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Hugh, the old bishop of Ferrara, obtained an edict
of the emperor OTito IV. for the suppression of
them. Five years after, pope IxNocent III. held a
council at the Lateran, and denounced anathemas
against heretics of all descriptions, and against the
lords and their bailiffs, who suffered them to reside
on their estates.”
25. Men of continual enployment were now in
quest of heretics ; bound by an oath, to seek for them
in towns, houses, cellars, woods, caves and fields,
and to purge the provinces from these enemies of the
catholic faith. Besides, in every city, a council of in-
quisitors was erected, consisting of one priest and
three lay-men.
26. As early as the year 1233, that bloody court
called the Inquisition, had a permanent establishment.
in Shain and France, which in its progress heighten-
ed, to the utmost degree, the crimson colour of that
bloody beast, who instituted it, and the infernal rabble
by whom it was executed, who made it the sole bu-

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siness of life to steal, to kill, and to destroy.

Eccl. Researches, p. 248.

27. “In the kingdom of Castile and Aragon, there were eighteen inquisitorial courts; having each of them its counsellors, termed afiostolical inquisitors ; its secretaries, serjeants, and other officers. And besides these, there were twenty thousand familiars dispersed throughout the kingdom, who acted as spies and informers, and were employed to apprehend all suspected persons, and to commit them for trial to the prisons which belonged to the Inquisition.”

28. “By these familiars, persons were seized on bare suspicion; and in contradiction to the common rules of law, they were put to the torture, tried and condemned by the inquisitors, without being confronted by their accusers, or with the witnesses on whose

evidence they were condemned.”

29. “The punishments were more or less dreadful, according to the caprice and humour of the judges. The unhappy victims were either strangled, or committed to the flames, or loaded with chains and shut up in dungeons during life. Their effects were confiscated, and their families stigmatized with infamy.”

30. “ Authors of undoubted credit affirm, and cor. without the least exaggeration, that miilions of per- ". sons have been ruined by this horrible court. Moors Eccl. Rewere banished a million at a time ; six or eight hun-searcho, - p. 249. dred thousand Jews were driven away at once, and their immense riches seized by their accusers, and dissipated among their perscoutors.” 31. “Heretics of all ranks and of various denominations were imprisoned and burnt, or fled into other countries.—This horrible court (says Robinson,) is stiled by a monstrous abuse of words, “ The Holr and 4 postolic court of Inquisition.” Vewton says, pin...a “It is enough to make the blood run cold, to read of Proph. ‘the horrid murders and devastations of this time; *** ‘how many of these poor innocent Christians [i. e. ** * Heretics] were sacrificed to the blind fury and mal“ice of their enemies . It is computed by Mede, from ‘good authorities, that in France alone were slain a million.” 32. “Against the Haldenses, (says Thuanus, a popish historian,) when exquisite punishments availed little, and the evil was exasperated by the remedy which had been unseasonably applied, and their number increased daily, at length complete armies were raised ; and a war, of no less weight than what our people had before waged against the Saracens, was decreed against them. The event of which was, that they were rather slain, put to flight, spoiled every where of their goods and dignities, and dispersed here and there, than that convinced of their error they repented.” 33. “The Waldenses and .41%igenses being persecuted in their own country, fied for refuge into foreign nations, some into Germany, and some into Britain. In Germany they grew and multiplied so fast, notwithstanding the rage and violence of croisaders and inquisitors, that at the beginning of this [fourteenth century it is computed, that there were eighty thousand of them in Bohemia, -íustria, and the neighbouring territories.” Yet, comparatively, but few escaped the rage and fury of the bloody inquisitors. -- 34. “From the first institution of the Jesuits to ".

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chor. • the year 1580, that is, in little more than thirty _ years, nine hundred thousand [reputed heretics] were ‘ slain. In the .V. therlands alone, the duke of Alva “boasted, that within a few years, he had dispatched “ to the amount of thirty-six thousand souls, and those ‘ all by the hand of the common executioner.” 35. “In the space of scarce thirty years, the Inqui“sition destroyed, by various kinds of tortures, an hundred and fifty thousand Christians.” [i. e. heretics, such as Catholics generally call fanatics, or fersons disordered in their brains.] Then how many millions may we suppose it destroyed, in the course of 200 years, and more, from the period of its first institution. biss. on 36. It is therefore a just remark of Mewton, that, jo: “If Rome Pagan hath slain her thousands of inno* 2:... cent Christians, [i. e. heretics] Rome Christian “[Rome .4ntichristian] hath slain her ten thousands. * 1 or not to mention other outrageous slaughters and “barbarities, the croisades against the Maldenses ‘and Albigenses, the murders committed by the duke “of .4%ua in the Wetherlands, the massacres in France ‘ and Ireland, will probably amount to above ten ‘times the number of all the Christians slain in all ‘the ten persecutions of the Roman emperors put “together.” - * 37. Thus we see that this universal bishof, this infallible judge of all controversies, this sovereign of Kings and disflower of Kingdoms, this vice-gerent of Christ and God usion earth, has plainly manifested his diabolical nature by his fulious and infernal works. And thus this Mother of all abominations, has evidently exposed her scarlet colour, by the millions whom she hath fiersecuted unto death by every mode of torture. Is it not then astonishing beyond all measure, that any should yet be so blind as to imagine, that the pure gospel and spirit of Christ could be conveyed to future ages through such a medium ? rol. R. 38. “That kind of religion (says Robinson,) which searches, ‘the Catholics always propagated, ought to be conp ‘sidered as it really is, not merely a religion, but as “a species of government, including in it a set of ty‘ranical maxims injurious to the lives, liberties and

