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to sojourn there; for the famine was griev-|| raoh: and the woman was taken into ous in the land.
|| Pharaoh's house. 11 And it came to pass, when he was 16 And he 6 entreated Abram well come near to enter into Egypt, that he || for her sake: and he had sheep, and said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now 11 oxen, and he-asses, and men-servants, know that thou art Y a fair woman to look and maid-servants, and she-asses, and upon.
1 camels. 12 Therefore it shall come to pass, ll 17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh when the Egyptiar.s shall see thee, that and his house with great plagues, because they shall say, This is his wife: and they of Sarai, Abram's wife. ? will kill me, but they will save thee 18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and alive.
said, “What is this that thou hast done 13 Say, I pray thee, a thou art my unto me? why didst thou not tell me that sister: that it may be wel with me for she was thy wife? thy sake; "and my soul sh i live because I 19 Why saidst thou she is my sister? of thee.
Il so I might have taken her to me to wife: 14 And it came to pass that when | now therefore, behold thy wife, take her Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyp-||and go thy way. tians beheld the woman, that she was 20 And Pharaoh commanded his men very fair.
concerning him; land they sent him 15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw away, and his wife, and all that he had. her, and commended her before e Pha-||20:2. y 26:7. 29:17. 39:6. 2 Sam. 11: b Ps. 146:3_5. J 17:5–8.
* 20:9,10. 26:3--11. Ex. 32:21 2. Prov. 31:30.
11 Sam. 29:6-11.
V. 10. Abram, when pressed by famine, did rebuke and expostulation could admit of no not return to Mesopotamia, as weary of his answer.-To tempt others to sin is the greatest pilgrimage, or as despising the promised land; of injuries. but he retired for a season into Egypt. V. 11-16. It is supposed that Sarai's com
PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. plexion, being fair, as the Egyptians were
V. 1-9. sallow,) might render her more beautiful in the In the call of Abram, the chosen repository eyes of Pharaoh; though she was at this time of the promises, and the exemplar of believers sixty-five years of age. The impartiality of the ll through all future ages, we have a representahistorian is here worthy of admiration: %ut the lltion of the life of faith, and the walk with conduct of Abram was exceedingly culpable, || God. This commences when the Lord graand inconsistent with the character of the ciously makes himself known to a sinner, by 'father of the faithful,' and the friend of God." || his word and Spirit; thus calling him to forsake His counsel to Sarai could arise from nothing his sinful and worldly pursuits and connexions, but distrust and unbelief: for a numerous pos- Il to deny himself, and to become his spiritual terity had been just before promised him; and worshipper and devoted servant: while allured would the Lord suffer him to be slain when by "exceedingly great and precious promises," childless? The words which he suggested to drawn by strong desires and expectations, and Sarai were at best an equivocation, intended convinced of the ruin which attends disobefor the purpose of deceiving. He tempted herdience, the sinner (through grace obeys the to join in his sin, and thus to expose her own “calling.'—He who indeed believes the word of chastity to imminent danger! And his language God, and values duly the promised blessings, implied a strong dependence on the success of will yield a prompt and unreserved obedience his carnal policy; and a disposition, if it suc- l to the command, however nature may revolt ceeded, to give Sarai the credit of preserving at it, or shrink from it: and nothing but true his life, instead of ascribing his safety to the faith will produce this self-denying obedience. Lord. The temptation also, thrown in the way Believers, being justified by faith, have peace of Pharaoh and his princes, was suited to enl with God:” they are blessed themselves, and snare them in guilt, and even to prejudice them blessings to others, to relatives, to friends, to against Abram's religion.-Pharaoh, (whose neighbors, to their country, to the church of name was for many ages common to the kings God, and to posterity; by their example, influof Egypt,) was disposed to add to the number of ence, and prayers, living and dying: and their his wives, (for probably he had some before;) || words and actions are often long after rememand his courtiers were willing to assist him: but | bered with great profit, by many. As their they did not shew any tokens of so atrocious | friends will be rewarded, so their enemies will wickedness, as to take Abram's wife from him, |be punished: though their name may not be or to murder him on her account.
