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Lord. And they anointedDavid king over
Israel.

He it was that took "Jerusalem out of the Hands of the Jebufites, the ancient Inhabitants of it j and built a Fort upon Mount Ziont and pitch'd a Tabernacle there, in which he plac'd the Ark of the Lord; and, being in most: things, observant of the Commands of God, was tolerably successful in all his Undertakings.

But, when he grew to be in Years, he was vex'd by some of his elder Sons, who form'd Parties, and aspir'd to the Throne, during his Life. He therefore order'd Nathan the Prophet, and Zadok the Priest, and others of the principal Men who kept themselves attach'd to him, to anoint Solomon, his Son by the Wife of Uriah the Hittite, to be King in his stead. All which they did accordingly. Zadok the Priejl 1 Kingsif. took an horn of oyl out of the tabernacle, and39" anointed Solomon. And they blew theTrumpety and all the people said, God save king Solomon. , , .

Of these three first Kings, Saul forfeited the Favour of God, by presuming to offer ' Sam. Sacrifices himself, i and thereby usurping m'9' G g the

the High-Priest's Office. And again, in not obeying the Voice of the Lord, by sparing Agag the King of the Amalekites, and the best; of the Sheep, Oxen, &c. vrben '—xv. 2, God had commanded him, utterly to destroj &c' all that they had, and spare them not. After —xvi.14. this we read, that the spirit of the Lord departed from him, and an evil spirit possessed him, in the stead thereof. And then, —>viii. no wonder that we find him throwing a 1javelin once with an Intent to murder one of his subjects, of whose rising Glory he —xx.33. grew to be jealous j and again, making the fame Attempt upon his own Son: Nor, — xxii. that he order'd fourscore and five Priests of 17 the Lor. D to be put to death, because they had suffered David, whom perhaps they were not able to resist, to eat a Piece of —xxviii. Bread: Nor that he went to consult a S* wretched Woman, who had the Reputation of having a familiar spirit; when God had commanded in the Law, that no such should be suffered to live.'

Though David, who succeeded him, was, in many Respects, zealous for the Honour of God, yet once he prov'd so frail as to let his Piety be subdued by an unlawful

Lust,

Lust, to such a Degree as to tempt him to ■take away another mans wife from her huf- 2 sara.xi. bandy and then, contrive to have him mur- 4« '5der'd, that he might enjoy her without Interruption.

Solomon^ his Son, though a Prince of great personal Endowments, and highly favour'd by God, no sooner succeeded to the Throne, but we are told that in Opposition to God's express Command in the Law, he married a Jlrange woman, the i Kings Daughter of Pharaoh King of Egypt; and,1U"" by Virtue of this Alliance, had great Numbers of horses brought from Egypt; and not —*• 2&only so; but that he loved many Jlrange—xi.i, •women; women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; nations^ concerning which, the Lord had said unto the children of Israel, Te shall mt go in unto them, neither shall they come in unto you; for they will surely turn away your heart after their gods. Tet Solomon clave unto them in love: and had seven hundred wives, princesses; and three hundred concubines: And his wives turned away his heart after other gods.";•;.{ . . \, -, -,fb

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For all which Provocations, it is said, the Lord was angry with him. Whenfore the L o R D said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou haji not kept m\ covenant, and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. Accordingly, though his Son Rehoboam succeeded him in Benjamin, Judah, and Jerusalem; yet the other ten Tribes adher'd to Jeroboam, who erected another Kingdom, call'd thenceforward, Israel, by way of Distinction from "Judab.

But the Kings of Israel, being generally wicked, and forsaking the Lord, from Jeroboam, the first, to Hojhea, the nineteenth; being about the Space os two hundred and thirty one Years: In the Reign of the latter, that Kingdom was utterly destroy'd, and the whole People carried away into Captivity, from whence they never return'd, by.Sbalmaneser King of jiffyria,as has been already noted.

The Kings of Judab were, for the Generality of them, but little better j so that, after the Lord had born with their Iniquities, to the utmost Extent of his 3i1 4 •- 5 O divine

divine Mercy, he permitted Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon, to prevail over them, to destroy their Temple, City and Nation; and to carry them away Captives to Baby~ lon, for seventy Years. They were in all, from Rehoboam, the Jirji, to Zedekiah the last, twenty: making up, in the Number of Years which they reigned, three hundred and seventy five.

As to the Manner of Succession, in both these Kingdoms, as, whether it were elective or hereditary, it is not very material to go about to enquire. For, even hereditary Succession, is really and truly, at bottom, but elective, since it never can, nor doth, take Place, without the Concurrence of a Majority of the People. It is therefore a Part of the Constitution, in all wife Establishments, that the Son, without feme notable Impediment, shall succeed the Father, to avoid the Hazards and Mischiefs to which formal Elections of this kind must be liable; when the contending Interests of the Competitors would be apt to bring civil Wars and Desolation upon the Court-*

Q g 3 Agree*

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