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this county every year, it is scarcely possible to ascertain with exactness; but the quantity must be very large; for besides what is consumed in the neighbouring country, a considerable quantity is conveyed by the Erewash canal into Leicestershire. "The quantity of plaster-stone annually raised at Chellafton pits is abcut 800 tons. These various sources of natural riches in Derbyshire cannot but prove highly valuable.
This county is likewise remarkable for native and extraneous foffils. The latter are extremely worthy of notice, on account both of their amazing number and variety. They occur in almost every part of Derbyshire. The mountains of limestone, which extend through the High and Low Peak, abound with marine productions. Entrochi, a species of star-fish, are found almost
Our author has seen continued beds of them, above twenty miles in length. The number of anomiæ is prodigious. The cone in cone corraloid is found, in a bed ten inches deep, on the surface of the shell marble at Tupton near Wingerworth. The cone is exceedingly distinct; and is likewise found in great abundance in other parts of the county. Corraloids, resembling that which is found in the Red-Sea, are frequent; as are also madrepores, millepores, tubipores, fungitæ, conic fungitæ, astroites, porpites, retepores, the sea-fan, and a variety of other species.
Among the animals and insects there occurs a small alligator in the black marble at Alhford, The tail and back of a crocodile are said to have been found at Afhford, and to be preserved in a cabinet at Brussels. Groups of Aies have been found in black marble at the faine place; with a beetle in iron-stone, and a butterfly in the fame, at Swanwick. Many vegetable impressions are likewise to be found in different parts.
We afterwards meet with an account of the medicinal waters and baths, rivers, navigable canals, agriculture, produce, animals, and birds, of the county.
Our author informs us, concerning the otter, that a few years ago one was brought up tame at Eckington. The Rev. Mr. Pegge told him that he saw it twice or three times; once in the water, where it caught a large eel, with which in its mouth it swam about some time. It was as tame and harmless as a lap-dog, and would come when called.
In the second volume the author takes a general view of the ancient and modern state of Derbyshire, with its government, civil policy, and religion, at different periods. He appears likewife to have been at much pains in endeavouring to ascertain the present state of population in the county. The result of his inquiries is, that the number of houses now in Derbyshire is 25,206, and of inhabitants 124,465.. In that part of the county T 2
where the bufiness of the lead-mines is carried on, it is fuppofed by some that the number of inhabitants is smaller than it was fifty years ago. But we are assured that even in those situations population is now much revived; and in other places it is confiderably greater than it ever was at any former period. Wherever Mr. Pilkington has had opportunities of procuring the necessary information, he has given a comparative view of the state of births and burials ; from which it appears highly probable that the inhabitants of Derbyshire are continually increasing in number.
The manufactures carried on in Derbyshire are various and extensive. Those chiefly cultivated are lilk, cotton, wool, and iron. We are told that the first, which is confined almost to the town of Derby, affords employment to about fifteen hundred hands. Cotton is manufactured in different parts of the county, with the machine invented by Sir Richard Arkwright. Several having been constructed upon that model, the number of machines which are now worked in this county is fixteen, and the hands employed by them may be computed at three thousand. A considerable quantity of cotton is likewise spun upon hand machines, or wheels, in the north-west part of the county, besides looms for weaving cotton; of the latter of which the number is computed to be at present about two hundred.
A large quantity of wool likewise is manufactured in Derbye fhire both into stockings and cloth. The business of hosiery is carried on extensively in that part of the county which borders upon Nottinghamshire, and allo at Litton near Tideswell. The author has endeavoured to ascertain the number of frames employed, and believes them to amount to about 1350.
But this calculation includes those upon which filk and cotton, as well as wool, are wrought.
In that part of the High Peak which borders upon Yorkshire, a small quantity of wool is manufactured into cloth; and in the north-east
part of the county the manufacture of iron is con-siderable. But the principal manufacture of this metal is carried on in the neighbourhood of Sheñeld; where nearly three hundred hands are employed chiefly in making scythes and fickles. Besides these, some other inferior manufactures are mentioned as existing in this county, which appears to be at present in a very flourishing state, both with respect to its native and artificial productions.
The author proceeds next to take a particular view of the ancient and present state of towns, villages, churches, religious houses, castles, seats, families, &c. In this survey of the county he follows the ecclefiaftical divisions of it into deaneries ; but we cannot afford to accompany him on fo extensive a progress.
Though Though Mr. Pilkington has, for good reasons, omitted fome parts of his proposed investigation, he has prosecuted others with much industry; and there is every reason to be satisfied that he has given a faithful, and, for the purpose of utility, a sufficiently ample account of the present state of Derbyshire.
ART.IX. The Farm-House; a Comedy in Three Aals. As altered
by 7. P. Kemble, and first acted at the Theatre-Royal, Drury
Lane, May 1, 1789. 8vo. is. Debrett. London, 1790.
interesting in events, and no where wearies the attention of
Enter Modely • Modely. A fine evening, really, for a cool thrust or two. Where is the warrior that is to entertain me here? Egad, I wish 'twas over; I don't like it; it fits but qualmishly upon my stomach. Oh! yonder he comes cross the style. Ho, that's a boy, I think ; I suppose he has sent some formal excuse : the women have lock'd him
up; the country is rais’d; and the justices have sent their warrants forth to stop all military proceedings, and make up the matter over a cup of O&tober. • Enter Aura in Boy's Clothes.
1 < Aura. Your fervant, Sir. • Modely. Your's, Sir.
· Aura. I am invited hither, Sir, to do justice to an injured beauty [herself], whom I have the honour to be well with ; and I suppose you are my man.
