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sible, at the proper time, some mark thew, the " abomination of desolafor its commencement." I say, sir, tion," are undoubtedly synonymous. that I was struck with this passage; I therefore immediately concluded, and the more so, because I had ar- that the duration of the vision conrived at the very same conclusion cerning the transgression of desolawith Mr. Cunningham, (as far as tion must mean, the duration of the respects the commencement and the Roman Power. My attention was termination of the period of 2300 of course first turned to the year of days), by exactly a contrary process. the foundation of the city; but I This process and its result I shall now soou discovered another daie, which detail; and if you should judge them seemed to answer much better to worthy to occupy a column in the the description of the Prophet; I Christian Observer, I shall feel my- mean, the expulsion of the kings, and self honoured by their insertion. the establishment of the consular
The words of the prophecy are dignity at Rome. It was then that as follows.
Rome first emerged from her ob“ Then I heard one saint speak. scurity : it was in this event that ing, and another saint said unto that the foundation of her future power certain saint which spake, How long was laid; and by this she has ever shall be the vision concerning the been distinguished from all other daily sacrifice and the transgression nations. Now, according to the list of desolation, to give both the sanc. of consuls, given in the 1st vol. of tuary and the host to be trodden Hales’ Chronology, p. 251, this under foot? And he said unto me, great event took place in the year Unto two thousand and three hun. 509 A. C. i. e. exactly 2300 years dred days; then shall the sanctuary before the French Revolution in be cleansed."
A. D. 1791-2. Let it be observed, that the ques. I shall only add, that they who tion here asked is, “ How long shall are fond of giving a double interbe the vision concerning" (not ihe pretation to the prophecies, (vide ram but) " the daily sacrifice and 2 Pet. i. 20,) will be interested the transgression of desolation?” Now, by observing, that the Church of in the 15th verse of the 24th chap- England, (the great bulwark of the ter of St. Matthew, (see also Mark Reformation, and the most important xiii. 17.) we find our Saviour part of the sanctuary that has hithergiving the following notice to his io been cleansed,) was established disciples, " When ye therefore shall A. D. 1547 ; precisely 2300 years see the abomination of desolation, from the foundation of the city of spoken of by Daniel the prophet, Rome, A.C. 753, (vide Hales' Chro. standing in the holy place, (whoso nology, vol. I, p. 249). readeth let bim understand), then You will readily perceive, sir, let them which be in Judea flee unto that controversy is no part of my the mountains.” -- St. Luke records object; otherwise many arguments this warning of our Lord in rather might have been urged in defence different terms. “ And when ye of the interpretation just given, and shall see Jerusalem encompassed with many objections that may be brought armies, then know that ihe desola- against it, answered. I have simtion thereof is nigh. "Then let them ply stated it as my own opinion ; you which are in Judea flee lo the moun. are the best judge whether it be lains." From these iwo passages it worthy of the allention of your is evident, that the “ abomination of readers or not. It is only by the desolation," and the armies that en- running to and fro of many, that compassed Jerusalem, (i.e. the Roman knowledge can be increased; and armies) are identical. But the above all, " neither is be that words of Daniel, “ the transgression planteth any thing, neither be that of desolation," aud those of St. Mat. watereth, but God that giveth the
increase.” « Blessed,” however, racter and rights under the dispen
is he that readeth, and” blessed sation of grace, cannot possibly be are "they that hear the words of too clearly understood. Without a this” and every " prophecy, and that proper view of the Moral Law, whatkeep the things which are written ever a proper view of it may be, it therein, for the time is at hand.” is impossible for the Gospel. 10 be
There are many Christians in our
age wbo' either adopt the opinion, To the Editor of the Christian Observer, that the Moral Law has no authority
over believers, or else are unsettled I wish to occupy a column on your on the point, and therefore exceed. valuable pages to propose a question, ingly unhappy. Nor is this remark which I should rejoice to see dis 10 be limited to hearers; it cercussed in a calm and pious, a close tainly applies to some who are enand argumentative, manner, by some gaged in the momentous task of inof your able correspondents. Time structing others. and labour are well spent when ihey It can be of no use to recollect an are employed in diffusing religious odious epithel, to apply it to them, truth, snd also in ascertaining what and then to speak of them as though religious truth is. In the present they deserved consideration, age, it is peculiarly desirable that This mode of proceeding is equally we should have very accurate notions unwise and uncharitable. Theoloin religion; such as afford full satis- gical subjects ought not, and they faction to the mind; such as can be are not in our age, to be solved by clearly illustrated, and honestly de- a single syllogism, or by an idea fended.
