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A. D. 60. vered me unto thee hath the greater ministration of righteousness exceed sin, Jobn xix. 11. And the times of in glory, 2 Cor. iii. 7-9. Knowing this ignorance God winked at; but that a man is not justified by the now commandeth all men every where works of the law, but by the faith of to repent: Because he hath appointed Jesus Christ, even we have believed a day, in the which he will judge the in Jesus Christ, that we might be jusworld in righteousness by that man tified by the faith of Christ, and not whom he hath ordained : whereof he by the works of the law : for by the hath given assurance unto all men, in works of the law shall no flesh be justhat he hath raised him from the tified. But if, while we seek to be dead, Acts xvii. 30, 31.
justified by Christ, we ourselves also • In the day when God shall judge are found sinners, is therefore Christ the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, the minister of sin? God forbid. For according to my Gospel, ver. 16. if I build again the things which I Now we know, that what things so- destroyed, I make myself a transever the law saith, it saith to them gressor. For I through the law am who are under the law: that every dead to the law, that I might live mouth may be stopped, and all the unto God, Gal. ii. 16–19. For as world may become guilty before God. many as are of the works of the law Therefore by the deeds of the law are under the curse : for it is written, there shall no flesh be justified in his Cursed is every one that continueth sight : for by the law is the knowledge not in all things which are written in of sin, iii. 19, 20. Because the law the book of the law to do them, iii. 10. worketh wrath : for where no law is, But the Scripture hath concluded all there is no transgression, iv. 15. What under sin, that the promise by faith shall we say then? Is the law sin? of Jesus Christ might be given to God forbid. Nay, I had not known them that believe, 22. For whosoever sin, but by the law: for I had not shall keep the whole law, and yet ofknown lust, except the law had said, fend in one point, he is guilty of all. Thou shalt not covet. But sin, tak- | For he that said, Do not commit ing occasion by the commandment, adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now wrought in me all manner of concu- if thou commit no adultery, yet if piscence. For without the law sin thou kill, thou art become a transwas dead. For I was alive without gressor of the law, Jam. ii. 10, 11. the law once : but when the com- And I saw the dead, small and great, mandment came, sin revived, and I stand before God; and the books died. And the commandment, which were opened : and another book was was ordained to life, I found to be unto opened, which is the book of life: and death. For sin, taking occasion by the dead were judged out of those the commandment, deceived me, and things which were written in the by it slew me, vii. 7-11. For what books, according to their works. And the law could not do, in that it was the sea gave up the dead which were weak through the flesh, God sending in it; and death and bell delivered his own Son in the likeness of sinful up the dead which were in them : flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in and they were judged every man acthe flesh, viii. 3. Cursed be he that cording to their works. And death confirmeth not all the words of this and hell were cast into the lake of law to do them. And all the people fire. This is the second death. And shall say, Amen, Deut. xxvii. 26. whosoever was not found written in But if the ministration of death, the book of life was cast into the lake written and engraven in stones, was of fire, Rev. xx. 12, 13. glorious, so that the children of Israel
VER. 13. could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his coun- Ου γαρ οι ακροαται του νόμου δίκαιοι tenance; which glory was to be done | παρά τω Θεώ, αλλ' οι ποιηταί του νόμου away: How shall not the ministradoraswongoriai. tion of the Spirit be rather glorious ? (For a not the hearers of the law are For if the ministration of condemna- just before God, b but the doersof the law tion be glory, much more doth the shall be c justified.
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ROM. 11. 13.
