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“ Connection with the Bible Society con- jectors (let them be Papists or Protestants) municates no aversion to the Prayer-book. to the comparison whether they or the deSome of its most zealous members have fenders of the Bible Society, are most zealformed themselves into a Society for the ous in maintaining the doctrine of Christ's • distribution of the Common Prayer Book atonement; and whether connection with and Homilies.' It gives no countenance to the Bible Society has, in any one instance, The peculiar doctrines of the Presbytery, or exbibited the slightest proof of diminished of Socinus,or Fox, or Whitefield. The pure respect for the Christian Sacraiments. We Janguage of the Bible uvinterpreted, un may challenge them further to the comparicomumented, unglossed, is adverse to their son, whether they or the defenders of the peculiar doctrines. Their errors, as well as Bible Society, on those public occasions, in those of Popery, are founded on misconcep which the safety of the Established Church tion, misinterpretation and false glosses, and has been endangered, have employed their by sach aids they are propagated. The pare tine and faculties most apxiously in the detext of the Bible is the true Protestant stand- fence of her doctrines, her discipline, and ard of truth, and the Church-of-England. constitutional rights; whether, in laying the man's authority. Papists know this to be foundations of Christian knowledge and the true Protestant principle, and the great church fellowship, by the education of the instrument of our blessed reformation from poor or rich in the principles of the EstaPupery. They therefore maintain, and I blished Church, they, or the calumniated think justly, that this principle is abandoned church-members of the Bible Society, have by those who condemn the Bible Society for taken most pains by their own assiduity and not distributing the Common Prayer Book instruction to inculcate in the first lessons of with the Bible.

• Christian Erudition' the true nature of “ The union of Churchmen and Dissenters Christ's Church, the true principles of our for the distribution of the Scriptures, is not own Establishment, and to · guard young more likely to render Churchinen favourable minds against all temptations to dissont and to sectarian principles than it is to reconcile schism. We say not this, as • stretching Dissenters to the Church. The Dissenters ourselves beyond our measure, nor boasting from our Church, who join the Bible Society of things without our measure, that is, of in Ibis career of truth and charity, are, in other men's labours,' but in the pure simthis respect, inore just to the cause of Pro plicity of ingenuous expostulation, in reply testantism than our objectors. For if evil to the unjust and unwarranted charges conumunication corrupt good manners;" if ayainst the conduct and principles of the the religious principles of either are likely to church members of the Bible Society!" be affected by communication with the other,

pp. 29, 30. The principles of Dissenters are more likely The sentiments of the Bishop to be affected by communication with the

are strongly opposed to the Roman Church, than ours are by contact with the

Catholic claims. Presbytery or Conventicle; and we musť

In stating his obhave very little confidence in the truth or

jections, he gives a concise but for. justice of our cause, if we wo not see that we

cible view of the reasons which are likely to gain more than they are by

lead him to consider it as incumthis charitable co-operation. For we make bent upon the Ministers of the no accommodation to the Dissenters, while Church of England to resist them; they candidly and liberally consent to distri- and examines a few of the principal bute no other English version of the Scrip arguments, which have been adtures bat the oue authorized by the Esta- vanced on the other side. Tho blished Church.” p. 20-27.

stronghold, the sum and main * Nothing but inattention to the great argument, of his objections to the principle opon which the Bible Society is claims" he states to be this: “ conducted, or ignorance of the Society's

they proceedings, or of the members, who com

are contrary to the King's preroga. pose it, could induce any one to suppose, of our Protestant Constitution in

tive, and to the fundamental laws that a believer in Christ's atonement can lose any of his veneration for that evan.

Church and State.” p. 40. It gelical doctrine, because Socinians and would be foreign to the general purQuakers unite with him in distributing the « * Especially in the recent publication of pure text of the Gospel, fruin which it is the Reverend H. Norris, of which see more derived. We may justly challenge our ob- in the Appendix."

