Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

Raja said, This ydur assurance com- squertoe pf the communications made
forts me in my last hours.'tib!! by these gentlemen to the Board, in
?". In this year, Mr. Kolboff, and also which they set forth the importance
Mr. Jænícke were appointed Mís. zof Calcutta as a station from whence
sionaries of the Society in India. the knowledge of Christianity might
Mr. Kolhoff was alsсady labouring be diftasedconsiderable i efforts
in that vineyard. Mr.Jänicke was swere made to procure a 'suit-
sent from Europeo: The Rev. Dr. sable Missionary: to succeed Me,
Wincent addressed to bimi an admi. Kiernander. The Rev. A.T. Clarke,
rable Charge, on the occasion of his of Cambrilge, i was nominated 110
departure. We were strack with this office. But after 'havingorer
the pious prayer of this learned di- sided a few months at Calcutta, he
vine :: Would to God, that not only abandodert his mission, and entered
this nation may be roused to forward as a chaplain into the Company's
this good work, bot that every Pro service; and the mission church
testant power in Europa may be must have been shot up, had not the
animated by the same spirit!" and Rev. D. Brown, and the Rev. Joha
no less with the acuteness of the Owen (now chaplain-general of the
following observation :

navy and army), regularly conting.
* " If any opinion of an individual ed io perform Divine service ia it. :
may be hazarded, it is, that Mr. Swartz in a letter from Tan*
Christianity cannot take rooi effec- jore, makes very bonourable men.
tually till there are native priests tion of Mr. Hippesley, the date
and ministers. I speak this from resident at Tanjore, as having always
authocity; because in Greece, Asia; been disposed 10 serve the Misi
and abroaghout the Roman empire sion. He states That the new King,
we scarcely read of any successor to, in compliance with the promise of
or fellow-labourer with, the apostles, his brother, before his death, had
who was of the Jewish naljon, ex, delivered to him a written docu-
cept Aquila and Priscilla. The in- ment, sealed by himself; and his
becility of mind which pervades the chief ministers, in which he 'made,
native Indians, we are well informed an appropriation for ever, of a ville
of by the correspondence of the lage, of the yearly income of about
Missionaries, who allow that they five hundred pagodas, for the school;
discharge their duty well under the and more especially for the orphans."?
guidance of another, but are not pose The village is situated on the con
sessed of 'stability sufficient to be fines of the territory belonging to
left to themselves. This, however, Tranquebar. -
We conceive from the general nalure He further states, That the
of man, that to repose al confidence Hon. East-India Company, in their
begets an inclination to deserve it; general letter to the Government of
and to give a man srank, and conse- Marlras, had intimated their reso
qaence inspires chim with an emu- lution to promote the provincial
lation to support it." *** v* schools, and accordingly had di-

In the Report of 1788, iti appears rected she said Government to pay
that Mr. Kiernander, the Society's towards each of such schools 100%.
Missionary at Calcutta, hau - been sterling pier ? anoun; that such
obliged, from age and infirmities, to schools were then about to be esta:
relinquish the service of the Mission, blished at Tanjore, Ramanadaba.
and soctransfer the mission charoh, ramy and Sivagenga, and that wher-
school,&c.10 the Res. David ever others should be instituted, the
Brown, W. Chambers, Esq and C. said sum of 1001. per annum.to each
Grant, Esqad who had provided for should be paid. Government had
the usual English and Portuguese sensibin sabstracts from the Com-
services, untitothe Society, fcould pany's letter, and desired to know
Held outyra Missionary.odo conse: bow he meant to apply the said aus

[ocr errors]

!

