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OF THE LATE KING OF PRUSSIA.

279 loudly testified their furprise ; and ried him off. The next day the fcrupled not to inform the old man captain made his report to the king that they had overheard his quarrel of the escape, and Frederic, who with the girl. “Gentlemen,” said pretended to be greatly incensed he, “ your surprise is occafioned by against him, ordered him to be a thing of very little consequence. put under arrest during four and I keep house, and save or spend twenty hours. money my own way; the first fura nishes me with the means of doing BRITISH INTREPIDITY. the other. With regard to benefactions, and donations, you may the harbour of Alexandria, in the

SOME English sailors being in always 'expect most from prudent Mediterranean, formed a strange people, who keep their own accounts.” When he had thus spoken, design of drinking a can of grog on he begged they would quit his house the top of the column, called Pomwithout the smallelt ceremony; to pey's Pillar, which is a fea mark to

that harbour, in the manner of the prevent which, he put the door; not thinking half so much of the Eddistone on the coast of Devon. four hundred guineas, which he had shire, but vastly higher, and with

out any access whatever. The boat just given away, as of the match which had been carele/sly thrown

was got out, and with proper impleinto the fire.

ments for the attempt, they pulled

to the shore. When arrived at the ANECDOTE

spot, many contrivances were inade ule of, but in vain, and they began

to despair of success. The tar who A CAPTAIN, named S, hav- propoted the frolic, ran to the city, ing unfortunately killed another offi- from whence he brought a boy's cer in a duel, was taken and carried paper kite, which was flown directto the main guard. Frederic could ly over the pillar, and by means of not prevent his trial according to which a cord was carried quite over the laws; and, therefore, he was the top. This accomplished, a rope condemned to die. This prince, was then drawn over, and one of who liked the captain because he the seamen from thence ascended to was a brave man, wished to save the top, where being arrived, others him, and secretly infinuated to the were handed to him by the same officers, his friends, that he should conveyance, and in little more than not be sorry to see the prisoner an hour a regular set of throuds was escape. Every thing was prepared erected, by which the whole comaccordingly for the flight; and, to pany went up, and drank their facilitate it, Frederic fent for the beverage, amidst the shouts of fecaptain that day on guard, and said veral thousand people collected to unto him, 66 IT

you

luffer S to see what they termed a miracle, as escape to-night, rest assured that you no one had before been known to Mall be put under an arrest for four have seen the top of that stupendous and twenty hours." The officer un- edifice, which overtops the highest derstood the king's meaning, and, buildings of the city, and is estitowards midnight, invited the pri- mated at from forty to fifty yards soner to take the air before the height. This circumstance occurred guard-house. His friends, who were about ten years fince; and the at a little distance with a chaise, Turks to this day have a record of approached, told him of the pre- it, which, translated into English, parations they had inade, and car- fignifies the Mad-cap Experiment.

CHA

CHARACTERISTIC MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.

SINIA.

This kingdom is hereditary in GINGIRO, ADJACENT TO ABYS

one family, but does not descend in

course to the eldest son, the election [From Bruce's Travels.]

of the particular prince being in the LL matters in Gingiro are nobles; and thus far, indeed, it

A by to

may see to what point the human neighbours in Abyffinia. understanding is debased in the dis When the king of Gingiro dies, tance of a few leagues. Let no man the body of the deceased is wrapped say that ignorance is the cause, or in a fine cloth, and a cow is killed. heat of climate, which is the unin- They then put the body fo wrapped telligible observation generally made up into the cow's skin. As soon as on these occasions. For why should this is over, all the princes of the heat of climate addict a people to royal family fly and hide themselves magic more than cold ? or, why in the bushes; while others, infhould ignorance enlarge a man's trusted with the election, enter into powers, so that, overleaping the the thickets, beating every where bounds of common intelligence, it about as if looking for game. At should extend his faculty of con- last a bird of prey, called in their versing with a new set of beings in country Liber, appears, and hovers another world ? The Ethiopians, over the person destined to be king, who nearly surround Abyssinia, are crying and making a great noise blacker than those of Gingiro, their without quitting his station. By country hotter, and are, like them, this means the person destined to be an indigenous people that have been, elected is found, surrounded, as is from the beginning, in the same reported, by tigers, lions, panthers, part where they now inhabit. Yet and suchlike wild beasts. This is the former neither adore the devil, imagined to be done by magic, or nor pretend to have a communi. the devil, else there are every where cation with him : they have no hu- enough of these beasts lying in the man sacrifices, nor are there any cover to furnish materials for such a traces of such enormities having pre- tale, without having recourse to the vailed among them. A communi- power of magic to assemble them. cation with the sea has been always As they find their king, then, like open, and the flave-trade prevalent a wild beat, fo his behaviour contifrom the earliest times; while the nucs the same after he is found. He king of Gingiro, shut up in the flies upon them with great rage, heart of the continent, facrifices resisting to the last, wounding and 'those flaves to the devil which he killing all he can reach without has no opportunity to fell to man. any consideration, till, overcome by For at Gingiro begins that accursed force, he is dragged to a throne, custom of making the shedding of which he fills in a manner perfectly human blood a necessary part in all corresponding to the rationality of folemnities. How far to the south- the ceremonies of his inftalment. ward this reaches I do not know ; Although there are many that but I look upon this to be the geo- have a right to seek after this king, graphical bounds of the reign of the yet, when he is discovered, it does devil on the north fide of the equator not follow, that the same person who in the peninsula of Africa. finds him fhould carry hiin to his