great on earth, it shall be great in heaven; and V. 17. God inflicted on Pharaoh and his fami-some, who have lived long in sin, have become ly some grievous disorders, which made them afterwards very eminent in faith and holiness. sensible for what cause they were plagued; andl -We must not neglect the call of God, to thus he preserved Sarah. And probably she, oblige our nearest relations; but we should enbeing further questioned, declared the real deavor to prevail on them to associate with us state of the case.
in his service; and we shall not in general be V. 18–20. Pharaoh's conduct on this oc | altogether unsuccessful. Wherever we go, casion was equitable and honorable; and his fathe Lord is there;" and, professing his truth,
|| men of Lot's cattle: and the Canaanite Abram and Lot return with great riches from Egypt, 1-6. and the Perizzite dwelled there in Strife arises between Abram's herdsmen and those of Lot, land. 6, 7. Abram meekly refers it to Lot, to choose his part in the country, 8, 9; and he goes to Sodom, 10—13. God renews his 8 And Abram said unto Lot, Let promises to Abram, 14-17; who goes to Hebron and builds an altar, 18.
there be no strife, I pray thee, between AND Abram went up out of Egypt, he,
me and thee, and between my herdmen and his wife, and all that he had,
and thy herdmen: for we be * brethren.
9 Iš k not the whole land before thee? and Lot with him, into a the south. 2 And Abram was very rich in cat
Separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: tle, in silver, and in gold.
if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will 3 And he went on his journeys from
go to the right; or if thou depart to the the south, even to Beth-el, unto the place
right hand, then I will go to the left. where his tent had been at the beginning, |
I 10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, mand
189|beheld all between Beth-el and Hai;
the plain of Jordan, that it 4 Unto c the place of the altar, which li was well watered every where, before the he had made there at the first: and there
LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, Abram called on the name of the LORD.
even as 'the garden of the LORD, like 5 And Lot also, which went with
the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto
P Zoar. Abram, had flocks, and herds, and e tents.
l! 6 And the land was not able to 'bear ||
11 Then Lot chose him all the plain
ll of Jordan; and Lot journeyed east: and them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they ||.
|| 9 they separated themselves the one from could not dwell together.
the other. 7 And there was a strife between the
h 12:6. 34:30. Neh. 5:9. Phil. 1 k 20:15. 34:10.
2:14,15. Col. 4:5. 1 Thes. 4: 1 Rom. 12:18. Jam. 3:13_18. herdmen of Abram's cattle and the herd- 11. 12. 1 Pet. 2:12...
1 Pet. 3:10.11.
i Prov. 15:1. Matt. 6:9. 1 Cor. m 3:6. 62. Num. 32:1,&c. 1 . 12:9. Josh. 10:40. 18:6. 1 Sam. I a Ps. 116:2,17. Jer. 29:12. Zeph. | 6:6,7. Heb. 12:14.
John 2:15,16. 27:10. 2 Sam. 24:7. 3.9. 1 Cor. 1:2.
* Heb. men, brethren. 11:274 n 19:17,25. 1 Kings 7:46. b 24:35. 20:12,13. Deut. 8:18. le 4:20. 25:27. Jer. 49:29.
31. 45:24. Ps. 133: Acts 7:26.0 2:9. Is. 51:3. Ez. 28:13. 31:8. 1 Sam. 2:7. Job 1:10. Ps. 112: f 36:6,7. Ec, 5:10,11, Luke 12:||
Rom. 12:10. Eph. 4:2,3. 1 Joel 2:3. 1-3. Prov. 3:9,10. 10:22. 17.18.
