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phant more sense me.' His disposition was gentle and obliging; he was grateful for the least kindness shown to him, and, upon several occasions, exhibited a goodness of heart, and a consideration for the wishes and the feelings of others, which would have dont honour to any country. His fondness for and kindness to children was very striking. In a snowy day, last winter, he met two children at some distance from Leith, and observing them to be suffering from the cold, he took off his jacket, and having carefully wrapped them in it, brought them safely home: he would take no reward, and seemed to be quite unconscious that he had been doing any thing remarkable. He was temperate in all his habits; he was docile, and was always open to conviction; showing, however, the greatest desire to be treated with confidence, and of this he never proved himself unworthy.
He had a quick sense of insult, and one evening being attacked in a most ungenerous and cowardly way in the streets, he resented the indignities put upon him in a very summary manner, by fairly knocking several of the party down: but though the insult was thus resented, so nice were his feelings, that many days elapsed, before he subsided into his wonted quiet state of mind. It is due to poor John to state, that upon this occasion, he behaved for a long time with great forbearance; but upon being struck, he was roused to exert his strength, which was prodigious. The whole party were carried to the watch-house-a measure which the Esquimaux could never be made to comprehend.
Nothing could exceed his industry and his desire to learn; yet he made but slow advances. He certainly did improve, however, in all that he undertook, particularly in drawing. He was easily pleased, and took great delight in relating his adventures with the Northmen, as he called the people recently discovered in Baffin's bay. Speaking of the barbarism of these people, he once adverted, with great good humour, to his own ignorance on first landing in this country. He imagined the first cow which he saw to be a wild and dangerous animal, and instantly retreated to the boat for his harpoon, that he might defend himself and his companions from this ferocious looking beast!—His curiosity was lively, and he sought for information with great perseverance. But he never expressed any of that idiotic surprise which savages sometimes evince, on seeing any thing very different from what they have been accustomed to. When he was placed, for the first time, before a large mirror, he gazed at it for several minutes with evident satisfaction, and then turning round, exclaimed, 'fine, fine! two pair rooms! He played on the flute, and danced very well, so that wherever he went he was a most welcome guest. He looked forward with the utmost keenness and anxiety to the sailing of the expedition, now fitting out; being perfectly aware, at the same time, of his own value the occasion.
During the height of his first illness, he was very obedient; but syhen he was freed from pain, and began to gain strength, he by
no means liked the discipline to which he was subjected, but more than all the rest the prescribed regimen displeased him. One day when the surgeon called, John's door was found locked. No intreaties could prevail upon him to open it. “No, no,' said he, 'no want more physic-no want doctor-not sick now.' After a time, finding him resolute, the doctor took John at his word, and went away. One of his friends called to remonstrate with him on this proceeding; when it came out that he had no objection to seeing the doctor; but,' added he, doctor say—John, you no eat fish (Yakees* man no like, no eat fish)- I go out buy little fish-doctor come-I make fry fish on firemno like doctor see fish-lock door!'
His dying moments were soothed by the anxious attendance of his friends. He felt and acknowledged this attention, but said it was of no use, for his sister had appeared to him and called to him to come away. It must not be supposed, however, that this arose from superstition, or was any thing more than the effect of the fever under which he was then suffering; for he was unaffectedly pious; and having been early instructed in the christian faith, continued to derive support and consolation from this source, to the last hour of his life. He held in his hand an Icelandic catechism, till his strength and sight failed him, when the book dropped from his grasp, and he shortly afterwards expired.
He was followed to the grave by a numerous company, among whom were not only his old friends and patrons from Leith, but many gentlemen of high respectability in this city.
It is pleasing, in every point of view, to see such attentions, and honours, paid to so humble and insulated an individual as John Sackeouse. It is also worthy of remark, as affording a striking example of the distinction between a civilized, and a savage state of society. To the rude tribe to which this man belonged, all this might appear very insignificant;—but with what satisfaction should we not hear (what, alas, we can never hope to hear!) that our unfortunate countryman, the enterprising the philosophical Park, had been cheered in his last moments, or honoured after his death, with half the attention which was here so freely bestowed upon a poor Esquimaux Indian,
Art. IX.-Lithography. IN N this number, we present our readers with a specimen of Ameria
can Lithography: the design and the execution from beginning to end from the drawing to the impression inclusive-is by Mr. B. Otis; who, following the suggestions of judge Cooper, and Dr. Brown, of Alabama, has by means of their hints, and his own more successful improvements, produced the specimen now submitted. The drawing was made on a stone from Munich, presented to the American Philosophical Society, by Mr. Thomas Dobson of this * His name for the Esquimaux nation.
city. But the art has been successfully tried on specimens of stone from Frankfort, in Kentucky, procured by judge Cooper, Dr. Brown, and Mr. Clifford—from Doe run in Kentucky, furnished by Dr. Blight—from a quarry about two miles from Maytown, Lancaster county-and also on some pieces of white marble from White Marsh, commonly found at the stone cutters in this city. Dr. Brown in particular has felt great interest in the progress of this trial, and has written to various places in the western country for pieces of stone as similar as may be, to the stone of Munich; which are now on the road: so that the next print will probably be from a limestone of our own country. M. le Sieur also, whose exquisite designs are well known to men of science and artists here, has procured some stones, such as are used at Paris by M. de Lestayrie, and is proceeding with the experiment, we hope successfully; for in truth, it is an experiment in which the whole circle of science and of literature, is very greatly interested..
That our readers may have a tolerably correct idea of the process, of which the impression at the head of this number is a spe. cimen, we shall give the best account we have yet been able to procure, of the art of lithography, or drawing and engraving on stone: being very desirous, that other artists may succeed in their attempts, as well as Mr. Otis; who deserves great credit for the patience, perseverance, and ingenuity, which has enabled him hitherto to succeed so well.
The original inventor of this art, is a musician of the name of Alois Senefelder, a native of Prague in Bohemia, who, after a sufficient number of trials to insure success, obtained from the elector of Bavaria, in 1801, an exclusive privilege for the exercise of it in Bavaria; and in 1803, a like privilege from the emperor of Austria. Senefelder, in consequence, established stone-printing houses at Munich, and at Vienna; and under his direction, similar establishments have been made at Paris and in Italy.
The prints from stone that have reached us here, are chiefly by M. Engelman of Germany, and by M. de Lestayrie at Paris. They are beautiful imitations of black crayon and Indian ink drawings. Those who wish to see one of the best specimens, may inquire for a stone-impression of two wrens, by M. de Lestayrie, now exhibiting at the Academy of Arts in this city.
It is only within this twelve-month, that any thing has been successfully done in this way in England. Messrs. Carey have some tolerable lithographic designs in outline, published by Mr. Ackerman, and the last number that has appeared here, of the Journal of Science and the Arts, by Thomas Brande, Esq. of the royal institute, also contains two specimens of lithography, with which, the design furnished by Mr. B. Otis, may be compared without any loss of credit to the American artist.
We shall proceed to treat 1, of the kind of stone fit for the purpose; 2, of the ink, and the composition of crayons: 3, of the various modes of drawing, etching, &c, on the stone: 4, of the