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REVIEW OF RELIGIOU'S PUBLICATIONS.
An Original Essay on the Iminate. superadded to matter. He then
riality and Immortality of the proceeds to prove, that a conscious Human Soul, foundeid solely on principle is essentially inmaterial; Physical and Rational principles. and deduces his evidence of this, By S. Drew. 2. Edit. 8v4, P1.75. especially from its intelligence, its
affections, and its reflective powers. COMPARING the merit of this in the discussion of these topics, work with the circumstances of its the author has some ingenious re. author, the reader will be forcibly marks on the difference betweca struck with the idea, that in the reason and instinct. common ranks of life there are men On the immortality of the soul ofuncommon minds. The dedica. he oliserves, that if the soul perish, tion to tie Rev. and learned Mr. it must necessarily be either by dis Whitaker, is eminently distinguish. solution, by privation, or by anni. ed from the fulsome ti attery which hilatinn; -- and then clearly shews 200 frequently debuuses this species that it cannot possibly perish by of composition. It is evidently the any of these means; - that nothing deserved tribute of respectful gra- in the soul itselt, nor any thing extitude, flowing from a feeling heart, crior to it, can produce these ef. and expressed by an elegant pen. fects; – and that the essential proIt does equal honour to the author perties of the soul are as immortal and to his patron.
as itself. In demonstrating these The publication of this work, particulars, he employs a very wide which is intended to prove that the compass of forcible reasoning. soul of mau is inmaterial and im. The admirers of metaphysical mortal, is rendered seasonable by disquisition will be highly gratified tie late attacks of Infidels and pro- in reading this treatise. They wilt fessedly Christian philosophers. not expect to find every argument The subject is confessedly deep and equally conclusive ; but we venture mysterious. The anthor proposes to say, that they will certainly meet to establish it on rational principles, with a depth of penetration, a force distinct from divine revelation. And acuteness ot reasoning, of which Whether it is discoverable without few publications can buast. The the aid of revelation, will probably author craves indulgence for the admit of a dispute ; but that reason incorrectness of his style, and for confirms what revelation has taught any grainmatical inaccuracies. But on this subject, is, we think, in there needs no apology. His style this work, very clearly demon- is far froin inelegance. Consider'strated.
ing the nature of his subject, it is The author introduces his sub- remarkably clear. In his use of the ject by some observations on mat- subjunctive mood, we think we dister and spirit. In proving the im. cover an error ; and the nature of materiality of the soul, he remarks, his work being argumentative, oc. that every man feels within himself casions its frequent recurrence. But a consciousness not only of his own if he errs in this particular, it is ja existence, but also of the powers of company with many of the mos perception, judgment, volition. He respectable writers. It is comihen 'shews that these, having monly supposed that contingency is no positive existence, necessarily the sign of the subjunctive runds support the positive existence of a but if we deliberately consider the substance in vluch they inhere; subiect, we shall probabiy cutie that these powers are not essential ciute, that the subjunctive form to matter :- -- that they cannot be should be used only when the sen the result of muiter, nor of any mo- tence s'imposes continent and dification of matter, nor any quality turity united'.
• Sce Murray's Grammar, 8ch E.l. p. 36. &c. an. p. 159, &C.
The limits of our review prevent punged some obsolete phrases and tis from giving a specimen of the Scotticisms from a few of the lives, author's style and manner ; we the work would have been more therefore conclude by informing uniformly agreeable to a reader of our readers, that this second edi. taste ; but these are trifles compar. tion is, in many respects, so far sui- ed with the substantial excellence perior to the first, as to give it the of the whole, which we can cordicharacter of almost a new work. ally recommend as a valuable per:
formance. Memoirs of Eminently Pious Wo. As a specimen of the original
men, who were Ornaments of their matter we give the following exSex, Blessings to their country, and tract, containing an account of Edifying Examples to the Church and Lady Glenorcly's conversion : World. By Thos. Gibbons, D.D.
