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of our will and affections to those of the holy and blessed God, so as to absorb and annihilate our own individual feelings, we can form no idea of in this state ; but it is what the “ spirits of just men made perfect" most certainly attain ; for otherwise, the general judgınent, when so many of their fellowcreatures will be doomed to endless misery, and that, in their view, would imbitter all the pleasures of Heaven.
I cannot close this paper without remarking, that whatever ideas we may form of a subject on which the word of God appears to be less decided than on many others; yet we ought to be thankful, that whatever is essential to the eternal salvation of them that believe, is fully and clearly revealed.
T. P. B.
LETTER TO THE EDITOR. Sir, In the Monthly Magazine for July, there is the following piece, entitled,
A THEOLOGICAL DIFFICULTY. " In one of the Jesuit Missionary Letters, entitled, Lettres, Edifiantes et Curieuses, an observation is made of the gross ignorance of the papas, or priests, of the Greek church, of which the following story is given as an instance : - • A country papa coming to Thessalonica, put this question to a papa of that city,' Is it true that Christ is God? I think I have frequently heard it asserted; but, on the other hand, they say he is a man.
How can these two things be made to agree? If he be God, how can he be a man? and if he be a man, how can he be God ?" The city papa hereupon gave a lesson out of the Catechism to his vil. lage brother, who readily acquiesced in every thing. The writer goes on to observe, “ That it was not necessary to be a great theologian to resolve this question.”
From the sinister a'id sceptical tendency of the work in which it is in troduced, this anecdote seems to be designed as a sneer at the divinity of Christ. Will then our soi-disant rational Christians insinuate, that this great foundation of our hope is worthy only of the ignorance and implicit credulity of the modern Greeks, who readily acquiesce in any thing? Have they forgotten the shameful route which Socinus and his early coadjutors received, in sp te of all their boasted learning, from the superior arms of the immortal Owen? Or have they not dared to wito ness the issue of the combat between Jamieson and their modern chanpion, who now sleeps in dust? Perhaps also, it is their intention to remind us here, that we, like the Greek priest, must go to our Catechisin to learn what the Bible does not teach us, that Christ is both God and man. Yet I know of no Catechism, however orthodox, to which I would sooner refer for proofs of the divinity of Christ than to the Scriptures themselves. But it is probable, the leading design of the anecdoie was, to leave on the minds of the readers an impression of the impose sibility, as well as difficulty, that Christ should be a man, andiyet God. So then our rational and scarned theologians tacitly own themselves as incapable of receiving this “ wisdom of God in a mystery, which none of the princes of this world knew," as a poor Greek village papa. That he, who is the eternal “ God over all, blessed for ever," could, if he so pleased, assume to himself an inferior nature, and become man, is, I believe, not denied by the Socinians; and that he has done so, the lively oracles of truth abundantly declare,
To the Editor. I send you the following extract of a Letter written by a friend at W-S7
in S-x, to a gentleman here, who has exerted himself in promoting the building of a Meeting at the above place. I read it with pleasure ; and persuade myself others will do the same. Edmonton.
Yours, &c. I. F.
To Mr. I CANNOT forbear testifying my gratitude for your unwearied labour in behalf of such an unworthy creature; but it is for the Lord ; and those who are most in his business have most of his company. Blessed be our adorable Master, in the days of his humiliation he never sent out his servants to work and withdrew to indolence and ease! · How have you fared, my dear brother (I would ask with all freedom)? I suppose you board with your Master ; and he keeps a good table. Wages, you know, are not to be expected; but when our time is out, we know, if we run not away from his service, we shall receive, at the close of our Term, sufficient to retire and spend an eternal day. Blessed be his liberal and all-bountiful hand, he permits us to draw enough to carry is on our journey! Praise to Jesus, my poor heart is ready to burst. with gratitude for his matchless and unmerited goodness, though I have to lament sometimes, I am more brutish than the stupid ass, who knowcth not his master's crib.
With an heart thankful to the God of Seasons, for fine weather to erect our building,—to the God of Providence for raising up friends, and blessing their endeavours in procuring abundant means, -and praying the God of Grace to crown the labour with abundant prosperity, I subscribe mye self yours, in everlasting bonds,
CHARACTER OF MR. KICHERER.
To the Editor. The following character of that truly zealous teacher the Rev. Mr.
Kicherer, extracted from the second volume of “ Barrow's Travels in South Africa,” just published, will, I am sure, be highly acceptable to the worthy Members of the Missionary Society; and as such, there needs no further apology for requesting your insertion of it in the Evangelical Magazine.
