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THE
INSPECTOR:

48335

CONTAINING

A concise and impartial Collection

of News, &C.

INTRODUCTIO N.

THE Proprietors of The Student: Or, The Oxford and

1 CAMBRIDGE Monthly Miscellany, sensible of the great Obligations they owe to the Publick, and willing in return to give all the Satisfaction in their Power, have, in compliance with the Request of many, but especially their Country Readers, fubjoined an additional Half-Sheet; containing, a compleat Summary of whatever is comprehended under the Denomination of News. This they intend to give away GRATIS every Month; and as it no ways interferes with the rest of their Work, it will be printed on a different Letter, and paged separately ; with an Intent that (when the Number is sufficient) they may be collected and bound together in a Volume by themselves. This, they hope, will appear to be no inconsiderable Improvement of their original Design, and must certainly be useful to some ; — at leait, as it is no Expence to the Purchaser, it can offend nobody. 'As to the Execution, that surely cannot fall sort of the present Monthly Productions. — But their Aim is much higher. The same Spirit and Dignity which has hitherto commanded Success, will be exerted and preserved in this as well as the other Parts of their Un. dertaking : Nor let it be thought Arrogance in the AUTHORS TO add, that even in this point they have as little to fear from the Rivalship of others.

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FOREIGN NEW S.

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PORTUGAL. which his Catholick Majesty pretends
H E king of Portugal has they shall behave there towards En-

given orders, that for the glish fhips sailing directly to their
future no person condemned own Colonies : And that as for the

executed, until the sentence has been should be enquir'd into with the most seen and approved by his council, scrupulous attention, and due fatisand signed by his majefty ; and faction made for the damage done to at the same time he has given the owners of any vessels that may great satisfaction tọ the people at have been anjuftly taken or visited. Lisbon, by obtaining of the court of

ITALY Spain, an explanation of the treaty The Genoese have at last agreed on concluded by his father, by which it a regulation of their bank of St. is ftipulated, that the limits of the George, which bears date the 12th two empires in America shall be ult. N. S. and was published the 6th marked out and fully settled, before inst. In the preamble they emphathe town of Sacrament be given up: tically set forth the misfortunes And that the term of five years shall brought upon the republick in the be allowed for that purpose ; in which year 1746, which forced them, for time the merchants hope, that some the first time, to lay hands on the new incident may happen for pre- facred depofi, to draw out of it fifteen venting the cession of that town, millions of livers, and consequently which they look on as the bulwark of to stop payment of its notes. Now the mines in Brazil, and their chief to restore the credit of this bank, they mart in that part of the world,

have determined, that in a very short There has been a violent Earth. time all the old bills and notes of this quake in the Illand of St Vincent in bank shall be united, and constitute the Brazils, by which the town of a new fund, to be called Confecrazione, Santos and part of the fortress of and to be divided into so many actions St Vincent were destroy’d. By the or shares, of 200 livers each, bank masters of several ships from the money, which actions shall every year Levant, we hear that the plague, in certain portions be publickly drawn which has raged there for sometime, by lot, and paid by the treasurer achas entirely ceased. .

:cording to their just value of 200 efSPAIN,

fective livers, bank money. As a Madrid, Dec. 3. N. S. Mr Keené finking fund for this purpofe, the delivered his master's ratification of the republick has made over to the house new treaty of convention, and at the of St. George, as they call the bank, same time communicated to our mini- several new duties; and to make this fers a new commission, with which fund the more considerable, the house he is charged, of infinitely more im- is to pay out of its old income, half portance than that which he had so the interest settled upon the actions happily concluded; which are, That of the new stock, till its entire exhaving complain’d to the Spanish Mi- tinction. nistry of the new Depredations com. The infanta, duchess of Parma, was mitted by their Garda de la Costas in on the 2d, inst, N. S. brought to bed the Weft-Indies, M. de Carvajal made of a prince. Answer, That all Depredations, or Naples, Jan, 29. The new gang illegal Vifits, if any such had been of freebooters, who have assembled committed, would cease of course, as themselves together in Terracina and foon as they should be inform’d in the Parts adjacent, being the remAmerica of the Treaty lately concluded nants of the party, under that notobetween the two Crowns, and receive rious villain Maftrigly, and who have orders concerning the manner in at present at their Head, as their

captains

captains and ringleaders the sons, and The 7th, of children whose fathers one of the nephews of the said Mal- have not served, but whose ancestors trigly, ftill continuing from time to have. The last, of children of the time to make their incursions and other nobleffe, who, through their outrages in those provinces in par- indigence, shall have occafion for the ticular of this kingdom, which belong assistance of this school. They shall to the Ecclefiaftical State, his Majesty enjoy the same rights and privileges

orders for the immediate march of As his most chriftian majesty was several strong detachments out of his some few days ago taking the diver. troops, in order to give a check to fion of stag-hunting, the beast finding their insolence, and if possible to de- himself distressed, turned fhort, and stroy them, and by that means to fe. made head at his majefty; but Mr. cure the lives and effects of his good d'Estournelles being apprehensive of subjects from being lot and plunder'd the danger his majefty was in, threw by such a den of thieves.

himself in his way, and prevented his TURKE Y.

