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« let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk “ privily for the innocent without cause :

Let us swallow them up alive as “ the grave, and whole, as those that go “ down into the pit: 13. We shall find " all precious substance, we shall fill our “ houses with spoil: 14. Cast in thy lot “ among us, let us all have one purse:

15. My son, walk not thou in the way “ with them ; refrain thy foot from their “ path. 16. For their feet run to evil, « and make haste to shed blood. 17. Surely “ in vain the net (h) is spread in the sight “ of any bird. 18. And they lay wait for “ their own blood (i), they lurk privily for " their own lives. 19.


ways “ of every one that is greedy of gain : " which taketh (k) away the life of the “ owners thereof." 20. Wisdom (?) crieth without, she uttereth her voice in the streets : 21. She crieth in the chief place of concourse (m), in the openings of the gates : in the city she uttereth her words, saying, 22. “ How long, ye simple ones, “ will ye love simplicity (n) ? and the “ scorners delight in their scorning, and « fools hate knowledge ? 23. Turn you « at my reproof : behold, I will pour out “ my spirit unto( ) you, I will make known “ my words unto you. 24. Because (P) I “ have called and ye refused, I have “ stretched out my hand, and no man

are the

" regarded; 25: But ye · have set at “ nought all my counsel; and would “ of my reproof: 26. I also will laugh at

your calamity, I will mock when your " fear cometh ; 27. When your fa « cometh as desolation, and your destru « tion cometh as a whirlwind; whe “ distress and anguish cometh upon you “ 28. Then shall they call upon me,

but " will not answer; they shall seek o “ early, but they shall not find me

29. For that they hated knowledge, a « did not choose the fear of the Lon.

30. They would none of my counsel as they despised all my reproof. 31. There “ fore shall they eat of the fruit of the own way,

and be filled with their or “ devices.' 32. For the turning away r of the simple shall slay them (9), and to “ prosperity of fools shall destroy then

33. But whoso hearkeneth unto “ shall dwell safely, and shall be que « from fear of evil.”

CHAP. II.(r)
Y (s) son, if thou wilt recere at

words, and hide “ ments with thee; 2. So that thou incine " thine ear unto wisdom, and apply the “ heart to understanding : 3. Yea, if the “ criest after (t) knowledge, and liftest er “ thy voice (t) for understanding: 4. If the


my commande

(0) 2. 23. ( v. 24.

you not.”

(b) v. 17.

“ The net, &c.” Probably a proverb. As a bird has so much sense as not to run into a net it sees spread for its destruction, what will be your folly, if you are drawn in by these inticements, which you are apprized will produce yours?

(i) v. 18. “ Their own blood, &c.” Their own destruction will be the consequence of their misconduct : “ their own blood," and “ their own lives," will be the sacrifice. (k) v. 19,

Taketh away the life of," i.e. " bringeth destruction upon."

(1) v. 20. “ Wisdom, &c." Instead of "listening to the allurements of sinners, attend to the calls of Wisdom: neglect will be fatal.

(m) v. 21. “ Chief place of concourse ;" “the openings of the gates," and " the city," the most public places. Her calls are open : she has no cause for concealment.

(n) v. 22. “How long, ye foolish ones, will

ye love folly? how long will the scorners, * &c."

“ Unto," or upon."

“ Because, &c." A spirited i nunciation against those who reject the calle Wisdom. In the parable of the ten virgy Matt. xxv. 1 to 12. our Saviour intimates, te against those who have not made the due paration in the proper time, the door is de for ever. His answer to their call is, " Find

1 say unto you, I know

(9) v. 32. « Turning away," or "bad “ sliding,” “ wickedness." " Them,"i.e. “ simple and fools, who reject my, " they shall bring upon themselves their « destruction."

(r) The advantages of pursuing true dom, by securing God's favour, obtaisi deliverance from wicked men and wicked women, and ensuring temporal prosperity

. (s) v. 1. “ My," i.e.““ Wisdomis." was speaking in the preceding chapter, this is a continuation of her address.

