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A. D. 60.
A. D. 60. The God of our fathers hath chosen very chiefest apostles, xi. 5. I am thee, that thou shouldest know his become a fool in glorying ; ye have will, and see that Just One, and compelled me : for I ought to have shouldest hear the voice of his mouth. been commended of you : for in noFor thou shalt be his witness unto all thing am I behind the very chiefest men of what thou hast seen and heard. apostles, though I be nothing, xii. 11. And he said unto me, Depart: for I Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither will send thee far hence unto the by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God Gentiles, xxii. 14, 15. 21. But rise, the Father, who raised him from the and stand upon thy feet: for I have dead), Gal. i. 1. But I certify you, appeared unto thee for this purpose, brethren, that the Gospel which was to make thee a minister and a wit- preached of me is not after man. For ness both of these things which thou I neither received it of man, neither hast seen, and of those things in the was I taught it, but by the revelation which I will appear unto thee; De- of Jesus Christ. For ye have heard of livering thee from the people, and my conversation in time past in the from the Gentiles, unto whom now I Jews' religion, how that beyond measend thee, To open their eyes, and to sure I persecuted the Church of God, turn them from darkness to light, and and wasted it: and profited in the from the power of Satan unto God, Jews' religion above many my equals that they may receive forgiveness of in mine own nation, being more exsins, and inheritance among them ceedingly zealous of the traditions of which are sanctified by faith that is my fathers. But when it pleased in me, xxvi. 16–18. Paul, called to God, who separated me from my mo. be an apostle of Jesus Christ, through ther's womb, and called me by his the will of God, and Sosthenes our bro- grace, To reveal his Son in me, that ther, 1 Cor. i. 1. Am I not an apostle? | I might preach him among the hea. am I not free? have I not seen Jesus then ; immediately I conferred not Christ our Lord ? are not ye my work with flesh and blood : neither went I in the Lord ? ix. 1. For though I preach up to Jerusalem to them which were the Gospel, I have nothing to glory of: apostles before me ; but I went into for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe Arabia, and returned again unto Dais unto me, if I preach not the Gospel ! mascus, 11–17. Paul, an apostle For if I do this thing willingly, I have of Jesus Christ by the will of God, a reward; but if against my will, a to the saints which are at Ephedispensation of the Gospel is com- sus, and to the faithful in Christ mitted unto me. What is my reward Jesus, Eph. i. 1. Which in other ages then ? Verily that, when I preach the was not made known unto the sons of Gospel, I may make the Gospel of men, as it is now revealed unto the Christ without charge, that I abuse holy apostles and prophets by the not my power in the Gospel, 16 Spirit; that the Gentiles should be 18. And last of all he was seen fellow-heirs, and of the same body, of me also, as of one born out of due and partakers of his promise in Christ time. For I am the least of the by the Gospel : whereof I was made apostles, that am not meet to be a minister, according to the gift of the called an apostle, because I perse- grace of God given unto me by the cuted the Church of God. But by effectual working of his power, iii. the grace of God I am what I am: 5—7. And he gave some, apostles ; and his grace which was bestowed and some, prophets ; and some, evanupon me was not in vain ; but I la- gelists ; and some, pastors and teachboured more abundantly than they all : ers, iv. 11. Paul, an apostle of Jeyet not I, but the grace of God which sus Christ by the will of God, and was with me, xy. 8-10. Paul, an Timotheus our brother, Col. i. 1. apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will Whereof I am made a minister, acof od, and Timothy our brother, cording to the dispensation of God unto the church of God which is at which is given to me for you, to Corinth, with all the saints which are fulfil the word of God, 25. Paul, an in all Achaia, 2 Cor. i. 1. For I sup- apostle of Jesus Christ by the compose I was not a whit behind the mandment of God our Saviour, and
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ROM. I. 1, 2.
Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope, cording to my Gospel, and the preach1 Tim. i. 1. And I thank Christ Jesus ing of Jesus Christ, according to the our Lord, who hath enabled me, for revelation of the mystery, which was that he counted me faithful, putting kept secret since the world began, me into the ministry, 12. Where- xvi. 25. And he said unto them, Go unto I am ordained a preacher, and ye into all the world, and preach the an apostle, (I speak the truth in Gospel to' every creature. He that Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the believeth and is baptized shall be Gentiles in faith and verity, ii. 7. saved; but he that believeth not shall Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, be damned, Mark xvi. 15, 16. And and an apostle, and a teacher of the the angel said unto them, Fear not: Gentiles, 2 Tim. i. 11. Paul, a ser- for, behold, I bring you good tidings of vant of God, and an apostle of Jesus great joy, which shall be to all people. Christ, according to the faith of God's For unto you is born this day in the elect, and the acknowledging of the city of David a Saviour, which is truth which is after godliness, Tit. i. 1. Christ the Lord, Luke ii. 10, 11. But And no man taketh this honour unto none of these things move me, nei-, himself, but he that is called of God, ther count I my life dear unto myself, as was Aaron, Heb. v. 4.
