Page images

round; one is paralysed, and in the gathering dusk across all are in wretched condition, the abomination of desolation and probably envy their front- beyond the gates, and scram. less counterpart on the gate- bling across a little stream way. He at least gets plenty which runs below the walls, I of fresh air,

begin the steep climb towards The royal emblem of Ethiopia my house. is the Lion of Juda. One ca n- The velvety Eastern darknot help feeling that the same ness falls like a cloak. Ghoulish qualities which have caused shapes of overfed pariahs slink the Abyssinians to keep these past me along the hedges. As poor brutes to rot in their I reach the level of Saint cages, and which leave them Mikail's Church, I pause and content with half a lion on look back towards the town, their Palace gate, must ere It lies below me, a dark mass, long reduce the proud beast picked out with twinkling fairy which struts upon their royal lights, and all its meanness seal to like degradation. veiled by the gentle night.

The evening fires are lit, and The hum of many voices the smell of wood-smoke rises rises to my with & to meet me as I leave the curious sense of human friendplateau of the market square, liness. and dive down another pre- Then, as I bend my steps oipitous alloy through lines of slowly towards my house wattle-and-daub huts, which through the solitudeof the coffee in this quarter of the town gardens, Harar with all its alien replace the flat-topped stone charm slips from me in the houses of Arab construction. darkness. Thoughts of far-off This time the sentries at the Sundays crowd upon me: the gate salute me politely, for keen air of Norfolk blows in this being one of the gates I my nostrils; & little white use daily, the guard receive a form, with ever-faithful eyes, periodical baksheesh. The day pads softly at my heels on of presentation is at band, so phantom feet, and Memory they are on their best be- takes me by the hand and leads haviour,

me Home. Onoe more I pick my way

L. A.




[ocr errors]


“ON what do the destinies specially favoured by Proviof empires hang! If, instead dence. Living on an island, of the expedition to Egypt, I no nation can do him mortal had made that of Ireland, .. injury so long as he is master what would England have of the seas. In maintaining been to day? and the Conti- that mastery again and again nent? and the politioal the winds have been bis allies world "1

So Napoleon is and never his enemies. And reported to have said at St he has been even more helped Helena. Vision, it must be by the want of sea-sense among admitted, oame to him some- the nations nearest him who what late. When it would wished to do him mortal inhave served his own ambition jury. Till the late war those and the French lust for do- nations have mostly been the minion, he was blinded by the Spaniards the French , glamour of the East. The Neither of these had sufficient sunshine of the Orient dazzled seamanship to bring disaster him inte dreaming of a new in battle to his power on the Empire of the East. Through seas; but what is more, neither Syria, he deolared, he would of them was able to perceive turn the flank of the armies how disaster to it might otherof Europe. If he had been wise be brought. half as great & sailor as he Ireland is the Achilles' heel was a soldier he would have of English sea-power. She lies seen then, and not only after between Great Britain and all his projeots had ended in everywhere. Not soldier utter rnin, that it was for his can be sent out to any colony own and France's fortunes ten er dependenoy of the Empire, times better to turn through not a bale of cotton or woel or Ireland the flank of the fleets a ton of wheat or frozen meat of England.

oan be brought in from the The more ono reads of mod- United States, or Australia, or ern history, the more one is South America save in ships inolined to think that after all whioh have to pass her northern there is something in Oliver or her southern coasts. An Cromwell's belief in “God's energetio enemy possessed of Englishman," not perhaps alto. these boasts and their innumergether in Oliver's sense, but able harbours might strangle in the sense that the English- England as surely as in the man seems to be, or at


late war England strangled rate to have been in the past, Germany. Yət never, save on

[ocr errors]

1 Las Cases, vol. ii. p. 335. VOL, CCVII.-NO. MCCLV.

2 2

one oooasion, has an enemy of those who invited them. Both England's made any serious of them seemed to regard attempt to obtain possession Ireland as merely a sore on of those coasts and harbours. the body politio of England,

That was not for want of by irritating wbioh they might invitations to do 80: with & cause her discomfort, never as single exception, all England's a joint in her armour through enemies were, as Mr de Valer& which & well-direoted blow recently told


American might end her life. audiente, regarded by Irish The first English invasion patriots as Ireland's friends. of Ireland took place under The Amerioans were the one the sanotion of the Pope, and exoeption to whioh Mr de the first Continental interValora thought proper not to vention against the English in refer. Daring the War of Ireland was initiated under the Independence the Irish patriots game auspices: it is hard to took violently the side of Eng. say which was more disastrous land, and on the motion of to the Irish race. It was Sir their leader, Henry Flood, James Fitzmaurice, & former raised an

army of twenty and most capable rebel, who thousand men, whom Flood had been previously but peroalled "armed negotiators,” haps not very prudently parto help to orugh the rebels— doned, that songht his Holithe first time, I think, sinoe ness's aid, and the aid secured the Revolution of 1688 that took the form of & papal Irish Roman Catholios were legate, a blessed banner, and armed to fight England's en- & few sets of arms. Later, emies. One oan hardly blame Philip II. of Spain was in

. the “President of the Irish duced to send some eight Republie" for failing to dwell hundred soldiers. This interupon this point in addressing an vention ended in the massacre Amerioan audienoe, any more of Philip's soldiers, the dethan on the fact that it was the struction of the great house relatives of the loyal Protes- of Desmond, and the devastants of the North who helped tation of the province of to win Amerioa her viotory. Munster. It is interesting to