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a For circumcision verily profiteth, | thy name done many wonderful works? if thou keep the law; but if thou be And then will I profess unto them, I a breaker of the law, thy circumci- never knew you; depart from me, ye sion is made uncircumcision, ver. 25. that work iniquity. Therefore whoNow therefore hearken, O Israel, unto soever heareth these sayings of mine, the statutes, and unto the judgments, and doeth them, I will liken him unto which I teach you, for to do them, that a wise man, which built his house ye may live, and go in and possess upon a rock : And the rain descended, the land which the LORD God of your and the floods came, and the winds fathers giveth you, Deut. iv. 1. Hear blew, and beat upon that house ; and therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it fell not : for it was founded upon a it; that it
may be well with thee, and rock. And every one that beareth that ye may increase mightily, as the these sayings of mine, and doeth LORD God of thy fathers hath pro- them not, shall be likened unto a mised thee, in the land that floweth foolish man, which built his house with milk and honey, vi. 3. It is not upon the sand: And the rain dein heaven, that thou shouldest say, scended, and the floods came, and Who shall go up for us to heaven, the winds blew, and beat upon that and bring it unto us, that we may house ; and it fell : and great was the hear it, and do it? Neither is it be- fall of it, Matt. vii. 21–27. And he yond the sea, that thou shouldest say, anstvered and said unto them, My Who shall go over the sea for us, and mother and my brethren are these bring it unto us, that we may hear it, which hear the word of God, and do and do it? But the word is very nigh it, Luke viii. 21. But be ye doers of unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy the word, and not hearers only, de. heart, that thou mayest do it, xxx. 12 ceiving your own selves. For if any -14. And I gave them my statutes, be a hearer of the word, and not a and shewed them ny judgments, doer, he is like unto a man beholding which if a man do, he shall even live his natural face in a glass; For he in them, Ezek. XX. 11. Also, thou beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, son of man, the children of thy peo- and straightway forgetteth what manple still are talking against thee, by ner of man he was. But whoso lookthe walls and in the doors of the eth into the perfect law of liberty, houses, and speak one to another, and continueth therein, be being not every one to his brother, saying, a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the Come, I pray you, and hear what is work, this man shall be blessed in his the word that cometh forth from the deed, Jam. i. 21–25. If ye know Lord. And they come unto thee as that he is righteous, ye know that the people cometh, and they sit be- every one that doeth righteousness is fore thee as my people, and they hear born of him, 1 John ii. 29. Little thy words, but they will not do them; children, let no man deceive you : he for with their mouth they shew much that doeth righteousness is righteous, love, but their heart goeth after their even as he is righteous, iii. 7. covetousness. And, lo, thou art unto b Therefore by the deeds of the law them as a very lovely song of one that there shall no flesh be justified in his hath a pleasant voice, and can play sight; for by the law is the knowwell on an instrument : for they hear ledge of sin, Rom. iii. 20. For all thy words, but they do them not. And have sinned, and come short of the when this cometh to pass, (lo, it will glory of God, 23. For Moses decome,) then shall they know that a scribeth the righteousness which is of prophet hath been among them, xxxiii. the law, that the man which doeth 30—33. Not every one that saith those things shall live by them, x. 5. unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into And behold, a certain Lawyer stood the kingdom of heaven ; but lie that up, and tempted him, saying, Master, doth the will of my Father which is what shall I do to inherit eternal life? in heaven. Many shall say to me in He said unto him, What is written in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not the law? how readest thou? And he prophesied in thy name? and in thy answering said, Thou shalt love the name have cast out devils ? and in | Lord thy God with all thy heart, and
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ROM. II. 13-15.
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with all thy soul, and with all thy | sion dost transgress the law? ver. 27. strength, and with all thy mind; and Because that which may be known of thy neighbour as thyself. And he God is manifest in them; for God said unto him, Thou hast answered hath shewed it unto them. For the right; this do, and thou shalt live. invisible things of him from the creaBut he, willing to justify himself, tion of the world are clearly seen, said unto Jesus, And who is my being understood hy the things that neighbour? Luke x. 25.-29. But are made, even his eternal power and that no man is justified by the law in Godhead : so that they are without the sight of God, it is evident : for, excuse, i. 19, 20. Finally, brethren, the just shall live by faith. And the whatsoever things are true, whatsolaw is not of faith : but, The man that ever things are honest, whatsoever doeth them shall live in them, Gal. things are just, whatsoever things are iii. 11, 12.
pure, whatsoever things are lovely, c See on Matt. xii. ver. 37.
whatsoever things are of good report;
if there be any virtue, and if there he VER. 14.
any praise, think on these things,
Phil. iv. 8. “Οταν γαρ έθνη τα μη νόμον έχοντα, Púce tà toð vópeor mom, ota vópos ran out law; shall also perish without
• For as many as have sinned withέχοντες, εαυτοίς εισι νόμος:
law; and as many as have sinned in For when the Gentiles, a which have the law shall be judged by the law, not the law, b do by nature the things ver. 12. contuined in the luw, these, having not
VER. 15. the law, Cure a law unto themselves : οίτινες ενδείκνυνται το έργον του νόμου
γραπτών εν ταις καρδίαις αυτών, συμμαρa For as many as have sinned with-τυρούσης αυτών της συνειδήσεως, και μεout law shall also perish without law; ταξυ αλλήλων των λογισμών κατηγορούνand as many as have sinned in the
των, ή και απολογουμένων: law shall be judged by the law, ver. 12. What advantage then hath the
Which shew the work of the law a writJew? or what profit is there of cir
ten in their hearts, their b conscience also cumcision ? Much every way: chiefly bearing, witness, and their thoughts the because that unto them were com
mean while c accusing, or else excusing mitted the oracles of God, iii. 1, 2.