so that I might finish my course with d The sons of Amram ; Aaron and joy, and the ministry, which I have Moses : and Aaron was separated, received of the Lord Jesus, to testify that he should sanctify the most holy the Gospel of the grace of God, Acts things, he and his sons for ever, to xx. 24. In whom ye also trusted, burn incense before the LORD, to‘mi- after that ye heard the word of truth, nister unto him, and to bless in his the Gospel of your salvation: in whom name for ever, 1 Chron. xxiii. 13. also after that ye believed, ye were Before I formed thee in the belly I sealed with that Holy Spirit of proknew thee; and before thou camest mise, Eph. i. 13. But as we were forth out of the womb 1 sanctified thee, allowed of God to be put in trust with and I ordained thee a prophet unto the the Gospel, even so we speak; not as nations, Jer. i. 5. As they ministered pleasing men, but God, which trieth to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy our hearts, 1 Thess. ii. 4. But we Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and are bound to give thanks alway to Saul for the work whereunto I have God for you, Brethren beloved of the called them. And when they had fasted Lord, because God hath from the and prayed, and laid their hands on beginning chosen you to salvation them, they send them away. So they, through sanctification of the Spirit being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, de- and belief of the truth : Whereunto parted into Seleucia ; and from thence he called you by our Gospel, to the they sailed to Cyprus, Acts xiii. 2—4. obtaining of the glory of our Lord
e For God is my witness, whom I Jesus Christ, 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14. Acserve with my spirit in the Gospel cording to the glorious Gospel of the of his Son, that without ceasing I blessed God, which was committed make mention of you always in my to my trust, 1 Tim. i. 11. prayers, ver. 9. For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ: for it is
VER. 2. the power of God unto salvation to ("Ο προεπηγγείλατο δια των προφητών every one that believeth; to the Jew | αυτού εν γραφαϊς αγίαις,) first, and also to the Greek, 16. That I should be the minister of Jesus
(Which a he had promised afore by his Christ to the Gentiles, ministering prophets in bthe Holy Scriptures,) the Gospel of God, that the offering a Ought not Christ to have sufup of the Gentiles might be accep- fered these things, and to enter into table, being sanctified by the Holy his glory? And beginning at Moses Ghost, xv. 16. And I am sure that, and all the prophets, he expounded when I come unto you, I shall come unto them in all the Scriptures the in the fulness of the blessing of the things concerning himself, Luke xxiv. Gospel of Christ, 29. Now to him | 26, 27. To him give all the prophets who is of power to stablish you ac: I witness, that through his name who
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ROM. 1. 2-5.
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soever believeth in him shall receive and truth, John i. 14. But yhen the remission of sins, Acts x. 43. And fulness of the time was come, God now I stand and am judged for the sent forth his Son, made of a woman, hope of the promise made of God made under the law, Gal. iv. 4. And, unto our fathers, xxvi. 6.
without controversy great is the What advantage then hath the mystery of godliness: God was maJew? or what profit is there of cir- nifest in the flesh, justified in the cumcision? Much every way: chiefly, Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto because that unto them were com- the Gentiles, believed on in the world, mitted the oracles of God, Rom. iii. received up into glory, 1 Tim. iii. 16. 1, 2. Thy word is very pure: there- Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: fore thy servant loveth it, Psal. cxix. Every spirit that confesseth that Je140. But I will shew thee that which sus Christ is come in the flesh is of is noted in the Scripture of truth : and God : And every spirit that confesseth there is none that holdeth with me not that Jesus Christ is come in the in these things, but Michael your flesh is not of God: and this is thất prince, Dan. X. 21. And that from a spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have child thou hast known the holy Scrip- heard that it should come; and even tures, which are able to make thee now already is it in the world, 1 John wise unto salvation through faith iv. 2, 3. For many deceivers are enwhich is in Christ Jesus. All Scrip- tered into the world, who confess not ture is given by inspiration of God, that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. and is profitable for doctrine, for re- This is a deceiver and an antichrist, proof, for correction, for instruction 2 John 7. in righteousness, 2 Tim. iii. 15, 16.