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coronation ; for there is a family footmen and dogs, they all fingly, who have a right to dispute this or several together, according to the honour with the first poffeffor ; and, size of the beast, or as strength and therefore, in his way from the wood, ability in managing their horses adthey fer upon the people in whose mit, attack the animal upon the hands he is, and a battle ensues, plain with long pikes or spears, or where several are killed or wounded; two javelins in their hands. The and if these last, by force, can take king, unless very young, fits on him out of the hands of the first horieback on a rifing ground, furfinder, they enjoy all the honours rounded by the graver fort, who due to him that made him king. point out to him the names of those

Before he enters his palace two of the nobility that are happy enough men are to be llain; one at the foot to distinguish themselves in his light, of the tree by which his house is The merit of others is known by rechiefly supported; the other at the port. threshold of his door, which is Each young man brings before besmeared with the blood of the the king's tent, as a trophy, a part victim. And, it is said, (I have of the beast he has sain; the head heard this often in Abyffinia from and skin of a lion or leopard ; the people coming from that country) scalp or horns of a deer ; the private that the particular family, whose parts of an elephant; the tail of a privilege it is to be flaughtered, fo buffalo, or the horn of a rhinoceros. far from avoiding it, glory in the The great trouble, force, and time occasion, and offer themselves will. necessary to take out the teeth of the ingly to meet it.

elephant, feldom make them ready

to be presented with the rest of the AMUSEMENTS OF THE ABYSSINIAN spoils ; fire, too, is necessary for KINGS, ON THEIR FIRST ACCES- loosing them from the jaw. The

head of a boar is brought stuck upon

a lance; but is not touched, as be. [From the same Work.]

ing unclean. IT has been a constant practice The elephant's teeth are the king's with the kings of Abyssinia to make perquisites. Of these round ivory a public hunting-match the first ex- rings are turned for bracelets, and a pedition of their reign. On these quantity of them always brought by occafions, the king, attended by all him to be distributed among the most the great officers of state, whose me- deserving in the field, and kept ever rit and capacity are already acknow- afier as certificates of gallant behaledged, reviews his young nobility, viour. Nor is this mark attended who all appear to the best advantage with honour alone. Any man who as to arms, horses, and equipage, fhall from the king, queen-regent, with the greatest number of servants or governor of a province, receive and attendants. The scene of this so many of these rings as shall cover hunting is always in the Kolia, his arm down to his wrist, appears crowded with an immense num- before the twelve judges on a cerber of the largest and fiercelt wild tain day, and there, laying down beasts, elephants, rhinoceros, lions, his arm with these rings upon it, the leopards, panthers, and buffaloes king's cook breaks every one in its fiercer than thein all, wild boars, turn with a kind of kitchen-cleaver, wild asses, and many varieties of the whereupon the judges give him a deer kind.

certificate, which proves that he is As soon as the game is roured, entitled to a territory, whose reveand forced out of the wood by the nue muft exceed twenty ounces of VOL. II,

gold,

SION TO THE THRONE.

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HEADS

gold, and this is never either refused of the bealty and entitled to the or delayed. All the different spe- premium. cies of game, however, are not Mariy nations of perfect blacks equally rated. He that flays a inhabit

the low country, which is Galla, or Shangalla, man to inan, called Kolla; they are all Pagans, is entitled to two rings ; he that and mortal enemies to the Abyssinian flays an elephant, to two; a rhino- government. Hunting these miserceros, two; a giraffa, on account of able wretches is the next expedition its speed, and to encourage horse undertaken by a new king. The manship, two; a buffalo, two; a lion, season of this is just before the rains, two; a leopard, one; two boars, while the poor favage is yet lodged whose tusks are grown, one; and under the trees preparing his food one for every four of the deer kind., for the approaching winter, before