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pose of the Christian Observer, to mended, and in the spirit with which enter into this or any other topic of they are recommended, would do grave political discussion. Upon a more to build up the cause of relia question of such magnitude and im- gion and to secure the great sancportance as the Roman Catholic iuary of our national fairli, than all question, involving so many inte- the barsh language and uncharitarests, and embracing so wide a field ble suspicions and controversial misof argument, it was hardly to be demeanours, which this prolitic age expected that unanimity should pre has scattered through ihe world. vail even among the wisest and the If we select a brief extract from this best of men. All that we can rea part of the work, it is not because sonably demand, is, that it be dis we think it more important than the cussed with moderation and can rést, but because it seems peculiarly dour: and whatever may be thought appropriate to the present season, at of the conclusion to which the rea least in the vicinity of the metro. soning of the Bishop of St. David's polis; and it will not be unprodirectly points, to this praise at least fiable, wherever it is read. he is eminently entitied.

Toward the close of the Charge, Confirmation, by a public profession of his Lordship impresses upon his faith, is one of the most interesting and useClergy the duty of upholding the ful examples of the decency and order by Establishment io which they be. which the episcopal form is distinguished. long; and on this ground he in- Its connection with the two Sacraments of culates the necessity of " dissemi- Baptism and the Lord's Supper, gives it nating true principles of church great value as an act of voluntary admission government," of " maintaining an

into the Church of God. The use of Conactive spirit of church union,” and

firmation, as “ establishing right and appropriate tism; as

“ 1. Fulfilling the intention of Bapmeans of church education."

“ 2. A public profession of Christianity; “ The true principles of church govern- God;

“ 3. A voluntary act of covenant with ment derived from the Seriptures, and from the primitive history of the church, will

" 4. An act of confessing Christ before provide a powerful armoury against the une founded pretences of Popery and Sectarian

“ 3. An act of conformity to the esla

blished Church; ism. An active spirit of church union will serve to counterbalance the zeal of all who

" 6. A preparation for the Lord's Supper; dissent from us ; and will enable us, as far as

" ought frequently to be inculcated, exin us lies, to excite and retain the govd will plained, and entorced, to parents, to chiland affections of our own people. And the

dren, and their instructors. Without Conright means of church education will restore

firmalion intant-baptism is indefensible. to education its true Christian character; Sponsors make a prolession of Christianity

in the infant's name, of which he is uncon. will connect and systematize the elements of religious instruction; and will give 10 thie

scious, and which he never makes an act of instructors of youth, that appropriate learn

his own but by a declaration of the same ing which is best calculated tu vindicate the

faith before the Church. Without ibis pubpurity of evangelical truth, and to delect

lic profession of his faith, he is a menuber of Christ's Church only by proxy.

The and refute the insidious arts of Suciniau and infidel innovation.” pp. 42, 43.

Church is a society; and no one can be

come a member of any well-ordered society If our limits could admit so co

without covenants and conditions, to which

lie engages himself in his own name. The pious an extract, we should be glad to place before our readers some of the Scriprure lays great stress on the open de

claration of our faith. If thou shall cele following pages: they well deserve

fess with thy mouth the Lord Jenlis, and the attention of all the Clergy in the

believe in thine heart that God hath raised land; and we are quite certain that him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. a general adoption of the principles For with the beart man believeth unto righand plan which are here recom teousness, and with the mouth confession CHRIST. Obsery. No. 149.




is made unlo salvation.' To be members of Among the minor subjects of com Christ's Church, and to be entitled to its mendation which occur to us on the privileges, we must not only believe in perusal of this pamphlet, we shall Christ, but we must confess him before the beg leave to mention its style. We Church.

have frequently been offended at the " Parents and children shuuld also be taught that confirmation is indispensable, as

loose and slovenly manner in which

some authors of name condescend to an act of conformity to the Church estab. lished by law, which it concerns us to fulfil give their opinions through the me. not only as good Christians, but as good dium of the press : we have met subjects; that it is a duty, which we owe to with compositions which would disthe Church, and to the laws of the land. grace a school-boy. The style of the Christ earnestly prayed for the unity of liis Bishop of St. David's is simple and disciples. By conformity to the Church we

perspicuous: it is without preten-, promuie such unity. By neglecting her sion, and has no need of apology: it zules and discipline we become practical dis. exbibits manly sentiments in senters from the Church. “ Every thing should be done by pero

manly way. Here is no ambition of sonal inquiry and exhortation to bring child metaphor, no confusion of images, dren to this duty. And great pains should

no balting of detached half-senbe taken with those who are of age to be

tences. We never stop to inquire of admitted to the class of catechuinens, to

a feeble and ill-sorted period, for what give solemnity to the duty by much pre- purpose it was introduced, or how vious instruction, and by a certificate of it came there: we see that all the their fitness, which, in fulness of attestation clauses of a paragraph are in their and decency of form, may aptly correspond proper places; that they have a mu. with the duty.