“ Criest after,'' and “ liftest

(t) v. 3.

seekest her as (t) silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures: 5. Then shalt thou understand (w) the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge (x) of God. 6. For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding. 7. He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly. 8. He keepeth the paths of judgement (y), and preserveth the way of his saints. 9. Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judgement, and equity yea, every good path. 10. When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul; 11. Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee :

12. To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things. 13. Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness: 14. Who rejcice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked. 15. Whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths (z). 16. To deliver thee from the strange woman, even from the stranger which flattereth with her words; 17. Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. 18. For her house inclineth unto death, and her paths unto the dead. 19. None that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life. 20. That thou (a) mayest walk in the way of good men, and keep the paths of the righteous. 21. For the upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall : remain in it. 22. But the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the transgressors shall be rooted out of it."

Y son, forget not my law; but let

thine heart keep my commands ments :

2. For length of days, and long “ life, and peace shall they add to thee.

3. Let not mercy and truth forsake “ thee: bind them about thy neck, write “ them upon the table of thine heart. 4.

So shalt thou find favour, and good « understanding in the sight of God and

man. 5. Trust in the LORD with all 5 thine heart; and lean not unto thine “ own understanding. 6. In all thy ways “ acknowledge him, and he shall direct “ thy paths. 7. Be not wise in thine own

eyes : fear the LORD, and depart from " evil. 8. It shall be health to thy navel, " and marrow to thy bones. 9. Honour “ the LORD with thy substance, and with 66 the first-fruits of all thine increase.

10. So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out

with new wine. 11. My son, despise “ not the chastening of the LORD: neither “ be weary of his correction.

12. For « whom the LORD loveth, he correcteth, “ even as a father the son, in whom he

delighteth. 13. Happy is the man that “ findeth wisdom, and the man that get“ teth understanding. 14. For the mer" chandize of it is better than the mer“ chandize of silver, and the gain thereof " than fine gold. 15. She is more precious " then rubies : and all the things thou os canst desire, are not to be compared “ unto her. 16. Length of days is in her “ right hand : and in her left hand riches " and honour. 17. Her ways are ways of « pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. “ 18. She is a tree of life to them that lay “ hold upon her; and happy is every one

thy voice for;" expressions to signify an nxious desire and strenuous attempts to obtain nowledge and understanding.

(t) v.4. “ As,” i. e. with as much earnestless as you would for silver or hidden treasures. (u) v. 5.

“ Understand," i. e. blessings of.” (x) v. 5. “ Knowledge,”. or regard, countenance, protection, assistance.”

(y) v. 8. “ Judgment," or "the just,” who sause or promote or execute justice and judg.

reap the

ment. In the preceding verse, and in the latter branch of this, he is speaking, not of what God is in himself, but of what he does for the good.

(z) v.15. “ Whose ways are crooked, and paths froward.""

(a) v. 26. “ That thou mayest walk, &c.” governed in construction by verse 11. The third effect of discretion and understanding. The first is deliverance from evil men, (verse 12 to 15.) the second from evil women, (rerse 16. to 19.), and this is the third.

20. By his knowledge the A FALSE

balance is abomination to the

22. So

" that retaineth her. 19. The LORD by « wisdom hath founded the earth; by

CHAP. XI. “ understanding hath he established the K heavens.

LORD: but a just weight is his delight. k depths are broken up, and the clouds 2. When pride cometh, then cometh shame: « drop down the dew. 21. My son, let but with the lowly is wisdom. 3.

The “ not them depart from thine eyes: keep integrity of the upright shall guide them « sound wisdom and discretion.

but the perverseness of transgressors shal shall they be life unto thy soul, and destroy them. 4. Riches profit not in the

grace to thy neck. 23. Then shalt thou day of wrath : but righteousness delivered " walk in thy way safely, and thy foot from death. 5. The righteousness of the shall not stumble.