nual donations. L'pon which he mers, and a few native soldiers; all conferred with the resury, and sent having their employments, and none their minutes to Government, who living on charity. The church is returned an answer entirely approve a neat small building, with a tiled ing the proposal, Mr. Pohle and roof, and was built by a Braminy Mr. J. Kolboff were proposed for sh- woman, who was instructed, and perintendants, which Mr. Swartz baptized by Mr. Swartz; one or two had suggested, not because he ine of the English. gentteinen assisting tended to withdraw himself, but in her with a supply of some materials consideration of his own advanced An able and pious catechist, named age, and with a view to make the Şaitianaden, has the care of the concircumstances of those two brethren gregation, A school bas likewise more comfortable,

been established, and a schoolmas, Mr. Kolhoff had been admitted ter provided; and both catechist into the number of the Society's and schoolmaster receive their så. Missionaries, on the recommenda- laries from Mr. Swartz.r. Palam, tion of Mr. Swartz, by. whom he cotta is a fort, at the distance of two had beep educated, from his eighth hundred miles from Tanjore: it bes to his twenty-fifth year. The ac, longs to the Nabob, but has an count given of bim by Mr. Swarız, English garrison. One of the coun is, that his mind was truly upright, try priests visits the congregation and that he had given "satislaciory annually, for the administratioo of prools to the English and Malabar the sacraments. The English Lin congregations, of his sincerely prac, lurgy is translated, and used regur Lising the duties he had learned larly before sermon. Mr. Swartz from the holy Scriptures. Humble, mentions, that the scholars, in the and content with little, he was will- two provincial schools, very lately ing to instruct others. The New established, were making a rapid Testament he read in its origual progress, in learning to read and language. Latin and Hebrew he write the English language. The had not tben studied. The Malabar Mission schools, both English and language he spoke fluently, and had Malabarian,were continued as befores preached in it above four years. The in the former, thirty-one boys were Portuguese language he also under- instructed in reading, writing, arith stood. The Moorish language he metic, and geography; and as these knew, and in the Persian he could young people were likely do remain express himself with tolerable pro- in that country, the Tamuliag and priety. The English and Gerinan Moorish languages were made part languages he understood so far as of their study. The Malabar school w be able to speak them with some consisted of twenty-nine children elegance."

instructed by a native. The Mala. Mr. Swarız speaks of the Bibles bar congregation had been augmente and other books sent by the Society, ed with fonty members, thirteen of as a treasure, and trusts that the whom were children, born of Chrisa soldiers of the 72d regiment and the tian parents. The English congre school children would have reason gation consisted of his Majesty's ree to praise God for them, vAdverting giment stationed there, before whom to the state of the Tanjore church, Divine service, including a sermoni he observes, that both there and at was performed every Sunday; but Tranquebar, the Christian converts every evening there was a meeting of the higher and the lower casts, for prayers, which such as chose it were nearly equal. The congrega might frequent. These devotional tion at Palamcotia consisted of about exercises had had a good effect upon one hundred and twenty pessoas the soldiery, and were encouraged: some inferior merchants, some arti- by their commanding officer.com ficers, some washerpen, some fans At Traoquebar, thirty-eight bean

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

thens bad been converted, among Missionaries, both English and Dau
whom was a physician of great nish, propounded to the candidate
learning and reputation. Some questions in divinity, which he and
vears back, he had acquired his swered to their great satisfaction,
first convictions of the excellency of shewing how well he had employed
the Christian religion, in a remote bis youthtul years under the tuition
country, by reading a letter, printed' of Mr. Swartz. The Danish Go.
at the Mission Press, which induced vernment, and all the European
him to inquire into its principles, families of the settlement, togerher
This he did first of the Roman Ca- with a great number of Malabar
tholics, who were nearest- to him; Christians and heathens, attended
but, finding amongst them the ap- the service, and a general awe was
pearance of idolatry, he came to conspicuous, particularly during
Tranquebar, and before he address the ordination sermon, which" Mr.
ed bimself to any of the Missionaries, Swartz preached, from 2 Tim. ii. T.
he conversed with some of their • Thou, therefore, my son, be strong
people, and listened to the sermoos in the grace that is in Christ Jesus!
at the church door. He al length After the ordination, our young brow
applied to the Missionaries, received ther entered the pulpit, and preach-
their instructions, and, being well ed a Malabar sermon with such a
settled in the principles of Christ's graceful ease, that it was pleasing to
boly religion, was baptized, together every one that understood it. They
with his family. Soon after, he had the greatest hope of his continue
delivered up his idol of Þrass, though ing a faithful servant of Christ, and
a heathen had offered him fifteen a great help to their brother Swartz
pagodas for it: he brought likewise in his old age."
many rare books to them, of Mala. They 'had worked off a new imc
barian learning, of some of which, pression of the Tamal Testament and
copies had been taken, for the ser- Psalter. Their Report concludes
vice of the Mission. The Christian with stating, that " amidst the trials
doctrine of self-denial seemed still to aod difficulties they experience, it is
him somewhat difficult, but bopes their great and mutual comfort, that,
were entertained of his experiencing with their brothers, the English
more and more the blessedness of Missionaries, Swartz, Gerické, and

