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The Comunittee observe, that if this report books. They had been assisted by the Go. should be found to contain very few inte- vernment Printing-press, in procoring a supe seating details, nor give account of any ply of Euglish and Dutch alphabets, spellgreat progress in the work, in which they ing-books, and reading lessons. are engaged, it ought to be considered that The Committee regret, that they had not the operations of ile Board have only just had the teams of satisfying all the demands comnienced ;-ihat the objects requiring at for Bibles, Testaments, and school-books, teaưion were manifold ; -- that the funds, made by the respective ministers and school. though the contributions in the end have masters in the country districts, but faster proved liberal, were collected gradually; thenselves that they should soon be enabled that the correspondence with Europe is very to do so, a large supply having been writ. slow, and impeded at present;-and thai, ten for to their agent in England. From therefore, it has been impossible to effect the great and increasing prevalence of Mamuch in so short a tiine, and with these homietunisin, especially among the lower or difficulties before them.
ders in Cape Town, the Committee think The receipts during the last year had themselves' called upon to make every efi vrt amounted to near. 35,000 rix dollars. towards the dispersion and compreheusion
The endeavours of the Conmissiou had of the Scriptures among this class of its been chiefly directed towards the establislt- population. ing of a Free School in Long-street, Cape The Report thus concludes :Town, upon the new plan of education. " When ibc Committee call to mind the The school was then educating 87 boys and great and almost incredible success attend. 65 girls, nuaking together 152 children; ing the new mode of education, they see it besides 92 grown-up persons and appren- coupled with the most promising and er. tices, who attend the school in the evening. tensive advantages. Surrounded by nations The Committee lanent that a considerable yet in darkness, they would offer to them proportion of these children did not belong the blessed Gospel of salvation. The vex to those classes, for whose more immediate mode of education, manual, expeditious, and benest the Free School was founded: full of life, seems, of all other means, most measures had, however, been taken to as. likely to fix the mind, and interest the feel egrtaju the number, and ensure the atiendo ings, of an active yet uncivilized people. ance of the real poor, who had neglected, Of this the Committee are fully aware; nor till now, to avail themselves of the oppor- will they leave the interesting subject mach tunity given them. The establishment of a longer a question. similar school, at Simon's T *n, was in con By m«ans of teachers edacated on the templation. A teacher, well acquainted new systen, and subject to the controul of with the Lancasterian mode of educativa, the Bible and School Commission, they are was lourly expected from England; appli- encouraged to think that they may thus be cution to this effect having been made by his able to extend the knowledge of Christianity, Excellency the Governor to the Colonial of civilized language, and of useful arts, Agent in London in August last. Besides to the different and unenlightened tribes of this, several schoolmasters from the country Southern Africa. The Committee cannot bực districts, bad attended the Free School in feel persuaded, that the most promising and Cape Town, and had thus had an opportui-. effectual method of converting a barbarous nity given them of becoming acquainted people to true religion, is by imparting to with the new mode of teaching. Indeed, their minds a love and a susceptibility of many of the masters laad already introduced knowledge, and by transforming their var the leading peculiarities of this system into grant, plundering habits into those of order, their schools, and the accounts which had hunesty, and industry. been received from the country, concurred Extending thus their views, the Commit, in stating the most favourable and encou- tee do not, however, overlook ibe mure imraging results.us ?
mediate, and the more imperative duty of af: As to the distribution of Bibles, the Com-' fording education and dispersing the Scrip. mittee had been witch limired in their ex. tures to the Colony in particular. What ersions from want of books; though they they have already done in this respect is had not failed to avail themselves of every now submitted to the judgment of the pub opportunity for the purchase of small quan, lic what they will do liereafter is Ick to tities of English and Dutch Bibles and Teyg. its condour to determine," tamenis, and of Dutch and English school.