24. When thou perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked k liest down, thou shalt not be afraid : shall fall by his own wickedness 6.11 yea,

thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep righteousness of the upright shall deline " shall be sweet. 25. Be not afraid of them: but transgressors shall be taken al a sudden fear, neither of the desolation of their own naughtiness. 7. When a wickel w the wicked, when it cometh. 26. For man dieth, his expectation (f) shall perish « the Lord shall be thy confidence, and and the hope of unjust men perishet « shall keep thy foot from being taken: 8. The righteous is delivered out of trouble « 27. Withhold not good from them to and the wicked cometh in his stead. 9. Al to whom it is due, when it is in the power hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth ha w of thine hand to do it. 28. Say not neighbour : but through knowledge * unto thy neighbour, “ Go and come the just be delivered. 10. When it card " again, and to-morrow I will give;" when well with the righteous, the city rejacet: ks thou hast it by thee. 29. Devise not and when the wicked perish, their to evil against thy neighbour, seeing (8) he shouting. 11. By the blessing of the to dwelleth securely (c) by thee. 30. Strive upright the city is exalted : but it is eart « not with a man without cause, if he thrown by the mouth of the wicked " have done thee no harm. 31. Envy

12. He that is void of wisdom despiseth (e| " thou not the oppressor, and choose none his neighbour : but a man of understandig 32. For the froward is

holdeth his peace. 86 abomination to the LORD: but his se- vealeth secrets : but he that is of a faithfu « cret (d) is with the righteous. 33. The spirit concealeth the matter. 14.

curse of the LORD is in the house of the no counsel is, the people fall: but in 1 * wicked: but he blesseth the habitation multitude of counsellors there is safed “ of the just. 34. Surely he scorneth 15. He that is surety for a stranger to the scórners : but he giveth grace unto

smart for it and he that hateth suretysh " the lowly. 35. The wise shall inherit

is sure.

16. A (k) gracious woman retain “ glory, but shame shall be the promo- eth honour: and strong men retain riche * tion (e) of foolis.”

17. The merciful man doeth good to

* of his ways.

13. A talebearer

“ revich

(%) v.29 “ Seeing, &c." or " even him " that dwelleth securely by thee.”

(c) v. 29. " Securely," i.e. " quietly and “ without suspicion," doing thee no wrong, and expecting none from thèe.

(d) 0.32. " Secret," or "protection."

(e) v.35. "The promotion," the only distinction they shall obtain."

a v.7. " His expectation, &c." The meaning probably is, « The wicked can have

no hope (fear he may) as to what is to happen

to him after death." All his hopes must be confined to this life.

(8) 0.12. “ Despiseth," or " “ reproacheth."

(b) v. 16. Read, “ a gracious woman bring 6 eth honour to her husband, but she thi “ hateth righteousness, reproach. The nic «« if slothful, shall come to poverty: but if “ industrious shall retain his wealth.” This warranted by the Greek, Arabic, and Syra and the verse as it now stands, has no it wants that opposition in the two brancheid the verse which

runs throughout the chapes See 1 Kennic Diss. 508.


) WH


wn soul: but ke that is cruel troubleth his ywn flesh. 18. The wicked worketh a

CHAP. XII. leceitful (i) work: but to him that soweth 7 HOSO loveth instruction, loveth ighteousness ball be sure reward.