Modely. Thy'man, lovey! and what then? - Aura. Why then, Sir, on the behalf of that fair one, I demand the honourable amends, Sir. To use violence to a lady, is an affront not to be put up with. To tear the boughs, and offer to haul down the fruit before it was consenting kindly ripe. If you had climbed up the ladder of her affections, and gathered it regularly with the consent of the owner, there had been no harm done.
* Modely. Hah! thou art a very pretty metaphorical prigfter. Hark ye, child, go home presently, or I'll gather a handful of nettles under that hedge, and whip the most unmercifully.
· Aura. I fhall whip you through the guts, or make a pair of bellows of your lungs, for this arrogance. What are your weapons?
Modely. Nettletops, infant; nettletops. • Aura. What are you for your country diversions of this fort Aails, cudgels, scythes, back-fwords, oakin-towels, or wrestling?
• Modely. Would'It thou have me wrestle with a bulrush ?
Aura. Ah! I have brought a stouter man than you down before now. Or are you for the town gallantries, single rapier, sword and dagger, sword and piftol, single pittol, blunderbuss, demi-cannon, culverin, mortar-piece, or a barrel of gunpowder. I am ready at any of these weapons to wait your commands.
. Modely. Look thee, thou impertinent infect; thou may'st be troublesome, though thou canst not be hurtful ; therefore, if thou Ayest about my face thus, I shall be forced to pat thee down with my hand, and tread thee out.
« Aura. Humph! You are very pert.
• Modely. I am fo. Pray tell me though, what interest have you in this lady, that she has engaged your haughty littleness in her affairs ?
Aura. Who I, Sir? Oh! I have been her first minister a great while. She is a fine woman really, considering she has been rusticated from her birth too. Her only fault is, poor creature, she is doatingly fond of me.
• Modely. Indeed! And so thou art her playfellow, her gentle refreshment, her pretty pillow boy, her afternoon's cordial, and her tea at breakfast; her evening's flumber, and her morning's indolence.
• Ayra. Sir, the reputation of a lady is not thus impiously to be sported with. Oons ! eat your words; up with 'em again this moment, or I'll ram 'em down your throat with the hilt of my sword.
Modely. Cool thyself, Narcissus; cool thyself, child; relieve thy reason with a dram of reflection. 'Tis the town talk; the whole village, and all the parishes round, ring of it. I am furę thou wouldit not die a martyr to falsehood. Why thy engagements there are known to every body; 'tis no secret, my prettyness.
• Aura. Ay, Sir, 'tis true; but 'tis not so gallant to enter into particulars of that fort. Though, as you say indeed, I am fenfible Pris no secret. The affair has made a noise; the fury of the poor creature's passion did now and then blind her discretion. I think this is the seventh duel I have engaged in for her fake already. The feventh, no, the eighth. There were three justices, two excisemen, a parson, the apothecary, and yourself.
Modely. Thou art the most impudent, wicked, little, bragging, lying son of a whore that ever I met with.
• Aura. Demme, Sir, son of a whore in your teeth! What, because I have reprieved you, fuffered you to breathe a minute or two longer, while I diverted you with my gallantries, you grow infolent.
Modely. Thou art a very popgun charged with air. • Aura. And thou art a wooden blunderbuss without any charge
Modely. Thou most infignificant teazing terrier; by heaven, if thou doit provoke me, I will cut thee into minced meat, and have thee dished up for my mistress's wedding dinner. [Drau's his fward.
* Aura. (Presenting a pistol.) Put up your sword; put it up I say; '[death, Sir, this instant, or you die. (Modely sheaths his sword.) So.! fo!
• Modely. Ha! what have you these tricks too, my little bully! · Aura Very well; now you have obeyed me, I'll use
like & gentleman. You have a longer reach than I, and therefore it may not be so reasonable to engage with single sword. Here, take one of these; this, or this offering piftols). You may change it, or draw it and recharge it, if you suspect my honour. • Modely. (Taking a piftol.) How are they loaded ? Aura. Equally, Sir, with a brace of balls.
Modely. Afide ). What can be the ineaning of all this ? Sure the young dog is not in earnelt.' The rest of the dialogue is not inferior to this specimen, and often in proportion as it comes nearer to common life has more merit, by keeping equally clear of vulgarity and dullness.
Art. X. An Inquiry into the Small-Pox, medical and political;
wherein a successful Method of treating that Disease is proposed, the Cause of Pits explained, and the Method of their Prevention pointed out ; with an Appendix, representing the present State of Small-Pox. By Robert Walker, M.D. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinb. 8vo. 6s. boards. Murray, Lóndon; Creech, Edinburgh.' 1790.
[ Concluded. )
of opiates in the small-pox. It happens fortunately for the theory which Dr. Walker has endeavoured to establish upon facts, that as the frequent use of opiates would contribute to the retention of the contagious particles, which to expel from the habit is the great object of his attention ; fo recourfe to those medicines becomes unnecessary," By a steady attention to this
course,' says he,
• The exciting cause of every bad fymptom being gradually carried off, we shall find little or no occasion for the use of opiates in any itage of the disease. It is scarcely to be credited how much natural reft is obtained, even in the worst cases of small-pox, by pursuing the cool regimen, with the daily purging course, from the commencement of the disease. The celebrated Tissot, who is one of the few authors that oppose the general exhibition of opiates in small-pox, is of opinion that even natural sleep is hurtful in this disease ; I can see no bad consequence that can arise from quiet and natural sleep in finall-pox ; it is indeed seldom obtained, because the common method of treating the disease prevents it; and Sydenham's,