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then, is a clear loss to Mr. Miller's chronology of 60
The following is our tabular view of the IIIrd Period, from the death of Terah and call of Abraham to the Exodus; and of the IVth Period, as above, from the Exodus to the end of the reign of Saul.
1. Othniel ..
Second Servitude 2. Ehud ..
Third Servitude 3. Deborah and Barak.
Fourth Servitude. 4. Gideon... 5. Abimelech 6. Tola... 7. Jair.
Fifth Servitude.... 8. Jephthah 9. Ibzan.. 10. Elon. 11. Abdon
Sixth Servitude, including the time of
Eli and Samson. 12. Samuel... Saul. First King of
3 23 22 18 6 an 10 8
9. 11. 14.
Now, it is a little singular, that, in the above table, the dates from the Exodus to “ the time of Samuel inclusive, amounts to precisely the period of the
480 years as given in 1 Kings vi., 1. If to this we add the dates of St. Paul, Acts xiii., 17-22, for Samuel 24 years, and Saul 40 years; and also the dates beyond Saul as included in 1 Kings vi., 1, giving to David 40 years and to Solomon 3 years, the period of his commencing the erection of the Temple; and, compared with the commonly received Chronology, we discover a loss to the true Scripture Chronology, of more than 100 years! I will only add, that there are two ways in which this discrepancy may be accounted for. The one is, by attributing it to the carelessness of some early copyist, in mistaking the Hebrew numeral 74, for 175, (which, from the evident similarity in the main construction of each might easily be done,) or, to design.
Then again. Including the 24 years of Samuel in the above dates from the time of the division of the lands under Joshua in his 6th year, and it gives you the 450 years of Acts xiii., 20. That date cannot, by any possible construction, be applied exclusively to the period of the Judges; that period, from Othniel to Samuel amounting to no more than 382 years.
The following comprises our understanding of the import of the Apostle. " After” the division of the land by lot in the 6th year of Joshua, God "gave unto them judges, about the space of four hundred and fifty years," until after Samuel's administration, when they desired a king, &c. The 450 years attributed to the period of the Judges being qualified by the phrase “about,” leaves open the door for the introduction of
the conjectural dates, without which, it is impossible to harmonize St. Paul with the old Testament.
V. We now proceed to the Fifth Period, which extends from the death of Saul, to the Babylonish Captivity. Here the evidence before us is clear and unobstructed.
Yrg. Mo.1 D. A. M.
TIME OF THE KINGS.
40 3. Solomon Temple begun in his 4th year
3. ..40 40 Reigned after 37. 4. Rehoboam...
17 5. Abijah
3 6. Asa..
41 7. Jehoshaphat
25 8. Jehoram
8 9. Ahaziah 10. Athaliah. (His mother.)
6 11. Joash
40 12. Amaziah..
29 13. Azariah....
52 14. Jotham.
16 15. Ahaz...
16 16. Hezekiah
29 17. Manasseh
55 18. Amon
2 19. Josiah
31 20. Jehoahaz... 21. Jehoiakim.
11 22. Jehoiachin 23. Zedekiah....
11 Total.... / 473
VI. The Sixth Period embraces the duration of the Babylonish Captivity. To this, in the following tabular view, we add,
VII. The Seventh Period, including the interval between the end of the Babylonish Captivity, and the commencement of Daniel's 70 prophetic weeks.
Ezr. i., ii., iii. See also
Isa. xliv., 28; & xlv., 1, 13. Prid. Con. i.,
277. Ezr. iv., 6. Prid. i., 324,
381, 382, 433 .. 436. Ezr. iv., 7. Prid. i.,
330, 333'.. 335. Ezr. iv., 5. Prid. i., 335,
381, 382. Prid. i., 408. Neh. v., 14. Prid. i.,
433 .. 436.
Of the 70 years captivity we remark, that while it is inserted in the above tabular view as following the 11th year of Zedekiah, it is to be understood as referring to the thorough restoration of the Jewish State which followed the decree of Darius, (Hystaspes) in his fourth year, confirming the previous decree of Cyrus; and which, down to the time of the utter destruction of the city by the Chaldeans, is just
70 years. “The time falling so exactly, and the prophet Zechariah confirming it by expressing, under the fourth year of Darius, that the mourning and fasting of the Jews for the destruction of Jerusalem, and the utter driving them out of the land, on the death of Gedaliah, was then just 70 years,” some have been led to place the beginning of the Captivity spoken of by Jeremiah, at the destruction of Jerusalem; and the end of them, at the publication of this decree of Darius. “But this matter will admit of a very easy reconciliation; for both computations may well stand together ; for though the Babylonish captivity did begin from the 4th year of Jehoiakim, when "Nebuchadnezzar first subjugated the land, and carried away to Babylon the first captives; yet it was not completed till he had absolutely destroyed it in the 11th year of Zedekiah, which was just 18 years after.
And so likewise though the deliverance from this captivity, and the restoration of the Jewish state thereon, was begun at the decree of Cyrus, in the first year of his reign; yet it was not completed till that decree was put in full vigor of execution, by the decree which Darius granted in the 4th year of his reign for the confirmation of it, which was also just 18 years after. --- And therefore if we reckon from the beginning of the captivity to the beginning of the restoration, we must reckon from the 4th year of Jehoiakim to the 1st. year of Cyrus, which was just 70 years; and if we reckon (as in the above table) from the completion of
1. Zech, vii., 5.