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FRENCH SLAVE TRADE, l'art ment had pledged itself to prohibit The passing month has in some des their Slave 'Prade to all parts of the gree developed the plans and inten- African coast where we could shew tions of the French with respect to that that trade had beeà effectually the African Slave Trade," and the suppressed. Bat in this ordonnance Island of Hayti.
we cannot discover the most distant On the 29th of August, a circular hint of any such prohibition, alletter, issued from the Administra- though both Governments must be Lion of the Customs, informing the aware, that, to comply with the Fiench merchants that the Slave spirits of the pledge given to Trade is now re-established in all its Lord Castlereagh, the French Slave ancient privileges, and may be car. Trade should have been authorita. ried on from such ports as have a lively restricted to the south ward of public bonding warehouse. The mer the Equator, and the whole coast to chants are allowed to export all the the northward of that line should foreign merchandize required for have been exempted from its rathis trade, as well as the articles of vages. Now, however, the French interior growth or fabric, including Slave Trade has been allowed to arms and ammunition, free from commence, without any reference to duty. This exempliou is exteod. that engagement on the subject of ed to the provisions required bolb its limitation, which, it was hoped, for the crew and the skives. The would have turned aside the overmerchants must enter into a bond flow of misery and devastation from to employ the whole of their lading that part of the coast at least, where in the purchase of Negroes: they some progress had been made irr must prove the extent of their im- rectifying the former disorders. To portations into the French colonies, that very part it is, as the most conby specified certificates; and the riguous and coulvenient, that the number imported must be at least trade' will doubiless be now directa equal in value to the goods exported. ed. And not only has no restriction The trade in Blacks (la traile des been imposed on the French more Noirs), and likewise the trade of the chant in this respect, but an order, French colonies, is permitted to be we nave reason to believe, has alt carried- an only in French ships. ready been delivered by our Govern: And the Negroes may be imported meni to the Count de la Chartres, not only into Martinique and Gua- the French Ambassador, for the imdaloupe, but into all the other mediate transfer to France of SeFrench colonies of which the 6o- negal, Goree, and their dependenvernment shall have recovered
cies. What, then, have we lo* session.
expect, but that the next accounts The first thing which strikes us which are received from Africa will with dismay in this ordonnance, is,, announce the re-appearance of that it contains, no limitation wbate' slave ships at Senegal, at Goree, in ever respecting the parts of the the Gambia, in the Sierra Leone, and African coast to which these expe- along the whole space of interme. ditions of blood and carnage are to diate coast; and that all the melan. be directed. We are the more dis . choly predictions contained in our appointed and alarmed at this onnis- Number for Jone last, will be fully aion, because the public had been realised, if not surpassed? We know, assured by Lord Castlereágh, stand- from the very best authority, that as ing in bis place in the House of early as the beginning of July the Commons, that the French Govern- Moors on the banks of the Sensegul
were exulting in the prospect of of the necessary adjuncts of the reneral of their ancient atroci. this accursed: drastic; what bas ties; and that not only there, but been, what will and must be, while along the whole line of the Wind this wide-wasting calamity is ward Coast, the chiefs and Black permitted to pursue its unrestricted traders, who had begun to reconcile course. themselves to the new and better But we must turn to St. Domingo; order of things which had been estaw the colony, avowedly, with a view to blished there, were eagerly listene which the Slave Trade has been ing for the first rumour of the re. revived by France. A petition bad vival of the French Slave Trade to been presented to the Chamber of abandou their peaceful employ. Deputies, by the former colonists of ments, and to commence in Afrie St. Domingo, calling its attention ca the preliminary work of pil- 10 the state of that islaod. The lage and death. We cannot but petition was referred to a Committee, think that it would have been the chairman of which reported to well if our Government, not only the House on the 16tb instant the had refused to surrender her result of their deliberations. The African settlements to France, but chairman wasGeneral Desfourneaux, had interfered to
