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LUKE 1.6-8.

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renewing of the Holy Ghost; Which | Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.

he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; That, being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs, according to the hope of eternal life, Tit. iii. 3-7. See also on Matt. i. ver. 19. clause 1.

b And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and my judgments, 1 Kings ix. 4. I beseech thee, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore, 2 Kings xx. 3. Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments, Psal. cxix. 6. And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God and toward men, Acts xxiv. 16. For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, Teaching us, that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ, Tit. ii. 11-13. And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments, 1 John ii. 3. That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world, Phil. ii. 15. In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy, and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight, Col. i. 22. To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of cur Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints, 1 Thess. iii. 13. Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless, 2 Pet. iii. 14.


VER. 7.

Καὶ οὐκ ἦν αὐτοῖς τέκνον, καθότι ἡ Ἐλισάβετ ἦν στεῖρα, καὶ ἀμφότεροι προβεβηκότες ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις αὑτῶν ἦσαν.

And they had no child, because that

VER. 8.

Εγένετο δὲ ἐν τῷ ἱερατεύειν αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ Táže Tñç ionμepías avtoũ évavтI TOỮ QEOũ,

And it came to pass, that while he a executed the Priest's office before God in the order of his course,

a And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons, Exod. xxviii. 1. And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anoint them and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office, 41, and xxix. 1. Now these are the divisions of the sons of Aaron.-Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen chief men of the house of their fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers. Thus were they divided by lot, one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors of the house of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of Ithamar. And Shemaiah the son of Nathaniel the scribe, one of the Levites, wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and before the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and one taken for Ithamar.-These were the orderings of them in their service to come into the house of the LORD, according to their manner, under Aaron their father, as the LORD God of Israel had commanded them, 1 Chron. xxiv. 1. 4-6. 19. And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, 2 Chron. viii. 14. And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites after their courses, every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister, and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the tents of the

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LUKE 1. 8-13.

LORD, 2 Chron. xxxi. 2. And they set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, which is at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses, Ezra vi. 18.

VER. 9.

Κατὰ τὸ ἔθος τῆς ἱερατείας, ἔλαχε τοῦ θυμιάσαι, εἰσελθὼν εἰς τὸν ναὸν τοῦ Κυρίου. According to the custom of the Priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.

a And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations, Exod. xxx. 7, 8. And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel, to be my priest, and to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me, 1 Sam. ii. 28.

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aSee on Matt. xviii. ver. 10. clause 2. b And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon; of shittim-wood shalt thou make it. A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof the horns thereof shall be of the same. And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about. And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof; upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the

A. M. 3998. staves to bear it withal. And thou shalt make the staves of shittim-wood, and overlay them with gold. And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy-seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee. And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning, when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn inbefore the LORD throughout your gecense upon it; a perpetual incense nerations, Exodus xxx. 1-8. And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. Rev. viii. 3.

VER. 12.

Καὶ ἐταράχθη Ζαχαρίας ἰδὼν, καὶ φόβος ἐπέπεσεν ἐπ ̓ αὐτόν·

And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.

VER. 13.

Ζαχαρία· διότι εἰσηκούσθη ἡ δέησίς σου· Εἶπε δὲ πρὸς αὐτὸν ὁ ἄγγελος· Μὴ φοβοῦ, καὶ ἡ γυνὴ σου Ελισάβετ γεννήσει υἱόν σοι, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἰωάννην.

But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: a for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, band thou shalt call his name John.

a And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived, Gen. xxv. 21. Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the Lord. And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow. But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever. And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good;

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tarry until thou have weaned him; [ only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him. And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young. And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli. And she said, Oh, my lord! as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD. For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I

asked of him: Therefore also I have

lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there, 1 Sam. i. 20-28. And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son. And she said, Nay, my lord, thou man of God, do not lie unto thine handmaid. And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha had said unto her, according to the time of life, 2 Kings iv. 16, 17.

b And it came to pass, that on the eight day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father. And his mother answered and said, Not so; but he shall be called John. And they said unto her, There is none of thy kindred that is called by this name. And they made signs to his father, how he would have him called. And he asked for a writing-table, and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they marvelled all. And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, and praised God,


VER. 14.