knowledge (m) : but he that hateth 19. As righteousness tendeth to life : so he reproof, is brutish (m). 2. A good man ob. hat pursueth eyil pursueth it to his own taineth favour of the LORD: but a man of leath. 20. They that are of a froward wicked devices will he condemn. 3. A heart are abomination to the LORD: but man shall not be established by wickeduch as are upright in their way are his ness : but the root of the righteous shall lelight. 21. Though hand join in hand, the not be moved. 4. A virtuous woman is picked shall not be unpunished: but the a crown to her husband : but she that seed of the righteous shall be delivered. maketh ashamed, is as rottenness in his 22. As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, bones. 5. The thoughts of the righteous (k) is a fair woman which is without dis- are right: but the counsels of the wicked retion. 23. The desire of the righteous are deceit. 6. The words of the wicked s only, good : but the expectation of the are to lie in wait for blood : but the mouth wicked is wrath. 24. There is that scat- of the upright shall deliver them. 7. The tereth (1), and yet increaseth ; and there is wicked are overthrown, and are not : but that withholdeth more than is meet, but the house of the righteous shall stand. i tendeth to poverty. 25. The liberal soul 8. A man shall be commended according shall be made fat: and he that watereth to his wisdom : but he that is of a pershall be watered also himself. 26. He verse heart shall be despised. 9. He that that withholdeth corn, the people shall is despised (n) and hath a servant, is better curse him : but blessing shall be upon the than he that honoureth (n) himself, and lackhead of him that selleth it.

eth bread. 10. A righteous mun regardeth diligently seeketh good procureth favour: the life of his beast : but the tender merbut he that seeketh mischief, it shall come cies of the wicked are cruel (o). 11. He unto him. 28. He that trusteth in his that tilleth his land () shall be satisfied riches, shall fall: but the righteous shall with bread: but he that followeth ( ) vain flourish as a branch. 29 He that troubleth persons, is void of understanding. 12. The his own house, shall inherit the wind : and wicked desireth (9) the net (9) of evil men : the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart. but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit. 30. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of 13. The wicked is snared by the transgreslife ; and he that winneth souls, is wise. sion of his lips : but the just shall come out 31. Behold, the righteous shall be recom- of trouble. 14. A man shall be satisfied with pensed in the earth : much more the wicked good by the fruit of his mouth (r), and and the sinner.

the recompense of a man's hands shall be

27. He that

) v. 18. “ Deceitful," " what will bring " him no recompence, what will disappoint his " expectations."

(k) v. 22. “ So, &c." i. e.“ beauty in such

a woman is as much misplaced, as a jewel * would be in a swine's snout.”

(1) v. 24. “ Scattereth," charity * and good works." His generosity, instead of diminishing his substance, causes its increase : according to verse 25. he, as being a liberal soul, is made fat, (i. e. rich), and from watering, (i.e. conferring upon others), he is watered also himself, his riches are made to increase.

(m) v.1. “ Loveth knowledge," i.e. " is wise."

“ Brutish,” i. e. “ foolish.” (n) v.9. “ Is despised," i. e. “ makes no * outward shew to attract attention :" “ ho

“ noureth himself,” by assuming importance, and displaying external pomp. He, who has all the comforts of life, but makes no display, is better off than he who sacrifices all his com. forts to appearance.

( ) v. 10. “ Are cruel.” A strong way of expressing that they have no mercy.

6) v. 11. “ Tilleth his land," i. e. “ is in- dustrious.” “Followeth vain persons,” i. e.

gives up his time to idleness and vain pursuits."

(9) v. 12. “ Desireth," without obtaining it. See Prov. xiii. 4. The contrast is, between the uncertainty of the gains of the wicked, and the certainty of those of the good. “The net of evil men," i. e. " the pro* fits they sometimes make."

( v. 14. “ The fruit of his mouth," i.e. rendered unto him. 15. The way of a

bour: but the way of the wicked seduceth fool is right (s) in his own eyes : but he them (d). 27. The slothful man roasteth that hearkeneth unto counsel, is wise. not (e) that which he took in hunting : 16. A fool's wrath is presently known : but the substance of a diligent man is prebut a prudent an covereth shame (t). cious (f). 28. In the way of righteous17. He that speaketh truth, sheweth forth ness is life, and in the path-way thereof righteousness : but a false witness, deceit. there is no death. 18. There is that speaketh like the pier

