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ances which human laws make for the unsuccessful in secular occupations.
It should also be remembered, that the Bankrupt Laws were instituted for the relief of the truly unfortunate ; and were not intended to acquit persons of the real and intrinsic claims of right.. Coincident with which idea is the opinion of Dr. Paley, who, speaking of a debtor, savs,“ But when he refuses 10 pay a debt, of the reality of which he is conscious, he canhot plead the intention of ihe statute, and the supreme authority of the law, unless he could shew that the law intended to interpose its supreme authority to acquit men of debts, of the existence and justice of which they were themselves sensible,” And, doubtless, it is the occasion of deep regret to those who“ hold fast their integrity,” that what was originally designed as the asylum of the distressed, proves, too often, the refuge of the indolent, extravagant, and unprincipled.
The subsequent part of the Query, “ May he retire from bu. .siness without making up his dividend, when he finds himself possessed of sufficient property, and consider bimself an honourable Christian, eligible for any public station in the church i” - derives its answer from the solution of the first.
If he possess a sufficiency to support himself and family, besides what will discharge his debts, he is warranted in retiring; if not, he cannot selinquish his' occupation wiibout being iv danger of falling under that censure, “ If any provide not for bis own, and especially for those of his own house, pie hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.” How far that Christian can be honourable who neglects obedience to a clear command, even in circumstances which favour its observance, may be safely left with Common Sense to decide ; and how far such a person can be eligible to office in the church, who"returns not to the owner his right,” when in' his power to do it, those cutting questions may perhaps determine : “ Thou, therefore, that teachest another, teachest thou not thyseit? Thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?"
THE REV, MR. HOWE, A. M. This truly great and good man, whose writings, for depth of thought and ingenuity of reasoning, cannot be sufficiently adınired, though the style of them is oftentimes unhappily obscure, had a native dignity in his manner, which procured him the esteem of every one who knew him. When a change of affairs obliged him to quit the public charge of his beloved congregation, at Torrington, in Devonshire, still inpressed with the sense of his duty, tre took every opportunity Xinh
of preaching the word of life. He and Mr. Flavel used frem. quently to conduct their secret ininistrations at midnight in different louses in the north of Devonshire. One of the principal of these was Hudscott, an ancient mansion belonging to the family of Rolie, between Torrington and South moston.Yet, even here, the observant eye of malevolence was upon them. Mr. Howe bad been officiating there, in a dark and tempestuous wintery night, when an alarm was given that information bad been made, and warrants granted to apprehend him. It was judged prudent for him to quit the house; but in riding over a large common, he and his servant missed their way. After several fruitless efforts to recover it, the attendant went forward to seek for a habitation, where they might either find directions or a lodging. He soon discovered a mansion, with a cheerful invitation to rest there the night. But how great was Mr. Howe's surprize to find, on his arrival, that the house belonged to his most inveterate enemy, a country magistrate, who had often breathed the most implacable venge. ance against him; and, as he had reason to believe, was well acquainted with the occasion of his travelling at such an hour. However, he put the best face he could upon it, and even mentioned his name and residence to the gentleman, trusting to Providence for the result. His entertainer ordered supper. to be provided, and entered into a considerable conversation with his guest; and was so delighted with his company, that it was a very late hour before he could permit him to retire to bis chamber. In the morning Mr. Howe expected to be accosted with a commitment, and sent to Exeter; but, on the contrary, was received by the family at breakfast, with a very hospitable welcome. After mutual civilities, he departed to bis own abode, greatly wondering in himself at the kindness of a man, from whom he had before dreaded so much.
Not long after, the gentleman sent for Mr. Ilowe, who found him confined to his bed by sickness; and still more deeply wounded with the sense of sin. He acknowledged, that when Mr. Howe came first to his door, he inwardly rejoiced that he had an opportunity of exercising his malice upon him, but that his conversation and his manner insensibly awed him into respect. He had long ruminated on the observations which had fallen from the man of God, and was become a penitent, earnestly anxious for the things of eternal life.” From that sickness he recovered, became an eminent Christian, a friend to the conscientious, and a close intimate with the man whom hie had threatened with his vengeance.
EXTRACT FROM COWPER'S LETTERS, VOL. III. Our mentioning Dr. Newton's Treatise on the Prophecies, brings to my mind an anecdote of Dr. Young, who, you know,
died lately at Welwyn. Dr. Cotton, who was intimate with hiin, paid him a visit about a fortnight before he was seized with his last illness. The old man was then in perfect health : the antiquity of his person, the gravity of his utterance, and the earnestness with which he discoursed about religion, gave him, in the Doctor's eye, the appearance of a prophet. They had been delivering their sentiments upon this book of Newton, when Young closed the conference thus:-“ My friend, there are two considerations upon which my faith in Christ is built, as upon a rock:- 1. The fall of man, the redemption of man, and the resurrection of man. The three cardinal articles of our religion are such as human ingenuity could never have invented ; therefore they must be divine." - 2. The other argument is this: “ If the prophecies have been fulfilled (of which there is abundant demonstration) the Scripture must be the word of God; and, if the Scripture is the word of God, Christianity must be true.”
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM • THE LATE REV. MR. TOWGOOD, OF EXETER,
TO THE REV. MR. V Mr. Editor, It is in the private correspondence of intimate friends that we read the
genuine character and disposition of men. Tho' few of your readers will subscribe to the general sentiments of the Author of the following Letter, yet they cannot but unite in his views, respecting what should be the practice of a Minister of Christ.
