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swear's not at all, then that man cannot forswear himself. Again the law saith, Thou shalt love thy neighbour and hate thine enemy; but Christ says, love your enemies ; the which if we do, there is no doubt but we shall love our neighbours. Again the law says, Thou shalt not commit
adultery ; but if according to the doctrine and gospel of Christ, a man doth not look on a woman with a lustful eye, there is no danger of committing adultery with her, &c. Those things were largely spoken to and open. ed in the meeting, and the people (there being many not of our society) were very attentive and sober, and the good hand of the Almighty was amongst us in this meet. ing.
From Chester river, we crossed Chesapeak bay, to the yearly meeting at West-River; with Chester friends, in William Thomas's boat, and sent our horses over by Kent-Island to West-River, where we met with our friends Michael Lightfoot, Elizabeth Wyat, and Grace Mason, with divers others : (Elizabeth and Grace, being on their return home from a religious visit to North-Car. olina and Virginia): we all being far from home, and well acquainted, were glad to see one another, being thankful to the Almighty, who had been pleased to preserve us so far on our way. After the meeting was ended at West-River, taking leave in the love of Christ of divers friends, with hearts full of love, and eyes full of tears, as never expecting to see one another again, I with my companion and Armiger Trotter (who came up with the friends from Virginia to West-River) set out for Virginia, and having passed over Patuxent river, had a meeting among the family of the Plummers, one of whom, with another friend, accompanied us to the river Potomac; we rode as near as we could compute it sixty miles that day. I being heavy and aged, and the weather hot, was very much tired, and laid down in my clothes all night, and the next morning ferried over the river Potomac, computed about three miles over, and parted with our guides. When over this river, we travelled fifteen miles to William Duft's, had a meeting there, and from thence to a meeting of friends at John Cheagle's, and so
to Black-creek, had a meeting there, and then went to su the monthly meeting of friends on the west side of James River, and so to William Lad's, after which we went to the monthly meeting of friends at Nansemond-River, and from thence to Carolina, and on a first day had a large meeting at a new meeting-house built to accommodate the yearly meeting ; it was a good, solid meeting, and there the friends appointed for us the meetings following. Third day of the week, being the 13th of the fourth month, at Joseph Barrow's, fourth day at Jacob Butler's
, fifth day at Samuel Newby's, sixth and first day at the 的 upper meeting-house at Little-River, and third day at the lower meeting-house on said river, and fourth day at Pasquotank, and fifth day at Amos Trueblood's, up quotank river, and then we went to the quarterly-meeting for friends in North-Carolina, which was very large;
the people were exhorted to overcome sin as Christ overcame, that they might sit with him in his kingdom, as he overcame, and is set down in the kingdom of God his father : that subject was largely spoken to that day, and we had a good opportunity with the people, and the great name of God was exalted over all. After this quarterly-meeting we had a meeting at James Wilson's, in the Barrens, which was a large, good and open meeting : in
do the conclusion thereof,' I told them, that I came among them in great love (though in a cross to my own will, with respect to my age, and the heat of the weather) being willing to see them, in that province, once more be, fore I left this world; and, as I came in love, so I parted with them ; desiring them, to dwell in love, and peace, and then the God of love would be with them.
From Carolina we travelled into Virginia (Zachariah Nickson accompanying us)and had a meeting at the widow Newby's, and from thence had a meeting at Nansemond, and so to the Branch, where we had a very large meet ing. Many people were there not of our society, and were very attentive and sober : and next day, being the second day of the week, we had a satisfactory meeting at Bennet's-creek; and thence to Chuckatuck; and sø on to Rasper-neck; and then to Pagan-creek; thence in
to Surry county, to Samuel Sebrell's; and thence to Robert Honicut's; had a meeting there, then to Curl's, up James-River; to Thomas and John Pleasant's, had a meeting there on a first day, and then to the Swamp and Cedar-creek; and so on to John Cheagle's.
