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18 and, Because I go to the Father?" They said therefore, "What is this which he saith, A little time?' we 19 know not what he speaketh." Now Jesus knew 1 that they were desirous to ask him, and said unto them, "Do ye inquire among yourselves concerning this, that I said, 'A little time, and ye will not see me: and again, a little time, 20 and ye will see me?' Verily verily I say unto you, that ye will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice: and ye will be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. 21 A woman, when she is in travail, hath sorrow, because her hour is come: but when she hath brought forth the child, she remembereth no more the affliction, for joy that a man 22 is born into the world. And thus ye have sorrow now: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your 23 joy no man shall take from you. And in that day ye shall request nothing of me: Verily verily I say unto you, [that] Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will 24 give it you. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name : 25 ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. These things I have spoken to you in dark speeches: the time cometh when I shall no more speak unto you in dark speeches, but I shall show you plainly concerning the Fa26 ther. In that day, ye shall ask in my name; and I say not unto 27 you that I will request the Father for you: for the Father


himself loveth you, because ye love me, and believe that I 28 came forth from God*. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go 29 to the Father." His disciples say unto him, "Lo, now thou 30 speakest plainly, and speakest no dark speech. Now we know that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any one should ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest 31 forth from God." Jesus answered them, "Do ye now be3 Or, figures, or, pa

1 knew therefore, R. T.
rables. 4 but the time, R. T. 5 of, N.

2"that" omitted by N. t.

* I came forth from the Father, q. d. I was sent by him as his messenger to mankind. See ch. xiii, 3.

32 lieve? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye. will be scattered, every man to his own home, and will leave me alone and yet I am not alone, because the Father is 33 with me. These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye may have peace. In the world ye have affliction: but be of good courage; I have overcome the world." CH. XVII. Jesus spake these words, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour is come: glorify thy 2 Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: as thou hast given him power over all men, that he may give everlasting life 3 to all whom thou hast given him. And this is everlasting life, that they may know thee to be the only true God, and 4 Jesus thy messenger to be the Christ*. I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou 5 hast given me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thyself, with the glory which I had with thee before the world was t.


"I have manifested thy name to the men whom thou hast given me out of the world: they were thine, and thou gavest

1 ye will have, R. T. and N.

* See Wakefield and Lindsey (List, &c. p. 49). The Primate's version is, "that they may know thee, the only true God, and him whom thou hast sent, even Jesus Christ." Observe, here, that there is but one true God, and that Jesus Christ is expressly excluded from being that true God, and contra-distinguished from him as his messenger. Lindsey, ibid. p. 50.

+ Or, as Mr. Wakefield renders it, "with that glory, thine own glory, which I had before the world was.” The glory which is the object of our Lord's petition is that glory of which he speaks, ver. 22; the glory of instructing and converting mankind, verses 8, 14. This glory he had given to his apostles, ver.22; that is, he intended it for them. The same glory the Father had given to him: that is, had reserved it for him, and purposed to bestow it upon him. He had it therefore with the Father before the world was, that is, in the Father's purpose and decree. In the language of the scriptures, what God determines to bring to pass is represented as actually accomplished. Thus, the dead are represented as living, Luke xx. 36, 37, 38. Believers are spoken of as already glorified, Rom, viii. 29, 30. Things that are not, are called as though they were, Rom. iv. 17. And in ver. 12. of this chapter, Judas is said to be destroyed, though he was then living, and actually bargaining with the priests and rulers to betray his master. See also ver. 10. Eph. i. 4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiii. 8; Heb. x. 34. "

7 them to me; and they have kept thy word. Now they know

that all things, whatsoever thou hast given me, are from 8 thee. For I have given them the words which thou gavest

me; and they have received them, and have surely known that I came forth from thee, and have believed that thou 9 hast sent me. I request for them; I request not for the


world, but for those whom thou hast given me; for they are 10 thine. And all mine are thine *, and thine are mine t; and 11 I am glorified through them ‡. And now I am1 no longer in the world; but these are in the world, and I shall go to thee. Holy Father, keep them in that name of thine § in which thou hast given them to me3; that they may be one*, 12 as we are. While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those whom thou gavest me, I have preserved; and none of them is destroyed ||, but the son of de13 struction; so that the scripture is fulfilled. But now I go