tual connection and dependence; that · Children should be constantly, cate- they say just what they mean to say, ehized throughout the year, with a view 10 Confirmation. And for this purpose they effort and without intermission. The

and the reasoning.proeeeds without should be carefully and distincıly informed, that they are taught the Church Catechism style itself seems forcibly to remind in compliance with their Sponsors' promise,

us of that independence of character that they should be brought up in the knows and simplicity of purpose which ledge of the Christian faith, and of God's distinguish the Right Reverend Aucommandment; and to enable them to fulfil thor; and it is possible that this their duty of publicly protessing their faith." association of ideas may render it Pp. 44-47.

still more pleasing. It is refresh

ing to lurn from a race of low and The Postscript contains an account abject spirits—and they frequently of the establishment of a Proclama. tion Society in the diocese of St. feeling and generous enterprize. It

cross our way-to a mind of high David's, " for the encouragement of is by men of this class that great Piety and Virtue, and for the pre- objects are effected: while others venting and punishing of Vice, Pro- are calculating possibilities, they are faneness, and Immorality.” The performing the work : while others purpose is highly laudable ; and we

doubling whether a parishsincerely wish that its success may school can be established, and a correspond with the views of those country village be reduced to order, who promote it. Institutions of this they are founding colleges and ensort, when conducted with attention lightening a diocese. Whether the and judgment, must certainly be example, which this excellent preproductive of good, and we wish jate has set on so mnany occasions, they were universal.

will have its just influence in excitThe Appendix referred to in the ing other persons " to love and to Charge, is' reserved for a separate good works," we presume not to say. publication. We anticipate much, His reward is independent of such both of instruction and pleasure, considerations: it is to be found in from the perusal of it.

the blessings of those, who derive


benefit from his pious and charitable importance to ascertain the cause, labours, in the testimony of a good and to apply a remedy? conscience, and in the approbation of Mr. Cunniogham has justly reHeaven.

marked, that in Englishmen there

is no indisposition to exchange their Church of England Missions. By J. own for a foreign climate. Not a

W. CUNNINGHAM, M.A. Vicar of year passes in which there are not Harrow on the Hill. London: numerous emigrations from this counHatchard. 1814. price 28.

try to all the quarters of the globe. The object of this able and well Neither the distance of the place, written pamphlet, which is addressed nor the difficulty of communication to his Grace the Archbishop of Can. neither the cold of the frozen, nor terbury, is to recommend to the the heat of the torrid, zone; neither adoption of our civil and ecclesiastical the unhealthiness of the situation, rulers, a plan for increasing the nor the privation of comfort which missionary energies of the Church attends a residence in it, seems to of England. It has hitherto been present any decisive obstacle to the matter of just reproach to that acceptance of office, or the pursuit Chorch, ihai she has done so little of commercial enterprize. Nor is this in this important field of Christian readiness to encounter the hazards exertion. Missions, indeed, have of emigration confined to those been supported at different times by among us who are stimulated by individuals or associations within secular motives to expatriate themher pale. In this respect, the selves.

