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[of God's mercy. 37 Mark the perfect man, and be

4 For mine iniquities are gone over hold the upright: for the end of that mine head: as an heavy burden they man is peace.

are too heavy for me. 38 But the transgressors shall be 5 My wounds stink and are corrupt, destroyed together: the end of the because of my foolishness. wicked shall be cut off.

6 I am troubled; I am bowed 39 But the salvation of the righte- down greatly; I go mourning all the ous is of the Lord: he is their strength day long, in the time of trouble.

7 For my loins are filled with a 40 And the LORD shall help them, loathsome disease: and there is no and deliver them: he shall deliver soundness in my flesh. them from the wicked, and save them,

8 I am feeble and sore broken: I because they trust in him. (P) have roared by reason of the disquiet

ness of my heart. PSALM XXXVIII.

9 Lord, all my desire is before A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance. thee; and my groaning is not hid

from thee. O LORD, rebuke me not in thy 10 My heart panteth, my strength

wrath: neither chasten me in thy faileth me: as for the light of mine hot displeasure.

eyes, it also is gone from me. 2 For thine arrows stick fast in me, 11 My lovers and my friends stand and thy hand presseth me sore. aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen

3 There is no soundness in my flesh stand afar off. because of thine anger; neither is there 12 They also that seek after my any rest in my bones, because of my life lay snares for me: and they that sin.

seek my hurt speak mischievous things,


earth ;” and though others may boast PSALM XXXVII.

greater claims, they only enjoy it. A sen(P) A Psalm of David, exhorting to sible writer observes, “ They have no turpatience, meekness, and submission to the buleot, repining, vexatious thoughts that 'divine providence.—" From the beginning they deserve better; nor are vexed when to the end of this psalm (Bishop Horne they see others possessed of more honour, remarks,) the Holy Spirit, by the hand of or more riches, than their wise God has althe prophet, administereth advice and co- lotted for their share." solation to the church aud people of the An observation in the latter part of the Lord, oppressed and afflicted in this world psalen may demand particular notice, as it by prosperous and triumphant wickedness. has occasioned some practical difficulty Faith and patience are therefore recom- As a general maxim, it may certainly by mended, upon the double consideration of admitted. “ So far is charity from impo that sure reward which awaiteth the righte- verishing (says Bishop Horné,) that wha ous, and that certaio punishment which is given away, like vapours emitted by th shall be inflicted on the wicked. These two earth, returns in showers of blessings int events are set before us under many lively the bosom of the person that gave it; an and affecting images. As the psalm is ra- his offspring is not the worse, but infinitel ther a collection of divine aphorisms on the the beiter for it.” (Prov. xi. 25.) Tbi same subject, than a continued and con- maxim is not, however, to be so strictly in nected discourse, it admitteth of nothing terpreted, as to maintain that, in no cası farther in the way of argument:" but the has a pious man been reduced to beg maxims or observations bere introduced, gary: our Lord himself, though not are most interesting and important. It is beggar, lived upon the hospitality of h a folly for Christians to fret and fume at disciples, during the whole of his publ evils which they cannot prevent. It is ministry. He had no patrimony, no hom much better patiently to submit to cir. no purse; and when called upon for tribut cuinstances, and make the Lord himself was compelled to work a miracle to pay the object of their confidence and delight. Generally speaking, however, benevolen For, after all, as our Lord himself assures far more frequently enriches than imp lis, it is “ the meek” who “ inherit the verishes.

And expressions of ]

(faith in him. and imagine deceits all the day long. 19 But mine enemies are lively, and

13 But I, as a deaf man, heard not; they are strong: and they that hate and I was as a dumb man that openeth me wrongfully are multiplied. not his mouth.

20 They also that render evil for 14 Thus I was as a man that hear- good are mine adversaries; because I eth not, and in whose mouth are no follow the thing that good is. reproofs.

