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JAMES, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ,

to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into various 3 trials * ; knowing that the proof of your faith worketh 4 patience. And let patience have its perfect work: that

ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. 5 Now if


of you want wisdom, let him ask of God, who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth pot; and 6 it shall be given him. But let him ask in † faith, no

thing doubting. For he that doubteth is like a wave of 7 the sea, moved by the wind and tossed about. And let

not that inan think that he will receive any thing from 8 the Lord : he is a man of a divided mind, unsteady in all

his ways.

9 Now let the brother of low degree glory in that he is 10 exalted; but the rich, in that he is made low : for as 11 the flower of the herb he will pass away.

For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the herb, and its flower falleth, and the beauty of its appearance perisheth : so the rich man also will fade in his

ways. 12 Happy is the man that endureth trial : for, when he

* N. m. temptations, N. t.

+ Or, with, N. m.

N. m. temptation, N, t.

hath been proved, he will receive the crown of life,

which the Lord hath promised to those who love him. 13 Let no man say, when he is tempted, “I am tempted of

God :” for God cannot be tempted by evils, nor doth he 14 tempt any man. But every man is tempted, when he is 15 ensnared and allured by his own evil desire. Then when

desire hath conceived, it beareth sin : and sin, when it 16 is finished, bringeth forth death. Do not err, my be17 loved brethren. Every good gift, and every perfect be

nefit, is from above, and cometh down from the Father

of lights, with whom is no variableness, nor shadow of 18 turning. Of his own will he regenerated* us by the

word of truth, that we might be a kind of first-fruits of

his creatures. 19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be 20 swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger: for the

anger of man worketh not the righteousness of God t. 21 Wherefore lay aşide all defilement, and abundance of

wickedness, and receive with meekness the word im22 planted in you, which is able to save you f.

But be ye doers of the word ; and not hearers only, deceiving your 23 own selves. For if any one be a hearer of the word, and

not a doer, he is like a man beholding his natural face 24 in a mirror: for he beholdeth himself, and goeth away,

and immediately forgetteth what manner of man he was. 25 But whoever looketh into the perfect law of freedom,

and continueth in it, this man, being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer || of the work com

ommanded, will be happy in his deed. 26 If any man I seem to be religious, and bridle not his

tongue, but deceive his own heart, this man's religion is 27 vain. The religion which is pure and undefiled before

our God and Father, is this; to take care of orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep one's-self un

begat, n.

+ Or, the righteousness which God requireth. N. m. * N. m. your souls, Gr. and N. t.

| Or, an active doer, Wakefield. 5 any man among you, R. T. and N. with doubt.

spotted from the world. CH. II. My brethren, hold not the faith of our Lord Jesus 2 Christ, the Lord of glory*, with respect of persons. For

if there come into your assembly a man with a gold ring

in gorgeous apparel, and there come in also a poor man 3 in vile apparel; and ye regard him who weareth the

gorgeous apparel, and say [to him, “Sit thou here in

a good place ;" and say to the poor man, “ Stand thou 4 there,” or, “Sit here under my footstool ;' have ye not

then been partial among yourselves, and have ye not be5 come judges whose thoughts are evil ? Hearken, my be

loved brethren : hath not God chosen the poor of the

world to be rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which 6 he hath promised to those who love him? But ye have dishonoured the poor man.

Do not the rich oppress 7 you, and draw you before the judgement-seats? Do not

they blaspheme that honourable name by which ye are 8 called ? Now if ye fulfil the royal law according to the

scripture, “ Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself,” 9 ye do well : but if ye have respect of persons, ye commit 10 sin, and are convicted by the law as transgressors. For

whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in

one point, he is guilty of shewing disrespect to all t. 11 For he who said, “Do not commit adultery," said also,

“ Do not commit murther.” Now if thou commit no

adultery, and yet commit murther, thou becomest a 12 transgressor of the law. So speak ye, and so act, as those 13 who will be judged by the law of freedom. For he shall

have pitiless judgement, that hath shewn no pity : but

pity glorieth over judgement. 14 What doth it profit, my brethren, if a man say that he

hath faith, and have not works ? can faith save him? 15 Now if a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily 16 food ; and one of you say unto them, “ Depart in peace,

* Or, hold not your glorious belief in the Lord Jesus Christ, Wakefield.