“ Wilhelınina Maxwell, Lady GleTo which is now adeled, a Second Vo- porchy, was the younger of two daughters
lume; containing the Lives of many left by Dr. William Maxwell, Esq. of ether's equally exemplary in every Prestun, a gentleman of high respectabiGrace which can adorn the Femaže licy and large fortunc, in Galloway, Character. By the Rev. George North Britain ; and was born at Preston, Jerment. In Tevo Vols. embellished before the birth of his youngest daughter;
an. 1742. Dr. Maxwell died four months with 15 Portraits, 18s; fine, 215.
and his widow, now the venerable Lady The former part of this work is Alva, wishing to perpetuate the name of already known to the public, and a husband so dear, called the fatherless was so well received as to require a child Wilhelmina. Sie watched over second edition. The Editor has the education of both daughters with majudiciously comprized the sub- ternal solicitude, and endeavoured to pre
serve them from the vortex of fashionable stance of the original memoirs, which were printed in two volumes, Edinburgh, 1761, to William Earl of Su.
was married at
pleasure. The oldest in the first of these, which we
therland; the youngest, who is the subthink an improvement, as some of ject of these menoirs, was married at the lives were certainly too prolix. London some months afterwards, to John' To these are now added, in a second Lord Viscount Glenorchy, only son of the volume, the lives of Mrs. Drake, earl of Breadalbane. The earl of SutherLady Falkland, Lady Halket, Mrs. land and his countess died within a few Combe, Mrs. Clarkson, Mrs. Ter. days of each other, and left an only ry, Mrs. West, Mrs. Ann Dutton, daughter two months old. That daughter, Mrs. Housman, Mrs. Woodd, Miss
the present Marchioness of Stafford, forGray, Miss S. Mainwaring, Mrs.
merly Countess of Sutherland, was du..
cated under the direction of her grand. M. M. Althens, Lady Hope, Lady mother, Lady Alva; and received kind Glenorchy, Lady Huntingdon, Mrs. attention from her aunt, Lady Glenarchy. Talbot, Mrs. Campbell, Lady Bur. This worthy lady, whose tenderness for ford, Mrs. Brander, Mrs. Middle.' orphans was increased by her own prematon, Miss Neale, Mrs. Humphrys, cure widowhoud, was formed for a superior Mrs. Hutchinson, and Mrs. Bennet. place in society. Her understanding was Most of these have appeared he- naturally strong and capacious, and her tore singly; but, combined in the menory reteniive. Her mind was polishpresent form, they present to view ed by a liberal education, and richly tura rich constellation of female excel. able, her manner engaging, her fancy
nished with ideas. Her person was agret.. Hence, which, we trust, will be brilliant, and attended by a constant towe studied with delight and profit by of spirits and good humour. Born to a great number of our fair country- wealih, and allied to a rich and noble women; and excite in many a breast house, she was fitted to make a distine earnest desires to resemble these guished figure among the great, and to pious persons, who, in various sta. shine in courts. In early life, as might tions of life, adorned the doctrines be expected from these circumstances, ikis of grace, exemplified the Christian accomplished young lady was filled with temper in all its branches, and are vanity, was fond of dress, and attached in
gay amusements. But, as Moses, “ when now, without doubt, inheriting the
he was come to rears, refused to be call. proinises.. Had the Editor" ex,
ed the son of Pharaoh's daughter, choose those that ask this gift of their it impossible to support the spirit and practice of religion, and at the sa ne tiine be
ing rather to suffer allicrion with the peu. Charis: or Reflections chiefly upon the ple of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of
Ofice of the Holy Spirit in the Salvasio for a season ; esceeming the reproach tion of Men. 12mo, p. 247. 35. of Christ greater riches ihan the creasures of Egypt," a like manner, she, in all
Tue Reflections contained in this the bloom of youth, wiih'al worldly volume, owe their origin to a conpleasures at her command, laid herseli, versation which the author heid. ber fortune, her honours, and her talesis, with two pious ciergymen. at the foot of the cross of Jusus.
question was started, "Whether a About the twenty-third year of her age man of the world, one unrenewed she was visit.d with sickness : in recover
and unchanged in heart and life, ing from which, her thoughts were invo.