CHAP. XIII. winter health (x).. 19. The lip of truth shall A Structions but ca scorner heareth or cings (u) of a sword: but the tongue of the

Wise son heareth (inbe established for ever : but a lying tongue is but for a moment (y). 20. Deceit (z) is rebuke. 2. A man shall eat good by in the heart of them that imagine evil : fruit of his mouth (b): but the soul of the but to the counsellors of peace, is joy. transgressor shall eat violence. 3. He the 21. There shall no evil happen to the just : keepeth his mouth (i) keepeth his life : la but the wicked shall be filled with mis- he that openeth wide his lips, shall have chief (a). 22. Lying lips are abomination destruction. 4. The soul of the sluggard to the LORD : but they that deal truly are

desireth (k), and hath nothing: but the his delight. 23. A prudent man con- soul of the diligent shall be made fat

. cealeth (6) knowledge: but the heart of fools 5. A righteous man hateth lying: but a proclaimeth (6) foolishness. 24. The hand wicked man is loathsome, and cometh to of the diligent shall bear rule: but the sloth- shame. 6. Righteousness keepeth (1) liv ful shall be under tribute. 25. Heaviness that is upright in the way: but wickedress in the heart of man maketh it stoop : but overthroweth the sinner. 7. There is the a good word (c) maketh it glad. 26. The maketh himself rich (m), yet hath noche righteous is more excellent than his neigh- there is that maketh himself poor, yet buah

" the goodness which proceeds from it.” In
Heb. xiii. 15. “the sacrifice of praise to God,"
is called “the fruit of the lips.” See post,
Is. lvii. 19. note.
(s) v. 15.

Right, &c.” He disdains to take advice.

(t) v. 16. “ Covereth shame,” i. e. (probably) “ is not hasty to notice what may be

meant as an affront :" pretends not to see it.

(u) v. 18. “ The piercings, &c.” So Prov. xviii. 8. “ The words of a tale-bearer are as << wounds; and they go down into the innermost parts

of the belly :” “ not merely ex“ ternal, but reach the vitals ; touch the soul “ to the quick.” See 2 Barrow's Serm. 69.

(x) v. 18. “ Health,” i. e. “ invigorating, • doeth good.” (y) v. 19.

“ But for a moment." So soon exposed. 1 Tillots. 43.

(2), v. 20. " Deceit," or “ heaviness.”

(a) v. 21. “ Mischief,” or “ distress ;" " trouble ;” “ misery.” The contrast is between what shall happen to the just, and what to the wicked.

(b) v. 23. “ Concealeth, &c." i.e. “is not “ forward to make even sensible remarks.” “ Proclaimeth,” cannot resist obtruding his, however simple.

(c) v. 25.“ A good word, &c." i.e.“how.

ever the heart


be depressed, kind words " will raise it.”

(d) v. 26. “ Seduceth them," i.e. (probably) “ is seducing, attractive ;"" better å

appearance than the way of the righteous." (e) v. 27.

" Roasteth not, &c." i.e." deer “ not enjoy ; derives no benefit from what he “ has taken extraordinary pains to obtain." (f). v. 27

“ Precious," i. e. “ useful," “ serviceable.” The diligent making the mest of what he gets, and the slothful turning it to no account.

(8) v.1. “ Heareth,'' i.e. willingly, chere fully; listens to it.

(b) v. 2. “ By the fruit of his mouth," : “ by the goodness which proceeds from to See ante, Prov. xii. 14.

(i) v. 3. “ Keepeth his mouth," i.e." “ cautious what he says.” The opposite him, who“ openeth wide his lips."

(b) v.4.“ Desireth," is occupied in wiibing not in doing.

(1) v. 6. “ Keepeth,” „. e. “ preserveth," in opposition to “ overthroweth." (m) v: 7.

Maketh himself rich," i. c. pretends to great wealth.” Patr. Grot. er the reference may be to the use of riches : 0 who has but little, almost nothing, being equal to a rich man, by the prudent use of what be

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