21 Forsake me not, O LORD: 0 15 For in thee, O LORD, do I my God, be not far from me. hope: thou wilt hear, O Lord my God. 22 Make haste to help me 0 LORD,

16 For I said, Hear me, lest other- my salvation. (Q) wise they should rejoice over me: when my foot slippeth, they magnify

PSALM XXXIX. themselves against me. 17 For I am ready to halt, and my

To the chief Musician, even to Jeduthun.

A Psalm of David. sorrow is continually before me.

18 For I will declare mine iniquity; I SAID, I will take heed to my ways; I will be sorry for my sin.

that I sin not with my tongue: I will


at home to indulge in ease, and luxury, and PSALM XXXVIII.

crime. Q) A Psalm of David to bring to re- Many have endeavoured to explain the membrance - That is, a memorial of his psalmist's complaints of unsoundness and sins, and of bis sufferings under them. putridity in his flesh aud in his bones figuHis afflictions appear to have been of ratively, of his inward distress and spiritwo classes-bodily pain and sickness, and tual conflicts; but we think "it seems the desertion of his friends and relatives, evident (as Mr. Scott observes,) that the who, instead of comforting, aggravated writer was (also) visited with some dire his afflictions. In David's history, indeed, malady, which affected his whole frame in We read nothing of his being confined with the most distressing manner; and that he sickness; yet it is reasonable to believe considered this as the chastisement of this might often be the case, though per- God, for some particular sins of which his haps for no long continuance, so as to in- conscience accused him.” What that parterrupt the operations of his government. ticular malady might be with which he was That he suffered much from disease may afflicted, we presume not to determine; but be inferred, not only from his frequent re- from the symptoms mentioned, and partiferences to it in the book of Psalms, but cularly from his friends and neighbours from the singular fact of his extreme debi- keeping " aloof from his sore,” we should lity, and the extraordinary means used to think it must have closely resembled, keep life in him, for some time before his either the leprosy of Job, or the pestilence death, though he died at the age of seventy. of Hezekiah, either of which, connected (1 Kings i. 1-4.) In these afflictions, be with the agonies of conviction in his conconstantly refers to sin as the cause of his science, would be fully sufficient to account sufferings; and it is true that all our suf- for his groans and agonies. But we totally ferings originate in sin; yet his language object to the application of such language in this psalm seems to refer particularly to our Redeemer, for reasons which we to his dreadful apostacy in the matter of have already stated: nor do we find any Criah, when be sent Joab to conduct the application of it to him in the New Testawar with the Ammonites, while he stayed ment, by either evangelists or apostles.

Jeb vi. 4.

NOTES. PSALM XXXVIII. Ver. 2. Thine arrows. See Ver. 16 'In thee .... do I hope-Marg. “Thee

do I wait for.'' Hear-Marg." Answer." Ver. 3. Rest-Heb. “ l'eace," or "health.” Ver. 17. Ready to halt Marg: "For balting;" Per. 5. Because of my foolishness. This implies i.e. ready to sink down under my infirmities. uis, as well as folly, for the thought of foolisb- Ver. 19. Lively:

strong. - Heb. *

" (Being) mess is sin." Prov. xxiv. 9.

lively, are strong." Fer. 6. Troubled-Heb. “ Wried," or writhed Ver. 20. Because, &c. Read, the last clause,

“What is good.” Ver. 20. Is gone from me-Heb.“ Is not with BeHis disease affected his sight.

PSALM XXXIX. Title – To Jeduthun. See Ve. U. My sore-Heb. " Stroke.”—My kins. Chrop. xvi. 41.-xxv. 3. mea-Harg. * Neighbours.".

Ver. 1. With a bridle-Heb." Mazzle." It is pro

with pain.



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PSALMS. [on the frailty of life keep my mouth with a bridle, while 10 Remove thy stroke away from the wicked is before me.

me: I am consumed by the blow of 2 I was dumb with silence, I held thine my peace, even from good; and my 11 When thou with rebukes dost sorrow was stirred.

correct man for iniquity, thou makest 3 My heart was hot within me, his beauty to consume away like a while I was musing the fire burned moth: surely every man is vanity. then spake I with my tongue.

