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during this life, doth remain in hac vita manet etiam in regenitis ;' those that are regenerated ;' and et quamvis per Christum et conalthough it be through Christ par- donata sit et mortificata ; nihilo doned and mortified, yet both it- minus tam ipsa, quam ejus motus self and all the inotions thereof universi vere sunt ac proprie pecare truly and properly sin.' cata."
VI. Every sin, both original and VI. Peccatum omne cum origiactual, being a transgression of the nale tum actuale, quum justæ Dei righteous law of God, and con- legis transgressio sit eique contratrary thereunto,' doth, in its own ria,' peccatori suapte natura reanature, bring guilt upon the sin- tum infert,' quo ad iram Dei,' ner,' whereby he is bound over to ac maledictionem legis subeundam the wrath of God and curse of obligatur, adeoque redditur obnothe law, and so made subject to xius morti' simul et miseriis omdeath,' with all miseries spiritual,» nibus spiritualibus, temporalibus," temporal,' and eternal.
Of God's Covenant with Man.
De foedere Dei cum homine.
I. The distance between God and I. Tanta est inter deum et credthe creature is so great that al- turam distantia, ut licet creaturæ though reasonable creatures do rationales obedientiam illi ut creowe obedience unto him as their atori suo debeant, nullam tamen Creator, yet they could never have fruitionem ejus tanquam suæ beaany fruition of him as their bless- titudinis ac præmü habere unquam edness and reward but by some potuissent, ni voluntaria fuisset voluntary condescension on God's aliqua ex parte Dei condescentio ; part, which he hath been pleased quam ipsi exprimere placuit icto to express by way of covenant." foedere."
II. The first covenant made with II. Primum foedus cum hominibus
* 1 John i. 8, 10; Rom. vii. 14, 17, 18, 23;
James iii. 2; Prov. xx. 9; Eccles. vii.
20. * Rom. vii. 5, 7, 8, 25; Gal. v. 17. 31 John iii. 4.
Rom. ii. 15; iii. 9, 19. * Eph. ii. 3. • Gal. iii. 10.
* Rom. vi. 23.
Eph. iv. 18.
Rom. viii. 20; Lam. iii. 39. 10 Matt. xxv. 41; 2 Thess. i. 9. " Isa. xl. 13-17; Job ix, 32, 33; 1 Sam. ii.
25; Psa. c. 2, 3; cxiii. 5, 6; Job xxii. 2, 3; xxxv. 7, 8; Luke xvii. 10; Acts xvii. 24, 25.
man was a covenant of works,' initum erat foedus operum,' quo wherein life was promised to vita Adamo promissa erat, ejusAdain, and in him to his poster- que in eo posteris,' sub condiity,' upon condition of perfect and tione obedientice perfectæ ac persopersonal obedience.'
nalis, III. Man by his fall having III. Quum autem homo lapsu suo made himself incapable of life by omnem sibi præstruxisset ad vitam that covenant, the Lord was pleased aditum per illud foedus, complacuit to make a second, commonly called Domino secundum inire, quod vulgo the covenant of grace: wherein he dicimus Fædus Gratiæ; in quo pecfreely offered unto sinners life and catoribus offert gratuito vitam ac salvation by Jesus Christ, requir- salutem per Jesum Christum, fidem ing of them faith in him that they in illum ab iis requirens ut salvenmay be saved,' and proinising to tur;o promittensque omnibus qui give unto all those that are or- ad vitam ordinantur se spiritum dained unto life his Holy Spirit, suum sanctum daturum, qui in illis to make them willing and able to operetur credendi cum voluntatem believe.
tum potentiam. IV. This covenant of grace is IV. Hoc foedus Gratiæ in Scripfreqnently set forth in the Script- tura sæpe nomine Testamenti inure by the name of a testament, digitatur, respectu nimirum mortis in reference to the death of Je- Testatoris Jesu Christi, æternæque sus Christ the testator, and to the illius hæreditatis, quam is una cum everlasting inheritance, with all omnibus eam spectantibus inibi lethings belonging to it, therein be- gabat." queathed.'