could really and sincerely desire che luntarily turned to the first question and answer of that form of sound words which gilt of divine giace ex mero metu; is given in the Assembly's Catechism :
or, from his own excitement, or "What is the chiifend of inau? It is to (what is quite the same) without glorily God, and to enjoy him for ever?" the gracious agency of the Spirit of Musing on these words, they arressed her God!" The text, in Luke si. 13, attention, and naturally led her to put to is selected as the ground of enherself the important queries : Have I quiry ; and from thence the author answered the design of my being? Have considers, ist, The gift of the Holy I gloritied God? Shall I enjoy him for Spirit; and, 2nd, The persons to ever? Reviewing her life of thoughtless gaicty, the gift of the Spirit, he observes,
whom ihe Holy Spirit is given. By she found there was 110cvnnexion between
that we such conduct and the glorifying and eve
are not to understand the joying of God; and that consequently, power of effecting miraculous ope. bitherto, she had not answered the chief rarions; nor does it imply visions, mad'of her existence. Her conscience was raptures, or any enthusiastic apawakened ; and, for a considerable time, pearances or impressions; but it she laboured under that anxiety and fear must be understood, agreeably to which usually attend such a state of mind. the declarations nade in the ScripRus, on reading ihe 5th chapter of the
tures, concerning his office in the Epistle to the Romans, she discovered ihe
covenant of grace : wirich declara. way whereby the great God could be just,
tions iinport all that is necessary to and yet the justiter of the believer in Jesus. She believed, her understanding be known and realized for the conwas enlightened, her conscience relieved, version, edification, and final lapand her miud restored to peace. The piness of those persons who are its froiis of her faith soon gave the inost un.
terested in it. It does not imply equivocal evidence to the truth of the hap- or impart any new revelation; but Py change which had taken place in her enables the mind to understand and mind. For some iiine she endeavoured to digest the revelation already given avoid the ridicule which atrerds true re. and established. The persons to ligion, by concealing is, and mingling in
whom the Holy Spirit is given, are the society and amusements to which she had been accustomed; but she soon found Heavenly Father: - and who are
these, but the children of God? conformed to the manners of the world. Who, beside these, can truly ask She therefore openly avowed her religion, for the Holy Spirit, knowing for and renounced the siosul enjoymeots of what they ask? though, indeed, the world. Froin tiris tiine, her whole life all should be taught the necessity was one contii ad course of devotion : her of this duty; but the present object closet was a licie sanctuary for God, 10 of consideration is the power of per. which she habitually retired with avidity forming spiritual and gracious and pk asure. In her jamily there was always an aliar for God, and from which, prayer. The children of this world, with the morning and the evening, regu
while such, or as such, can sinJarly ascended social prayer and praise. cerely ask for no such gift; be. She loved the house of God; and the most
cause a man must be renewed, or painful circumstance of iver frequent ill be burn of the Spirir, before he can healen, in ine last vears of ber life, was, discern the work of spiritual things, her beag duiained by it from public woso or truly ask for theai." ship.”
We have not room to follow the
airthor in all his arguments, nor to than his own sound and unsophististate the objections which he has cated truths; and, therefore, those answered; the reader will see from who, instead of pointing to the Sathe above the general nature of the viour and to the Holy Spirit, are di. subject. The real condition of recting men, more or less, to their man, by nature; and the work of own powers, to rational investigation the Holy Spirit' in renewing his of spiritual things, to metaphysical zəind, impressing the image of God inquiries concerning divide truth, or on his soul, and producing true ho- to fine-spun theories of human infiness and happiness, are insisted vention, - all of them opposite to on and explained with considerable the plan and simplicity of the gosability,
pel, have their reward in cold, un. In page 78, some observations animated hearers, or uninfluenced worthy of notice will be found, and useless attention. Rarely do Jelative to the duty of every man even sounder doctrines possess the to believe in Christ. In page happy effect of truly converting sin. 113, we have a just stateinent of sers, when adorned with the mereEnthusiasm. His remarks on tricious splendor of man's wisdom, Schism, Moral Preaching, and Res with a laboured style, with orna. vivals of Religion, are peculiarly mental Avurishes, with the glitter excellent. “Tkose," says he, of human wit or oratory, employed « are the worst Schismatics, the too much for the purpose of gain. Teal and most dangerous Dissenters ing human applause. . Nor do real from the doctrine, and the greatest Christians receive content or edifidisgrace to the discipline of the cation from classical elegancies of Church of England, who, while expression, or studied points bor. They profess to be its ministers and rowed from ancient Heathens, who members, do most strenuously con- neither knew God nor themselves. tradict, by evil life or heterodox Fine and admired discourses, bar. principles, the fundamentals of the ren of evangelical truth, may Christian religion. Idle and dis- cause men to be charmed with the solute clergymen, who (one must preacher or writer; but they lead say with regret) are to be found in them not from the playhouse, nor every place of worldly entertain the card-table, nor fashionable ament; and almost in any place sa musements, nor sordid views and ther than in their duties orchurches, endeavours, nor from the spirit of where the service seenis, too often, the world. Preachers of this sort tedious and burdensome ; the may seein, like instruments of muJoose. the ignorant, the uprinci. sic, to sound well; but they only pled laymen, professing at the same sound : and their hearers go off as time to be Menibers of the church: from a concert, admiring the tunes these, and these chiedy, are the and the performers perhaps; but grand Schismatics and Enthusiasts? neither duly fed, nor properly in. Can it be expected, that persons formed.” really concerned for truth and sal
We cannot multiply quota• vation will listen to the voice of the tions, but must reter our read. fox-hunter, the gambler, the sordid to the volume itselt; froin worldling, or the openly profane ? which, we have no doubt, they will It is with a very ill grace, therefore, derive both pleasure and profit. that ministers of this stamp com- We shall only add, that we have plain of the increase of Dissenters, the pleasure to be informed, that They themselves are the principal for this work we are indebied to cause of that increase.” As it re- the same able pen that produced spects Moral Preaching, he justly Horæ Solitariæ, The Christian Reobserves, “ That the Holy Spirit membrancer, and several other exa rarely blesses, and cannot be ex- cellent publications, pected to bless at all, any other
The Transactions of the Missionary which are diled, Memoirs of his Society (No. XI.) 8vo. 15.
