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Suing at the Law - Suretyship-Profane Swearing forbidden.


716. Suing, especially before the unbelieving and unjust, discountenanced.

Mat. 5: 40 If any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also.

1 Cor. 6: 1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints? 6 But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers. 7 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded? [Pr. 19: 11.]


717. Suretyship discountenanced. cautions.

Pr. 6: 1 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, 2 Thou art snared with the words of thy mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth. 3 Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when thou art come into the hand of thy friend; go, humble thyself, and make sure thy friend. 4 Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids. 5 Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand of the hunter, and as a bird from the hand of the fowler. 11: 15 He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretyship is sure. - 22: 26 Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts. 27 If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee? [Pr. 17: 18, and 20: 16.]

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718. Profane swearing forbidden and punished - Threats.

Ex. 20: 7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Lev. 19: 12 Ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD. 24: 10 The son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel; and this son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp; 11 And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the

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Rash Swearing exemplified.

name of the LORD, and cursed; and they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan :) 12 And they put him in ward, that the mind of the LORD might be shewed them. 13 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 14 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp, and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him. 15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin. 16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death.

Jer. 23: 10 Because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up.

Hos. 4: 2 By swearing, and lying and killing, and stealing and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood. 3 Therefore, shall the land mourn.

Zec. 5: 3 Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side, according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side, according to it.

Mat. 5: 34 I say unto you. Swear not at all: neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: 35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King: 36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. 37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

Jam. 5: 12 Above all things, my brethren, swear not neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea, be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

719. Examples of rash swearing.

Jud. 11: 30 Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, 31 Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shalt surely be the LORD's, and I will offer it up for a burnt-offering.

Mat. 14: 6 When Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod. 7

Oaths to confirm - Temperance a Christian Duty.

Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatsoever she would ask. 8 And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist's head in a charger. 9 And the king was sorry: nevertheless for the oath's sake, and them that sat with him at meat, he commanded it to be given her.

Ac. 23: 12 When it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying, that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

720. Ouths of confirmation-examples.

Dt. 10: 20 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his


Neh. 5: 12 Then said they, We will restore them, and will require nothing of them; so will we do as thou sayest. Then I called the priests, and took an oath of them, that they should do according to this promise.

Ps. 15: 1 LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? 4 He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

Ec. 8: 2 I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard to the oath of God.

Mat. 26: 63 The high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ the Son of God. 64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said.

2 Cor. 1: 23 I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth.

Heb. 6: 16 Men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife. 17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath.


721. Temperance required — its importance.

1 Cor. 9: 25 Every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptiible crown; but we an incorruptible.

Gal. 5: 22 The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. 24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts.

Temptation common- Not of God - To be resisted- Promises of aid.

Tit. 1:8 A lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate.

2 Pet. 1: 5 Giving all diligence, add to your faith, virtue; and to virtue, knowledge; 6 And to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience; and to patience, godliness. [See 199, 368.]


722. Temptation, in the sense of trial, common to man.

Gen. 22: 1 It came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. 2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt-offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

Gal. 4: 14 My temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.

Heb. 4: 15 We have not a high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities: but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

Jam. 1: 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; 3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.

723. Temptation, or solicitation to sin, not of God.

Jam. 1: 13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: 14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. [See 269.]

724. Duty to pray and watch against tempters and temptations.

Pr. 1: 10 My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. [11-16.]

Mat. 6: 13 Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever.-26: 41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing but the flesh is weak.

[See 18, 738.]

725 Believers shall be helped out of all their temptations-promises.

Ps. 71: 20 Thou, which hast shewed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth.-138: 7 Though I walk in the

Short-Should be improved without Procrastination.

midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me.

1 Cor. 10: 13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: But God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

Heb. 2: 18 In that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted.

2 Pet. 2: 9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished.

Rev. 3: 10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. [See 3-6.]


726. Time short.

Ps. 89: 47 Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?

1 Cor. 7: 29 This I say, brethren, The time is short. It remaineth, that both they that have wives, be as though they had none; 30 And they that weep, as though they wept not; and they that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not; and they that buy, as though they possessed not; 31 And they that use this world, as not abusing it. For the fashion of this world passeth away. [See 148.]

727. Time should be improved; or procrastination forbidden.

Job 22: 21 Acquaint now thyself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto thee.

Ps. 95: 7 He is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To-day if ye will hear his voice, 8 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness: 9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.

Pr. 27: 1 Boast not thyself of to-morrow: for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.

Ec. 9: 10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might, for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

2 Cor. 6:2 (For he saith, I have heard thee in a time ac

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