one another ;) For what nation is there so great, who a For the wrath of God is revealed hath God so nigb unto them, as the from heaven against all ungodliness LORD our God is in all things that we and unrighteousness of men, who call upon him for? Deut. iv. 7. He hold the truth in unrighteousness ; sheweth his word unto Jacob, his Because that which may be known of statutes and his judgments unto Is- God is manifest in them; for God hath rael. He hath not dealt so with any shewed it unto them, Rom. i. 18, 19.
and as for his judgments, they b And they which heard it being have not known them. Praise ye the convicted by their own conscience, Lord, Psal. cxlvii. 19, 20. Who in went out one by one, beginning at the times past suffered all nations to eldest, even unto the last: And Jesus walk in their own ways, Acts xiv. 16. was left alone, and the woman standAnd the times of this ignorance God ing in the midst, John viii. 9. And winked at; but now commandeth all Paul, earnestly beholding the counmen every where to repent, xvii. 30. cil, said, Men and brethren, I have That at that time ye were without lived in all good conscience before Christ, being aliens from the com- God until this day, Acts xxiii. 1. monwealth of Israel, and strangers And herein do I exercise myself, to from the covenants of promise, havin have always a conscience void of ofno hope, and without God in the fence, toward God and toward men, world, Eph. ii. 12.
xxiv. 16. For our rejoicing is this, band shall not uncircumcision which the testimony of our conscience, that is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge in simplicity and godly sincerity, not thee, who by the letter and circumci- with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace VOL. II.
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ROM. II. 15, 16.
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of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly
VER. 16. to youward, 2 Cor. i. 12. Knowing
'Εν ημέρα ότε κρινεϊ ο Θεός τα κρυπτα therefore the terror of the Lord, we
των ανθρώπων, κατά το ευαγγέλιόν μου, persuade men: but we are made Srà ’Ino oữ X&otoũ. manifest unto God; and I trust also In the day when a God shall judge are made manifest in your con- the secrets of men, b by Jesus Christ, cacsciences, v. 11. Speaking lies in by- cording to my Gospel. pocrisy; having their conscience sear- a But after thy hardness, and imed with a hot iron, 1 Tim. iv. 2. Unto penitent heart treasurest up unto thy: the pure all things are pure : but unto self wrath against the day of wrath them that are defiled and unbelieving and revelation of the righteous judg.is nothing pure; but even their mind ment of God, ver. 5. God forbid : and conscience is defiled, Tit. i. 15. for then how shall God judge the
And they heard the voice of the world? iï. 6. That be far from thee LORD God walking in the garden in to do after this manner, to slay the the cool of the day: and Adam and righteous with the wicked : and that his wife hid themselves from the pre- the righteous should be as the wicked, sence of the Lord God, among the that be far from thee. Shall not the trees of the garden. And the LORD Judge of all the earth do right? Gen. God called unto Adam, and said unto xviii. 25. But the LORD shall enhim, Where art thou? And he said, I dure for ever : he hath prepared his heard thy voice in the garden, and I throne for judgment. And he shall was afraid, because I was naked; and judge the world in righteousness, he I hid myself. And he said, Who told shall minister judgment to the people thee that thou wast naked ? Hast thou in uprightness, Psal. ix. 7, 8. And eaten of the tree, whereof I com- the heavens shall declare his righmanded thee that thou shouldest not teousness : for God is judge himeat? Gen. iii. 8—11. And they said self, l. 6. Before the LORD: for he one to another, We are verily guilty cometh, for he cometh to judge the concerning our brother, in that we world: be shall judge the world with saw the anguish of his soul, when he righteousness, and the people with besought us, and we would not hear; his truth, xcvi. 13. I said in mine therefore is this distress come upon heart : God shall judge the righus. And Reuben answered them, say- teous and the wicked : for there is a ing, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do time there for every purpose and not sin against the child; and ye for every work, Eccl. iii. 17. Rewould not hear? therefore, behold, joice, O young man, in thy youth; also his blood is required, xlii. 21, 22. and let thy heart cheer thee in the The king said moreover to Shimei, days of thy youth, and walk in the Thou knowest all the wickedness ways of thine heart, and in the sight which thine heart is privy to, that of thine eyes: but know thou that for thou didst to David my father: there all these things God will bring thee fore the LORD shall return thy wicked into judgment, xi. 9. For God shall ness upon thine own head, 1 Kings ii. bring every work into judgment, with 44. My righteousness I hold fast, and every secret thing, whether it be good, will not let it go : my heart shall not or whether it be evil, xii. 14. Therereproach me so long as I live, Job fore judge nothing before the time, xxvii. 6. For oftentimes also thine until the Lord come, who both will own heart knoweth that thou thyself bring to light the hidden things of likewise hast cursed others, Ec. vü. darkness, and will make manifest the 22. And hereby we know that we counsels of the hearts: and then shall are of the truth, and shall assure our every man have praise of God, 1 Cor. hearts before him. For if our heart iv. 5. And as it is appointed unto men condemn us, God is greater than our once to die, but after this the judgheart, and knoweth all things. Be- ment, Heb. ix. 27. Who shall give loved, if our heart condemn us not, account to him that is ready to judge then have we confidence toward God, the quick and the dead, 1 Pet. iv. 5. 1 John iii. 19-21.