We came to John Cheagle's the 20th of the fifth month, being the fifth day of the week; and, being unwilling to be idle on sixth and seventh days, (intending to have a meeting at his house on first day, I asked John if he could tell me where we could have meetings sixth and seventh days? He said he could; and accordingly he appointed one about three miles from his house, and another about six miles off; at which places we had good service: and then had a very large meeting at his house, on first day, which was, I hope, to pretty general satisfaction, to the religious part of the people. From thence we travelled to William Duff's, (John and another friend going with us), and had a meeting at their meeting-house; and afterwards. Will. iam went with us over Potomac river, as far as Piscataway, in Maryland. This river is computed to be near four miles over.
When we were about the middle, there was a large swell in the river, so that our horses could not stand, and the motion of the boat made them fall down, and the boat having much water in it, being very leaky, she was near oversetting; they in the boat were in some concern and consternation, saying, when we came to the shore, that they did not remember that they were ever before in the like danger. And I apprehend we were in danger; and if the boat had overset, in all likelihood, we might all have been drowned. And I then thought I was in the service of Christ, my great master; and I also knew, I must die, and I thought I might as well die in his service as my own; so
gave up my life for Christ's sake, and he gave it to me again. Oh! may I, with all those who sincerely love him, serve him truly all our days, is my desire !
From Piscataway we travelled to Patuxent, to the famity of the Plummers, who were ten sons of one father and mother, and were convinced about the time I first
me once more:
had meetings in those parts, and, so far as I know, they are all sober men.
After this meeting we went to Gerard Hopkins', and from thence to Patapsco, had a large meeting, the house being full before the friends came, so that they were hard set to get in ; to me it was a good, seasonable opportunity, as was our next in the forest of Gunpowder river; where friends have built a new meeting-house, which, at this time, could not contain the people. From Gunpowder river we went to Bush-river, had a good, open meeting, and one at Deer-creek, and so over Susquehannah to Elihu Hall's.
At West-Nottingham ! parted with my companion, he having about a day's travel home. I had two meetings on first day at the great meeting-house at West-Nottingham, which were very large, and Friends glad to see
And after having meetings at Christiana-bridge, Wilmington, Center, and Kennet, went to the quarterly-meeting of ministers at Concord, and was there first and second day, and third day at Darby; all which were very large meetings, and friends were satisfied and comforted, and I was encouraged in the work and service of the gospel of Christ. From Darby I went home, having been abroad about four months, and rode, by compu. tation, above eleven hundred miles, and was at about seventy meetings.
While I was on this journey, I had an account of the death of my dear and only brother, George Chalkley, a religious, prudent man; he died the 24th of the ninth month, 1737, near the seventieth year of his age, and left behind him a mournful widow and four daughters, all virtuous women,
When in Virginia, I wrote to those of our society at Opeckon, Shenandoah, &c. (many of whom went out of our province to settle in the government of Virginia) to the following effect.
TO FRIENDS OF THE MONTHLY-MEETING AT
Virginia, at John Cheagle's, 21st 5th Mo. 1738. “ Dear Friends who inhabit Shenandoah and Opeckon, “ Having a concern for your welfare and prosperity, both now and hereafter, and also the prosperity of your children, I had a desire to see you ; but being in years, and heavy, and much spent and fatigued with my long journies in Virginia and Carolina, make it seem too hard for me to perform a visit in person to you ; wherefore I take this way of writing to discharge my mind of what lies weightily thereon: and,
1st. I desire that you be very careful, (being far and back inhabitants), to keep a friendly correspondence with the native Indians, giving them no occasion of offence; they being a cruel and merciless enemy, where they think they are wronged or defrauded of their right, as woful experience hath taught, in Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland, and especially in New-England, &c. and,
2d. As nature hath given them, and their forefathers, the possession of this continent of America, (or this wil. derness), they had a natural right thereto, in justice and equity ; and no people, according to the law of nature and justice, and our own principle, which is according to the glorious gospel of our dear and holy Lord Jesus Christ, ought to take away, or settle, on other men's lands or rights, without consent, or purchasing the same, by agreement of parties concerned; which, I suppose, in your case, is not yet done.
3d. Therefore my counsel and christian advice to you, is, my dear friends, that the most reputable among you, do, with speed, endeavour to agree with and purchase your lands of the native Indians or inhabitants : take example of our worthy and honourable late proprietor, William Penn; who, by his wise and religious care, in that relation, hath settled a lasting peace and commerce