Life, Labcurs, and Departure. By In this periodical work the pro
Wm. Kingsbury, M. A. Price is. ceedings of the London Missionary The text chosen by the preacher on Society are fuily detailed from au. the above solemn occasion, is taken thentic documents, and form a genuine froin Zech. i. 5. “ Your fathers, and interesting nistory of the work of where are they? and the prophets, do God under their instrumentality. We they live for ever?” froin which he think it our duty to the public to pre- shews who are the persons des ribed as sent to their view, from month to · fathers and prophets ;” and then month, some of the great outlines of proposes several heads of medication, that work; but the limiis of a public suggested by the affecting que tions cation, comprizing a great variety of concerning them. He observes, par. matter, do not admit of so particular ticularly, that nothing can deliver us an account of the journals and coue. from the stroke of death, - that mispondence of the Missionaries, as fully nisters are as liable to dis-olution as to gratify the numerous friends of the others, - that Jeparted friends, fa. Society, who feel a lively interest in its thers, and ministers, should not be for. welfare and success. We make this re- gotten by survivors, - and that we mark, because we conceive that many should trace them from our world juto persons are not yet aware of the utility their present abodes. Under each of and importance of the “ Transace these particulars, many serious and tions.” The first eight numbers form weighty thoughts are advanced. The a handsome volume of 515 pages, and author then improves the subject by a comprize the History of the Society word of admonition to his brother mi. from its commencement in 1795 to the nisters, several of whom were present: close of 1862. The ninth number he next admonishes the stated hearers contains Mr. Kicherer's Narrative of of his departed friend; recommends his Mission to the Hottentots, accom- an enquiry among all, Whether they punieci with a view of the settlement at are prepared for death; and, fioally, Zak River, No. X. includes a va. observes, that though the fathers and riety of intere ting materials concern. prophets are removed, “the word of ing different Missions in the south of God liveth and abidech for ever.” Africa, America, and Oraheite. The The whole discourse is serious, evanpresent number (XI.) contains, beside .gelical, and well adapted to the mouraother particulars, a large extract from ful occasion. the jurnals of the Missionaries at Otaheite, in their preaching-journies round that island; and an account of A Sermon preached at St. Anx's, the sudden death of Pomarre the blackfriars, May 22, before iée Chief, who had been their principal Society for Missions 10 Africa ant ike
East. protector. The difficulties which the
By the Rev.T.T. Biddulph, Missionaries have to combat there, are
Minister of St. James's, Bristol,si. indeed affecting ; but, as nothing is too
Also the Report of the Commillie, SC. hard for the Lord, we may still hope
800 Price is. that their eyes will be opened, and Tur is the Fourth Anniversary this they will be turned rom darkness Sermon preached before a Missionary to right, and from the power of Satan Socierv jostituted by Evangelical
God. The letter from Dr. Members of the Established Church; Vanderkomp to the Directors is re- and who have directed their first atmark bly interesting; an extract from tention to the Susoo nation, in Africa. which we shall present to our readers Mr. Biddulph founds his exhortagon in the Inteligence.
to Missionary exertions on the goldea
rule in St. Matthew's yospel, chap. A Discourse deliver d at Poole, Dor
“ Therefore, all things whatset, july 6, 1104, immediately after soever ye would that men should do the Internent of the Rev. Edward to you, do ye even so to them ; for this Ashner, 11 A who died Juin 2, is the law and the prophets." He in the 70th year of his age. To first makes some general remarks on