We find among our DisSociety for promoting 'Christian senters and Methodists no invincible Knowledge deserves much praise; reluctance to embark on foreign for although ber missionary efforts missions. The missions of the have been very limited in their Methodists in the Antilles, and more extent, yet, for near a century, she recently to the East; those of the stood almost alone, as far at least as Baptists in Bengal; and those of the England was concerned, in her evan- London Missionary Society in various gelic labours among the heathen. parts of the world, sufficiently attest Another society (the Church Mis. this fact. How theo shall we account sionary) has recently entered on for it, that, within the pale of the the same honourable service, with a Church of England, so few should zeal which promises, under the have been found disposed to offer blessing of God, to produce impor. themselves for the work of missiontant results. But still the reproach aries to the heathen? The fault we has not ceased. The Church of conceive to be chiefly, if not exEngland bas to this day furnished clusively, attributable to the rulers few or no missionaries to the hea. of our church. They have neither then. With the exception of a endeavoured to excite a zeal for solitary individual in the island of missions in those under their charge, Antigua, we do not believe that por bave they provided the necesthere is at this moment, a single sary facilities for engaging in them; minister, or even a single member, on the contrary, they have rather of the Church of England employed, discountenanced and discouraged under the designation or in the all such undertakings. If it be character of a Missionary, in estend- asked, What could they bave done? ing the knowledge of Jesus Christ We reply, without hesitation, They among Pagaps or Mohammedans in might at least have called the public any part of the world. Is not this attention to the subject: they might a most opprobrious fact, especially have pressed, and might have urged when we take into the account the the Clergy generally to press, the vast extent of our extra-marine pos. solemn and imperious duty of sessions? And is it not of the last endeavouring to diffuse the know


ledge of the Gospel throughout the about fourteen years, have laboured world, on the consciences of all with zeal and assiduity in kindling committed to their spiritual rule and fanning the missionary flame. and direction: they might have But even that effort, limited as it bas invoken their earnest prayers for the been, would have produced, we are conversion “of all Jews, Turks, persuaded, much larger results, had infidels, and heretics;" and they it not been for the positive and might have called upon them to peculiar discouragements with which contribute liberally, as God had the Church-ofEngland Missionary prospered them, to this good work. has to conflict. He must regard That it was their bounden duty to bimself as destined to meet not have done this, no one can deny; the smile, but the frown of his and yet so lamentably has this duty superiors. He must expect not to been neglected, that if we were receive their applause for bis ardour called upon to specify the circum- in this best of causes; but rather to stance which, above all others, bas encounter on that very account the clouded the glory of the Church of suspicion of enthusiasm, and to be England, we should

her classed with the Dissenters and Meapparent indifference to the eternal thodists whose missionary zeal be interests of a world lying in dark- emulates. Above all, he will find ness—her apparent want of that that there is no provision made for true evangelic zeal, and of that love his ordination as a missionary; and to souls which animated the pric that however well he may be quamitive churches in their missionary lified for the office by his piety, Jabours, which have so honourably intelligence, and discernment; by distinguished the Church of the his intimate knowledge of Scripture; United Brethren in modern times, by his facility in acquiring and and which have begun to impel to speaking foreign languages; and by exertions of no mean character our the competency of his literary fellow-Christians of other denomina- attainments; he cannot indulge the tions. Until the Church Missionary hope of being allowed to gratify the Society arose, no voice was heard in wish nearesi his heart, that of any corner of our vineyard, either from “ preaching to the Gentiles the the pulpit or the press, calling upon unsearchable riches of Christ,” until, the members of the Establishment to at an expense which he may be extend their Christian regards to wholly unable to meet, he shall have other lands. And to this day, little passed three years at an university, disposition has been evinced by and obtained a designation to a parthose who bear the chief rule in the ticular cure in this country ; on Church, to repair the past neglect which, also, it will be necessary for of which we have been guilty. We him to labour for several years; as know not of a single effort which has on no other terms could such a been made by our bishops, nor yet designation be obtained. To these by our clergy generally, to influence unfavourable circumstances chiefly, ibe public mind on this subject, and are we disposed 10 attribute it, that to excite a missionary spirit in while the Church Missionary Society those over whom God has given has been able 10 procure a large them the oversight. The only supply of Lutheran Missionaries, effort of this kind which has been made, has been confined small but. we trust, a growing dear friend and fellow-labourer the Rev.

projected and formed that Society, was our number of the Clergy*, who, for John Venn. We doubt not it is one of

those works which have followed him into It is with no slight emotions, that we the realms of light; and the recollection of are reminded, by this allusion to the Church which, as he marks its growing importanco, Nissionary Society that the person who will heighten the fulness of his joy.

to a

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