Yours, &c. “Mr. Kicherer, a regular bred minister of the reformed church, and a gentleman of mild and persuasive manners, proceeded, alone and unprotected, into the midst of the Boscheman hordes, on the skirts of the Orange River. He considered, that a solitary being, without arms, or any visible micans of doing injury to his fellow-mortals, would be received without suspicion, and might enter into the society of the most savage hordes without danger. The event proved his conjectures to be right. He lived in the midst of a tribe the most needy and wretched that he could discover; tor many years, shared with them every inconvenience; and suffered a total privation of all the comforts, and very frequently even of the necessaries of life: with a weak constitution he braved the vicissitudes of an unsteady climate in scanty cloth. ing ; in temporary huts and hovels, that were neither proof against wind nor water; and often in the open air, on desarts wild and naked as those of Arabia: he learned their language, instructed them in the benevolent doctrines of Christianity; and endeavoured, with enthusiastic zeal, 10 assuage their miserable lot in this life, by assuring them that there was another and a better world." In a word, he became so
much attached to this most indigent and deplorable race of human beings, , who possess nothing they can call their own; but live from day to day on the precarious spoils of the chace, and commonly on the spontaneous products of a barren soil, - that it was not without much difficulty, and great distress to his feelings, he mustered resolution to tear himself from his little hock: lingering under a disease that threat. ened to terminate in a consumption, he could not be prevailed upon to desert them, when urged by his friends to accept of a vacant living of, one of the colonial churches, which was offered to him by the government."
ANSWER TO QUERY II. IN OUR LAST, p. 458.
The semblance of contradiction in these two accounts of the mira. cle at the conversion of Paul, will vanish, if it be considered that it is no uncommon event to hear the sound of a speaker's voice, yet to be unable to distinguish the articulate words. This was undoubtedly the case with Saul's associates. It is also not improbable, that an awful sound, resembling thunder, preceded the words addressed to Saul, and intelligibly heard only by him. An instance very similar occurs in John xii.
1. There came a voice from Heaver," &c, 66 Then the multi. fude which stood by and heard, said, that it thundered ; others said, an angel spoke to him.” It these persons, who were calmly standing by, were unable to distinguish the words spoken from Heaven, what a much greater suspension of faculties must have occurred in the minds of men, who saw their leader actually struck to the ground by the terror of what they saw and heard ! The fact then was this, The companions of Saul heard a most awful sound, and beheld a divinely majestic splendor; the effect of which was such, that they were fixed speechless and insensible (inves) on the place. They, therefore, neither heard the words spoken, nor saw the glorious person who uttered them.
S. ANSWER TO QUERY III. Ibid. The manuscript to which the enquirer refers, is one of those MSS. preserved in the library of New College, Oxford. It contains the Acts and all the Episiles, accidental mutilations excepted. Its date cannot be carried beyond the beginning of the fourieenth century, probably, it is even still more recent. It is marked in Mill, Nov. 2; and in Wetstein, Coll. 43. It does not appear 10 have been the work of an ordinary copyist; but of a critical transcriber, who has adopted many singular and, as far as we now know, unauthorized readings. Many of these peculiar readings pretty evidently betray their origin; as they seem designed to soften a difficulty, or answer some other systematical purpose. Such a manuscript, therefore, is of little weight in sacred criticisin; and, in the case of a reading peculiar to itself, ot no weight at all.
The reading latinę (Father) instead of Ewtwę (Saviour or Preserver) is of this latter class; and cannot be admitted, unless we were to reject the united evidence of all other and better MSS., of all the ancient versions, and of citations by the fathers. To reject the common reading would be committing unjustifiable violence on the sacred text. If our theological systems cannot be supported without having recourse to such means, let them be abandoned. The passage very evidently relates to the daily providence of God, as the supporter and preserver of all mankind; but ar especially of the faithful," as 15ūr strictly means. The venerable Ethiopic version has justly, though rather paraphrastically, rendered the ciaose to which the enquiry refers, “ The God of life, who giveth life to all men."
of her fourth son. Every circuma
şiance appeared favourable for her rư MRS. START, the subject of this cuvery; but she had a vivient cough narrative, was born Nov. 13, 1766; and an intermitting fever with her and was favoured with the blessing of other disorders. On Wednesday she a pious education, as her parents lived rias very weak, and complained of in the fear of God, and died in the great darkness of soul, observing, she enjoyment of his favour. Her maiden never had been so on any former ocname was Rachel Davis; and she re:
She mourned the Lord's absided, in the former part of her life, sence, and desired I would pray for at Craswell, near Long Town, in her, that he would shine upon her, Herefordshire. Ai the art of thir- She saw the truth of the proinise, but teen, she was called by grace, under couid not take the comfort of it. the instrumentality of Mr. Hide, a On Thursday, she was full of pain, student at the late Coun:ess of Hun- cortinuid very low, and though she tingdon's Colleg, at Trevecca, from should die, and begged we would pray this text, John iji, i6. Prior to this for her. On Friday she appeared rime, she laboured under siroog con. extemely languid. She spake to me victions ; but they wise not durable about the children. In the eventR; upon her mind, until those words I found much liberty in speaking of came with power. From this period the love of God; and begged her to she became a decidi follower of the si collect past mercies and blessings &c. Lamb.
