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The fourth objection relates to the profits uniform monitory gauge in provident societies realized by depositors; in reply to which I generally * The Manchester unity of Odd would only remark, if this society can confer | Fellows has already many lodges spread over such an unprecedented boon on the borrowers, all England on one system. The various life it must be by the prompt investment of assurance institutions have agents in almost capital by depositors, and to induce such all the towns in the kingdom. Surely the investments they ought to show a fair re- difficulty is not insurmountable in respect to muneration for such outlay; upon these princi- societies founded on right principles, and havples the society was founded, admirably ing an object of importance second only to adjusting the rights and interests of both that of evangelical religion Parties; upon these principles it has prospered One other point deserving of consideration beyond the most sanguine expectation of its is the desirableness of an unsectarian directororiginators, and if your correspondent is really ship. We have already too many denominaanxious for the liberation of our churches from tional organizations, and should, in a case like their pecuniary embarrassment, permit me to this, cultivate common ground and catholic commend to his attention a copy of the rules principles. Mutual provision for sickness, of the “United Kingdom Building and &c., is alike important to persons of all Investment Society,” and I entertain the creeds, religious and political, and therefore most sanguine expectation that he will enroll provident institutions should be governed his name among its future supporters. unitedly by men of all creeds. Provident I am, dear sir, acts are not essentially religious, but pecuniary Yours faithfully, acts, and therefore it would be well if money PETER BROAD. affairs were undertaken by men of business Tapistock Villa, Shepherd's Bush, rather than ministers of religion. Reverend January 4, 1847. names may give confidence to the pious of the same faith and order, but are apt to prejudice those of other sects, and also the * The forwation of Providest isstitu- moral who are unconnected by profession tions. with any denomination, a class which above To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine. most others it would be the object of such Dean Sin,_As the establishment of provi- |* * ***. preserving them from dent or benefit societies on an equitable and contaminating associations. Christian Inermoral basis is occupying the attention of chants and tradesmen could be found in large many philanthropic individuals, I feelanxious ommunities who would become officer, and to offer one or two suggestions on the subject. too, and thus sectarionospects might be A respected minister has recommended the avoided. If it be urged that ministers are establishment of ten independent institutions better qualified from their station and charao. in England and walks, having their respective e. to give weight to a society, then such depôts in as many large central towns. The influence might be superadded by their sanc: chief objection to this plan is its lack of uni. tion through, the Poes no by individual formity. In this age of locomotion members recommendation without their becoming prowould be continually getting out of the di. minent Patrons and managers. trict of the society to which they belonged, Anothen Lover of Punk Morals. and hence a continuation of payments and | ***. reception of benefits would be o: if not wholly impracticable. It appears, then, of o importance that a society EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. should be formed in the metropolis for the Our friend Mr. Evans of Calcutta considers purpose of promoting district provident in- the portrait in our January number a very stitutions in various suitable localities on a fair representation of Dr. Yates as he last certain uniform pecuniary basis. Each of appeared in the pulpit. He gives some inthese institutions might embrace several | teresting particulars respecting the drawing counties, might have the care of its own fund, from which the engraving was executed. It the appointment of its officers and board of was taken by Mr. Grant of Calcutta whilst management, the adoption of its laws, &c., | Dr. Yates was in the act of delivering one of only recognizing one well-digested and ap- a series of lectures on popery by the united proved scale of payment; and benefits, by missionaries in Calcutta, in the Durhumtula which members removing from one locality to Chapel—a chapel occupied by a congregation another might with ease and equity be trans- connected with the London Missionary Society, ferred to the district in which they were about and selected for the purpose on account of its to reside. Much has been spoken and size and central situation. The subject of printed on the incalculable advantages which the lecture was the nature and constitution would have resulted had there been a uniform of the Christian church. “It was a discourse gauge in the early history of railway projec- so clear and satisfactory,” says Mr. Evans, tions;–would there not be a similarly in- || “that I should be pleased to see it in its estimable good arising from the adoption of a entire state transferred to the pages of the

Baptist Magazine, and also if possible in a cheap form, for general distribution in this country and America, where the lecturer was extensively known and respected.” There is another drawing of Dr. Yates extant, representing him in his study, intent on his great work as a translator of the scriptures, but this was not taken so recently as that which was laid before our engraver.

It affords us pleasure to learn that the opinion that immersion is essential to salvation, advanced by Mr. Seacome Ellison in a work which we reviewed last December, is not held by the churches with which he considers himself to be in fellowship. The pastor of one of them, we believe, Mr. Reynoldson of Wisbech, says, “The truth is, Mr. Ellison alone, he has advisedly stated, is 1esponsible for the sentinents on baptism which he has published; for many of them, and especially that which the reviewer objects to, are not the sentiments of the body of people with whom Mr. Ellison is connected, nor of any individual members, I have reason to believe, beyond Mr. Ellison himself. His friends are altogether opposed to those sentiments and exceedingly regret their publication.” This explanation, which we give gladly, would have appeared in our last number according to Mr. Reynoldson's request had it been received in time, but his letter was not written till the day the last sheet went to press.

