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self I mould find among them fome, The GEOGRAPHY is not wholly
whose hearts would readily enter into devoid of accuracy. To this part
my pacific measures with the Caffrees, added, a Dictionary of Universal Geo-
and affift in every endeavour to fuccour graphy; with an Appendix, containing
the unhappy people that had been hip- a Geographical Account of Botany Bay,
wrecked; the image of whose misfore and Otaheite.
cunes perpetually followed me.

The NATURAL HISTORY is wholly
“ How cruel a situation for women! confined to animated nature; and is
condemned to drag a painful life in all well calculated for the instruction of
the horrors of agonizing despair. A those for whoin it is intended.
desire to procure them liberty, to bring As a specimen of this useful publi-
them away with me, employed all my cation, we have extracted the following
thoughts, and deafened me to every ob- short character of the prefent Queen,
ftacle, making me impatient to join the taken from the History of England.
assembled colonists.'

“ This amiable and distinguished Here, for want of room, we are une personage was, the princess Charlotte, der the necessity of poftponing; til our of Mecklenburgh-Strelitz, the youngest next, some other extracts from this en- fifter of Adolphus-Frederic, the fourth, tertaining book of M. Vaillant, whose duke of Mecklenburgh. She was born merit is much greater than that of his May 19, 1744. translator; who, being a woman, pro " Being a princess of every amiable feffes to have softened some of her au virtue and estimable endowment, and thor's expressions, and to have omitted having descended from a line of ancelothers, because they would not appear tors who had evinced their attachment with modest propriety from the pen of to the Protestant religion, and to the a female. How far the Public ought Brunswick family, the was honoured to be 'fatisfied with such an apology, with the choice of our present gracious let the Public determine : que think, king of Great Britain, George III. as that whoever undertakes to 'translate his

99

and confort. an author of reputation-though the . Arriving in England under the subject should be natural hiftory- escort of the earl of Harcourt and lord pught implicitly to follow the original. Anson, the was received on the 7th of

September 1761, in a most honourable THE HISTORICAL POCKET LIBRARY. and affectionate manner by her intended

IN 6 VOLUMES. RILEY. 125. royal spouse and fovereign. At nine THIS work treats of Mythology, o'clock the same evening, the, had the Ancient History, Roman Hiftory, Hif happiness of seeing herself the bride of tory of England, Geography, and Na. England's monarch. Fifteen days aftural History, in a compendious manner.

ter, the royal pair were crowned with The volume of MYTHOLOGY is that splendourand magnificence worthy divested of all the immorality and in the royalty of fodistinguished ap empire. decency with which the school Mytho “ Being thus possessed of every hologies are disgraced.

nour and happiness the king and his The ANCIENT HISTORY slightly country could beltow, the gained the traces. the origin of each nation, details affections of all by her affable demeanthe succession and dates of the different our, prudent conduct, condescending dynastics, and briefly notices the me manners, and elegant accomplishments. morable actions or revolutions which Every heart glowed with love, and diftinguished their governments. every tongue resounded the praise of

The ROMAN HISTORY traces the her distinguisheil character. In her, revolutions of the government with all the distressed, helpless orphan found an that perspicuity which the limits will afylum *.-In her, the young unfortuadmit; and the characters are imparti * The following is copied from an inally drawn in a biographical manner. fcription in the chapel of the Asylum:

The ENGLISH HISTORY selects the " The first stone of this thapel was laid moit Atriking events in each reign, from May 2, 1763, by Georg; Heney, ear! che landing of Julius Cæfar until the of Litchfield, and built by the bounty pi present period.

her gracious majesty queen Charlotte." VOL. II.

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nate deluded female, when reclaimed, punishment was too cruel and dire found a patroness.

graceful, she exerted her interceffron, " When female delicacy, for which and obtained an, alleviation of bras the English ladies had been so juftly punishment. celebrated, was made the general sa “We are forry the limits of this work crifice of mistaken apprehensions in the will not permit us to particularize more married fair, queen Charlotte evinced of the innumerable inftances of her her native modesty by her eminent ex. great prudence, liberality, humanity, ample in the choice of a female attends and goodness. Suffice ir, that our ant on the birth of her illustrious off. queen has, by her conjugal affection, spring.

her natural tenderness, her extensive “ Her humanity was next exerted in benevolence, her patronage of genius, favour of the unhappy culprit sentenced and her regal demeanour, rendered to be shot for deserting the service of herself an exemplary pattern for every his king and country, to whom he had queen, wife, mother, and female to devoted himself. Convinced that the imitate."