Thes. 4:9. Heb. 13:1. 1 Pet. p 14:2,8. 19:20–22.30. Deut Matt. 6:33.
g 28:20. Ex. 2:17. i Cor. 3:3. 1:22. 2:17. 3:8. 4:8. 2 Pet. 1: 34:3. Is. 15:5. Jer. 43:34. c 18. 12:7,8, 35:1—3. Ps. 26:8. Gal. 5:20.
7. 1 John 2:9-11. 3:14-19. 9,14. Ps. 16:3. 119:63. Prov. 42:2. 84:1,2,10.
1 27:10. Heb. 10:25.
attending on his worship, and enjoying com- || pellation of princes, and merit the most opmunion with him, we cannot but be safe, re- probrious epithets. Yet, even in the worst of spectable, and happy. Whatever difficulties and times and places, we meet with more honor and dangers we meet with, we must never think of conscience, than we perhaps expected, and find torning back; but must press forward, aiming our unbelieving fears were groundless. God at still more intimate communion with God, protects his people notwithstanding their infirand more entire conformity to him.
mities; takes better care of them than they V. 10-20.
do of themselves; and over-rules all things for No state on earth is free from trials; no their good: yet they shall not escape rebuke, character from blemishes: famine was knownleven from those who are in other respects their in Canaan, the glory of all lands; and unbelief, ll inferiors, when they act inconsistently with with its consequeni evils, was clearly discern-1| their character and profession, ible in Abram "the father of the faithful!” In heaven alone can perfect felicity and purity be
NOTES. found.—Those external accomplishments which Chap. XIII. V. 1. South.) The southern are inost coveted and admired, frequently part of Canaan, lay north-east of Egypt. prove sources of danger and temptation to the V. 2. Abram's riches had been increased by possessor, and to others.—"The 'fear of man his journey to Egypt, nay, by means of his bringeth a snare;” and nothing but lively and misconduct! God so over-ruling it, entirely vigorous faith can keep us stedfast in obe- || beside Abram's intention. dience, amidst perils and temptations. Our V. 4. Place of the altar.] In preference to attachments to endeared relatives, and our any other place, as remembering with pleasure, expectations from them, are frequently idola-|| the worship which he had there performed. trous, and inconsistent with simplicity of de- y. 6. The former inhabitants doubtless ocpendence on the Lord. Strict sincerity, remote cupied much of the best land; and the unoccufrom the least appearance of evasion or dupli- || pied part could not, in one district, support so city, is not only most honorable, but in the large flocks and herds. event safest and most advantageous: for “a I V. 7. The Canaanite and Perizzite, being lying lip is but for a moment," and disgrace is estranged from true religion, would strictly sure to follow.–Magistrates are exalted in scrutinize, and severely animadvert upon, the Providence to be "a terror to evil doers, and a conduct of those, who openly professed thempraise to them that do well;" but too often they selves the servants and worshippers of Jehoare slaves to their own lusts, and sacrifice every | VAH.-The Canaanite, &c.] Note, 12:6,7. pobler consideration to make provision for the li V. 8, 9. Abram was the elder man, the su. desh:” but they must give an account of their || perior relation, and the more eminent servant conduct to God. And when courtiers degrade of God: yet, for the sake of peare, and for the themselves, by becoming caterers of the lusts of credit of religion, he gave up every personal their superiors, they forfeit the honorable ap- ll consideration, and with great temper and prii.
12 Abram dwelled in the land of 1|2 to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for Canaan, and Lot 'dwelled in the cities ever. of the plain, and "pitched his tent toward | 16 And * I will make thy sced as the Sodom.
dust of the earth: so that if a man can 13 But the men of Sodom were wick-|| number the dust of the earth, then shall ed, and sinners before the LORD exceed- || thy seed also be numbered. ingly.
| 17 Arise, walk through the land, in the 14 | And the Lord said unto Abram, | length of it, and in the breadth of it: for after that Lot was separated from him, || I will give it unto thee. > Lift up now thine eyes, and look from 18 Then Abram removed his tent, and the place where thou art, y north-ward,||
|| came and dwelt in the * plain of Mamre and south-ward, and east-ward, and west-|| which is in Hebron, and built there dan ward.
altar unto the LORD. 15 For all the land which thou seest, ||
| 11:23,24. s 14:12. 19:1. Ps. 26:5. i Cor. u 6:11. 10:9. 38:7. 2 Kings 21:6. 15:33. 2 Pet. 2:7.8.
