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He, and fleeth into one of these cities-, (of Refuge J "Then the Elders of his city, jhall end and fetch him thence, and deliver him nto the hand of the avenger of blood, that ie may die. Thine eye Jhall not pity him ■ But thou Jhalt put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee. A gain j If any one be found I?eut* slain, and it be not known who hath slain &c." * him. Then thy Elders and thy Judges shall come forth, and they Jhall measure unto the cities which are round about him that is slain. And it Jhall be, that the city which is next unto the Jlain man, the Elders of that city Jhall take, Sec. So the Elders of the City of Bethlehem, are likewise the' fudges, in the Cause between Boaz and Ruth iv. the next Kinsman of Elimelech. So much !' &c* for the Judges.
The Places where their Courts of Judicature were held, were, generally, one of the Gates of the City. It is said, in she Law. If a man like not to take his YkxA. brother s wife, then let his brother's wife go *xv. 7« tip to the gate, unto the Elders. Again; Tf a man have a rebellious son, he Jhall ^ X34;t bring him unto the Elders of his city, and18
unto the gate of bis place. Again j Jtf t Man dislikes a Woman after he Jias take her to Wife, and pretends ari£ ^Ofouad for such his Dislike, the Matter js to be-exDcut. amin'd the Elders of the city if^tbe
&c" I3> So, in the Cafe of a Man's refusing
to marry his Brother's Wife, She « /*£5 «^ fA? gaff the Eldersx And make her Complaint. And the Cause of.Boaz beforemention'd was heard in tfe Gait of the City. So xht.Pfalmijly, speaking of those that are blcss'd with many, Ciaiidren,
cxTMm5.fays, They pall not. .be. afbamei* but,tie) shall speak 'with the enemies in [the gate. They that are in titled to such a Blessing, every thing else shall prosper with them; they need not to fear Want of Justice, when they meet their Adversary in the Court of Judicature. And the Wife Man Prov. says, Rob not the poor, because be is poor;
xxu' 22' neither oppress the afflicJed in the gate. For the Lord will plead their cause, he. Again, speaking of a good Wife, what a Credit she is to her Husband, he uses
ib. xxxi. these Words j Her husband is known in tbe gates, when he Jitteth among tbe Elders of the land.
As the Merits of every Cause were to turn, upon the Evidence given, let us fee! what Rules the Law lays down in refe-* ntnee thereunto. At the mouth of two Doit, witnesses, or three witnesses, Jhall he, that *vu*6' is ivortby of death, be put to death: But, at the tnouth of one -witness, be shall riot be put to death. Again; One witness shall'»•>. xi* not rise up against a tnah for any iniqui- 's' tyy and for any Jin that he sirineth; at the mouth of two, or three witnesses, Jhall the matter be established/'^
And then, in relation \o false Witness, it is said; If a fdlse witness rise up against any man, td testify against him that which h wrong i Then, both the men between whom the controversy is, Jhall stdnd befofe the Lord, before' the Priests and the Jud* ges, which Jhall be in those days; arid the v yu^Ses fidll make diligent inquisition: Arid behold, if the witness be a false witness, end hath testified falsely against his brother i Then stall ye do unto him, as he had thought t6 do unto his brother. Life shall go for life; eye for eye; tooth for tooth; hand for hand; foot sot foot.
It was likewise»a Part of their Last, I that no Man should be condemn'd with-1 out being brought to a fair Xi?ial, and | hearing what he had to say for himself. John vii. And therefore Nicodemus says to tfie Chief Priejls and Pharisees, Doth our Laivjudgt any man before it hear him, and know what be doth?
Then as to passing Sentence, the Law xxv^"* runs tnuS» If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the Judges may judge them; then, they. Jhalfjustify the righteous, and condemn the wicked. And, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, the Judge shall cause him to lie down and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number. Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed. We find, the Jews, in the latter Tivaest would not take the utmost Liberty the Law allow*d; for, though St. Paul was mortally hated by them $ and they went as far in punishing him as the Romans had left them Power; which was only that of giving Stripes; and were so inveterate as to inflict this Punisliment upon him, five "times; yet, they gave him, each
Time, but nine and Thirty Stripes. He says 3 Of the Jews, five times received 1,2 Cor.xi, forty Jiripes, save one. This Abatement, 2+* :$B :4s -t probable, was made out of a Pretence of Clemency.
*A»\«Mi S E C T" VI
The Great Council at Jerusalem.
This Council', or Court of Judicature, calVd by the Jews themselves, the Sanhedrim, was superior to all others, both as to the Condition and Number of the Judges which fate in it, and the Authority and, Power with which it was vested. TKis, like the rest, was constituted by God himself,' in th? haw: and intended a* a Court of Appeal, or^ Dernier Resort, if there should be Occasion, from any of the inferior Courts. It was kept, first, in Shilob-, and afterwards, at Jerusalem being limited to the Place, where the Ark of UtdRood.
'AoWhat we read of it, is, as follows: If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between XVli-8* ska and plea, and between stroke andstroke, being matters of controversy ^thin thy gates j Bb 2 then