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hovah." This name is derived from a verb which signifies to be, and denotes the eternal existence of that God from whom all others have received their existence, and in whom we live, and move, and have our being. This name is of the same signification with I am, and I am that I am; as we may learn from what God said to Moses when he sent him to the children of Israel in Egypt. On this occasion the Lord proclaimed his great and glorious name. "And God said unto Moses, I am that I am; and he said, thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I am hath sent me unto you. And God said moreover unto Moses, thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, the Lord God of your fathers," the word here translated Lord is Jehovah, "the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations."-Exod. 14, 15. To show that this name is peculiar to God, that it is his name, and that it is incommunicable, we shall quote two passages of scripture which are clear and decisive: "I am the Lord, that is my name, and my glory will I not give unto another, neither my praise unto graven images."-Isaiah, xlii. 8. The word Lord is in the original Jehovah. And, says the psalmist, "thou whosename alone is Jehovah, art the most high over all the earth." Psalm, lxxxiii.
Now, to show that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is called by this divine, adorable, and incommunicable name of God, it will be sufficient to quote a few texts of scripture, such as most clearly and directly prove the point in question. We shall first consider that remarkable prophecy of Isaiah, respecting John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Messiah, and the person who prepared his way before him. The prophet calls the Baptist "the voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, prepare ye the way of the Lord," Jehovah, "make straight in the desert a way for our God." There can be no doubt in this matter; for John the Baptist is constantly spoken of in the gospels as this
voice, and as the forerunner of the Messiah. John confessed that he was not the Messiah, nor that light, nor that prophet; he knew his office, and his place, and spoke of himself and his baptism as nothing in comparison of Christ and his baptism. "I indeed," says John, "baptise you with water unto repentance, but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear; he shall baptise you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into his garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire."
-Matth. iii. 11, 12. Let us hear John's record and confession, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, "who art thou ?" "And he confessed, and denied not, but confessed, I am not the Christ." And, after answering several questions in the negative, he told them who he was: "he said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, 'make straight the way of the Lord,' as said the prophet Esaias."-John, i. 23. Let us also hear what Zacharias said of his son when he was born: "Thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the highest, for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways." And says the evangelist, "the same came for a witness to bear witness of the light, that all men through him might believe." The only thing here necessary to be ascertained is, that John the Baptist prepared the way of Christ, as his forerunner; and this is sufficiently done by what has been said, and by the evangelist Mark, at the beginning of his gospel, where, speaking of the Baptist, he says, "as it is written in the prophets, behold I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. The voice of one crying in the wilderness, prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.'
Again, the prophet Jeremiah calls the Son of God Jehovah in the following words: "Behold the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a
righteous branch; and a king shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; and this is his name whereby he shall be called, the Lord our righteousness;" that is, Jehovah our righteousness.-Jeremiah, xxiii. 5, 6. Another prophet, under the influence of the same spirit, calls the Saviour Jehovah in these words: "surely shall one say, in the Lord (that is, Jehovah) have I righteousness and strength; even to him shall men come, and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed: in the Lord shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory." It is very evident that these prophecies relate to the Messiah. He is our righteousness; it is he "who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption; that according as it is written, he that glorieth let him glory in the Lord."-I. Cor. i. 30, 31. It is by the Lord Jesus Christ that we are justified; for, says the apostle, "be it known unto you, therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins; and by him all that believe are justified from all things; from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. Beware, therefore, lest that come upon you which is spoken of in the prophets, behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish; for I work a work in your days, a work which you shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you."-Acts, xiii. 38, 41. In that remarkable passage of Isaiah's prophecy, formerly quoted, and which the evangelist applies to the Son of God, he is called Jehovah Tsebaoth: " Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts, the whole earth is full of his glory. Wo is me," said the prophet, "for I am undone, because I am a man of unclean lips, for mine eyes have seen the king, the Lord of hosts."
There is another prediction of the same prophet which evidently relates to the Messiah, and in which he is called Jehovah. The words are these: "sanctify the Lord of hosts himself, and let him be your
fear, and let him be your dread; and he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence to both houses of Israel, for a gin and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble and fall and be broken, and be snared and taken."-Isaiah, viii. 13, 14. How exactly was this prediction fulfilled at the coming of the Messiah ! He was a sanctuary to them that sanctified him in their hearts; he was a city of refuge to all that believed in him; but he was a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence to the unbelieving Jews; and in their miserable destruction was the latter part of this prophecy most awfully accomplished. I shall conclude this head of discourse with one quotation more. The prophet Zechariah, after having denounced the judgments of God upon the inhabi tants of the land of Judea, mentions the very price for which the Messiah should be sold and betrayed: but he that was sold and betrayed into the hands of sinners is that very Lord who spake by the mouth of his prophet, saying, "if ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear: so they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. And the Lord" Jehovah, "said unto me, cast it unto the potter; a goodly price that I was prized at of them." Zech. xi. 12, 13.
We presume it has been proved that the Lord Jesus Christ is called by the Divine and incommunicable name, Jehovah. This is the name of God: his name alone is Jehovah; the Lord he is God, there is none else. Who is God, save the Lord? Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. That the Father is Jehovah will not be denied; that the Son is Jehovah has been proved; and that the Holy Ghost is Jehovah* can be proved by the same kind of arguments, namely, express declarations of the holy scrip
* That the Holy Ghost is Jehovah, is plain from a passage in the prophecy of Ezekiel, where the prophet says, "the Spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness in the heat of my spirit; but the band of the Lord (in the original, Jehovah), was
These three, therefore, are one Jehovah; one in a divine and incomprehensible unity of an incomprehensible essence. We now come to the third and last head of this discourse; and shall conclude this Sermon with some quotations of scripture, in which Jesus Christ is expressly called God.
Let us then begin with the words of the evangelical prophet, who, speaking of the Messiah, expresses himself in the following words: "Behold your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompense will he come and save you." But some might ask, when will our God come? we have been long looking for his appearance, and waiting for his salvation; when will he come to avenge and save his people? The prophet, indeed, does not tell the precise time, but he shows the signs of his coming, and he gives certain tokens whereby the people might know their God, when he should come. And these, says the prophet, are the signs of his coming: "the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped; then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing; for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert."-Isaiah, xxxv. 4, 5, 6. These predictions were accomplished when the Messiah came, and en
strong upon me." The Holy Ghost is called the Eternal Spirit, the Omnipresent Spirit: "where shall I go from thy Spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? The Spirit searcheth all things; yea the deep things of God. He is the Spirit of wisdom." He is the Creator, for Job says, "the Spirit of God hath made me :" and again it is written, "thou sendest forth thy Spirit, and they are created." The Holy Ghost is called God; for, says the apostle to Ananias, "why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie unto the Holy Ghost? thou hast not lied unto man, but unto God." And again, "how is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?" There is a sin more immediately committed against this Holy One, which is called the unpardonable sin: "whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, nor that which is to come." I have just mentioned these particulars, respecting the divinity of the Holy Ghost, and refer the reader to the holy scriptures for further information.