V. This covenant was different V. Hoc foedus sub Lege atque sub ly administered in the time of the Evangelio administratum est modo law and in the time of the gos- alio atque alio. Sub Lege quidem pel :' under the law it was adınin- per promissiones, prophetias et saistered by promises, prophecies, crificia, per circumcisionem, agnum
sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal pascalem, aliosque typos ac instilamb, and other types and ordi- tuta populo Judaico tradita, quæ nances delivered to the people of omnia Venturum Christum prathe Jews, all fore-signifying Christ significabant;' erantque prorato come,' which were for that time tione illorum temporum sufficientia, sufficient and efficacions, through et per operationem spiritus efficacia the operation of the Spirit, to in- ad electos instruendum ac ædificanstruct and build up the elect in dum in fide in promissum Messiam, faith in the promised Messiah,' by per quem plenam peccatorum rewhom they had full remission of missionem et salutem æternam sunt sins and eternal salvation; and is consecuti ; diciturque Vetus Testacalled the Old Testament."
mentum.' VI. Under the gospel, when VI. Sub evangelio autem, exhiChrist the substance was exhibit-bito jam Christo, substantia* scilied, the ordinances in which this cet ac antitypo, præscriptæ rationes covenant is dispensed are the in quibus hoc foedus dispensatur, preaching of the word and the sunt prædicatio verbi, et adminiadministration of the sacraments stratio sacramentorum, baptismi of Baptism and the Lord's Sup- nempe ac conæ Dominicæ ;' in quiper;" which, though fewer in num- bus quidem utut numero paucioriber, and administered with more bus, iisque simplicius ac minore simplicity and less outward glory, cum externa gloria administratis, yet in them it is held forth in cum majore tamen plenitudine, evimore fullness, evidence, and spir- dentia, et efficacia spirituali' popuitual efficacy, to all nations, both lis cunctis tam Judæis quam GenJews and Gentiles;' and is called tibus' exhibetur; Diciturque Nothe New Testament. There are vum Testamentum." Non sunt not, therefore, two covenants of ergo duo foedera gratia, re atque grace differing in substance, but natura discrepantia ; sed unum one and the same under various idemque, licet non uno modo disdispensations.
Heb., chaps. viii. ix. x. ; Rom. iv. 11; Col.
ii. 11, 12; 1 Cor. v.7; [Am. ed. Col. ii. 17]. ? 1 Cor. s. 1-4; Heb. xi. 13; John viii. 56. 3 Gal. iii. 7-9, 14.
Gal. ii. 17; [Am. ed. Col. ii. 17]. 5 Matt. xxviii. 19, 20; 1 Cor. xi. 23-25;
[Am. ed. 2 Cor. iii. 7-11].
Heb. xii. 22-28; Jer. xxxi. 33, 34. * Matt. xxviii. 19; Eph. ii. 15–19. • Luke xxii. 20; [Am. ed. Heb. viii. 7
9]. Gal. iii. 14, 16; Acts xv. 11; Rom. iii. 21-23,
30; Psa. xxxii. 1; Rom. iv. 3, 6, 16, 17, 23, 24; Heb. xiii. 8.
De Christo Mediatore. I. It pleased. God, in his eternal I. Complacitum est Deo Filium purpose, to choose and ordain the ejus unigenitum Dominum Jesum Lord Jesus, his only-begotten Son, in æterno suo proposito eligere atto be the Mediator between God que ordinare ut Mediator esset inter and man,' the Prophet, Priest," Deum et hominem,' Propheta,' Saand King;* the Head and Saviour cerdos,' et Rex,* caput idem et salof his Church," the Heir of all vator Ecclesiæ suce; rerum omthings, and Judge of the world;' nium hæres, Mundique Judex;' unto whom he did, from all eter- cui ab æterno populum dedit futunity, give a people to be his seed," rum illi in semen,' ac per illum and to be by him in time re- stato tempore redimendum, vocandeemed, called, justified, sanctified, dum, justificandum, sanctificandum and glorified.'