The Lord knoweth how to deliver the
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A. D. 60. godly out of temptation, and to re- Abraham, are they all children: but, serve the unjust unto the day of in Isaac shall thy seed be called, ix. judgment to be punished, 2 Pet. 4-7. For the LORD hath chosen ii. 9. And I saw a great white Jacob unto himself, und Israel for his throne, and him that sat on it, from peculiar treasure, Psal. cxxxv. 4. whose face the earth and the heaven Hear ye this O house of Jacob, which fled away ; and there was found no are called by the name of Israel, and place for them. And I saw the dead, are come forth out of the waters of small and great, stand before God : Judah ; which swear by the name of and the books were opened : and an- the LORD, and make mention of the other book was opened, which is the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in hook of life : and the dead were judged righteousness. For they call themout of those things which were writ- selves of the holy city, and stay themten in the books, according to their selves upon the God of Israel; The works. And death and hell were cast LORD of hosts is his name, Isa. xlvii. into the lake of fire. This is the se- 1, 2. And think not to say within cond death. And whosoever was not selves, We have Abraham to our found written in the book of life was father : for I say unto you, That God cast into the lake of fire, Rev. xx. is able of these stones to raise up 11-15.
children unto. Abraham, Matt. iii. 9. b See on John v. ver. 22.
And I say unto you that many shall Now to him who is of power to come from the east and west, and stablish you according to my Gospel, shall sit down with Abraham, and and the preaching of Jesus Christ, Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of according to the revelation of the mys- heaven. But the children of the tery, which was kept secret since the kingdom shall be cast out into outer world began, Rom. xvi. 25. Accord- darkness ; there shall be weeping and ing to the glorious Gospel of the gnashing of teeth, viii. 11, 12. They blessed God, which was committed answered him, We be Abraham's to my trust, 1 Tim. i. 11. Remember seed, and were never in bondage to that Jesus Christ of the seed of Da- any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall vid was raised from the dead, ac- be made free? John viii. 33. Are 'cording to my Gospel, 2 Tim. ii. 8. they Hebrews ? so am I. Are they
Israelites ? so am I. Are they the VER. 17.
seed of Abraham ? so am I, 2 Cor. "Ide où 'loudatos étrovojásn, xaà inra- xi. 22. We who are Jews by nature, ναπαύη τω νόμω, και καυχάσαι εν Θεώ, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Gal.
Behold, a thou art called a Jew, b und ii. 15. Wherefore remember, that ye restest in the law, cand makest thy boast being in time past Gentiles in the of God,
flesh, who are called Uncircumcision a For he is not a Jew, which is one by that which is called the Circumoutwardly: neither is that circum- cision in the flesh made by bands, cision, which is outward in the flesh : Eph. ii. 11. For we are the circumciBut he is a Jew, which is one in- sion, which worship God in the spirit, wardly; and circumcision is that of and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have the heart, in the spirit, and not in the no confidence in the flesh. Though I letter: whose praise is not of men but might also have confidence in the flesh. of God, ver. 28, 29. Who are Is- If any other man thinketh he hath raelites, to whom pertaineth the adop- whereof he might trust in the flesh, I tion, and the glory, and the cove- more: Circumcised the eighth day, nants, and the giving of the law, and of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of the service of God, and the promises; Benjamin, an Hebrew of the HeWhose are the fathers, and of whom brews; as touching the law, a Phaas concerning the flesh Christ came, risee ; Concerning zeal, persecuting who is over all, God blessed for ever. the church ; touching the righteousAmen. Not as though the word of ness which is in the law, blameless. God had taken none effect. For they But what things were gain to me, are not all Israel, which are of Israel: those I counted loss for Christ, Phil. Neither, because they are the seed of iii. 3—7. I know thy works, and