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The London Association of Baptist Churches held its annual meeting in New Park Street Chapel, on the 20th of January. The number of churches comprised in this union is thirty-one, thirty of which made the customary returns. The number baptized in these, during the year 1846, appears to have been 432, and the number removed by death l 12. The clear increase in the whole body seems to be 252, averaging rather more than eight per church. This, though materially less than in some former years, is more than in others; it shows an advance, though not an advance satisfactory to Christian zeal. Some other things in the letters were of a decidedly cheering aspect. As far as could be learned from the brief reports given, every church was in the enjoyment of internal peace; a fact which brightens the

future, as well as the past, nothing being so great a hindrance to the progress of religion around as discord among ourselves. A right spirit pervaded, also, both the letters and the public assembly. A few years ago we attended a public meeting of this association, at which, we confess, we were alarmed. There had been extraordinary additions to many of the churches, and with the expressions of gratitude, there seemed to be a tone of exultation perceptible that excited our fears. On this occasion there was nothing of the kind. The spirit breathed in the letters and prevalent in the meeting was solemn, devout, earnest, and humble.

It will gratify our friends to learn that the spontaneous contributions of congregations and individuals for the relief of the distressed multitudes by whom the agents of the Baptist Irish Society are surrounded, far exceed the original anticipations of the committee of that institution. A sub-committee is appointed to superintend the distribution, who have been delighted to find that more than f 1800 have been placed at their disposal, and have already sent large sums to Ireland. The prevalence of want is, however, appalling; but we have no doubt that what can be done for its relief by private charity may be done as effectually, to say the least, and as securely, by remittances to the committee of the Baptist Irish Society, as through any other channel whatever.

Two meetings have been held at the Chapter Coffee House, St. Paul's, from which through the pressure of other engagements we were compelled to be absent, the result of which has been the re-publication of Mr. Baines's valuable Letters on Education, at the low price of one shilling. The loss that will be incurred is to be defrayed from a fund to be raised by contributions for the purpose. We do but echo the sentiment of the intelligent portion of the baptist denomination, in advising our readers to make themselves acquainted with this seasonable work.

It may be convenient to some of our friends to be apprised, that the annual meeting of the Baptist Missionary Society in Exeter Hall, is fixed for Thursday, April 29th. The day for simultaneous sermons in London, on behalf of the mission, will consequently be April 25th.

Mr. Angus has arrived in Jamaica. Since the Herald went to press, letters have been received from him, dated Kingston, Dec. 18. He landed on the 15th, in good health. Mr. Birrell having missed the boat at Jacmel, would be detained another fortnight in Haiti; and Mr. Angus intended to spend the time while waiting for him, in visiting all the south side of the island.

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ASIA.

THE SOURCE OF THE GANGES.

About two hundred miles N.N.W. of Delhi, in the central chain of the Himalaya mountains, 13,800 feet above the level of the sea, rises the Bhagarati, which, in the estimation of modern scientific travellers, is the true source of the Ganges. Hindoo devotees perform pilgrimage to a spot lower down, which they have been taught to regard as the birth-place of that sacred stream, the object of their adoration; but the original spring, of which a view is annexed, is about twelve miles beyond Gungutri, in an almost inaccessible solitude. The waters issue from beneath a low arch at the base of a vast mass of frozen snow, nearly three hundred feet in height, and composed of different layers, each several feet in thickness, and in all probability the accumulation of ages. Here the water is shallow, and for many miles the average depth is not more than twelve inches; but afterwards, receiving the Alcanandra and other tributaries, it enters the great plain of Hindusthan at Hurdwar, and flows on thence, a smooth navigable stream, to the ocean, a distance of 1350 miles, diffusing abundance by its fertilizing influences and the facilities it affords for internal transit. At length it enters the Bay of Bengal, into which it discharges itself by numerous mouths.

There is a river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God: may it speedily diffuse its blessings throughout all India, that its millions may live, and, partaking of the waters issuing from the sanctuary, find that “the fruit thereof is for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.”

BARISAL.

