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and the inner man ; the old man, and the new man ; the first Adam and the second Adam ; which in sub
siance make one and the same distinction. And as
each body must have a mind, or seed, or centre of in
fluence ; so the apostles as plainly distinguish be
tween the carnal mind, or mind of the flesh, which
Shirit - that he died unto sin ; but was made alive unto God.
24. That having finished his work on earth, in that human form which was put to death by the Jews, he departed, and afterwards appeared again, in different forms, to his disciples, and shewed himself alive, by many infallible proofs, in his spiritual state of existence, until he vanished wholly out of their sight, as to natural appearance : That in this spiritual state, they dwelt in him, and he in them : that they suffered and died as he did, after his example, and sat together with him in heavenly places. 25. Therefore it is a grand deception, that many have lain under, who have imagined that the holy, harmless, and undefiled Son of God, suffered and died in the room and stead of sinners, to rescue them from that death and punishment, which they deserved; and that his sufferings and death fully satisfied Divine Justice, so that no further sufferings were necessary for the salvation of mankind. 26. What mind, upon the slightest reflection, could admit that Jesus of Nazareth suffered and died in the room and stead of the patriarchs and prophets? when it is testified, that they had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, of bonds and imprisonment: that they were stoned, were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: that they wandered about in sheep-skins and goat-skins, in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth, being destitute, afflicted and tormented. 27. As well might Jesus have argued, that the fathers had died in his room and stead, that he might live as a universal monarch upon earth, as that any of his followers should draw such an inconsistent and groundless inference from his sufferings. For it is clearly manifest from his discourses to his disciples, that a great part of his doctrines, as well as the whole of his example, was expressly to encourage them to undergo the same sufferings which he suffered, and to die the death that he died. 28. But all that human nature suffered, from the fall to the coming of Christ, was not even the beginning of sorrows compared with what was yet to follow, in the work of Regeneration,
2 Tim. ii. 11, 12. . Rom. viii
Col. i. 24.
Rem. vi. 3,4,6,
29. And as the sufferings, exhibited in the bringing forth of the first born, were designed as a perfect example, and were but the real beginning ; so it was the highest aim of his true followers to copy after that example, in enduring the same sufferings which he also suffered: being fully persuaded, as the apostle expresses it, that, If we be dead with Christ, we
ii shall also live with him : If ove suffer with him, we
shall also reign with him. And again, If so be that
and death of the flesh, the old man of sin, who was chor. crucified and put to death by a daily cross. 34. “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of Gal. iii. the law, (saith Paul,) being made a curse for us. Who fols. his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, 34. (saith Peter,) by whose stripes ye were healed.” 35. But how was he made a curse for them : how did he bear their sins 2 and how were they healed by his stripes 2 was it without suffering as he did Ž In no wise. The history of their whole life and testimony witnesses to the contrary. But it was by his example, that they might also follow his steps in the same sufferings. 36. “For even hereunto were ye called, (saith 1 ret's Peter ;) because Christ also suffered for you, leaving * ou an example, that ye should follow his steps.- #. then as Christ hath suffered for us in the *** flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind : for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin ; that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh, to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.” 37. Thus the sufferings of Christ do not merely respect the head, or first-born of his body, as having o ceased from sin, by suffering in the flesh; but every member of his body, who hath suffered in the flesh, after his example, hath ceased from sin: For if the root be holy, so are the branches ; and being crucified, in conformity to the example of Christ, they are dead unto sin, and cannot live any longer therein. 38. But what kind of a body would it be to have sin wholly abolished out of the head, and the enmity reigning in all the members ? A pure head, and members wholly corrupt. “A head obedient unto Boston. death, and heels kicking against heaven.” Can such be the body of Christ : Nay verily “If one mem-1Corsi. ber suffer, all the members suffer with [or in confor- ** mity to it.” And all the members are fartakers a ** Christ’s sufferings, and have a fellowship of his suf- " ferings, being made conformable to his death.
Heb. x. 7, 10, 14.
2 tor. v. 16, 17.
2 Tim. i.
10. Eph. ii. 15, 16.
HF head of every man is Christ, and the head of Christ is God. So when Christ cometh into the world, his language is, “Lo, I come to do thy will, O God.”—By which will we are sanctified, (saith the apostle,) through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all : that is, a final offering. And thus by one offering he hath perfected forever them that are sanctified. But the offering up of the body once for all, is more than the offering up of the head, it includes the whole body, from the head to the least member. 2. And as Christ Jesus was sanctified by being obedient to the Will of his Father and head, in offering
up himself; so each member of his body is sanctifi
ed by the same Wiil, in being obedient to their head,