ac glorificandum." II. The Son of God, the second II. Filius Dei persona secunda person in the Trinity, being very in Trinitate, verus nempe idem and eternal God, of one substance, æternusque Deus, substantiæ cum and equal with the Father, did, Patre unius ejusdemque, eique cowhen the fullness of time was æqualis, cum advenerat temporis come, take upon him man's nat- plenitudo, assumpsit naturam huure,'' with all the essential proper- manam," una cum omnibus ejus ties and common infirmities there proprietatibus essentialibus, comof, yet without sin :" being con- munibusque infirmitatibus, immuceived by the power of the Holy nem tamen a peccato," conceptus Ghost in the womb of the Virgin scilicet in utero eque substantia Mary, of her substance." So that Marice Virginis,' virtute Spiritus two whole, perfect, and distinct Sancti. Adeo sane ut naturæ duce, natures, the Godhead and the man- integree, perfecto, distinctæque Deihood, were inseparably joined to- tas ac humanitas in una eademque
? Acts xvii. 31.
Gal. iv. 4.
gether in one person, without con- persona indissolubili nexu conjunctæ version, composition, or confusion.' fuerint, sine conversione, composiWhich person is very God and tione, aut confusione.' Quæ quidem very man, yet one Christ, the persona vere Deus est ac vere homo, only mediator between God and unus tamen Christus, unicus inter man.
Deum et hominem Mediator.' III. The Lord Jesus, in his hu III. Dominus Jesus in humana man nature thus united to the di- sua natura divinæ hunc modum convine, was sanctified and anointed juncta sanctificatus est, ac Spiritu with the Holy Spirit above meas- sancto supra mensuram unctus,' in ure;' having in him all the treas- se habens omnes sapientiæ notitiaures of wisdom and knowledge, quæ thesauros ;' in quo Patri viin whom it pleased the Father that sum est ut omnis plenitudo inhaall fullness should dwell;' to the bitaret, atque eo quidem fine ut end that, being holy, harmless, un- sanctus, innocuus, intaminatus, pledefiled, and full of grace and truth, nusque gratiæ ac veritatis existens, he might be thoroughly furnished ad Mediatoris Vadisque munus to execute the office of a mediator exequendum perfecte esset instrucand surety." Which office he took tus. Quod ille officium non arrinot unto himself, but was there- puit sibi, verum a Patre erat ad unto called by his Father," who put id vocatus, qui omnem ei potestaall power and judgment into his tem ac judicium in manus dedit, hand, and gave him commandment unà cum mandato exercendi.' to execute the same.'
IV. This office the Lord Jesus did IV. Hoc munus promtissima vomost willingly undertake," which, luntate in se suscepit Dominus that he might discharge, he was made Jesus, quod ut expleret factus est under the law," and did perfectly sub Lege," eam perfecte implefulfill it;" endured most grievous vit," immediate in anima' sua gratorments immediately in his soul,'' | vissimos subiit cruciatus, in cor
* Luke i. 35; Col. ii. 9; Rom. ix. 5; 1 Pet.
ii. 18; 1 Tim. iii. 16. Rom. i. 3, 4; 1 Tim. ii. 5.
Psa, xlv. 7 ; John iii. 34. • Col. ii. 3. 5 Col. i. 19.
Heb. vii. 26; John i. 14. ? Acts x. 38; Heb. xii. 24; vii. 22.
8 Heb. v. 4, 5.
John v. 22, 27; Matt. xxviii, 18; Acts ii. 36. ** Psa. xl. 7, 8; Heb. x. 5-10; John x. 18;
Phil. ii. 8. 11 Gal. iv. 4. 13 Matt. iii. 15; v. 17. 13 Matt. xxvi. 37, 38; Luke xxii. 44; Matt.