Page images
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

as favoured the popular cause, to were prepared to oppose their parcomply, with a good grace, with fage, they gave up their defign, and those desires which they wisely fore went no farther than the Place de faw he wouid not long be able to Louis Quinze, which they found refift; and, on the other, inceílant. guarded by fome regiments of draly urged by the queen, the count goons, hullars, and royal Germans, d'Artois, and other rigid supporters under the command of the prince of despotifin, to affert the dignity of Lambesc. A kirmish here ensued, his crown, and not to suffer the during which the populace were {mallest diminution of his preroga- jcined by the regiment of French tives. The perfuafion of the latter, guards ; (who were probably actuhowever, prevailed; and while a ty- ated rather by the hope of gain, Item of moderation was adopted in than by any motives of patriotism) : appearance, a secret plan was laid but it was ipeedily terminated, with for diffolving the national affembly, the loss of a few lives on either tide. or, at least, for rendering it wholly In the evening, the people again affubfervient to the will of the fové- fembled in the Ruc St. Honorè, where reign.

they broke open the frops of all the During these transactions, the fer- armourers and cutlers, and seized all mentation increased in the metropo- the arms they contained; they likelis, where the riots of the populace wise stopped all patiengers who were afforded a specious pretext for the able to bear arms, and compelled collection of troops. When such a them to join the throng. During number, therefore, had assembled the night, the toll-houles were plunin the vicinity of Verlailles, as were dered and burnt. The alarmn-bells deemed fufficient to over-awe the de were rung at the town house, the cisions of the states, and to support cathedral, and at all the parish the measures of the court, the king, churches; while every inhabitant of on the eleventh of July, at the in- Paris took up arms in order to opstigation of his artful confort and his pole the troops, now posted at the imperious brother, dismissed M. gates, and momentarily expected to Neckar, ordering him to depart the enter the city. On the following kingdom without the smallest delar: day (Monday the thirteenth of June) the rest of the ministry were also the people fcarched the country for obliged to resign their places; and corn, and brought to market what were fucceeded by men, whose prin- they had found. On that day also ciples were known to be friendly to the burgesses disarned the rabble, the favourite doctrine of paflive obe- and they regularly enrolled themdience.

felves in voluntary corps, at the Intelligence of Neckar's difmillion churches of their relpective parishes, did not reach the capital till the next to the amount of forty-eight thoumorning, when it excited a general fand effeflive men, who were supconsternation throughout the city; plied with arms from the arsenal, the inhabitants assembled in tumul- the hospital of invalids, and the tuous throngs, and lamented the de. barracks of the French guards, parture of the minister, as the sure which were now in their pofieflion. prefage of their own destruction. As soon as the news of the conHaving armed themselves with such motions in Paris, occafioned by the weapons as they could find, they dismillion of Neckar, reached the at length determined to proceed to national afiembly, it was resolved Versailles ; but hearing that all the to send a deputation to the king, roads were occupied by troops, who to express their deep regret for the


loss of that minister, and to request intereft upon it, no power has a his majetty's permission to send lome right to give to the nation the intaof their members to Paris, to endea. mous name of bankrupt, no power vour to appease the tumults. But has a right to violate the public the king replied, that he was the faith, under any form, or in any sole judge of thc propriety of those fhape whatever; that this affembly measures which he had chosen to do perfitt its former resolutions adopt, and in which he should not of the seventeenth, twentieth, and content to make the smalleit altera- twenty-third of June laft; and, tion; that the care of his capital finally, that these resolutions be was a trust of too great importance communicated to his majesly, and to be delegated to any one; that addressed to the ministers whom the their presence in Paris could not be nation has just loft, and that they be attended with any good, but was ab: printed for the information of the solutely requifite at Verfailles. public.