HISTORY OF THE THEATRE.

MAY.

had been formerly saved by Raymond

in Normandy: the Crusaders under A

T this period of the winter sea. Godfrey, hearing of the captivity of

fon, the lovers of the drama can Constantia, become depressed; to release have little to expect, on the score of her is the first enterprise of Rayınond. novelty. Drury Lane furnishes no. The Saracens in the mean time rething; but Covent Garden, a tragedy, folve to marry Constantia to a Tartar on the 5th, entitled the Widow of prince. Sir Troubadour, a knightMALABAR, translated from the French, errant, disguised as a woman, by accifor the benefit of Miss Brunton. The dent gets into the tent where the prince plot of this piece is founded on the well is sleeping-puts on his cloaths, and known custom of the east, that of pafling for the princé, takes away widows facrificing themselves on the Constantia from prison. The Saracens, funeral pile of their husbands. It is however, detect the imposition; and not wholly destitute of interest, nor of Conftantia is again taken prisoner. To 'merit; but possesses too little of either rescue her, Godfrey and all the Crusaders to ensure it further notice. And on are seen before the ramparts of Jerusathe 8th, an opera, called the CRUSADE. lem: Raymond and fir Troubadour The fable of this piece being taken in join them; a parley is founded from part, from historical facts, we conceive the ramparts, and the Saracens produce ourselves warranted in giving the out- Constantia, threatening to deftroy her, Jines.

unless the Christians give up the fiege. The Saracens had, from time to time, · At the moment they are going to Naughtered and captured the Pilgrims Naughter her, Bantam (who has long who travelled from Europe, to pay their before been attached to the Christians) devotion in the Holy Land. All Christen- drops the draw-bridge, and the Crusadom resolved to punish the barbarians, ders enter the city in triumph. Skir. and take poffefsion of Palestine-God- mishes enfue, and victory is shouted in frey and Raymond were the leaders of favour of the Christians. The Pil. the Crusade; but the life of the army grims, Crusaders &c. walk in proceffion was Conftantia, the daughter of Wils: from the city, and the Chriftian banner liam the Conqueror; the and half the is seen waving on the walls of JerusaChristian forces were Mhipwrecked, and lem. taken prisoners by the Saracens.

The dialogue being written to the The opera opens with the storm. fcenes-not the scenes adapted to the Raymond escapes the storm, and is re- dialogue--the author, Mr. Reynolds, leased from the Saracens by Bantam, a deservedly stands excused, for those captain in the Infidel'army, whose wife improprieties with which the piece

abounds.

abounds. Some of the views, however, Shield, received that applause which its are grand, particularly that of Palestine: merit demanded. The principal perand the music-vhich, at the prefent formers were, Meff. Bannister, Powel, day, is superior to dialogue or con- Darley, Quick, Blanchard, Cubitt, gruity-compiled from Handel, Cluck, Johnstone, Edwin, Davies; Mrs. Marand Arne, and partly composed by Mr. tyr, and Mrs. Billington.

REMARKABLE DOMESTIC EVENTS.

MAY 1790.

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WAR.

diately made, by his majesty's order, HAT exemption from a state of tution of the vessels, previous to any

for adequate satisfaction, and for restitractions of almost all the European

“ By the answer from the court of powers, which we had, for some time Spain, it appears that this vessel and past, good reason to expect, vanished her crew had been set at liberty by the the beginning of this month; when a viceroy of Mexico; but this is repregeneral and spirited impress of seamen sented to have been done by him, on took place in all the ports of the king the supposition that nothing but the dom; and till continues. Wednesday, ignorance of the rights of Spain had the sth, his majesty thought proper 10 communicate the cause which gave rise nations to come to those coasts for the

encouraged the individuals of other to the measure, in a message to the Houses of Parliament: of which the carrying on frade, and in conformity

purpose of making establishments for following is, in part, a copy.

to his previous instructions, requiring * GEORGE, REX.