prevent the who had formerly served in St. Dosailing of a single slave ship mingo, and who, it is said, bad been from her ports, until her engage. nared the new Governor and Condment respecting the limitation of mander-in-chief of the colony by the trade had been carried into M. Malouet, the late Minister of the effect. For, even supposing that Colonies, whose death was announced this point should hereafter be ef- about a fortnight ago. The repurter fected, still how are we to repair begins with a most unfair and the mischief and the misery even of exaggerated statement of the comthe next six mon:hs of unrestrained mercial advantages whuch had ac Slave Trade on the northern coast crued to France from the possession of Africa? The agriculture, the of St. Domingo, and which are disfair and legitimate commerce which played in such a manner as to had been created, completely para- excite the cupidity of all classes of lysed ;-every benevolent institu. the communiiy. We, in this country, tion overthrown ;-the conductors know, by dear-bought experience, of those very institutions, perhaps, the real value of West-Indian proseduced into the ranks of the slave perty, the cost to the country at traders, and perhaps contriving how which it is defended, and its general to make the objects of their former upproductiveness, not only to the care its first victims ;--the general planter, but to the merchant who security destroyed ;-the fair face may be so improvident as to become of the country deformed by confla- his creditor.-The reporter next gration ; --contention, and prosliga- proceeds to examine the means of cy, and pillage, every where pre- re-establishing the colony of St. Dovailing ;--and all our opening pros- mingo. There das as yet, he obpects of good quenched in the blood serves, been no authentic informaand desolation of Africa !-We tion obtained by Government resicken at the anticipation! Would specting the dispositions of the to God it were but one of ibose day. chiefs who divide this colony be dreams of horror which a vivid tween them; but be knows Chrisimagination may create! No! No! tophe and Petion well enough to These are on the contrary, dreadful believe that they would be eager to realities.
They are not the cow acknowledge the sovereignty of the Jouring of a heated fancy, but the King. In that case, the King should sober description of the matter of be entreated to grant to them, and fact; the unvarnished statement to various other Negro chicfo wbom
he names, all the marks of honour stated, that delay would produce and all the pecuniary advantages new difficulies; and that they re? which befit their situation and that quired, for the re-establishment of of the colony. As this hope, how their estates, fresh funds, which they every may by possibility be disap- could not obtain without some regu. pointed, the Chamber ought, with a lations which should postpone the view co all events, to pray his Ma- existing claiing'on their priperties to jesty to send a sufficient amount those of the persons who might now both of land and sea forces to occupy make them the necessary advances. the colony, and to hoist there the The reporter observed, inat both white flay as the signal of a general these statements had appeared to the amnesty. Taught by the experience Comeniuiee to be founded in justice. of past failures, such an expedition With a view to obviate the evils of could not now fail to be crowned delay, and to take advantage of the with success. And if even the most most healthy season, he recommendtranquillizing, assurances were re ed that the expedition should sail ceived respecting the inteations of the beginning of November. While the chiefs, it would still be necessary the colony, torn by intestine ware, to transport thither, along with the was rapidly verging to destruction, colonists, a sufficient force to put and, under the influence of a prothem in possession of their estates, found and secret policy, was ap. and to secure them in it. The 'rei proaching the end marked out for porter confidently promised a happy it by the commercial interests of a result from the proposed expedition, rival nation, France could not remain whether it were necessary to use inactive. lle therefore proposed to force, or the proprietors were rein- the Chamber, to pray his Majesty to stated with the general consent of present to them laws for the intethe population. To ensure this suc rior regulation of St. Domingo, as cess, however, several things were well with a view to the Blacks alnecessary.