progress; by which bold and brave The grand fignior has admitted attempt, he was wounded in the leg, even to the most fecret consultations and his horse was most desperately gorof the divan, the fultan Ibrahim, his ed by the animal's antlers. Afternephew, the son of Achmet III. de- wards the rest of the sportsmen composed in 1704, and who was declared ing up, gave him a fresh chace, and successor to the empire in March 1736. killed him soon after. This prince is much beloved by the Two celebrated actors, Ribou and Janiffaries, because they perceive in Rozelli, having differed about their him a martial genius, which they like characters, in the play of Andromain their sovereigns. This disposition chus, met to dispute the point in the makes them somewhat displeased with field, when the former was killed upthe pacifick reign of the present sul- on the spot. tan, who has deposed four grand vizirs, We are assured, that ten men of because their meafures were such as war of the line will be launch'd in tended to engage him in it.

the spring, and that our marine is inFRANCE.

tended to be augmented to what it The christenings in Paris for the was in the reign of Lewis XIV. it year 1750 amount to 19035, mar having fince that time been leflened riages 4619, burials 18084, foundling every year, by a different turn of pochildren 3785.

· liticks. An edict for establishing a royal NETHERLANDS. military School imports, that there From Holland we hear, that the shall be eight classes of children ad- people there are very uneasy about mitted into it. The ist composed of two projects now on foot, one upon orphans, whose fathers have been the north, and the other upon the killed in the service, or died of their south side of that republick. The firtè wounds. The 2d, of children whore is the East-India company proposed by. fathers have died of a natural death the king of Pruffia to be set up in in the service, or retired after having Embden, which may draw many Dutch been 30 years in commission. The 3d merchants to settle there, and very of children burthensome to their mo much diminish their exports of Easte thers, and whose fathers were killed India goods to the Baltick and Germain the service. The 4th, of children ny ; and the other is a canal which is burthensome to their mothers, and proposed to be made from Oftend, by whose fathers died in the service, the way of Bruges, to Ghent, deep or retired after having been 30 years and wide enough for three mast ships; in commission. The 5th, of those and as from Ghent there is a comwhose fathers are actually in the munication by the river Schelde down service. The 6th, of those whose fa- to Antwerp, and up the Schelde and thers shall have quitted the service the Lys through a great part of Flanbecause of their infirmities or age. ders, and some part of Hainault, they

B 2

think

think it will diminish their trade with election, in order to prove the lethe Austrian Netherlands, for which gality thereof. If it unfortunately reason they have found out, that this • happens that his imperial majesty last project is contrary to the spirit of should die, which God forbid, what the treaty of Westphalia, and are a situation would the empire be in, making strong remonftrances against it " being then govern'd by an emperor at the court of Vienna.

'a minor, and under guardianship? The states of Zealand have resolv. "The king would therefore rather ada ed upon a new negotiation for life- . vise their majesties to wait 'till that rents, to be drawn by way of a lot- + young prince is of age, before they tery, consisting of fix classes; the bring this election on the carpet, as first class to bear 5 per cent. intereft, such a delay would likewise render the second 6 per cent. the third 7 per the election more conformable to Cent, the fourth 8 per Cent, the fifth the laws, to the constitution of the 9 per Cent. and the last 10 per Cent. empire, and to the majesty of the The Spanish ambassador, having re- germanick body,' ceived the necessary instructions from For the better understanding this his court, went this day about three declaration, it is proper to observe, that of the clock, to wait upon the prince tho' a king of the Romans may be Stadtholder, with a very handsome chosen at any age, and when so chosen retinue. His serene highness is to re- always succeeds to the empire, withturn him the visit to-morrow. The out any other election, yet no emperor same ceremonial is used upon this oc- is esteemed of age before 18 years; casion, as was settled lately for the so that the government of the empire French ambassador.

must be in a regency till he comes of GERMANY. The answer of the king of Prussia so powerful, that their emperors proto the memorial of the emperor re- cured their sons to be elected kings lating to the election of a king of the of the Romans at what age they.plealRomans.

ed; but the eldest son of Ferdinand III. The king is ever inclined to seize dying before his father, and before all opportunities of obliging their Leopold the 2d son, grandfather to • imperial majesties, the emperor and her imperial majesty, was chosen king

empress queen : He would even do of the Romans, the empire was abso• it in regard to the election of a king lutely without a head for almost a • of the Romans in favour of the arch- year and a half; during which time • duke Joseph: Nay, his majesty more- the French made great interest to pre

over acknowledges, that as matters vent Leopold's election, but in vain,

now stand in the empire, that prince for he was unanimously chosen at would be a candidate deserving of Ratisbon, the very day that compleat• the most notice. But the king ed the 18th year of his age, and qua' leaves their imperial majesties to con- lify'd him for government according to

lider, whether it would not be the constitution of the golden bull. haftening that election too much, to The alliance lately concluded with • bring it on whilst the emperor is in Russia, which is regarded as the work • the flower of his age, while he en- of his Britannick majesty, occasions • joys perfect health, and all Europe, much satisfaction at Vienna. ' and the empire in particular, are

POLAND. • in a state of profound tranquillity. The nobility of this country have • Besides nothing can be alledged for great power, but are so much divided

the necessity of such an election; into factions, that their diet and other

no, not even the motives alledged asiemblies generally terminate with' in the capitulation of the reigning out producing any advantage to the

emperor; the examination of which community. Such has been the issue motives, wherein the whole empire of their last senate. The quarrels behas an interest according to the 8th tween the powerful families have often article of the treaty of Westphalia, proceeded to blood and Naughter ; ought necellarily to precede that there is no hint of fuch calamity now

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