dandled in the arms of indolence The life and the opinions of Agric and nurtured by prejudice. A wise, cola, the friend and the disciple of humble, and patient discussion of Luther must be known by many of theological truth is not only not to be your readers. He improved, as he dreaded, but to be desired and prothought, on the doctrinal statements moted. It establishes, comforts, and of the German Reformer. His re. edifies the real Christian: and it cantation was insincere, and, there. elicits those arguments which may fore, it was temporary. He left bis be of great service for the conviction tenets behind him in all their force, of others. and they were adopted by many. As to the point which I have now In the former part of the seventeenth in view, the authority of the Moral century, both of our universities con Law over real Christians, or, which I tributed to form the mind of Crisp, apprehend to be the same thing, the a name not unknown to your theo. obligation of real Christians to obey logical readers. We have seen in the Moral Law, it is to be laqiented, I our own age a man, I need not men- think, that there has been so much tion his name, who seemed, either indolence or invective displayed, designedly or accidentally, lo have and so little calm discussion and formed his notions on an important convincing argument. Religious point in theology on the models to controversy is a most unseemly which I have referred.
phrase. When we walk on sacred It is evident that obedience, a ground, we ought to search for truth, term that comprehends all the active and not victory; to display love, and services of man, is an important not bitterness. subject under any dispensation of Under the persuasion, therefore, religious truth. The law, therefore, that some of your pages may be very, which enjoins obedience, deserves usefully devoted to this subject, I the most careful study. Its nature, have ventured to propose it. It its authority, ita sancțion, its cha. would be premature in me to begin
with a detailed account of my own the view of the Divine perfections opinions. Indeed, I wish to be which has this tendency, it ought instructed. I should deeply lament to be understood, is not a speculabaving proposed the subjeci for dis- tive knowledge of the natural attricussion, if I njust see on your pages butes of the Deity, but a spiritual and what is common, or crude, or hasty, affecting discovery of bis moral exor violent.
What I wish for, and cellencies; of the glory of his infiwhat many will wish for if you give nite purity, holiness, justice, goodpublicity to this paper, is, the delibe- ness, and truth. It may be useful rate and able examination of Scrip- to consider in what way such a ture, the calm and clear confutation discovery of the glory of God opeof error, and the full and satisfactory rates in producing repentance and establishment of convincing argu- increasing humility. ments.
1. li convinces us of sin, by bringI am, &c.
ing to light those evils which the. deceitfulness of our own hearts is apt to hide from our view. There is a
light and glory in the presence of No. LXVIII.
God which exposes the works of Job xlii. 5, 6.--I have heard of thee darkness; and tends to produce a
by the hearing of the ear, but now deep sense of our sinfulness. Thus mine
eye seeth thee. Wherefore I Isaiah, on a view of the Divine abhor myself, and repent in dust
glory, cried “ Wo is me! for I am and ushes.
