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And to this you may add, That this Prohi- Not Limited to bttion was not only upon some Politick Con-'*eCanaanices. siderarion, with reference to the seven cursed 'Nations whom the Jews were commanded to Destroy, and therefor not to Mix with them j for the Case in Ezra was of their Marrying with the Babylonians, and other Idolatrous Nations during the LXX Years Captivity.

For it was the Tranlgression of those thathad been carried away. And the Ammonites, Moabites and Ægyptians are reckoned (Ezra ix. i.) among thofe whom the Jews had Marry* d, and from whom they were to be Divorc\lt Deut. vis. i. as being contrary to the Law of God: And thele were none of the VII cursed Nations, whom the Jews weie commanded to Destroy, and nos xx. to make Marriages with them. /?

Bellarmin fays this must be only meant of ^e Matrimon. thole Ægyptians, &c. who dwelt in the Land '23' of Canaan; but he gives no Reason for it; that wou'd have been troublesome, especially after having proved in the same Chapter, that the Prohibition of Marrying with idolaters was a moral Command, £f ad omnes pertinet, and belongs to all of Us, and not only to the Jews 5 because as he there proves, the Cause was moral yet he said as much as the Cause cou'd bear: That is, that that was,moral in the Land of Canaan, which was not a Mile-, farther (a,s, if God were orTended with the Ground and not with the S'm) -that;this Prohibition oblig'd All and not only the Jews; and yet it oblig'4 • no Body, no not the Jews themselves out of Judæa, no , nor in Judæas so the. 'Idolaters they Mdrr/d, were on\yv. Travel* lers, or Sojojtrners, and not Dwellers in the Land,

But I will not trouble you in chafing such wild Supposes as Bellarmin often makes use of instead of Answers, and that in this very Cafe it must need be confess'd, that he Objetts better than he Replies, and gets into a Difficulty much easier than he comes out of it.;

But to (hew you that the Command, Beut. vii. 3. of not Marrying with those VII. Nations which are mentioned ver. 1. was not Limited to them only, but Extended even to pther Nations, where ther was the lame Rea^ son of Idolatry, we find 1 Kin. xi. 1, 2. where this Command is Repeated, and Solomon Charged with the Breach of it $ ther are Reckon'd, besides the Daughter of Pbaroab an Ægyptian, Women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, and Zidonians, who were not of these VII Nations, and yet it is said, that these were Of the Nation concerning which the Lord said unto the Children of Israel, ye shall not go in unto them, neither shall they come in unto you, for surely they will turn away your Heart after their Gods. This shews plainly, That all Idolatrous Nations whatsoever, and not only the VII curfed Nations, were included in this Command! And Ezra lays the Stress upon mingling of the Holy Seed; which must be with all who were not of the Holy Seed. Who can doubt hut that Salomons going after AJhtoreth the Goddess a{ the Zidonians, arid after Milcom the Abomination of the Ammonites, was jas Great a Sin as if he had gone after any Idol of the VII cursed Nations. It is said that The Seed of Israel separated themselves from all Strangers; that is, Strangers to their Communion, not to their Nation-, because they might Marry with Proselytes of any other Nation, unless we except the VII cursed Nations, who were to be totally Rooted out.

If you will ask, why were these Vll Nations particularized more than other Idolatrous Nations.

You will find the Reason Deut. xx. 16. God Deut. «r. i5, had determined these VII Nations to Destrn- »7ction for their Extraordinary Wickednefe*, and commanded the Israelites to Execute this Sentence, and to Possess their Land, after having Dettroy'd them, Root and Branch, Saving nothing alive that Breathed: But God commands that they (hall not do so to any other Nations. For the Jews were not permitted to conquer where they pleas'd, but only such particular , '. J".' Places as they were commanded. Their Bounds r . are set Num. xxxiv. They were, in Terms, forbidden to meddle with the Eiomites, (Deut. ii. 4, $.) and Moabites (ver. 9.) and Ammonites (ver. 19.) and more ver 37. -;