Selah. Kol 0

pod TOT 4 Lord, make me to know mine 12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and end, and the measure of my days, give ear unto my cry: hold not thy what it is; that I may know how frail peace at my tears : for I am a stranger I am.

with thee, and a sojourner, as all my 5 Behold, thou hast made my days fathers were. asan handbreadth; and mine age is as 13 O spare me, that I may recover nothing before thee; verily every man strength, before I go hence, and be no at his best state is altogether vanity. more. (R). Stimol Selah. 6 Surely every man walketh in a

PSALM XL. vain shew: surely they are disquieted To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David, in vain : he heapeth up riches, and I WAITED patiently for the LORD knoweth not who shall gather them. and he inclined unto me, and heard

7 And now, LORD, what wait 1 for? my cry. my hope is in thee.

2 He brought me up also out of an '8 Deliver me from all my transgres- horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and sions : make me not the reproach of set my feet upon a rock, and established the foolish,

my goings. 9 I was dumb, I opened not my 3 And he hath put a new song

in mouth; because thou didst it.

my mouth, even praise unto our God:


substance; a shadow fleeting like that o
(R) A Psalm of David, contemplating the passing cloud upon the grass.
the frailty of human life.-" The psalm The life of man is then compared t
begins abruptly, with the result of a medi- " an image," exhibited to the min
tation on the narrow, slippery, and dan- in a vision, or in a dream : and inn
gerous paths of life, and more especially man is this vanity more striking thai
on the extreme difficulty of restraining the in the avaricious, who "heapethu
tongue amidst the continual temptations riches," and knoweth not who shall gathe
and provocations of the adversary." (Bp. them. And even while this transitory li
Horne.) Meditation should terminate endures, how doth affliction "melt away
in devotion and this ineditation led to health, and beauty, and talent, and wealt
the following excellent prayer--that the and every thing desirable in man!
psalmist might be taught practically his
own frailty, and the uncertain duration

“This life's a dream, an empty show;

But the bright world to which I go of the present life, which, compared to the

Hath joys substantial and sincere : life to come, is but as a shadow to the When shall I wake, and find me there?” Wal

NOTES-Psalm XXXIX. Con. bable that the hridles of the ancients were made in Ver. 11. Thou makest his beauty-Heb." T1 the form of uiuzzles. See Note on Ps. xxxij. 9. wbich is to be desired in him." To const Ver. 2. Stirred--Heb. " Troubled."

(Heb. " to melt away") as a moth, or noth-wor Ver. 3. The fire burned.-See Jer. xx. 9.

which perishes with the touch. See Job if. 19. a Ver. 4. How frail I am--Marg. "What time I Nole. have:"i. P. as the Chaldee explains it," How soon I shall cease to exist here."

PSALM XL. Ver. 1. I waited patiently - 1 Ver. 5, 4t his best state-Heb. " settled ;' most “In waiting I waited." permanent.

Ver. 2. An horrible pit-Heb. “A

pit of nois Ver. 6. In a vain shen – Heb. "An image;" resounding with falls of water. See Ps. xviii. 16 phantasm, or appearance onlya

Ver. 5. They cannot be reckoned-Marg. “N Ver. 10. Blow-Heb." Conflict,” stroke: can order (or enumerate) thern unto thee.

The great sacrifice]


[.for man's sin. many shall see it, and fear, and shall thy truth from the great congregation. trust in the LORD.

11 Withhold not thou thy tender 4 Blessed is that man that maketh mercies from me, O Lord let thy the LORD his trust, and respecteth not loving-kindness and thy truth continuthe proud, nor such as turn aside to ally preserve me. lies.