him to Mew all possible regard to the “ His majesty has received informa- British nation. tion, that two vessels belonging to his " No satisfaction is made or offered, inajesty's fubjects, and navigated under and a direct claim is asserted by the the British flag; and two otbers, of court of Spain to the exclusive rights which the description is not hitherto of fovereignty, navigation, and comsufficiently ascertained; have been capo merce, in the territories, coasts, and tured at Noorka Sound, on the north seas, in that part of the world. western coast of America, by an officer “ His majesty has now directed his commanding two Spanish ships of war: minister at Madrid to make a fresh rethat the cargoes of the British vessels presentation on this subject, and to have been seized, and that their officers claim such full and adequate satisfacand crews have been sent as prisoners tion, as the nature of the case evito a Spanish port.

dently requires; and, under these cir“ The capture of one of these vessels cumstances, his majesty having also had before been notified by the ambal- received information that considerable sador of the Catholic king, by order armaments are carrying on in the ports of his court; who at the same time of Spain, has judged it indispensibly desired that measures might be taken necessary to give orders to make such for preventing his inajelty's subjects preparations as may pur it in his ina. from frequenting those coasts which jesty's power to act with vigour and were alleged to have been previously effect in support of the lionour of his occupied and frequented by the fub- crown, and the interests of his people, jects of Spain : complaints were also And his majesty recommends it to his made of the filheries carried on by his faithful commons, on whose zeal and majesty's subjects in the feas adjoining public spirit he has the most perfect re. to the Spanish continent, as being confiance, to enable him to take such meatrary to the rights of the crown of sures, and to make such augmentation Spain. In confequence of this line of of his foices, as may be eventually necommunication, a demand was imme- cesary for this purpose."

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As we process to reje&t all speculative casionally made short tacks to wind. furinifes, and to adhere only to facti, ward, and then lay to. we Mall defer the historical detail of " At seven the boats returned alongthis dispute till the conclusion of our fide loaded, were cleared and hoitted in, voluine; by which time the clouds of fail was, then, made to the northward. uncertainty that obscure the political We found the great emission of fog hemisphere, will most probably be dif- from this mountain of ice darken the pelled.

hunisphere to leeward of it, and even

draw gradually to windward. On the SHIPWRECK.

surface of the water, the horizon beTlie account given in our last, page came cloudy all round, and in less than 304, of the loss of the Guardian, was a quarter of an hour we were again Mut happily contradicted the first of this up in a thick, close, general mist, and month; though the conclusion of her scarce able to see the mip's length behaving funk was, at one time, highly fore us. From this it was apprehended probable. The preservation of this mip there were many more fuich islands of was principally' owing to the intrepid ice floating in the seas, which appeared conduct, and Christian patience, of very dangerous. lieutenant Riou. A few extracts taken The conversation continued re. from the journal kept at this melancholy speciing this appearance of ice, and it period will probably be acceptable. had but the moment before been rem

" Dec. 24. Very foggy weather; at marked, how much more dreadful it about four P. M. the wind increased, would be to be shipwrecked against an and fog began to clear away a little; inand of ice than among rocks; when at five, law an island of ice, about three the noise reached the cabin, and gave miles to the southward and westward, the fatal signal of danger, lieutenant and bore away for it; from noon to Riou ran directly upon deck, where this time, the ship had been steering all was a scene of horror and danger. S. E. at the rate of six miles an hour ; “ The fore part of the ship seemed at fix the was brought to, a quarter of already shut in under the mountain of a mile to windward of the ice, the cut. ice, and it made over the malt-heads, ter and jolly boats were then hoisted nearly as high again as our main-topout, and fent with a petty officer and gallant-mast. In such a situation, we boat's crew in each, to gather up the could not reasonably expect another broken pieces of ice, which were float moment of calm thought to ask mercy ing at a distance from the main body. on our souls, and far less any occasion