Great disputes constantly arise he retires into his caves in the moun. about the killing of these beasts; to tain, where he paffes that inclement determine which, and prevent feuds season in constant confinement, but and quarrels, a council fits every as constant security ; for these nas evening, in which is an officer call. tions are all Troglodytes, and by the ed Dimshasha, or Red Cap, from a Abyssinians are called Shangalla. piece of red filk he wears upon

his forehead, leaving the top of his CURIOUS FORM GIVEN BY CERTAIN head bare, for no person is allowed PEOPLE TO THEIR CHILDREN'S to cover his head entirely except the king, the twelve judges, and digni HIPPOCRATES speaks of a fied priests. This officer regulates very ancient people, who inhabited the precedence of one nobleman over the borders of the Black Sea, whom another, and is possessed of the hif- he calls Macrocephates, or Long tory of all pedigrees, the nobleft of Heads. These people had the which are always accounted those strange practice of pressing the head nearest to the king reigning. out in length of their new-born chil

Every man pleads his own cause dren; and this method, repeated before the council, and receives im- from generation to generation, ac mediate sentence. It is a settled length rendered this conformation of Tule, that those who Atrike the animal the head hereditary, and seemingly first, if the lance remain upright, or natural. in the same direction in which it en The greater part of the iftanders ters the beast, are understood to be in the Archipelago, fome of the the layers of the beast, whatever people of Asia, and even some of number combat with him after. ihofe of Europe, still press their wards. There is one exception, children's heads out lengthwise. We however, that if the beast, after re- may observe also that

the Epirots, 'ceiving the first wound, though the and many people of America, are lance is in him, fhould lay hold of a' all born with some fingularity in the horse or man, so that it is evident conformation of their heads; either he would prevail against them; a a flatness on the top, two extraorbuffalo, for example, that should toss dinary protuberances behind, or one a man with his horns, or an elephant of each side ; fingularities which that should take a horse with his we can only regard as an effect of an trunk, the man who shall then slay ancient and strange mode, which is the beast, and prevent or revenge become at length hereditary in the the death of the man or horse at nation. According to the report of tacked, shall be accounted the layer many trayellers, the operation of

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compressing the head of a child expressly prohibits it. But if it
lengthwise, while foft, is with a has been repressed one way, the free
view to enlarge insensibly the in- negroes and Maroons, although
terval between the two eyes, so that Africans, have adopted it, fince
the visual rays turņing more to the they have been eftablished among
right and left, the fight would em. the Caribs, solely with the view of
brace a nauch larger portion of the distinguishing their children, which
horizon ; the advantage of which are born free, from those who are
they are well acquainted with, either born in slavery.
in the constant exercise of hunting, The Omaquas, a people of South
or on a thousand other occasions. America, according to P. Veigh,
Since the sixteenth century, the press the heads of their children fo
miffionaries establified in the coun- violently between two planks, that
tries inhabited by the favages of they become quite Marp at the top,
America, have endeavoured to de- and flat before and behind. They
Atroy this custom ; and we find, in very wisely say they do this to give
the fefsions of the third council of the head a greater resemblance to
Lima, held in 1585, a canon which the moon !

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PHILOSOPHICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY.

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HERSCHEL'S ACCOUNT THE arduous undertaking of constructing

DISCOVERY OF А SIXTH · AND this inftrument.
SEVENTH SATELLITE OF THE

The planet Saturn is, perhaps,
PLANET SATURN, &c.

one of the most engaging objects [From Philosophical Transactions, Vol. that astronomy offers to our view, LXXX. Part 1. just published.]

As such it drew my attention so early I ,

these fatellites should have re. 17th of March, with a five feet and "mained so long unknown to us, an hálf reflector, I saw its ring rewhen, for a century and an half duced to a very minute line. On paft, the planet to which they be the 3d of April, in the same year, I long has been the object of almost found the planet as it were stripped every astronomer's curiosity, on ac- of its noble ornament, and dreled count of the fingular phænomena of in the plain fimplicity of Mars. I its ring. But it will be seen pre- pass over the following year, in fently, from the situation and size of which, with a feven feet reflector, I the satellites, that we could hardly saw the ring gradually open. expect to discover them till a tele It should be noticed, that the scope of the dimensions and aperture black disk, or belt, upon the ring of of my forty-feet reflector should be Saturn is not in the middle of its constructed ; and I need not observe breadth ; nor is the ring subdivided how much we members of this fo- by many such lines, as has been reciety must feel ourselves obliged to presented in divers treatises of astroour royal patron, for his encourage- nomy; but that there is one single, ment of the sciences, when we per- dark, considerably broad line, belt, ceive that the discovery of these fa or zone, upon the ring, which I tellites is entirely owing to the have always permanently found in liberal support whereby our most the place where my figure represents benevolent king has enabled his it. I give this, however, only as a bumble aftronomer to complete the view of the northern plane of the

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ring,

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