Καὶ ἔσται χαρά σοι καὶ ἀγαλλίασις, καὶ πολλοὶ ἐπὶ τῇ γεννήσει αὐτοῦ χαρή


a And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.

a And her neighbours and her cousins heard how the Lord had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her, ver. 58. The father of the righteous shall greatly rejoice: and he that begetteth a wise child shall have

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a See on Matt. xi. ver. 9. and 11, clause 1.

b For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil, Luke vii. 33. and Matt. xi. 18. Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When either man or woman shall separate themselves to vow a vow of a Nazarite, to separate themselves unto the LORD: He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried. All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, from the kernels even to the husk, Numb. vi. 2—4.

And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance, Acts ii. 4. For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much people were added unto the Lord, xi. 24. And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit, Eph. v. 18.

d Before thou camest forth out of the

womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations, Jer. i. 5.

VER. 16.

Καὶ πολλοὺς τῶν υἱῶν Ἰσραὴλ ἐπι στρέψει ἐπὶ Κύριον τὸν Θεὸν αὐτῶν.

a And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.

a And thou, child, shalt be called The prophet of the highest: For thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways, ver. 76. In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judæa, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven

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is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey. Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judæa, and all the region round about Jordan. And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins, Matt. iii. 1-6. For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him

not: but the Publicans and the har

lots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him, xxi. 32.

VER. 17.

Καὶ αὐτὸς προελεύσεται ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ ἐν πνεύματι καὶ δυνάμει Ηλίου, ἐπιστρέψαι καρδίας πατέρων ἐπὶ τέκνα, καὶ ἀπειθεῖς ἐν φρονήσει δικαίων, ἑτοιμάσαι Κυρίῳ λαὸν κατεσκευασμένον.

a And he shall go before him bin the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

*Or, by,

a John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me for he was before me, John i. 15. Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself? He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias. And they which were sent, were of the Pharisees. And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet? John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye know not; He it is, who coming after me, is preferred before me, whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose. These things were done in Bethabara, beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing. The next day John seeth Jesus com

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ing unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world! This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me, 22-30.

b See on Matt. iii. ver. 3.


Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers! who hath warn ed you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth, therefore, fruits worthy of repentance; and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That children unto Abraham. And now also God is able of these stones to raise up the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree, therefore, which bringeth not forth good fruit, is hewn down, and cast into the fire. And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then? He answered and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise. Then came also Publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do? And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages, iii. 7-14. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse, Mal. iv. 5, 6.

d They also that erred in spirit shall murmured shall learn doctrine, Isa. come to understanding, and they that xxix. 24. He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went, Matt. xxi. 29. Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you: but ye are washed,

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but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God, 1 Cor. vi. 9-11.

e And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the LoRD with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and ¦ Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the LORD, and serve him only, 1 Sam. vii. 3. And Hezekiah rejoiced, and all the people, that God had prepared the people: for the thing was done suddenly, 2 Chron. xxix. 36. The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, is from the LORD, Prov. xvi. 1. And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, Rom. ix. 23.

VER. 18.

Καὶ εἶπε Ζαχαρίας πρὸς τὸν ἄγγελον Κατὰ τί γνώσομαι τοῦτο; ἐγὼ γάρ εἰμι πρεσβύτης, καὶ ἡ γυνή μου προβεβηκυῖα ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις αὐτῆς.

And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in


VER. 19.

Καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς ὁ ἄγγελος, εἶπεν αὐτῷ· Εγώ εἰμι Γαβριὴλ ὁ παρεστηκὼς ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ· καὶ ἀπεστάλην λαλῆσαι πρός σε, καὶ εὐαγγελίσασθαί σοι ταῦτα.

And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the

presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these, glad tidings.

a And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, ver. 26. And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision, Dan. viii. 16. Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly

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