Is. 3:8. 15:18. 18:20, 19:4,&c. Is. 1:9. 1. 10. Is. 49:18. 60:4. 3:9. Ezek. 16:46-50. Matt. y 28:14. Deut. 3:27.
z 12:7. 15:18. 17:8. 18:18. 24:7. 1:10. 1 Kings 3:8. 4:20. 1 Chr.
26:3. 28:13. Num. 34:2,&c. 27:23. Is. 48:18.19. Jer. 33:22. Deut. 26:
2 4. 2 Chr. 20:7. Rom. 4:16-18. Heb. 11:12. Neh. 9:7,8. Ps. 105:9_12. 112: * Heb. plains. 1,2. Acts 7:5.
b 14:13. 19:1. a 15:5. 22:17. 26:4.28:3,14.32:12, 23:2. Num. 13:22. Josh. 14.13. Ex. 32:13. Num. 23:10. Deut. | d 8:20. 12:7,8.
dence supplicated his nephew, and allowed him | predictions had, in some measure, been fulfillhis choice. The best, the wisest, and men of ed; but what proportion did the increase of "the greatest experience in the world, are most || Abram's seed at that time bear, to the incalcuinclined to peace, and most yielding in order | lable multitudes which have since sprung from "to it.' Bp. Patrick.
him? Besides the nations of Judah and Israel, V. 10–12. Lot seems to have expressed no his descendants by Esau, and Ishmael, and the great reluctance at leaving Abram's family, sons of Keturah have been astonishingly nuand losing the benefit of his conversation, coun merous. What human foresight could have persel, example, worship, and instructions; nor soceived, that the nations descended from Abram much as to have remitted to him the privilege would be preserved so distinct, during such a of the first choice! But if this was faulty, it || lapse of ages, as to afford mankind any satiswas still worse to choose, merely from the lust! faction in inquiring into the number of his deof the eye,” a well-watered, fruitful land, with | scendants? What other nations have been out any higher motive, than the hope that his kept separate from the people, in the midst of substance, already too large, would there be- |whom they lived, as the Israelites, Ishmaelites, come much greater.-Before the destruction and Arabians have been? What other people of Sodom, this region appeared to those who can trace back their origin to one illustrious approached it by the way of Zoar, which lay l progenitor, without involving the whole in fable on its borders, like a most beautiful garden. ll and uncertainty?-Even should any one doubt, The garden of Eden seems referred to. (Marg. against the express testimony of Christ and his Réf. o.) The flat country, watered abundantly || apostles, whether Moses wrote these books; it by the streams of Jordan, resembled Egypt in || is unqnestionable that they are very ancient; appearance and fertility. Thither Lot resort and that these prophecies have received their . ed: and Abram continued to dwell in a part of most illustrious accomplishment, since the time that country, which was afterwards inherited when we may certainly know that they were exby his posterity. It is not said that Lot built || tant. an altar to the Lord.