to thee, and I speak these things in the world, that they 14 may have my joy on their account completed in them. I have given them thy words; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, as I am not of the world. 15 I request not that thou wouldest take them out of the world, 16 but that thou wouldest keep them from evil ¶. They are 17 not of the world; as I am not of the world. Sanctify them 18 through [thy] truth: thy word is truth. As thou hast sent

me into the world, I also have sent them into the world **. I shall be, N. 2 will be, N. See ver. 12. 3 which thou hast given me, R. T. and N. The reading in the text is supported by almost the universal concurrence of manuscripts. See Griesbach. 4 Gr. one thing, N.

* are thine.] 66 as the original giver,” N.

+ are mine.]" by thy unbounded communications,” N.


through them.] as my disciples," N. See ver. 5.

§ in that name of thine.] “in the belief and profession of me as the Christ," N. under which character they are made over to me.

That is spoken of as actually done, which was certainly future. See ver. 5. ¶ Or, out of the evil. Or, from the Evil One: q. d. from apostasy and unbelief.

**This text shows that to be sent into the world does not express or imply a pre-existent state, but a divine commission for the instraction of mankind.

19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified through the truth.




"Nor do I pray for these only, but for those also who 21 believe' in me through their words; that all may be one t; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be [one] in us: that the world may believe that thou 22 hast sent me. And the glory which thou hast given3 me, I have given them; that they may be one, as we are one: 23 I in them, and thou in me; that they may be perfected in one ;

and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and 24 hast loved them, as thou hast loved me. Father, I desire

that those also, whom thou hast given me, may be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me§: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of 25 the world". O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that 26 thou hast sent me. And I have made known unto them thy name, and will make it known: that the love with which thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them."

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CH. XVIII. When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where was a 2 garden, into which he and his disciples entered. And Judas also, who delivered him up, knew the place: for Jesus often 3 resorted thither with his disciples. Judas then, having received a band of soldiers, and officers from the chief-priests

1 shall believe, R. T. and N. 2 that as, N.
them, Mss. 5 See ver. 5. and Rev. xiii. 8.

3 gavest, N. 4 and I have loved

* request, N. It is the language of humble supplication. See Matt. xii. 38, and Calvin in loc. How erroneous is it from an ambiguity in the common translation, "Father, I will," to interpret this text as a claim of right! See Doddridge and Guyse in loc.

+ Gr. one thing. One in affection; and in co-operation for the advancement of truth and goodness, N.

shall be, N. but in the original it is "I am." And through the whole of this excellent prayer, that is continually spoken of as present, or past, which was then future, and had no existence but in the divine decree.

§ which thou hast given me.] "quem constituisti mihi dare. Grot. See ver. 5, and ch. xii. 41." Newcome.

and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns, and lamps, and 4 weapons. Upon this Jesus, knowing all things which were to befal him*, went forth, and said unto them, "Whom 5 seek ye?" They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus saith unto them, "I am he." And Judas also, who 6 delivered him up, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he,' they went backward, and fell on 7 the ground. Then he asked them again, "Whom seek ye?" 8 And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus answered, "I told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these de9 part." (That the words might be fulfilled, which he spake, "Of those whom thou gavest me, I have lost none.")


10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it, and stryck a servant of the high-priest, and cut off his right ear. Now 11 the servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus to Peter,

"Put up the sword' into the sheath: the cup which my 12 Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?" Then the band, and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, took Je13 sus, and bound him, and led him away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high-priest that 14 year. Now Caiaphas was he who had given counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: and that disciple was known to the high-priest, and 16 entered with Jesus into the palace of the high-priest. But Peter stood at the door without. Then that other disciple, who was known to the high-priest, went out, and spake to

thy sword, R. T.

*Nothing more beautifully illustrates the dignity of our Lord's character than this distinct foreknowledge of every circumstance of his approaching sufferings. This distinguishes Christ from all other martyrs and confessors, and fully accounts for his agony in the garden, and the horror which he often expresses at the prospect of what was to happen. It likewise enhances the moral value of his resignation to the divine will, and exhibits his fortitude in a striking light, after his mind had been tranquillized and fortified by his prayer in the garden. See Heb. v. 7. He was heard so as to be delivered from his fear,

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