VER. 4. Knowing this first, that no prophecy Του ορισθέντος υιού Θεού εν δυνάμει, of the Scripture is of any private in- κατά Πνεύμα αγιωσύνης, εξ αναστάσεως terpretation. For the prophecy came | νεκρών) 'Ιησού Χριστού του Κυρίου ημών not in old time by the will of man: And declared to be a the Son of God but holy men of God spake as they with power, according to the Spirit of howere moved by the Holy Ghost, 2 Pet. liness, by the resurrection from the dead: i. 20, 21. And he said unto me, . See on Acts ii. ver. 24. clause 1. These sayings are faithful and true : and the Lord God of the holy pro
VER. 5. phets sent his angel to shew unto his (Δι' ου ελάβομεν χάριν και αποστολής servants the things which must short- εις υπακοήν πίστεως εν πάσι τοις έθνεσιν, ly be done, Rev. xxii. 6.
υπέρ του ονόματος αυτού
By whom a we have received grace VER. 3.
and bapostleship, for obedience to the Περί του υιού αυτού, (του γενομένου εκ
among all nations, e for his σπέρματος Δαβίδ κατά σάρκα
a For I say, through the grace given Concerning a his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, b which was made of the seed of you, not to think of himself more high
unto me, to every man that is among David Caccording to the flesh;
ly than he ought to think; but to a See on Matt. xiv. ver. 33. clause 2. think soberly, according as God hath b See on Matt. i. ver. 1. clause 2. dealt to every man the measure of
c Whose are the fathers, and of faith, Rom. xii. 3. Nevertheless, whom as concerning the flesh Christ brethren, I have written the more came, who is over all, God blessed for boldly unto you in some sort, as putever. Amen, Rom. ix. 5. And I will ting you in mind, because of the grace put enmity between thee and the wo- that is given to me of God, That I man, and between thy seed and her should be the minister of Jesus Christ seed: it shall bruise thy head, and to the Gentiles, ministering the Gosthou shalt bruise his heel, Gep. iii. 15. pel of God, that the offering up of And the Word was made flesh, and the Gentiles might be acceptable, bedwelt among us, (and we beheld his ing sanctified by the Holy Ghost, xv. glory, the glory as of the only be 15, 16. And of his fulness have all gotten of the Father,) full of grace' we received, and grace for grace, John
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ROM. 1. 5.
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i. 16. But by the grace of God I am , by the power of the Spirit of God ; so what I am: and his grace which was that from Jerusalem, and round about bestowed upon me was not in vain ; unto Illyricum, I have fully preached but I laboured more abundantly than the Gospel of Christ, Rom. xv. 18, 19. they all : yet not I, but the grace of But now is made manifest, and by God which was with me, 1 Cor. xv. the Scriptures of the prophets, accord10. Not that we are sufficient of ing to the commandment of the everourselves to think any thing as of lasting God, made known to all na. ourselves ; but our sufficiency is oftions for the obedience of faith, xvi. God; Who also hath made us able 26. And the word of God increased; ministers of the new testament; not and the number of the disciples mul. of the letter, but of the spirit; for the tiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a letter killeth, but the spirit giveth great company of the Priests were life, 2 Cor. iii. 5, 6. But when it obedient to the faith, Acts vi. 7. (For pleased God, who separated me from the weapons of our warfare are not my mother's womb, and called me by carnal, but mighty through God to his grace, To reveal his Son in me, the pulling down of strong holds ;) that I might preach him among the Casting down imaginations, and every Heathen; immediately I conferred not high thing that exalteth itself against with flesh and blood, Gal. i. 15, 16. the knowledge of God, and bringing (If ye have heard of the dispensation into captivity every thought to the of the grace of God which is given me obedience of Christ; And having in to you-ward : How that by revelation a readiness to revenge all disobehe made known unto me the mystery; dience, when your obedience is fulas I wrote afore in few words, filled, 2 Cor. x. 46. And being Whereby, when ye read, ye may made perfect, he became the author understand my knowledge in the mys- of eternal salvation unto all them that tery of Christ) which in other ages obey him, Heb. v. 9. was not made known unto the sons of d ́Is he the God of the Jews only? men, as it is now revealed unto the Is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, holy, apostles and prophets by the of the Gentiles also : Seeing it is one Spirit; That the Gentiles should be God, who shall justify the circumfellow-heirs, and of the same body, cision by faith, and the uncircumand partakers of his promise in Christ cision through faith, Rom. iii. 29, 50. by the Gospel: Whereof I was made Now if the fall of them be the riches a minister, according to the gift of the of the world, and the diminishing of grace of God given unto me by the them the riches of the Gentiles; how effectual working of his power. Unto much more their fulness ? For I speak me, who am less than the least of all to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am saints, is this grace given, that I should the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify preach among the Gentiles the un- mine office, xi. 12, 13. And that the searchable riches of Christ; and to Gentiles might glorify God for his make all men see what is the fellow. mercy, as it is written, For this cause ship of the mystery, which from the I will confess to thee among the Genbeginning of the world hath been hid tiles, and sing unto thy name. And. in God, who created all things by again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, Jesus Christ, Eph. iii. 2-9. Ac with his people. And again, Praise cording to the glorious Gospel of the the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud blessed God, which was committed to him, all ye people. And again Esaias my trust. And I thank Christ Jesus saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, our Lord, who bath enabled me, for and he that shall rise to reign over that he counted me faithful, putting the Gentiles ; in him shall the Genme into the ministry, 1 Tim. i. 11, 12. tiles trust. Now the God of hope fill b See on ver. 1. clause 3:
you with all joy and peace in believFor I will not dare to speak of ing, that ye may abound in hope, any of those things which Christ hath through the power of the Holy Ghost
. not wrought by me, to make the Gen- That I should be the minister of Jesus tiles obedient, by word and deed, Christ to the Gentiles, ministering Through mighty signs and wonders; the Gospel of God, that the offering
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up of the Gentiles might be accep-| love God, to them who are the called able, being sanctified by the Holy according to his purpose. For whom Ghost, xv. 9.-13. 16. See also on he did foreknow, he also did predesMatt. xii. ver. 18. clause 5.
