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ROM. II. 13.
a For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law; but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision, ver. 25. Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes, and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers giveth you, Deut. iv. 1. Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey, vi. 3. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it, xxx. 12 -14. And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them, Ezek. xx. 11. Also, thou son of man, the children of thy people still are talking against thee, by the walls and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another, every one to his brother, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is the word that cometh forth from the Lord. And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them; for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness. And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument: for they hear thy words, but they do them not. And when this cometh to pass, (lo, it will come,) then shall they know that a prophet hath been among them, xxxiii. 30-33. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doth the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many shall say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in
A. D. 60. thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you; depart from me, ye that work iniquity. Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not for it was founded upon a rock. And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell and great was the fall of it, Matt. vii. 21-27. And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it, Luke viii.' 21. But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass; For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, be being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed, Jam. i. 21-25. If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him, 1 John ii. 29. Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous, iii. 7.
b Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight; for by the law is the knowledge of sin, Rom. ii. 20. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God, 23. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, that the man which doeth those things shall live by them, x. 5. And behold, a certain Lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and
with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself. And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right; this do, and thou shalt live. But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour? Luke x. 25--29. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, the just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them, Gal. iii. 11, 12.
C See on Matt. xii. ver. 37.
“Οταν γὰρ ἔθνη τὰ μὴ νόμον ἔχοντα, φύσει τὰ τοῦ νόμου ποιῇ, οὗτοι νόμον μὴ ἔχοντες, ἑαυτοῖς εἰσι νόμος·
For when the Gentiles, a which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, cure a law unto themselves:
a For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law; and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law, ver.
What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision? Much every way: chiefly
because that unto them were committed the oracles of God, iii. 1, 2. For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the LORD our God is in all things that we call upon him for? Deut. iv. 7. He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation; and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the Lord, Psal. cxlvii. 19, 20. Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways, Acts xiv. 16. And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent, xvii. 30. That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world, Eph. ii. 12.
And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumciVOL. II.
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sion dost transgress the law? ver. 27 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead: so that they are without excuse, i. 19, 20. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things, Phil. iv. 8.
c For as many as have sinned without law; shall also perish without law; and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law, ver. 12.
Οἵτινες ἐνδείκνυνται τὸ ἔργον τοῦ νόμου γραπτὸν ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις αὑτῶν, συμμαρ τυρούσης αὐτῶν τῆς συνειδήσεως, καὶ μετ ταξὺ ἀλλήλων τῶν λογισμῶν κατηγορούντων, ἢ καὶ ἀπολογουμένων·
Which shew the work of the law a written in their hearts, their b conscience also
bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing, or else excusing one another ;)
a For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness ; Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them, Rom. i. 18, 19.
bAnd they which heard it being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: And Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst, John viii. 9. And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day, Acts xxiii. 1. And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence, toward God and toward men, xxiv. 16. For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace
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Ἐν ἡμέρᾳ ὅτε κρινεῖ ὁ Θεὸς τὰ κρυπτὰ τῶν ἀνθρώπων, κατὰ τὸ εὐαγγέλιόν μου, Sià 'Inooũ Xgiorov.
of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to youward, 2 Cor. i. 12. Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men: but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also In the day when a God shall judge are made manifest in your con- the secrets of men, b by Jesus Christ, cacsciences, v. 11. Speaking lies in hy-cording to my Gospel. pocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron, 1 Tim. iv. 2. Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled, Tit. i. 15.
a But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judg ment of God, ver. 5. God forbid: for then how shall God judge the And they heard the voice of the world? iii. 6. That be far from thee LORD God walking in the garden in to do after this manner, to slay the the cool of the day: and Adam and righteous with the wicked: and that his wife hid themselves from the pre- the righteous should be as the wicked, sence of the Lord God, among the that be far from thee. Shall not the trees of the garden. And the LORD Judge of all the earth do right? Gen. God called unto Adam, and said unto xviii. 25. But the LORD shall enhim, Where art thou? And he said, I dure for ever: he hath prepared his heard thy voice in the garden, and I throne for judgment. And he shall was afraid, because I was naked; and judge the world in righteousness, he I hid myself. And he said, Who told shall minister judgment to the people thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou in uprightness, Psal. ix. 7, 8. And eaten of the tree, whereof I com- the heavens shall declare his righmanded thee that thou shouldest not teousness for God is judge himeat? Gen. iii. 8-11. And they said self, 1. 6. Before the LORD: for he one to another, We are verily guilty cometh, for he cometh to judge the concerning our brother, in that we world: he shall judge the world with saw the anguish of his soul, when he righteousness, and the people with besought us, and we would not hear; his truth, xcvi. 13. I said in mine therefore is this distress come upon heart: God shall judge the righus. And Reuben answered them, say-teous and the wicked for there is a ing, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required, xlii. 21, 22. The king said moreover to Shimei, Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore the LORD shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head, 1 Kings ii. 44. My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live, Job xxvii. 6. For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others, Ec. vii. 22. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God, 1 John iii. 19-21.