the poor in spirit;' and how far Pohle, they are, as it were, one the riches of grace surpass the riches, heart and one soul; assisting each honours, and pleasures of the world; other in their work, giving to, and nor was a doubt made of his receiving advice from, each other, becoming an useful man in many mutually sharing in' sorrows and respects.'

joys, receiving and giving thanks - The whole number of Christians for each other's gifts, and praying on the hooks of the Tranquebar for each other. They are often Mission since its commencement, deeply wounded, sometimes by the was 17,716. 1!

inefficacy of their well-meant endead The Missionaries state : " That vours, and at other tinies by sad January 23, 1787, was one of the disappointment respecting indivia most solemn days ever celebrated at duale. However, they are comforted" Tranquebar, when their senior and again, and comfort each other.""'isor dear brother, the Rev. Mr. Kolhoff, 1. (To be continued.is do "d kept his jubilee, and had the inex

150'yinin pressible satisfaction of seeing bis sports eldest son, a worthy young man, To the Editor of the Christian Obserrer., ordained in the mission church and invested with the holy office of A CORRESPONDENT,

whó adopts the priesthood, according to the ritual of signalure of AN INQUIREX;"}

p. 5592 the Lutheran Church. The several of your Magazine for Septeinber,

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[graphic]

makes an assertion which materially - The regular series of historical affects the illustration of those pro- deduction which would be necessary phecies that seem to be applicable to demonstrate either the Inquirer's to the principal modern nations of hypothesis er my own, would pro Europe, at whatsoever period their bably be unsuitable to your publicaaccomplishment may be supposed to tion: but surely it becomes him to lake place. He asserts, that mit assiga his reasons for treating with may be regularly shewn, step by contempt an authority so closely step, that the Scythians were not connected with Sacred History. The descended from Magog, but from an prophets seldom indicate any na entirely different patriarch.” He tion otherwise, than by the name of adds, “The pedigree of the Scy. its first progenitor,

and if the Jews thians may easily be traced on the did not preserve authentic traditions direct authority of history: but it of national origins, such indications cannot be done except at consider- would have been useless both to them able length.” He endeavours also, and 10 us. If they did, where are p. 557, to invalidate the opposite such traditions to be found, but in (and general) opinion, by represent- the writings of Josephus ? The ques. ing it as not resting “ upon any tion, therefore, whether his state: better authority than a mere random ment on this subject, is to be de assertion of the comparatively mo, pended on, or to be scouted as dern bistorian Josephus." et saindo mere random assertion," deserves

So contemptuous a view of the a place in your very valuable misd Jewish Historian, tends to subvert at cellany; and, after so bold a censore one stroke the records which he has has been inserted, it surely demands transmitted of the origin of nations discussion, yn beg leave, on this and derogates, I apprehend, from the ground, to call upon the loquirer authority even of Sacred History, for the reasons of his censures and Josephus, though, by a strong figure to request from you, an linsertion of of speech, he may be called "mo- bis arguments, and of such an investe dern, compared with the era of tigation of them as they may rex Magog, is far from being so, com- quire, von BIOMA pared with any writer who affords The only intimation which the authentic information of the Sey. Inquirer has already given, of his thians. Herodotus, the earliest and motive for despising the authoriv best authority extant, wrate liule of Josephus, is, that the Scythians more than five centuries before Jo. came from Asia into Europe, after sephus; and Strabo, who best illus- the time of Moses; or, as he (I think, trates this part of ancient geography, less correctly) expresses it, " were wrote four centuries later. A dili- an original Asiatic nation;" Such gent and mature collation of their all nations were. Josephus bimself statements has long since convinced states, that Magogh settled first at me, that the Juzyges of Strabo were AleppodwThe Inquireradants that the genuine representatives of the the Scythians occupied Caucasosy Scythians of Herodotus ; that the in- which is near the border of modern habitants of the Roman province of Europe. W by the Inquirer regards Scythia were, therefore, real Scy- this division of the eartla tasocorreut thians, that these were intended sponding precisely with to the isles? under that denomination, both by of the Gentiles; and why, be supw? the Apostle Paul and by Josephus; poses that hno nation of Japheth's and that their derivation from MAGOG posterity