In consequence of this answer, the These proceedings were by no national assembly immediately came means calculated to calin those comto the following spirited and deci- motions which were now encreasing five resolutions—That this affembly, in every part of the kingdom ; the speaking the language and expref- spirit of the people was roused, and fing the sentiments of the nation, do the states perceived that this was the declare, that M. Neckar, and the moment of decision : if suffered to other ministers who have been re- escape, it right never return. Cermoved, carry with them the esteem tain of support from the people, and regret of the nation; that this whose cause was so intimately blendassembly, dreading the fatal confe- ed with their own, that a separation quences which his majetty's answer of interests was impossible; they may produce, must infiit on the re- boldly determined to renovate the moval of the troops collected, in an ancient constituțion of the country, extraordinary manner, in the vici- or, rather, to terminate the reign of nity of Paris and Versailles, and despotism, and establish a new goupon the establishment of armed bo- vernment, founded on the broad dies of citizens; that the commu basis of universal freedoin. The nication between this assembly and kiny, stimulated by the queen, and his majesty, ought to be direct, and her party, which we may venture not through any medium whatever; to call (without, however, daring that all persons employed in civil to include the sacred person of ni or military capacities, are responsible jetty, in our censure) as profligate for every act done by them contrary and despotic a junto as ever disgraced to the rights of the nation, and the even a French court, conttantiy riot. resolutions of this assembly; that the ing in licentiousness, yer determined actual ministers, and the advisers of foes to liberty;--the king, thus pow. his majetty, of cuhatever rank or erfully urged, resolved to oppose condition they may be, are person- the claims of his subjects, and to ally responsible for the present calae preserve that exercite of arbitrary mities, and for those that may be power, which education-if not exthe consequences of them; that the perience--had taught him to believe, national assembly do declare, that was the suinnit of a monarch's felithe national debt having been put city. With this view, the command under the safeguard of the honour of the troops had been given to and good faith of the nation, and mareschal Broglio, an old officer, the people being willing to pay the trained, from his infancy, in the


[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

fchool of war, and who regarded merged for years in the dark dunobedience as the sureft reit of honour, geons of this horrid prifon, were of virtue, and of patriotism. restored to that liberty, which they

The king's refusal to comply with had long ceased to expect. Among the requifitions of the itates, was re these was Lord Masareene, an Irish garded as the signal of hoftilities, nobleman, who had been confined Broglio's army was hourly strength- for debt near thirty years; and the ened by the arrival of freth forces; singular cause of whose detention while at Paris, detachments fent out may be seen in a book, published to fcour the neighbouring country, about that time, entitled La Quinwere continually returning, with zaine Anglaise, or The English corn and ammunition intended for man's Fortnight in Paris. the rayal troops. . Even waggons In the fiege of the Bastille, only that were destined to supply the king three hundred of the besiegers are and his houshold were intercepted, said to have perished; but this afand brought triumphantly into town, sertion appears incredible, when we each of them drawn by fix royal consider the fituation of that fortress, horses.

? placed at the extremity of the Rue But the moft important transac- St. Antoine, which it commands tion of this memorable day-Tues- precisely in the fame manner as one day the fourteenth of July--was the of the bastions of the Tower comSiege of the Bastille: this dismal for- mands the Minories; and the Rue tress was fummoned to surrender by St. Antoine was crouded with a large body of citizens headed by people, who were exposed to the the grenadiers of the French guards; fire of the Bastille for several hours. and the marquis de Launay, the go. The loss, therefore, of the assailants, vernor, displayed an intention to ca. without the intervention of a mi pitulate, by holding out a white racle, must have greatly exceeded the fag, and opening one of the gates, number admitted. upon which a party of young citi. The governor, with some of the zens incautiously entered. The go- inferior officers, were now conducted vernor instantly drew up the drawn by the victorious citizens to the bridge, and his troops, consisting of Place de Grêve, (the Tyburn of Pa. invalids and some auxiliary Swiss, ris); but refusing to afcend the steps fired through the loop-holes, and of the town-hall, whither they inkilled or wounded the whole party. tended to lodge him, the surroundAbout thirty (including two of the ing populace rushed upon him, and, French guards) were slain. Four with fury that we should term sao times he attempted the same strata- vage, had its motives been less powergem, but not with the same success; ful, severed his head from his body. at last the ditches were filled with Thus perished the marquis de Lave ftraw, and the fortress regularly at. nay, a man long infamous, not so tacked and cannonaded for three much from the ignominious post he hours; when, notwithstanding a vi. enjoyed, as from the inhuman abuse gorous fire kept up by the besieged, of his extensive authority. In the å practicable breach was effected present instance, had he confined about fix in the evening, and first himself to a ftriét discharge of his mounted by a grenadier. The of duty, by defending the fortress enficers and all the garrison, confifting trusted to his care, with firmness and of about one hundred men, were courage, though we could not have taken prisoners; and those victims pitied his fate, we should have reof despotism, who had been im- garded his executioners as lawless 5, VOL. II.


« PreviousContinue »