12 For innumerable evils have com5 Many, O Lord my God, are thy passed me about : mine iniquities have wonderful works which thou hast done, taken hold upon me, so that I am not and thy thoughts which are to ug- able to look up; they are more than ward : they cannot be reckoned up in the hairs of mine head : therefore my order unto thee: if I would declare heart faileth me. and speak of them, they are more than 13 Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver can be numbered.

me : O LORD, make haste to help me. 6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not 14 Let them be ashamed and condesire; mine ears hast thou opened : founded together that seek after my burnt offering and sin offering hast thou soul to destroy it; let them be driven ast required.

backward and put to shame, that wish 7 Then said I, Lo, I come : in the me evil. Tolume of the book it is written of me: 15 Let them be desolate for a re

& I delight to do thy will, O my ward of their shame that say unto Cad: yea, thy law is within my heart. me, Aha, aha !

9 I have preached righteousness in 16 Let all those that seek thee rethe great congregation : lo, I have not joice and be glad in thee : let such as refrained my lips, O Lord, thou love thy salvation say continually, The

Lord be magnified ! 10 I bave not hid thy righteousness 17 But I am poor and needy; yet within my heart; I have declared thy the Lord thinketh upon me : thou art faithfulness and thy salvation : I have my help and my deliverer ; make no Dot concealed thy lovingkindness and tarrying, O my God. (S)



sufferings, during some of his persecutions (S) A Psalm of David, relating partly to from his enemies; and, in a typical sense, the dis own circumstances, and partly to Mes sufferings of our Redeemer." The imagery sich.“We agree with Dr. Kennicott in di- seems taken from one of the horrible dun. viding this psalm into three parts, but not geons of the Asiatic tyrants. (Jer. xxxviii. exactly in our application of them. The 6–12.) Applied to our Saviour, it may typisy first part, comprising the first five verses, the extrenie sufferings which he endured'; we consider as capable of a double applica- yet a pit of mire

, with the sound of waters tion, expressing first the psalmist's deep and waterfalls, seems not to agree with the


NOTES Ver. 6. Mine ears hast thou opened-Heb.“ Dig, these Notes is well aware that many interpreters ted," ar carved; and it is with much diffidence the consider this as an allusion to the Jewish law, Exod. fcilor ventures to suggest, that cutting out, digging, xxi. 6. But the Hebrew word there used for boring, Starving, is the radical idea of the root (kurah) is radically different from this. Compare the above be used. It is very commonly used for digging Exposition. its

, a wells; sometimes for carving sepulchres from Ver. 7. In the volume-That is, roll. All the an.' a rack, Isa. xvi. 14. also for carving (or cutting op). cient books were in this form, as are all the sacred seat for a feast, 2 Kings vi. 23. where, instead of M88 of the Synagogues to this day.

prepared a great provision," we would read more Ver. 8. Within my heart-Heb. " In the midst of literally, "ent ap a great 'cutting ;" !. 4. cat up my bowels;" i. e. in my most inward parts. joints of meat amongst them; and in Job xli.6. Ver. 11. 'We have mentioned above Dr. KenniWilt thou part the Leviathan (or carve him out) cott's discovery, that this psalm should end with the ang the merchants. The same terın is trans- Joth verse. Thus much is certain, that the last five bestred back from the grottoes of the sepulchre, to verses form the 70th psalm. Perhaps they might be

Juary of human nature ; “ Look unto the rnek originally connected, as distinct parts of the same weate ye are bew, and to the hollow of the care poem; but a short psalm being wanted for some beter ye were digged;" referring to Abraham and particular occasion, these verses might be separated StredLonth's 1, 2. lu harmony with this for the purpose. This is a circumstance pot uncomimagery, a kindred Hebrew noun is used for birth, mon in cburcb music. Porizin, Erek. xvi. 3.-xxi. 30. The writer of Ver. 12. My heart failelle-Heb. “Forsaketh me."



(of charity PSALM XLI.

make all his bed in his sickness.

4 I said, Lord, be merciful unto To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

me: heal my soul; for, I have sinned BLESSED is he that considereth against thee.

the poor : the LORD will deliver 5 Mine enemies speak evil of me, him in time of trouble.

