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same manner as a cluster on the vine does from only one or two grapes.
§ 2. Some examples of the Allegory may be very proper to be produced. Not to be tedious in the citations of them, let the following instances suffice :
Did I but purpose to embark with thee
That is a fine Allegory in the Poem, intitled the Spleen :
Thus, thus I steer my bark, and fail
E 4 Judg. xiv. 14.- This observation shewş us, that an Allegory ought not to be ranked under the Mecapher, as it undoubtediy extends itself to other Tropes.
* Prior's Henry and Emma.
With store fufficient for relief, . "
The whole fourteenth ode of the first book of HORACE is an Allegory, exquisitely wrought by that great favourite of the Muses *
O fhip! new billows foon will rise, .
And bear thee off to sea again : What madness? O in time be wise,
Make, make thy port, nor tempt the main.
Thou hear'st with horror o'er thee groan;
Soon must thou see it rushing down.
The wave, and conflict with the tide ;
Tho' all are starting from thy fide. ..
. O navis, referent in mare te novi
Portum. Nonne vides, at
Nudum remigio latus, .
How rent, how tatter'd are thy sheets !
Thy guardian Gods that grac'd thy prow,
No more shall hear thy suppliant vow!
The daughter of a noble wood,
No splendors bribe th’ingulphing flood...
No more with Ocean's terrors strive; .
Should'st headlong to perdition drive.
Still my fond hope, and dearest care,
Whatever glitt'ring charms they wear. We meet with a most beautiful Allegory in Psalm lxxx. from the 8th Verse: « Thou haft ss brought, says the Pfalmift, a vine out of Egypt: . Thou hast cast out the Heathen, and planted ss it. Thou preparedst room before it, and didst
ss cause Æquor ? non tibi sunt integra lintea; I . Non Dii, quos iterum pressa voces malo; is Quamvis Pontica pinus,
Silvæ filia nobilis, cum
Fidit. Tu, niâ ventis , , ,
Debes ludidibrium, cave...
Interfusa nitentes .
* cause it to take deep root, and it filled the -ss land. The hills were covered with the shadow sis of it, and the boughs thereof were like the ss goodly cedars. She sent out her boughs unto is the sea, and her branches unto the river. Why ss haft thou broken down her hedges, so that all is they which pass by the way do pluck her ?
The boar out of the wood doth waste it, and * the wild beast of the field doth devour it. Re$s turn, we befeech thee, O God of hosts; look ss down from heaven, and behold, and visit this ss vine: and the vineyard which thy right hand ss hath planted, and the branch that thou madest ss strong for thyself. It is burnt with fire; it is ss cut down. They perish at the rebuke of thy
countenance," ico... .
$ 3. Allegories are of two forts, pure and mixed. : Pure Allegories are such as preserve the Trope from the beginning to the end of them without any opening, if I may so call it, of the literal sense. Such an Allegory is that Ode of HORACE which we have but now recited; so that “ many “ learned Commentators, says Mr Francis, in 66 a note upon his translation of the Ode, under« stand it in a plain historical manner; though 66 QUINTILIAN, whose judgment we scruple not « to prefer, quotes the Ode as an example of 6 the Allegory, and tells us, that throughout “ the whole passagė, the Poet means by the < ship the commonwealth; by the waves and
? L inn" tempests, s tempests, civil wars; and by the haven, peace “ and concord 7." The danger arising from a pure Allegory is that of obscurity, and whoever frequently uses it, should take particular care that he does not involve the sense in hard and difficult riddles, which ought to shine out clear and perspicuous, as it may do even from under the veil of Tropes themselves, according to the very just account of Metaphors, which will alike extend to Allegories, by Lord LANSDOWNE, in his Elay upon unnatural Flights in Poetry :
As veils transparent cover but not hide,
$ 4. Mixed Allegories are such Allegories as are not intire, but admit of spaces in which the literal sense appears : or, in other words, proper and allegorical expressions are alternately used in the same fentence or paragraph. Of this kind is that Allegory in the speech of Philip King of Macedon,
in + Ananyogia, quam inverfionem interpretamur, aliud verbis, aliud sensu oftendit, ac etiam interim contrarium. Prius, ut
O navis, referent in mare te novi · Fluctus. O quid agis ? fortiter occupa .. .
Portum Totusque ille Horatü locus, quo navim, pro republica ; fuc. tuum tempeftates, pro bellis civilibus; portum pro pace atque concordia dicet. QUINTIL. lib. viii. cap. 6. 20 ;