‘properties of citizens in a free state, and all tending
* to render the state dependent on a faction called the
* Church, governed from age to age by a succession
* of priests.”
39. And such, we may say, was that kind of priest-
hood by which the Catholic church was organized and
ruled, from the beginning, according to their degree
of power and influence. Simon the sorcerer bewitch-

ed the people, giving out that himself was some *

Great One, when therefore, under his lucrative motives, he professed to be a Christian, he was Antichrist in the seed. 40. Diotreflhes was a Catholic firiest—Antichrist in the blade—he loved to have the pre-eminence; he could not really persecute, but he prated with malicious words against the heretic John and his brethren, and cast them out of the church. Councils are but a larger growth from the same diabolical root, they are rulers without dominion, inquisitors without an inquisition, and may be justly called Antichrist in the ear. 41. “Synods of three or four bishops, framing * creeds or canons for conscience, and attaching to a “breach of them ideas of guilt, differ from the In“quisition only as a spark of fire differs from a city in “a blaze.” Thus from prating they proceed to solemn anathamas, which happily, cannot yet effect the ruin of the dissenter. GREAT ONEs, however, go on to adopt GREAT Words, and as their numbers and authority increase, they grasp the effectual power by faith, and form an Inquisition in their dire decrees. 42. “Their language used to be, when they could “do no better, “If any fierson, king, nobleman, firelate, friest, monk, or any of inferior rank, native or foreigner, shall at any time deny this creed, or disobey these canons, may he be numbered with Judas, Dathan and Abiram ; may all his limbs be broken ; “may his eyes be filucked out ; may his entrails be torn “out of him ; may he be smitten with the lefrosy, and “other diseases from the crown of his head to the sole of his foot ; and may he suffer the flain of eternal damnation with the Devil and his angels.”

CHAP.
W.

Acts vii.

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chap. v.

43. “When the inquisitors burnt thirty, sixty, nine‘ty heretics at a time ;-stained the walls of their

Eccl. Re- ‘torture rooms with human blood;—while they cloth

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‘ed the wretched sufferers with habits and caps, on
‘which were represented devils and flames, what did
“they more than finish and colour a picture of which
* the most ancient and sanctimonious Synods had
‘given them a sketch ; a picture when finished
‘ so dreadful, that even the artists shuddered at the
“sight of their own work An inquisitor calls it,
• Horrendum et tremendum spectaculum ! ...A horrid
and tremendous spectacle but liberal men (says Ro-
“binson,) have hardly words to express their abhor-
• rence of it.” -
44. Here this great fabric, which the enemy of
God and mau had been labouring to establish ever
since the fall, seems to have attained its greatest
height; and here it would seem that the councils,
decrees and prayers of the whole Catholic priesthood
had their most desirable accomplishment.
45. And what more, in reality, could their Lord
God the Poole, and his subordinate legions have done,
in answer to their impious wishes, than to personate
the Devil and his angcls, in tormenting those inof-
fensive heretics, with all manner of torture, as long
as they had it in their power
46. But high as this Babel of confusion had arisen,
under the reign of emperors and popes, by the la-
bours of false teachers, vain fishilosofthers, lordly bish-
ofs, monks, friars, and the whole infrnal rabbie : yet
its builders were far from being satisfied. Even in
their greatest victory over heresy, and the most ab-
solute uniformity that they could possibly attain, the
lordly prelates looked upon their established hierar-
chy to be quite imperfect, and groaned for an oppor-
tunity of wresting the reins of government out of the
hands of their Lord God, in order to reform and com-
plete the work.
47. The fact was, their mock institutions of ce-
libacy, and their numerous orders of monkery, had
opened such an occan of depravity and corruption,
and the earth was so overrun with sanctimonious de-
bawcheco, and hypocritical frostitutes, whose rage for

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