undone, because I am a man of un
clean lips”-“ for mine eyes have In the warmth of the debate which seen the King, the Lord of Hosts."! took place between Job and his And, not to mention other instances · friends, and in the anguish of his from Scripture, Peter, in beholding sufferings, Job had used some impa the power of Christ, as displayed in tient expressions respecting the the miraculous draught of fishes, conduct of God towards him. For was struck with a deep sense of his these he was first reproved by guilt: “ he fell down at Jesus' Elihu, and then by God himself, knees, saying, Depart from me, for who, with unspeakable force and I am a sinful man, O Lord.” Nor majesty, displays the glory of the is it difficult to explain how it is Divine perfections. Job was deeply that a view of the Divine glory prohumbled, and acknowledges in the duces this effect. By applying a strongest terms his own vileness and straight rule to a line, we discover insignificance. The impressions he all its unevenesses. What is denow bad of the majesty and glory, formed, appears more frightful when the wisdom and holiness, of God, compared with what is beautiful. were far stronger and more distinct In the same way, a clear view of the than any he had felt before. It was purity of God, and of his constant as if he had seen with bis eyes, presence with us, and inspectiou what he had only heard of before, over us, tends to bring those sins to from the report of others; and the light, and to cover us with confuview filled him with self-loathing. sion on account of them, which be"I have heard of thee by the hear- fore we contrived to justify, excuse, ing of the ear, but now mine eye or conceal. This truth may be seeth thee. Wherefore I abhor farther illustrated, by the different myself, and repent in dust and behaviour of vicious persons, when asbes."
in society like themselves, and when From this passage of Scripture in that of men eminent for piety. we learn, that a clear view of the In the former case, they will not perfections of God has a powerful scruple to justify their sinful praceffect in producing repeptance. But tices, and even to glory in them;
but in the company of men of piety, titude to God, and forgetfulness of they will be unable to open their him! In short, the clearer is the mouths in defence of their conduct. view we have of the glory of God, But if the presence of a mortal, in the more we perceive, not only the whom only some faint rays of the evil of sin in general, but the peDivine image appear, has so much culiar aggravations of
every parlicu. influence, how much more power- lar transgression. This is in a more ful would be the effect of a firm especial manner the effect of a view belief of the actual presence of a of the glory of God as it shines holy God, " who is of purer eyes forth in Jesus Christ. The unpathan to behold iniquity! Indeed, ralleled love shewn to sinners, in the wbat is it bui this, which makes bad Gospel, greatly heightens their inmen avoid the society of the good, gratitude. And the more we reflect and shun all thoughts of God; which on our own conduci, and compare makes them in their hearts say to it with the grace of our blessed their Maker, “ Depart from us : we Lord, the more must we abhor ourdesire not the knowledge of thy selves, and repent in dust and ashes. ways?"
It may be said in general, that it 2. A view of the glory of God, is a light sense of the evil of sin serves to point out the evil of sin, which leads men to commit it; and with its aggravations, and to take when they have committed il, to away all excuse from the sinner.- frame excuses for it; and also to inWhen the law of God shews us our dulge a hope, that the threatenings sins, and condemns us for them, we against sin will not be executed. may be ready to complain of it But a discovery of the glory of as severe; but when we see that law God, and particularly of his infinite to be but a copy of the moral per- holiness and justice, by shewing the fections of God, and when we con evil of sin in its true colours, sweeps template zhose perfections, we must away all such delusions; every be convinced that all sin must be mouth is stopped, and the sinner is hateful to God, and must necessa- stripped of all his vain pleas. “Berily be opposed to his nature. Na- bold, I am vile; what shall I answer turally, we are all enemies to God thee? I will lay my hand on my by wicked works, and we hate his mouth.” In a word, a real disco. Jaw because it is spiritual and pure. very of the glory of God raises Him But a view of the glory of God to the throne, and humbles us to produces such a conviction of his the very dust. It is as if we heard rights as our Creator, and of our a voice from heaven addressing us obligations as the creatures of his in the words of Scripture, “ Enter hand, as constrains us to acknow. into the rock, and hide thee in the ledge his