V. 17. Arise, &c.] Go and survey the inV. 13. Sinners, &c.] The men of Sodom || 'heritance allotted to thy posterity.' were notorious and daring transgressors; despising God, and openly defying him; and they PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. were especially marked by him for vengeance. We may sometimes be driven into places of
v. 14. “Lot lifted up his eyes, &c.” (10); temptation, but we must not continue in them and God saith to Abram, “Lift up thine eyes, when the necessity ceases.—The possession of &c." _Thus he who sought this world lost it;/ riches, though dangerous, is not absolutely in. "and he who was willing to give up any thing compatible with the life of faith and walk with for the honor of God and religion, found it.' God. When they are neither anxiously covet. Fuller.
ed, nor eagerly pursued, nor improperly conV. 15. For ever.] This expression, in some fided in, nor inordinately loved; when they instances, means, for ages to come. (Note, 17: | come by the blessing of God, are thankfully 7,8.)
received, moderately enjoyed, and carefully V. 16. As the dust.) This promise must have improved; they may then be ornaments of god. put Abram's faith to a sharp trial: for as yet he liness, and means of usefulness. Yet they are had no child; though he was far advanced in generally encumbrances to the possessor, and life, and had been long married.-Had an innu-l sources of contention or separation between merable posterity been promised to one of brethren; and frequently they exclude men Noah's sons, or grandsons, it would not have from comfortable society, and many spiritual been extraordinary; but about four hundred l advantages. When they “are increased, those and thirty years had now elapsed since the de. are increased that eat them;" which commonly luge; the earth was greatly replenished, creates uneasiness, and renders the possession considerable nations were already founded. of the blessing of peace more precarious. Let Abram's descendants have been so nume, the poor then learn contentment, and the as almost to rank with those of some of NONE wealthy caution and moderation, from the exgrandsons; and none of his contemporariee "mple of Abram and Lot. As we, who profess
13 be brethren in Christ, are surrounded with him When Moses wrote the history,
Kemies and spies, we should be careful to pre70]
in this r
17 And they returned and came to Wer is waged by four kings against the king of Sodom and his Enmishpat, which is · Kadesh, and smote
allies, who are conquered and plundered, 1-11. Lot is taken prisoner, but is rescued by Abram, 12-16. Abram returns, and is met by Melchizedek king of Salem; and by the king of Sodom, to whom he restores the spoil, except the portion of his own confederates, 17—24.
zon-tamar. ND it came to pass in the days of | 8 And there went out the king of Sod
Amraphel king of a Shinar, Arioch om, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of b Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of|| king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, c Elam, and Tidal king of nations; and the king of Bela, (the same is Zoar;)
2 That these made war with Bera king|| and they joined battle with them in the of a Sodom, and with Birsha king of Go- vale of Siddim; morrah, Shinab king of e Admah, and 9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king and with Tidal king of nations, and Amof Bela, which is 'Zoar.
raphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of 3 All these were joined together in the Ellasar: four kings with five. vale of Siddim, which is the & salt-sea. | 10 And the vale of Siddim was full of
4 Twelve years b they served Chedor-' slime-pits: and the kings of Sodom and laomer, and in the thirteenth year they Gomorrah fled, and fell there: and they rebelled.
||that remained fled to the mountain. 5 And in the fourteenth year came || 11 And they took all the goods of SodChedorlaomer, and the kings that were om and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, with him, and smote the 'Rephaims in and went their way. *Ashteroth-Karnaim, and the "Zuzims in 12 And they took + Lot, Abram's Ham, and the m Emims in * Shaveh Ki-| brother's son, ( who dwelt in Sodom,) riathaim,
and his goods, and departed. 6 And the " Horites in their mount | 13 And there came * one that had esSeir, unto + El-paran, which is by the wil-caped, and told Abram Y the Hebrew; for derness.