Cheering intelligence from Barisal, the chief town of a district called Backergunj near the mouths of the Ganges, was adverted to briefly in our last number. Our friends will naturally be anxious to know more on so pleasing a subject, and it affords us pleasure that we are now able to gratify them. Mr. Thomas, of Calcutta, writes respecting it thus, in a letter dated November 7, 1846:—

You will no doubt have remarked that for

- - addition to the two supported by the mission. some time past the intelligence from Barisal

By giving up his connexion with the govern

has been increasing in interest and importance. Of late the numbers who have sought for instruction, and desired to place themselves under the direction of the missionary, have so increased, that to do anything like justice to them Mr. Bareiro found it absolutely necessary to resign his connexion with the government school, and consequently to give up the salary he had derived from that source. Not only so, but as, for the most part, the recent converts and numerous inquirers reside in villages distant from Barisal, and which can only be approached by boats, he has, in order to attend to them, been obliged to incur considerable expense in providing himself with the means of conveyance, and in keeping men to row his boat from place to place. For at least two years he supported from his own private resources a native preacher, in

ment school, he has deprived himself of the
means of supporting the native preacher, or
defraying other expenses, which he formerly
provided for from his income from the school.
He has written, stating these circumstances,
and requesting that he should be allowed to
draw so as to meet the present increased ex-
penditure. The following is an extract from
his letter :—
“You see, my dear brother, that the cause
of our Redeemer here is now prospering, by
the grace and blessing of God, beyond my
expectation, and it is necessary that I draw
on account of the expenses incurred by me
for its right prosecution, a reasonable salary
from the mission. I would not have asked
this had I the means I formerly enjoyed. I
gave up my school in April last, and yet I
conducted my operations as well as I could.

But now I cannot. The number of native the master of the boys' school at Intally, who Preachers is likewise to be increased, for is desirous of labouring as a missionary, and another hand is urgently required. Such a is most days more or less engaged in preachperson has already assisted us, and I have ing or conversing with the natives on the been supporting him for the last two years. great subjects of religion. I beg to propose, likewise, an increase of a || Brother Page has been requested to visit rupee each to the pay of the two native Barisal, which he fully intends to do; we reachers. You know I am constantly out have also requested Mr. Parry to join him in in the mufassal, and they must do the same this. Brother Pearce also proposes to visit in my absence from it, one at a time. In that station during the present season. comparison to what they have now to do, At Agra there have been baptized since side by side with me, they scarcely did any January twenty-three natives, and eight bething before. I do not want any other hands | longing to the European community. At from you. Boat hire, &c., to the amount of Benares Mr. Smith has recently baptized his twenty-three rupees per mensem is likewise son-in-law. At Patna brother Beddy writes an item which is necessary, or we cannot that two young women from the Refuge were move.” received into the church in September, I beThe importance of the station, and the lieve. On the 1st of this month he expected .# of something being promptly done, to baptize six persons, four of them young you will at once admit when you learn that native women from the Refuge, and one of on of about the 1st of last month, Mr. Bareiro the others his own son, the eldest, aged ninebaptized at one time no fewer than a hundred teen years. You can conceive the joy of and fifteen persons. He says they are of a such an event. On the last sabbath in Ocths low and degraded, but however low and |tober I baptized a soldier in the Bow Bazar however j". man, God is able to Chapel; we expected two, but one was make them his sons and daughters, and heirs unable to attend. You will thus see that of his kingdom. the Lord has afforded the mission churches Mr. Page has just started on a missionary in India some tokens of mercy. Oh, that tour which will probably occupy the whole these may be followed by more enlarged month. He is accompanied by Mr. Chill, I measures of success :

The following judicious remarks on these occurrences are taken from the October number of the Calcutta Missionary Herald:—

The communications from Barisal, Agra, entire letter, in which an account is given of and Chittagong contain cheering accounts of the baptism of 115 persons, on the first Lord's several baptisms, for which we desire to record day in October. §. readers are requested our gratitude to the God of grace. Several to peruse it for themselves, and form their Persons also have been baptized at Calcutta lowi opinion. Taking the very lowest view within the last month or two. of the event, it must be a matter of devout It is remarkable that the Holy Spirit should gratitude to God that so large a number of how, as in the days of the apostles, manifest people have come out of heathemism, and his gracious influences principally among the placed themselves under Christian instruction. Joos and ignorant. “God hath chosen the Besides this, the same Holy Spirit who conolish things of the world to confound the verted three thousand souls on the day of *: and God hath chosen the weak things Pentecost at Jerusalem, in the city inhabited "the world to confound the things that are by the murderers of prophets and apostles, nighty; and base things of the world and and of the Son of God himself, certainly is logs which are despised, hath God chosen; i. now to convert hundreds in Bengal, Yea, and things which are not, to bring to however degraded it may be. "ought things that are, that no flesh should We earnestly entreat our readers to pray * in his presence.” for the new converts and for those who labour Whilst we record these baptisms with among them in word and doctrine. We may §htitude to God, we would solemnly abstain also mention that an extension of labour, so * all boasting; let all the glory be given cheering and so unexpected, will involve an to God. increase of expenditure, for which, in the The movement at Barisal is very remark- present unfavourable state of the Society's * We have purposely published the income, it is difficult to provide adequately.

Mr. Barciro has himself furnished details to the brethren at Calcutta, the following extracts from which will be acceptable :measure on account of the mercy visibly

shown to poor ignorant sinners. The success we met in our labours may be comprised n 2

* you have been informed, I went to the "sassalon the 7th, and returned the day before *rday, after having been rejoiced beyond

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