This is a plain Reason why those VII Nations are particularly named, whose Land God had given to the Israelites for an Inheritance •, and therefor ther was more Danger of -their being seduc'd by the Inhabitants of the hand where they Liv'd, than by Strangers -, but this does not Exclude the Danger that might come by Strangers: So that tho' the Inhabitants are particularly nam'd, yet we see from several Instances of the Scripture, that other Idolatrous Nations are likewise Included within the Reason, and God's own meaning of that Command, Deut. vii. 3. ■'

But now let us consider how far all this Mat- H us> ter will concern us, at this Day.

It is a Maxim in the Law, that where ther is the fame Reason, the Law (hall be the fcme. And,

a 4 Ther

Ther is none can Deny but ther is as mucli Reason (at least) for Christians to avoid Idolatry, as the Jews.

But because ther may be several Sorts and Species of Idolatry, it will be Useful for Us to fee what that particular Sort of Idolatry was, into which the Jews so often Fell, and which was so severely Prohibited and Threatned by God; that we may beware of the Like.

And because the Jews took their Idolatry from the Heathen, and were Corrupted by them, let us see what theirs was. What ms the It was, first, in supposing a great Number idolatry of the 0f IJeings, both Good and Bad, whom they

K&To\he ca^'^ ^mons (tne same tnat we mean ky

Object."of their An&els. Angelos quos dicitis, ipsos Us nos co'Worfliip. limus, St. August, in P/al. xcvi.) who were constituted as Inferior Gods, under the One Supreme Being -, and each had his several Pro-r vince assign'd to him, as the Winds to Æolusi the Sea to Neptune, &c. These they Worshiped only as a Sort of Lester Gods, who'stood in the middle betwixt the Supreme God and Us, and Governed Us by His Permission and - Command, and were AU of them Accountable unto Him: Therefor they called them Dii Medioxumi, .that is, Midling or Inferior Gods.

And of these they had Tutelar Gods for particular Countries, Cities, and Families.

And when their Heroes were Dead, they Ranged them among these Sort of Gods, and "*" Worshiped them.

But they Worshiped All these, in Subordination to the One Supreme God, and with p Civit. Dei. Relation to Him. As St. Augustin does ex(. 4. c 9. prefly tell us, Hi omnes Dii Deœque fit unus Jupiter. The Worship of all these Gods, and

Goddejjes Goddesses was Referr'd to the one Jupiter, whom they made Supreme over All.

This was the Polytheism of the Gentiles, in that they Served and Worshiped several Gods 5 tho' they own'd these no otherwise than as the Ministers of the Kingdom, or Universal Sovereignty of the One Supreme Being.

This was the Idolatry forbidden in the first Command.

The other Branch of their Idolatry, which 2. As to the is the Subject of the second Command, did Mannernfften; Respect the Manner of their Worship, which Worlh,Pwas by making Images or Pitlures of their Gods, and calling them by the Names of the" Gods they Represented -, and having Dedicated qr Consecrated them to this Use, they believ'd them Sacred j and that such Images did secure to them the Presence of the D«Ay, who I/zbabited and Exhibited his Influence and Virtues by means of his And their Temples

were full of Sfti/w, Crutches, Sic Dedicated by their Votaries, in Memory of Mercies and D*liverances they suppos'd they had receiv'd by Praying before these Images. And the Worship they paid to these Images, was Relative to that Gtfi whom they Worshiped by the Jjmg?.

They did not think the to be the God it Represented: That was Impossible; for nothing can be the Image or Pitture of it self. And they had several Images of different Shapes and Figures for the same G<?i: u .-[i

And tho' they called each linage by the Name of the God, as being Consecrated to Bear his Name; yet they did not think, thac ther was more than One God of a Sort, as more than one Apollo, Venus, 8cc. tho' they had marjy fytgg& of therriv •" \; * >'


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