When shall he die, and his name 2 The LORD will preserve him, and perish ? keep him alive ; and he shall be blessed 6 And if he come to see me, he upon the earth : and thou wilt not de- speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth liver him unto the will of his enemies. iniquity to itself; when he goeth

3 The LORD will strengthen him abroad, he telleth it. upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt 7 All that hate me whisper together

EXPOSITION-Psalm XL. Continued. quiet of the grave'; but would intimate (as for the most exact and complete obediindeed many of the ancients thought,) ence." This will partly account for the verthat our Lord's sufferings were not ter- sion given of this passage by the Septua. minated with his parting breath.

gint, and in Hebrews x. 3. to which we shall The second part of the psalm, from ver. there again advert. 5 to 10, appears to relate to the incarnation When it is added, “ Lo, I come !" these of the Messiah, and to that only. The pur- words, we conceive, express the effect of port of it is, that, seeing the insufficiency the Messiah's ears being thus prepared, of all other sacrifices to take away sin, He namely, a ready and prompt obedience, presented himself as the great atuning aud that in the accomplishment of presacrifice for human guilt. The language ceding predictions : “In the volume (or here used is peculiar, and requires expla- roll) of the book, it is written of me:

I nation. “Sacrifice and offering thou didst delight to do thy will,” &c. the evidence not desire:" not that the sacrifices of the of which appeared in preaching in the law were unenjoined or disapproved ; yet great congregations" of the temple, the they were not the ultimate object of the synagogue, and the public highways, till divine command; but were appointed only the speaker's lips were closed by violence as typical, and derived all their value in and death. the sight of God, from being the appointed "The third part of the psalm comprehends types of Messiah's more perfect sacrifice: from ver. Il to the end; where, as the when offered to supersede the moral duties writer speaks of his sins laying hold upon they became abominable. (Isa. li. 8; Amos him, and sinking him into despair, we rev. 21.)

turn again to David. It appears to us, that “ Mine ears hast thou opened.” In the the five intervening verses (6 to 10,) are a language of the Hebrews, and of poetry, kind of parenthesis, though a most imto open the ears of any one is to secure portant one; and that the eleventh verse his favourable attention, (Job xxxiii. 16.) should be connected with the fifth : that deIsaiah, speaking in the person of Messiah, clares the mercies of God to be ionumerasays, “The LORD God hath opened mine ble; and this entreats that those mercies ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turn- may neither be withheld or withdrawn from ed away back. I gave my back to the the petitioner, who is overwhelined with smiters," &c. (Isa. 1. 5, 6.) But neither in sins and troubles, from which he prays to this instance, nor in any other, (we be- be delivered. The three following verses, lieve,) is the same original word used for (14 to 16,) which, in our version, are renopening the ears, as in the psalm before dered imprecatory, are in the original simus, which we conceive signifies carved," ply future, and so rendered, not only by or " cut out,” in the sense of forming. Bishops Horne and Horsley, but also by (See Notes.) As if the psalmist had said, Dr. Boothroyd, who is not governed by the

Mine ears hast thou made, or prepared, same system.

NOTES. PSALM XLI. The poor-Marg. " Or weak, or This term seems always to imply moral evil, and is sick." The Hebrew term is of extensive import, analogous to that of blasphemy. Matt. xxvi. 63. and includes every kind of afliiction. In the Ver. 9. Mine oren familiar friend-Heb. " The time of trouble-Heb. "In the day of evil."

man of my peace."-Hath lifted up-Heb.“ Mag. Ver. 3. Thou will make-Heb." Turn" all his nified the heel.": bed.

Ver. 13. Blessed, &c.- Tbis animated doxology Ver. 7. Devise my hurt-Heh.“ Evil to me." closes the first book (or collection) of the psalms. Ver. 8 An evil disease-Heb.“ A thing of Belial,”

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