ready there, as to those who should i“, The Goveroment must com- hereafter be introduced ; for fixing mence its operations by entering the civil and political rights of men frankly, and in good faith, on the of all colours, possessed of property great question of the condition of the in the colony; and for regulating Blacks (o Il faut aborder franche- the order in which the creditors of ment et loyalement la "grande ques. the colonists should be entitled to tion de l'eiat des Noirs.'') . It must enforce repayment. He further make to the Blacks all-thie' conces- proposed, that his Majesty should sions which the progress of civiliza. also be entreated to take the necestion in Europe, combined with the sary measures for sending back the well-being of the colony, will re- colonists to St. Domingo, and with quire. The Blacks must be made to theni 'such sea and land forces as feel, that France requires from them should be required to secure a sucregular and assiduous labour, con- cessfül issue to the expedition. fined to the plantations to whieh Afier this exposée, our readers will they belong, without wandering or naturally be anxious to obtain some disorder :1'a labour, however, which authentic information respecting the shall be paid for, and which shall be present state and future prospects Bhaccompanied by harsti treatment of Hayti; especially as it seeins The colonists must return to their to be the hinge on which the slaveestates, with the desire to draw trading speculations of France chiefly thence an'income, by making them turn. The re-possession and re-culproductive, and to superintend their tivation of this island appear Labourers with bunianity and kind favourite
objects with the French; ness.t;: Wein bars and if the expectation of effecting sa The petition of the colonists' bad 'theti, " they have been eager to
plunge anew into all the horrors of placer par des nouveaux malheureus the African Slave Trade. They have transportées des contrées Africaines, incorred the disgrace and the guilt, Nous connoissons toute la profon however, of recommencing this cri- deur de leur sceleratesse, et nous minal traffic for the sake of an object nous empressoas, a l'envi, de les which we do not scruple to pro- servir eficacement, en nous entrenounce to be unattainable. Hayti, delruisant pous mêmes. O delire or the French part of St. Domingo, des passions! O inconcevable fa. is occupied by the African slaves, talilé ! Où n'emportez vous pas or their descendants, wbo formerly les hommes qui ecoutent les factices tilled its soil, under the impulse of illusions ds l'ambition. Ne craj. the lash, for French masters; but gnons nous pas que nos ennemis ne who, since the year 1791, have been nous appliquent justement ces vers : emancipated from bondage, and are now the proprietors of that very
Et prodigues d'un sang qu'ils devroient
menager, soil formerly watered with their
Prenneni, en s'immolant, le soin de nous blood and tears. Their number is
venger." estimated at about 600,000, consiste ing entirely of Blacks and People In consequence, probably, of this of Colour. Since the death of conviction, strongly felt on both Dessalines, in 1806, they have been sides, hostilities have of late been unhappily divided into two rival suspended, as if by mutual consent; states, one under Christophe, occu. and although there has been no for pying chiefly the northern, and the mal armistice, perfect tranquillity Qlher under Petion, occupying chief. has reigned throughout the island. ly the southern part of ihe island. The French newspapers, indeed, The capital of the former is Cape bave industriously circulated reports Henry, formerly Cape François, and of recent battles between the rival of the latter Port-au-Prince. For chiefs, but they are utterly without several years a sanguinary war was foundation. At the beginning of Aucarried between these rival gust last, the date of the latest ace parties, in which Christophe had per. counts, no action, nor any hostile haps the advantage ; but still their movement, bad taken place for near forces proved to be on the whole so three years. nearly balanced, that there was Under these circumstances, both liule prospect that in any short time Christophe and Petion appear 19 one should be able finally to prevail have applied themselves with great over the oiber. In this case, 100, it assiduity to the improvement of the must bave been obvious to both population under their government; parties, that the continuance of the in the encouragement of industry war would in the end have enfeebled and good morals and the increase of thea so much, as 10 make them knowledge among them, and to the an easy prey to their former oppres. preparation of adequate means of sors. A Haytian author, the secre- defence against any attempts the tary of Christophe, who has pub- French may make on their liberty lished a History of recent events in and independence. We could produce that island, makes this observation many proofs of the rapid progress with much feeling : " Ici nait," he which has been made in these obserres, la reflexion la plus objects. One of the most striking triste pour bumanité. Nous sçavons we have met with, is contained in a que nos dissensions font la joie des small book, of 130 octavo pages, amis de l'esclavage ; que nos tyrans printed at Cape Henry a few communs en veulent a nos jours'; months ago, which has just reached qu'ils ne calculent pas moins qu'une up, The typography is highly reannihilation loiale de la population spectáble. It is entitled "
Almanach d'Hayti,qu'ils voudraient pouvoir rem. Royal d'Hayri pour l'Année 1814.".