+ See Bell on the Lord's Supper, p. 101, 102. This indeed is all the writer could mean. Comp. 1 Cor. xi, 27. "He is liable to the punishment of offending in all.” N.

be ye warmed, and be ye filled ;” but ye give them not

those things which are necessary for the body; what doth 17 it profit? Thus faith also, if it have not works, is dead 18 by itself. Yea, a man will say, “ Thou hast faith, and

I have works; shew me thy faith without* thy works, 19 and I will shew thee my faith by my works.” Thou be

lievest that God is one f: thou doest well : the demons ! 20 also believe, and tremble. But art thou willing to know, 21 O vain man, that faith without works is dead? Was not

our father Abraham justified by works, when he offered 22 up his son Isaac on the altar ? Dost thou see that faith

wrought with his works; and that faith was made perfect 23 by works? and that the scripture was fulfilled which

saith, “ Abraham believed God, and it was counted to

him for righteousness :" and he was called the Friend of 24 God? Do ye see || that a man is justified by works I, and 25 not by faith only? In like manner was not Rahab the

harlot also justified by works, when she received the mes26 sengers, and sent them out another way ? For as the body

without the spirit pt is dead, so faith without works is

dead also. Ch. ll. My brethren, be not many teachers; knowing that 3 we shall receive a greater condemnation. For in many 3 perfect man, and able to bridle the whole body also. Be

things we all offend : if any offend not in word, he is a

time by thy works, MSS.

+ that there is one God: N. I human ghosts :--Mr. Farmer supposes an allusion to Job xxvi. 5, which he renders. " the giants, or the ghosts of the dead, tremble under the waters together with their host.” He adds, that St. James doth not appear to be delivering any new doc. trine concerning demons, but rather to be arguing with the persons to whom he writes it, on their own principles. Farmer on demonjacs, p. 211---216. Ist edition.

See, therefore, R. T. I "So as to receive God's continued and final favour. St. Paul's justification, Rom. iii. 28. v. 1. etc. etc., is admission into the gospel-covenant. St. James declares that such as are admitted into that covenant must perfect their faith by works, ver. 22, in order to be finally justified.” Newcome,

# Or, breath, N. m.

hold, we put bits in the mouths of horses, that they may 4 obey us: and we turn about their whole body. Behold,

ships also, which are so great, and are driven by fierce

winds, yet are turned about by a very small helm, whi. 5 thersoever the pilot chooseth. Thus the tongue also is a

little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how 6 great a pile doth a little fire kindle! And the tongue is a

fire, a world of iniquity: [so) is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth

on fire the course of nature t; and is itself set on fire by 7 hell. For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of

creeping things, and of things in the sea, is subdued, 8 and hath been subdued, by mankind. But the tongue

no man can subdue: it is an evil not to be restrained, full 9 of deadly poison. Therewith we bless our God and Fa

ther; and therewith we curse men, that are made after 10 the likeness of God. Out of the same mouth proceed

blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought 11 not so to be. Doth a spring send forth out of the same 12 place sweet and bitter water ? Can a fig-tree, my brethren,

bear olives? or a vin figs? So neither can that spring

which is salt yield sweet water t. 13 Who is wise and knowing among you ? Let him shew

by his works a good behaviour, with meekness of wis14 dom. But if ye have bitter envy and strife in your heart,

boast not yourselves, and speak not falsely concerning 15 the truth. This wisdom cometh not down from above ; 16 but is earthly, animal, demoniacal ll. For where envy

and strife are, there disturbance is, and every evil work. 17 But the wisdom which is from above, is first pure, then

peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated, full of pity and

. the tongue is a spark, the varnisher of injustice: Wakefield. + Gr. the wheel. “ Setteth on fire the wheel of life.” Wakefield.

no fountain can yield both salt water and fresh. R, T. 1 q. d. inspired by evil spirits.

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