he z dwelt in the plain of a Mamre the
* Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother llo Num. 20:1. Deut. 1:19,46. | 23. Jer. 2:17-19 i Tim. 6:9
serve union, and to "avoid all appearance of silence and buried in oblivion, had not Abram evil,” lest we should prejudice their minds, or and Lot been concerned in it: edification, not open their mouths against us: and we ought to the gratifying of curiosity, being the object of renounce every personal interest, and to make the inspired historians.-The fruitful valley of every concession, for the sake of peace.-If the Siddim, by the destruction of Sodom and Goreal servants of God so lose themselves, as to morrah, became a large lake, called the Sall leave, for temporal advantages, the society of Sea, or the Dead Sea. Some of these assailants the faithful, and to estrange themselves from came from Mesopotamia, and others from besacred orjinances, by removing to dark and yond the Tigris. Amraphel was king of the wicked places, they will be severely corrected: country in which Babel stood. (Marg. Ref. while the Lord will compensate, perhaps in out a.) ward blessings, certainly in spiritual consola. I V. 4. After having submitted for twelve tions, pledges of his love, and earnests of glory, years, these kings formed an alliance to shake those who give up secular advantages for his off the yoke of this foreign prince, sake, and for the cause and honor of the Gos V. 5–7. This ancient conqueror, having pel.-In outward difficulties it is very profitable subdued all the neighboring petty princes, and for the believer to meditate, frequently and in ravaged their territories, came with his victotensely, on the glorious inheritance which the rious army to subjugate the king of Sodom and Lord hath in reserve for him at the last. And his allies. The word Rephaim is often translaas it is impossible to conceive, that the promises ted giants. (Marg. Ref. i.) For, “all the counand predictions of this ancient book could have try of the Amalekites," the Septuagint read, been so minutely and circumstantially fulfilled, | •All the rulers of Amalek.' (Note, 36:12.) during a course of so many centuries, unless V. 12. From avaricious motives, Lot had they had been written by inspiration of God;" || chosen the fruitful plain of Sodom, and at length let every reader remember our Lord's words: had gone to dwell in that wicked city, the in“If they believe not Moses and the prophets, || habitants of which were ripe for vengeance, neither would they be persuaded though one but their wealth soon tempted plunderers, and rose from the dead.”
he was stript of all his property and carried
captive. Had not Lot been taken, the conquer. NOTES.
ors might have gone off with their booty; but CHAP. XIV. V. 1-3. This is the most an- l he was the servant of God, though he had ofcient war recorded in authentic history; and | fended: he needed a rebuke, but he must not doubtless it would have been passed over in ll be reduced to slavery; especially as he was
of Aner: and these were confederate with || out i to meet him (* after his return from Abram.
the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of 14 And when Abram heard that his the kings that were with him,) at the brother was taken captive, he * armed valley of Shaveh, which is the king's his + trained servants, a born in his own | dale. house, three hundred and eighteen, and 18 And Melchizedek, m king of Salem, pursued them unto e Dan..
brought forth bread and wine: and he 15 And he divided himself against was ° the priest of the most high God. them, he and his servants by night, and 19 And he p blessed him, and said, smote them, and pursued them unto Ho- 9 Blessed be Abram of the most high God, hah, which is on the left hand of 8 Da- || possessor of heaven and earth: mascus.
20 And blessed be the most high 16 And the brought back all the God, u which hath delivered thine enemies goods, and also brought again his broth- || into thy hand. And he gave him * tithes er Lot, and his goods, and the women of all. also, and the people.
21 And the king of Sodom said unto (Practical Observations.]
i 1 Sam. 18:6. Prov. 14:20. 19:4. 10:16. Heb. 7:6,7.
q Ruth 3:10. 2 Sam. 2:5. 17. | And the king of Sodom went || 12 Sam. 18:13.
m Ps. 76:2. Heb. 7.1,2.
s Ps. 115:16. Matt. 11:25. Luke c 13:8. Prov. 17:17. 24:11,12. le Deut. 34:1. Judg. 18:29. 20:1. Gal. 6:1,2. 1 John 3:18.
o Ps. 110:4. Heb. 5:6,10. 6:20. + 24:27. Ps. 72:17—19. Eph. 1: Or, led forth. 16:21 Kings 15:18. Acts 9:2. 7:10_22.
3. 1 Pet. 1:3,4. + Or, instructed.
p 27:4,25-29. 47:7,10. 48.9–16. u Josh. 10:42. 12:5,16, 16:3. 17:12,27. 18:19.