time there for every purpose and for every work, Eccl. iii. 17. Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment, xi. 9. For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil, xii. 14. There fore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God, 1 Cor. iv. 5. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment, Heb. ix. 27. Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead, 1 Pet. iv. 5. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the
godly out of temptation, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished, 2 Pet. ii. 9. And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God: and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire, Rev. xx. 11-15.
b See on John v. ver. 22.
Now to him who is of power to stablish you according to my Gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, Rom. xvi. 25. According to the glorious Gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust, 1 Tim. i. 11. Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead, ac'cording to my Gospel, 2 Tim. ii. 8.
Ἴδε σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ἐπονομάζῃ, καὶ ἐπαναπαύῃ τῷ νόμῳ, καὶ καυχᾶσαι ἐν Θεῷ, Behold, a thou art called a Jew, b und restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,
a For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter: whose praise is not of men but of God, ver. 28, 29. Who are Israelites, to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Not as though the word of God had taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of
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Abraham, are they all children: but, in Isaac shall thy seed be called, ix. 4-7. For the LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure, Psal. cxxxv. 4. Hear ye this O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah; which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness. For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name, Isa. xlviii. 1,2. And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham, Matt. iii. 9. And I say unto you that many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, viii. 11, 12. They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? John viii. 33. Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I, 2 Cor. xi. 22. We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Gal. ii..15. Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands, Eph. ii. 11. For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh. Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ, Phil. iii. 3-7. I know thy works, and
tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich;) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan, Rev. ii. 9. And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead, iii. 1. Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee, 9.
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that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust, John v. 45. Did not Moses give you the law? and yet none of you keepeth the law: Why go ye about to kill me? vii. 19. Then they reviled him, and said, Thou art his disciple; but we are Moses' 'disciples. We know that God spake unto Moses; as for this fellow, we know not from whence he is, ix. 28, 29.
c In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory, Isa. xlv. 25. For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; the LORD of hosts is his name, xlviii. 2. The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, Is not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon
Mic. iii. 11. Ye do the deeds of your Father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God, John viii. 41.
μάζεις τὰ διαφέροντα, κατηχούμενος ἐκ Καὶ γινώσκεις τὸ θέλημα, καὶ δοκιTou vou
And a knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, bbeing instructed out of the law;
b Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law, dishonourest thou God? ver. 23. Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises, ix. 4. Wherefore? because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone, 32. Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the Lorp, the temple of the Lonp, are these. Forifye throughly amend your ways and your doings; if ye throughly exercise judgment between a man and his neighbour; If ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent a And what nation is there so great, blood in this place, neither walk after that hath statutes and judgments so other gods to your hurt: Then will I righteous as all this law, which I set cause you to dwell in this place, in before you this day? Deut. iv. 8. the land that I gave to your fathers, Thou camest down also upon mount for ever and ever. Behold, ye trust Sinai, and spakest with them from in lying words, that cannot profit. heaven, and gavest them right judgWill ye steal, murder, and commitments, and true laws, good statutes adultery, and swear falsely, and burn and commandments: And madest incense unto Baal, and walk after known unto them thy holy sabbath, other gods whom ye know not: And and commandedst them precepts, stacome and stand before me in this tutes, and laws, by the hand of Mohouse, which is called by my name, ses thy servant, Neh. ix. 13, 14. He and say, We are delivered to do all sheweth his word unto Jacob, his .these abominations? Jer. vii. 4-10. statutes and his judgments unto IsIn that day shalt thou not be ashamed rael. He hath not dealt so with any for all thy doings, wherein thou hast nation: and as for his judgments, transgressed against me: for then I they have not known them. Praise will take away out of the midst of ye the LORD, Psal. cxlvii. 19, 20. thee them that rejoice in thy pride, And that servant, which knew his and thou shalt no more be haughty lord's will, and prepared not himself, because of my holy mountain, Zeph. neither did according to his will, shall iii. 11, Do not think that I will ac- be beaten with many stripes, Luke cuse you to the Father: there is one xii. 47. If ye know these things