originally settled beyond by the latter, is far

sufar more likely to its boundary, it is necessary that he have been a constant and authentic should explain. Therwhole coon tradition of the Jewish nation, than try north of the Euxide, or even of * mere random assertion of a com, the Caspian, might, for any teason 1 paratively, modern historian jud can perceive to the contrary, be deal

i cast

be strong

si a 1814) 4. Extracts from the Writingrof Luther. Bu sasmi? 691 tiles ; ??: as it is, in

, wholly, in the other neatly, sepa- leave nothing unpunished which rated by seas, from countries with 'was concerned in it. But the de which ihe ancient Jews were fa. vil, who caused their death, he will miliar. "

bring forth to judgment, and punish As If, indeed, " the Scythic descent with eternal pains; sin he will de

of the Franks is an undoubted histo- stroy, 'and death itself he will Haag

rical fact,” as the Inquirer roundly into hell. And as he values them asserts, it may be inconsistent with so highly, he will assuredly not stop the descent of the Scythians from there, but will bring them up again Magog, even according to the testi- from the grave, so that their death mony i

of Josephus himself. But shall really be no death, but a new
this objection appears to me so for life with Christ in eternal brightness
from having any force, 'as to be and glory.
wholly without' foundation. No-
thing but a vague or lax applica- Finally, my brethren, be strong in
tion of the Scytħian name affords a the Lord, and in the power of his
shadow of connection between the might. Eph. vi. 10.
Franks and the Scythians. The

Would
you

and inSlavonic, not the Gothic, nations, vincible, you niust take the Lord are the real descendants of the Christ as your strength. Lay fast latter.

hold of Him, and exercise yourself It is unnecessary to refer to Mr. jo relying upon Him, that He may Granville Penn's interpretation of be well known to you, and his word the prophecies concerning Gog, after be held pure by you, aod be daily what I have intimated. These pro- used and learned with all diligence; phecies, indeed, we cannot expect that thus of God's word and your to be fulfilled; or understood, will heart there may be made but one the close of the Millennium - Rev. thing; and the truths of it be as XX. 7, 8.

certain to you, and more certain ANOTHER INQUIRER

than your own life.' When you have done this, you will be really strong and secure, and will

able EXTRACTS FROM THE WRITINGS OF to remain safe and unconquered

when the devil or 'bis messengers (Continued from p. 283.)

come against you.

; .'11u92 Precious in the sight of the Lord is Knowing that a man is not justified the death of his saints. Psalma

by the works of the lau, but by the 21 cxvi. 15.

faith

of Jesus Christ, eren we have God opens, in death itself, the gate t believed in Jesus Chrise, that we of life, to true believers who love might be justified by the faith er and keep his word, by the death and Christ, and not by the scorks of the resurrection of Christ,' whether they Inw; for by the works of the law, die on the rack, or be banged, or shall no flesh be justified...Gal, the burnt, or drowned, or be taken off -T6. by fever or pestilence. He pro

1 Take heed that you make no misnounces in the text, that the death take here, nor suffer yourself to be of his saints is dear and sprecious led off from faith to works. Good before the Lord. He accounts their works la man must indeed perform in ashes a valuable treasure, costly but uot on them must he place his jewel of earth. 'iWhether Satan confidence, but on the

The work of strangle the trive Christian on his Christ. And we must resist sinn bled, or the executioner 100 sino galds death, and hell, not with our works i loss, it is declared that sach a death but they retust lead us froin our

[ocr errors]

LUTHER.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[graphic]
[ocr errors]

I bert

« PreviousContinue »