justice in the punishment dust, for fear of the Lord, and for of sin. When we reflect on the the glory of his majesty." Those omnipresence and omniscience of who thus know God, will perceive, God, how great appears to be the that all objections on the part of folly of thinking to veil even our man to the Divine procedure, are most secret sins from him! When best answered in the words of St. we reflect on his power, how does Paul, “ Nay but, Oman, who art it add to the guilt and madness of thou that repliest against God?" presumption! When we reflect on 3. A proper view of the glory of bis infinite wisdoni and goodness, God serves further to point out the how does it aggravate the sinfulness danger of sin. It is the bope of est of refusing to make him our trust! caping punishment wbich embolWhen we consider our dependence dens tie sinner to transgress the upon him and our innumerable obli- law of God and to persist in his gations to the Divine bounty, how transgressions. Accordingly, the does this heighten the sin of ingra. Scriptures attribute the impenitence
of sinners to ignorance and unbelief. which shone even on Mount Sinai. " The fool hath said in his heart, Even there, be proclaimed himself, There is no God,” “ He hath said “the Lord God, merciful and grain his heart, God hath forgotten; cious, long suffering and abundant he hideth his face; he will never in goodness and truth, keeping see it.-Wherefore doth the wicked mercy for thousands, forgiving contemn God? He hath said in his iniquity, transgression, and sin." heart, Thou wilt not require it." But Without the knowledge of the a view of the glory of God destroys Divine mercy, the consideration of this stupid security and foolish pre- his holiness, justice and power, sumption. It teaches us, that all would tend only to produce terror things are naked before him. It and despair to the guilty. But when, sets before us his holiness and to the other perfections of God, we justice, and shews us that he is of join his infinite mercy, the true purer eyes than to behold iniquity. knowledge of his nature serves lo Above all, it sets before us the draw us to him in dutiful and grate terror of bis power, convincing us, ful submission. “ If thou, Lord, that nothing can be more vain, than shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, to hope either to escape or resist it. who shall stand? But there is forAccordingly, in the Scriptures, it is giveness with thee, that thou mayest by displaying his infinite perfec- be feared ;” implying, that there is tions that God endeavours to deter not only encouragement to serve us from sin and encourage us to God, but that bis mercy itself leado obedience. "Can any hica himself to that filial reverence which is esin secret places that I shall not sentially a part of true repentance. see him ? saith the Lord. Do not I Thus do the greatness and mercy of fill heaven and earth ? saith the God unite in melting the hearts of Lord.” “ Fear ye not me? saith sinners. the Lord. Will ye not tremble at And bere I need hardly observe, my presence ?" · The mountains that it is in the Gospel of our Lord quake at bim, and the hills melt, and Jesus Christ that we have the the earth is burnt up at his presence, brightest display of the Divine yea, the world and all that dwell mercy. It is in Christ that we have iherein. Who can stand before a true and saving view of the glory his indignation ? And who can
can of God, and especially of the union abide in ihe fierceness of his anger of his greatness and goodness, of His fury is poured out like fire, his majesty and mercy. It is in and the rocks are thrown down our blessed Redeemer's Cross and hy him.” Thus does God reveal in Passion, that we have the most afScripture the glory of his own na- fecting proof of the evil of sin, and ture, as the means of turning us the danger of the sinner ; for it is from the practice of sin ; plainly there that God's hatred of sio and implying, that nothing but igno- his indignation against it appear rance of him can encourage sinners with greatest terror. We have, in in their rebellion. Nor will it be the Old Testament, many terrible denied, that where there is a deep display's of the Divine vengeance, impression of these truths in the yei they are all faint when commind, it must lead to repentance pared with what was exhibited on and submission, and lay us pros. Mount Calvary, when “ he who was trate before the Divine Majesty. in the form of God, and thought it
4. Lastly, a view of the glory of not robbery to be equal with God, God tends io produce repentance, be. was found in fashion as a man, and cause, by setting before us kis infinite became obedient unto death, even mercy, it encourages us to turn to him. the death of the cross.” And yet, -Nojast view can be formed of God, in this great event, hath not God without including this perfection magnified his love also : Yes!