- This mountain appeared nearly as to inforın our friends of the melanhigh again as our main-top-gallant choly event. The scene appeared dir, inalt-head, of a confiderable circun mal beyond expresion; and we were ference, and seemned very dangerous to 'apt to think the sad change would have approach rear, on account of its great deranged our minds. Fortunately, howcavity, formed by the breaking of the ever, lieutenant Riou, even in this sea against it; to windward it formed most dreadful situation, discovered great a kind of ray, having another large strength and presence of inind, which column, nearly as high as our main he retained to the last moment. When mast, hung on it by the ice under wa- he got on deck, the ship was going alter, and receiving the feud of the fea molt itern on, at the rate of about six between them, raised it to a very great knots an hour; he immediately ordered height; soon after we brought to, a the helın to be put down, and thus large piece of ice broke from the top saved us from instant dissolution ; but of the highest column, and fell with the mischief was not to be entirely great force into the fea, causing an ex, avoided, nor the final shipwreck escaped; traordinary commotion in the water, he had nearly come to the wind, when and thúck imoke all round it; the offi. the firuck on a piece of the ice, which cers in the boat were ordered to keep projected out from the main body unat a good distance off from it; during der water, and by the force of the blow the time they were absent, the tip oce which the then received, under the lee.

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boy, was thrown round on her heel; disposed them so as to Reer her in fu-
had the head fails taken a-back;, but turé, coming up and falling off a point
before the yards could be possibly.traced or two. The weather continued very,
round, so as to fill on the other tack, foggy, and the wind blowing strong,
gained, considerable ftern-way, in a di- we soon. loft Gght of the ice; our fpi-
rection for the great body of ice, upon rits then gained new vigour, and served
which she went back on the top of a to supply fresh ftrength, and to support
high swelling lea; and left by the re us under the afflictions which were yet
flux of the water, was again dalhed in embryo.
with great force on the latent projection “. From the commencement of these
of the ice, and by the violence of the misfortunes to this short interval of
stroke, had her rudder carried away, better hope includes about the space of
the tiller broke in two pieces, the after half an hour, and the cheering prospect
beam of the upper gun-deck in the again vanished as a flash of lightning."
middle, three of the planks raised about Though the greatest exertion, from
a foot higher than the deck, and the this time, had been made in working the
flip fhook from stern to stern in so vio- pumps and the ship had been lightened
lent a manner, we expected her to part by throwing many necessaries, with all
in every joint, or that the shock would the cattle overboard" at midnighe,
bring the over hanging of the icę down the water had increased to fix feet, and
on our heads, and at once bury us in it was then blowing a very strong gale
its ruins.

of wind, and an immense high lea run.
“The hip, for a time, hung fast ning. The ship at this time steered
on the body of ice under her; the con N. N. W. to N. W. by W. the wind
cavity of this mountain appeared very at. N. E, to N, N. E. At day-break
confiderable, rose to a greater height a few hands were set about filling onc
above the water, and appeared more of the lower studding fails with oakum,
separated than the former island. The by sewing it up to the fail in rolls. At
fummit of the island of ice was fuffici- five A. M. the water was five feet and
ently tremendous to alarm us at dif half in the hold, and the off-watch
tance, and the violent beating of the were ordered to get the fail under the
fhip against it still increased the appre- hip’s bottom, which was found to be
hention of danger. Happily, however, extremely difficult. The leak, how-
the captain and all the officers retained ever, gained upon us near a foot water
great presence of mind, and a full flow during this application. By unwearied
of spirits, during the whole time of our labour at the pumps, however, it be-
unfortunate trials, and by the example came reduced, and continued diminish-
of vigorous exertion and diligence, as ing till near eleven o'clock, when the
much as the inAuence of authority and water was reduced to only nineteen
command, led the people to their duty; inches.
and the hopes of the safety of them. At five o'clock in the afternoon
selves and the ship; but it was with the of the next day, the water increased
utmost difficulty they were prevailed on to four feet, and at midnight, to four
to, overcome the first panic, and lend feet and a half. At this cime the star.
their assistance to fill and trim the fails. board pump became disabled from the
This being at last effected, the addition wrench breaking, and the leak from
of the fore-top-gallant-fail and stay- that time gained on us very fast. At
fails between the fore and the main- four A. M. the water was reported to
masts, were fet on the fhip; the then have increafed to fix feet, and at fix, to
began to forge off, and the same instant seven feet. About this time, the people
ftruck with greater force, if possible, began to break off occasionally from
than before, nearly a-breast of the the pumps, and to secret themselves
main chains, kept crashing for some away from the officers, who had some
time along the ice under her, and at difficulty in finding them out, and
laft that entirely clear of it. The cap- could only then obtain their return to
tain then attended to the government duty by threatening, that if they at-
of her with the fails, till drawn at a tempted to deny their assistance, to
good distance from it; and afterwards have them seized on by the rest of the

crew,

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