Exon. Sept. 29, 1779. I CANNOT but say it gave me pleasure very lately to hear that you intended soon to take up your residence at Dand to preach occasionally at M, where there was formerly a cungregation of Dissenters. I hope Providence is opening to you in those parts a scene of usefulness, greater, perhaps, than at present you may seem to expect. If you fix your residence there, a large sphere of usefulness will, I hope, be opened to you, where, by an easy, familiar, gentle, unaffected manner of behaviour, and as plain and unadorned a style as possible in preaching, you will be successful in awakening mens' minds to a serious concern about the things of religion ; and make ready a people prepared for that great event which is approaching, - the coming of the Lord. Let, therefore, your language, my dear Brother, in your sermons, be as plain, siinple, and unado ned as possible - luminous, and not obscured by the affectation of sublimity, or of florid and fin thoughts, and pretty turps of expression. The truths and ob
jects of religion have such infinite weight in themselves, that they need nothing but to be represented in their native simp!icity, to make them, with the blessing of God, produce great influence upon the mind.
Let your conversation be humble and unassuming, strictly temperate and sober - be not delicate, nor over-curious in apparel, or food — remembering we are the disciples of a poor and despised Jesus; and the more we resemble trin in a mortification to all the appetites of sensual life, the greater will be our anticipation of that exalted happiness wbich he will be stow hereafier. I hope you will excuse the freedom with which I address you, and I pray that the Divine Presence and blessing may attend your person and labours.
I am, very attectionately,
AOG the many remarkable instances of Conversion which have taken
place in various parts of America, during the late revival of Religion, the following deserves notice; and forcibly recommends to us the prac. tice of dropping a word for God and Religion, whenever we have suit. able opportunity.
! AT Lebanon, in the State of New York, a certain man dwell, who was about fifty years of age, who had not only lived a very careless life, but was openly opposed to the gospel-plan of Salvation, and to the work of God in the late revival; but he was brought under deep convictions, in the following manner:- There came into his house a traveller, with a burden ni bis back ; the family being about to sit dowo to dinner, the stranger was invited to partake with them: he accepted the in; ỹitation. When the repast was finished, and the members of the family were withdrawing from their seats, the stranger said, “Don't let us forget to give thanks to God." lle accordingly gave thanks and departed. The man of the house felt reprored and confounded. The words of the stranger were fastened on his mind by the power of God. Ile was led to reflect on his wickedness in being unmindful of God, in neglecting prayer and thanksgiving. He was also led to reflect on his manifold sins, until they appeared to him a burden infinitely greater than that which the traveller bore. He found no relief ontil, as he hopes, his heart was effectually changed by the operation of the Spirit of God. His wife also, about the same time, was convinced of her sins, and, it is hoped, converted,
EPHRAIM BURFORD. tion in his character (and who is
free from imperfection ?) his meDIED, Aug. 20, 1804, at his mory will be extensively cherishhouse in Stratford, near Bow, Mr. ed ; and the impression made by Ephraim Burford, aged sixty-one. his life and death, in favour of He has lert a very numerous but pure and undefiled religion, will united family to lainent.the loss of appear, it is hoped, to be strong hum. Being converted to Christ in and perinanent. He was interred, his youth, he brought tortli, during according to his own desire, in the a long period, the fruits of righte- burial - ground, in St. Thomas's onsness. For his judgment in things Square, Hackney, near tothis de: pertaining to the gospel, which was ceased brother, Mr. John Burford. very solid and correct, he was much Mr. Newman addressed the muurns indebted to the ministry of Mr. ing family at the grave; and after. Booth, in Goodman's Fields; of wards improved the solemn event whose church he was a member for (Lord's Day, Septeinber 4) to the many years; and was dismissed to
church and congregation at Old the church under the care of Mr. ford.
W. N. Newman, in Oldford, Dec. 2, 1798. his daily walk was serious, rezular and uniform. Abhorring the
MRS. SWAIN. leviry of carnal professors, he was in health as well as in sickness,
On the 30th of June, 1804, died, emphatically a serious Christian: in the parish, of Lattern, Essex, he endured a very lingering flic- Mrs. Swain, wife of Mr. Wni, tion, which extended thro' eigh. Swain, in the seventy-first year of teen months, with profound pas her age. She was born of very pious tience and serene subniission to the parents, at Staple Grove, in the will of God. Deeply impressed neighbourhood of Taunton, Somerwith the solemn prospect of death setshire. Her mother, a Christian anat eternity, he abounded in “great indeed, died suddenly upon her te. searchings of heart.” The ex- turn from hearing a preparation treme caution which was natural to sermon on a Friday, by Mr. Pearhim as a inan, and habitual to him sall, with whom she dined that day. as a tradesman, he carried into his It had long been her desire, that, closet, and used upon his bed, whea if it was the Divine Will, she would communing with his own heart; and prefer being taken away suddenly. it appeared to thot who often vi. Her daughcer, the subject of this, sited' him, that the frame of his was (as she told me) brought to mind was, in general, evangelical the knowledge of herself as a fallen to a high degree ; equally distant guilty sinner, and to an acquaint. from Pharisaic pride and Antino- ance with Jesus Christ as an able mian presumption. If he was not and willing Saviour, vo the twentyelevated to raptures of joy, he was first year of her age : she soon after nevertheless an ardent lover of became a member of the church im Christ; and would sometimes speak Taunton, under the pastoral care with great warmth and energy of of Mr. Pearsall; afterwards she t be exceeding riches of divine grace. removed to London, where she While he was not ashamed of be- united with God's people at the ing called a Calvinist of the Bap. Tabernacle, in commemorating the tist denomination, hie exhibited true sufferings and death of the Saviour; liberality, without bigotry, and afterwards, she joined in cominu. without indifference. Notwit!?- nion, with the church in Jewry standing, some shades of imperfec: Street, under the pastoral care of