The Datoh, the Rassians, remember that both Edmund and the Germans were pre- Spenser and Sir Walter oluded by their position from Raleigh served throughout accepting these invitations to these proceedings in the Ireland's shores. But no buch English army, and that diffioulties lay in the way of the latter superintended the accepting them so far as Spain slaughter of the Spaniards. and France were concerned. Later, Philip intervened And both of them did accept again. This time it was during them more

than once, but the rebellion in Ulster. Never never, 8&ve on one occasion, had a man a better ohanoe of in any other way than that striking his enemy a deadly whioh must bring disaster on blow, and never did a man deal such a paltry stroke. The oolonists of the North were in great Earl of Tyrone had con- arms to maintain the Protestrived to form a national al- tant religion and the English liance against the Eoglish. connection. The people of the Again and again he had de. South were all in arms to mainfeated them on the field. Army tain the Catholio religion; but after army had been poured some of them were in arms also into Ireland, and it was only to maintain the English conneowhen he was yielding to su- tion, while the rest were in arms perior numbers that Philip to break it. King James, who sent him help. Fifty ships wished to be restored to the brought three thousand soldiers throne of Great Britain, natuto Kingala Bay; they landed rally sided with the first party, and fortified themselves, and and King Louis, who wished called on Tyrone to join them. to see Great Britain's power Tyrone marched from

from the broken, sided with the other North; but when he reached party. With such a division Kingale the English army was in their objeots it is not strange there before him, the Spanish that the Southerners failed ships had sailed away, and the before the Ulster colonists at Spaniards were besieged by Derry and Enniskillen, and fled sea and land. They called before William's army at the on Tyrone to relieve them. Boyne.

It was

only when Against his better judgment James and his friends had (for he wished to await the abandoned them that they put Spanish fleet's rotarn), Tyrone up a desperate and nearly tried to do so and was defeated, successful fight for what has Thon the Spaniards surren- always been the real objeot of dered, on condition that they Irish Nationalists since there were allowed to sail back to were Irish Nationalists—the Spain.

independenoe of Ireland. These were the efforts to King Louis's intervention free Ireland made by the king was on muoh the same lines as who sent the Invinoible Ar. King Pbilip's, only more mada to conquer England. If He sent an army to watoh his he had sent the Armada to own interests more than Ire. Ireland the history of the land's: a hundred officers who world might have been changed know nothing about Ireland as completely as Napoleon or the Irish, and a quantity guessed it would have been had of muukets, which the Irish he taken his army to Ireland soldiers had never been taught instead of to Egypt.

to use.

Later he gent a few When Philip gent his last Frenoh gunners and an infantry expedition, Treland was united corps, but insisted on having as it nover was before and has tho same number of Irish only cnoe been sinoe in her infantry sent to him. His whole history.

When Louis intervention ended in all the XIV, sent his help she was Irish infantry and cavalry too doubly divided. In 1689 the being sent to him, and 60

[ocr errors]

Franoe had much the best of earliest youth seems to have the bargain. The reputation been a headstrong and unruly of the Irish Brigade in the boy; he wished to be a sol. service of France was very dier, and resented his father's great and very Irish. “Your decision that he should be a

. men, Lord Dillon," said the lawyer. After being & second Frenoh king once,

give me in a duel in which his princimore trouble than all the rest pal's opponent was killed, and of my army.” “Your Majesty," running away with & Miss replied Lord Dillon valmly, Witherington, whose family “the enemy say precisely the held a much higher position game thing."

than his, wasting & year or So far all these expeditions two in the Temple, London, were of the same kind and receiving £500 from his handful of men and some arms wife's grandfather, he was sent to engage English atten- called to the Irish Bar, which tion, while the government he for the rest of his life sending them settled matters heartily hated, and altogether of much more importance (as negleoted, they believed) on the Conti. This does not seem & very nent. We now come to the promising beginning, but there one and only real attempt to must have been something par. detach Ireland from the British tioularly attractive about the Empire and make her a place young fellow. Ho quarrelled of arms entrenched between furiously with his wife's family, Great Britain and the rest of bat his wife remained passionthe world. The attempt was ately devoted to him. He the work of one man, and, openly derided the law, but but for England's old allies, the lawyers regarded him the winds and waves, and the with admiration. He was poor Frenoh want of seamanship, it and a republioan, but the rich might have proved the most and aristooratio oherished him. complete calamity she over With all its faults, Irish society did or over oan suffer.

in the latter half of the eightTheobald Wolfe Tone was, eenth century had ite virtues : like nearly all the distinguished one of these was a ready acIrishmen of the eighteenth ceptance by it of ability and century, & person of no family character. Wolfe Tone, the and small fortune. His grand- impeounious son of a bankfather, a tonant and dependant rupt coachbuilder, was of the Wolfes of Castle War- student and a briefle88 den- it was through this con- barrister the intimate friend neotion that Theobald received of the Duke of Leinster, the the name of Wolfe-left at his head of the nobility, and of death little property, John Hall Wharton, M.P., which was squandered in & with his $14,000 a year. lawsuit between Theobald's

Negleoting the law, in which father, Peter, and a younger be had made a very good bebrother, Theobald from his ginning, Tone took to pamphlet

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


« PreviousContinue »