49:29. Num. 6:23—27. Mark Lev. 27:30_32. Heb.7.5-10.
h 11,12. 12:2.
brother's son to Abram the blessed, who was “able with the apostle's reasoning on the subject. blessing” to all related to him.
(Notes, Heb. 7:1-10.)- Others therefore have V. 13. Abram is called the Hebrew, proba thought that it was the Son of God himself; bebly from the name of Eber his ancestor, and ing unwilling to allow that apy mere man was not, as some think, from his having passed the superior to Abram. But surely the apostle in Euphrates, the word signifying a passage. (Note, this case would never have said, that Melchize11:6-9. He had prudently formed an alliance dek was made like to the Son of God:” or with these chiefs for mutual desence, amidst all that Christ was constituted “a Priest after the this violence and depredation. Perhaps they | order of Melchizedek;" or that he was a type were proselyted to his religion.-Mamre is of himself! Melchizedek is stated to have been the name of a man, from whom the plain was the king of Salem; (probably the city aftercalled.
wards called Jerusalem, and distinguished in V. 14–16. Abram might have found many | Pagan writers by the name Solyma;) but we plausible reasons, to excuse himself from this may be sure that Christ did not then reign over dangerous enterprise; and especially he might || any particular city as a temporal prince. It is have pleaded the impropriety of Lot's conduct. || indeed very evident that Melchizedek was a But he forgat all; he disregarded difficulty and | mere man: but the Lord has not seen good to danger; he feared not the numerous and victo-inform us from which of Noah's sons he sprang; rious forces of the combined kings: and having or who were his immediate parents, predeces. so good a cause as the relief of a brother in dis sors, or successors: indeed, he seems intentiontress, depending on God, he boldly pursued ally to have concealed them. We may, howthem with his small company.-Though' averse ever, reasonably determine, that he was an aged from war, in which we do not find he ever en person, venerable for sanctity, who ruled over gaged before or after; he had yet trained his his subjects in righteousness, while they lived domestics for it, and put himself in a posture of under him in peace; which, when oppression defence. Some indeed understand it, that he and violence prevailed among their neighbors, trained up his servants in the faith and fear of perhaps gave the name both to him and to his God, which would render them the best soldiers city.--He also kept up the worship of the true for such an expedition. In company, however, God; and, though a king, he officiated as his with his confederates, Abram followed the vic priest.-In these things, and many others, he tors to the northern borders of Canaan. He, was a remarkable type of Christ; (Notes, Ps. employing both courage and policy, attacked 110:4. Heb. 7:) and, in reverence to his age, the enemy in the night by surprise; and, God rank, piety, and priestly character, Abram so ordering it, he totally intimidated and sub- || shewed him great honor, received his benedicdued them, slaying some, and dispersing the tion, and gave him tithes of all his spoils: being rest. Thus he recovered all, and took a great influenced to this by some secret divine monibooty.Some think that the place called Dan, || tion; perhaps being led to see in this typical was so named from its situation near the springs | character his future Lord and Savior. At least of the river Jordan: others that this name, be. the Spirit of God intended to instruct Abram's ing given to a city built long after by the Dan- || descendants by this action, “that a better priest ites, was inserted by Ezra, instead of Laish, the should arise,” than those of the family of Aaron. ancient name, to render the passage more in- |-We cannot determine from the silence of telligible. (Marg. Ref. e.)
the sacred historian, that this was the only inV. 18—20. Various have been the opinions terview between Melchizedek and Abram: for, of expositors respecting Melchizedek. Some as Shem lived almost as long as Abram, it is have conjectured that it was Shem, who, as || probable they met together, though we are not Abram's venerable progenitor, was entitled to informed that they did.-Bread and wine conpeculiar respect. But Shem's genealogy was | stituted a suitable refreshment of Abram's well known; and Levi was descended from him weary followers: and it is remarkable that as well as from Abram, which is irreconcilea - Il Christ hath appointed the same, as the memo