tinate to be conformed to the image e For from the rising of the sun of his Son, that he might be the firsteven unto the going down of the same born among many brethren. Moremy name shall be great among the over whom he did predestinate, them Gentiles; and in every place incense he also called : and whom he called, shall be offered unto my name, and them he also justified: and whom he a pure offering : for my name shall justified, them he also glorified, Rom. be great among the heathen, saith the viii. 28-30. Even us, whom he hath LORD of hosts, Mal. i. 11. But cursed called, not of the Jews only, but also be the deceiver, which hath in his of the Gentiles, ix. 24. God is faithflock a male, and voweth, and sacri- ful, by whom ye were called unto the ficeth unto the LORD a corrupt thing : fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our for I am 'a great King, saith the Lord, 1 Cor. i. 9. I marvel that ye LORD of hosts, and my name is dread- are so soon removed from him that ful among the heathen, 14. Simeon called you into the grace of Christ hath declared how God at the first unto another Gospel, Gal. i. 6. That did visit the Gentiles, to take out of ye would walk worthy of God, who them a people for his name, Acts xv. hath called you unto his kingdom and 14. To the praise of the glory of his glory, 1 Thess. ii. 12. Whereunto he grace, wherein he hath made us ac- called you by our Gospel, to the obcepted in the beloved. That we taining of the glory of our Lord Jesus should be to the praise of his glory, Christ, 2 Thess. ii. 14. Who hath who first trusted in Christ, Eph. i. saved us, and called us with an holy 6. 12. But ye are a chosen genera- calling, not according to our works, tion, a royal priesthood, an holy na- but according to his own purpose and tion, a peculiar people; that ye should grace, which was given us in Christ shew forth the praises of him who Jesus before the world began, 2 Tim. hath called you out of darkness into i. 9. Wherefore, holy brethren, parhis marvellous light: Which in time takers of the heavenly calling, conpast were not a people; but are now sider the Apostle and High Priest of the people of God: which had not ob- our profession, Christ Jesus, Heb. iii. tained mercy, but now have obtained 1. But ye are a chosen generation, a mercy, 1 Pet. ii. 9, 10.
royal priesthood, an holy nation, a pe
culiar people; thatye should shew forth VER. 6.
the praises of him who hath called ’Ey os lore sai vets, santai 'ingow you out of darkness into his marvelΧριστού)
lous light, 1 Pet. ii. 9. For even hereAmong whom 8 are ye also b the called also suffered for us, leaving us an
unto were ye called : because Christ of Jesus Christ:
example, that ye should follow his a In whom also we have obtained steps, 21. But the God of all grace, an inheritance, being predestinated who hath called us unto his eternal according to the purpose of him who glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye worketh all things after the counsel of have suffered a while, make you perhis own will, Eph. i. 11. Which is fect, stablish, strengthen, settle you, come unto you, as it is in all the v. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethworld; and bringeth forth fruit, as ren, give diligence to make your it doth also in you, since the day calling and election sure : for if ye ye heard of it, and knew the grace do these things, ye shall never fall, of God in truth, Col. i. 6. And you, 2 Pet. i. 10. These shall make that were sometime alienated, and war with the Lamb, and the Lamb enemies in your mind by wicked shall overcome them: for he is works, yet now hath he reconciled, Lord of lords, and King of kings: 21.
and they that are with him are b And we know that all things called, and chosen, and faithful, Rev. work together for good to them that | xvii. 14.