The cloud now began to vanish: ste About eigitcen, sie was publicly observed her mind was more comfortbaptiz. d by sprinkling (as her parents able, she could view God as uowere Baptists) and gave in a confes- changeable, and thought he would sion of her ih bef me the ch"rch at bring her through. On Saturday Tiee.ca. She was zealous and use. she seemed to be somewhat casier, and ful in the pice: wh re she lived, par. her mind was more calm and serene. ticularly anong young people; and When I spoke about her soul, she rode riyning to hear the gospel. seemed to enjoy it ; and said, all that She afterwards jo red he church at took place was according to God's Hay; and, in the year 179?, she en- will, and must be for the best. “Let tered into a marriage state with the him do what seemeth good to him," write of this account, and filled up said she, “I am willing to submit;" her station with honour, being a most and begged I would rot be cast down, spiritual, wise, and contidenual friend. for if she died, she should be happy. In the whole of her deportment, she I asked, whether she could vietv the discovered a love to Christ, his cause, Lord as her porsjon? “O Yes, my minuters, and people. She was much dear, I can,” replied she ; "pray for with Mv at the Saviour's feet. She On the Sabbath, she sat up for was ofte i afflicted from a complication some time, and seemed to be more of disorders. Near the close of her cheerful; but towards the evening, Jife she was taken ili with the in- her cough and fever came on more ra. fuenza; being in a state of preg. pidly than before. I spoke to her, nancy, and near the time of her con and she seemed to have a steedy faith finement. This was about a fortnight in Christ, although no raptures; but before she was put to bed, during much requested prayer of all who which time, until her death, which
This night sbe was six days after her delivery, she was very ill. On Monday, the day was exercised much in her mind, and, of her death, I went to prayer, as through her excessive weakness, was usual; but about two o'clock in the low in her spirits. She was in Lon. afternoon, she took her flight to her don at this ume; and on Tuesday, Saviour, Feb. 28, 1803. Mr. BenFeb. 22, 1803, was safely delivered nel, of Birmingham, spake over het
remains, in Bunhill Fields; and on take the comfort of it; and wished the Sabbath following, preached he could more clearly see the con. her funcral-sermon at Sion chapel, nexion between the death ot Christ to a crowded congregation, trom and the pardon of sin, -His fatherRev. xiv. 13
S. in-law (the Rev. S. Douglas) was
incessant in prayer, both with him
and in the family, that the Lord G. R. ANDREW'S.
would lift up the light of his coun. March 6, 1804, died at Chelms- tenance pon him.
One mornford, Mr. George Rutt Andrews, ing, after prayer, he said, " I beaged twenty-one, second son of the lieve I have a great benefit to relate Rev. Mordecai Andrews. ceive, but have a dark cloud to pass From his childhood he appeared through before I si all obtain it!” thoughtful and attentive to religion, Soon after this, his dejection seemwas very dutiful to his parents, and ed to abate, and consolatory paskind to his companions. At the sages of Scripture to be applied with age of thirteen he joined the church power to his mind, especially llical at Coggeshall; and at fourteen, was vii. 18, “ He retaineth not his anbound apprentice at Sudbury; ger for ever, because he delighteth where he soun devcted some of his in mercy ;'' which he desired might lei ure time to reading the Scrip- be read over again; and then said, tures to some poor people who
" That's the word !" About this could not read, and at the Sunday. time his confidence in the atones, Schools took an active part in in- ment, which appeared to have been structing the boys; and his efforts shaken, seemed gradually strengthwere crownell with considerable suc- ening, and he said, “I believe there ess. In Oct. 1803, a violent cold can be no other way.”
Upon those seized him, and produced on bislungs lines of Dr. Watts being repeated the disorder which terminated liis to him, lite. About ten days before his
66 The death of Christ shall still'remain death, when his cough was so vio.
Sumñcient and alone,” &c. lent and frequent in the night as not to admit of his lying down more he said, “ I believe it ;?'and it was than three or four hours at a time, evident that, until he came to this he was continually desiring those conclusion, there was no calmness about him to read the Scriptures; of mind in the prospect of death.and seemed much attached to the The Sabbath-night before he died, Psalms, especially those that speak observing that his afflicted parent of affliction. One morning he said saw him
weep, he said, 's You to his mother, “ I found in the know that tears are not always exnight that all attempts to comfort pressive of sorrow, and, indeed, me were in vain; and I seemed like mine are not; but quite the conone left alone in the hands of God. trary; for now I know that the I think I now understand some- Lord loves me, or he wuuld not thing of what is meant by these deal with me as he does. I have words: -“ It is a fearful thing to had this night such a clear view of fall into the hands of the living the necessity of Christ's coming God." He seemed, at this time, down from Heaven, and dying on to consider the Lord as his enemy; the cross for sinners, as I never had and that his affliction was sent in before; and I have seen clearly, judgment. Upon its being sug- that had he not done so, the whole gested to him from the Scriptures, human race would liave perished.” that the Lurd Jesus had borne the A few hours after, he repeated those curse due to sin, for all who believe lines of the Dying Christian to his on him; and that afflictions were Soul: not sent to the people of God as okens of his anger, but for their
!! The world recedes, it disappears;
Heav'n opeus on my eyes, my ears
he said, He be. piritual profit,
With sounds scraphic Nng," lieved it was all true, but could not