preface to the second part of the least alteration in it.' One person Homilies seem not only to inform may perhaps think that some par. us that we have such a power but ticular prayer had better be omities : even to urge us to avail ourselves of another, that some lessons might be it for the better edification of our substituied with advantage in the place flocks.- If any of your intelligent of those which are now directed to be correspondents will have the garde CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 145.

c

PAROCHUS,

ness to explain this matter to me, the third place, trials are the true they will confer a favour upon process which must teach you, not A COUNTRY CURATE. only to know and understand, but

also to experience, how right, how true, how sweet, how lively, how

powerful, how consolatory the Word To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. of God is; wisdom above all wise

dom! I take the liberty of sending you a few passages from a small German This is his name whereby he shall be volume, not, I believe, very common, called, The Lord our Righteousness. containing a series of short extracts -Jer. xxiii. 6. from various works of the venerable

The natural man, since in all his Reformer, Martin Luther. They ap: works by which he would please pear to me to breathe so much unaf- God, he is uncertain and full of fected sinplicity, and to unite so doubt, can bave no right heart to much strength of expression with

turn to God, and call upon him; but such justness of sentiment, that I can. shrinks back and flies from him, and not but hope they may be the means,

must at last fall into hatred of God, under God's blessing, of awakening and despair: for when he comes to in many of your readers an anxi- the real combat and must stand beety to advanice in that deeply prac. fore the Judge, he feels and sees, tical piety of heart, from which that with all his life and works, he alone such passages as those I now

can in no way whatever stand beenclose to you, could have pro. fore the anger of God; but, bote ceeded.

withstanding all, must sink at once I remain, &c.

into the gulf. Now we must all be placed in such a necessity; and in

order to overcome, we must have Open thou mine eyes, thut I may see another foundation than our own wondrous things out of thy law.— righteousness, or that of the law, Psal. cxix. 18.

even this eternal righteousness of Know, that the Holy Scriptures Christ, who now sits at the right is a book which makes the wisdom hand of the Father, whom the devil of all other books folly, as none can never overthrow, and the justice teaches is eternal life but this alone. of God can say nothing against. You must then, in the first place, Me, indeed, with all my life and despair of your own reason and un- works, the devil can overthrow, by derstanding, and, falling on your bringing before me the Divine law knees, must pray to God, with true and wrath, which carry every thing humility and earnestness, that he away before them, as the wind drives will bestow on you, for the sake of away the feather : but when, inhis beloved Son, his Holy Spirit, stead of me and my works, 1 point to enlighten you, guide you, and him to the right hand of the Father, give you understanding - In the where my Lord Christ sittelh, Him next place, you must read, with he is forced to leave, as he can neidiligent remarks and reflections on ther condemn nor overthrow him. wbat the Holy Ghost intends in the Scriptures. And you must be My little children, let us not love in ware of being wearied, or thinking

word or in tongue, but in deed and that, after once or twice, you have

in truth.-1 John iii. 18. read, heard, and said enough, and The Apostle is here speaking understood every thing to the bot- against false brethren and hypocriti. lom; for no divine ever did that, cal Christians, wbo have the Gospel but they are like the untimely fruit, on their lip and on their tongue, but which falls offere it is half ripe.--Io are satisfied with the scum of it only.

HISTORICUS.

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