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20 These are the sons of 'Ham, after|| 28 And Obal, and Abimael, and their families, after their tongues, in their||2 Sheba, countries, and in their nations.

|| 29 And a Ophir, and Havilah, and 21 | Unto Shem also, the father of||Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan. all the children of Eber, " the brother of|| 30 And their dwelling was from Me Japheth the elder, even to him were chil-sha, as thou goest unto Sephar, a moun dren born.

of the east. 22 The children of Shem; P Elam, || 31 These are the sons of Shem, o after and Asshur, and * Arphaxad, and Lud,|| their families, after their tongues, in thei and ' Aram.

lands, after their nationsmilies of the song 23 And the children of Aram; · Uz, | 32 These d are the families of the song and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.

of Noah, after their generations, in their 24 And Arphaxad begat + Salah; and nations: and by these were the e nations Salah begat Eber.

divided in the earth after the flood. 25 And unto Eber were born two sons; u the name of one was Peleg, for * in his

CHAP. XI. days was the earth divided; and his

Only one language in the world, 1. The building of Babel brother's name was Joktan.

interrupted by the confusion of tongues, and the builders dis

persed, 2—9. A genealogy from Shem to Abram, 1-27. Some account of Abram and his family, and of his removal from bis native country, 29–32.

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stroyed before Israel. Some of them inhabited sion, mentioned before (25), seems to have been a country further northward than the promised made by divine appointment (Marg. Ref.): but land; and various changes would take place, it was not complied with, till after the confuduring a course of ages, in respect of names, sion of tongues; and the historian here refers especially by uniting two or more families into | to the consequences in later ages. one. The boundaries of the Canaanites are nearly the same, as those assigned to the Israel- || PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. ites west of Jordan, including also the country NL As all mankind are of one family, and nearly of Sodom and Gomorrah. (Marg. Ref.)

related in Adam and Noah, how reasonable is V. 21. Of Eber.] Of all the Hebrews, and it that we should love, and do good to, each of many other nations, who were descended other! Whenever we behold a human being, from Shem by this branch.

whatever be his language and garb, or wherV. 22–30. Besides the descendants of Shem ever he was born, we should recognize a relaby Arphaxad, the Persians are supposed to be tion, and behave to him accordingly. In this the posterity of Elam; the Assyrians and Chal Iview, how unnatural and absurd is that prejudeans, of Asshur: and the Syrians, Armenians, || dice against foreigners, and that contempt of and many tribes inhabiting Mesopotamia, of them, which generally prevail! And how can it Aram: and the immensely numerous inhabitants consist with love to our neighbors, our brethof the East Indies, China, and Japan, may per-ren, “bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh," haps be considered as the descendants of Jok- to treat them with rigor, or hold them in slavetan, the son of Eber. Indeed, many learned ry?-But “whence then come wars and fightmen suppose that they find all Joktan's descen ings amongst us?” From that first murderer, dants in the large peninsula between the Red- ll who so early stirred up in fallen man the vile Sea and the Persian Gulph; and appear to de- || lusts of ambition, covetousness, revenge, and rive the Arabians in general from him. But cruelty, and armed brethren against each other the mention of a mountain in the East, warrants in horrid war; and who hath in all ages filled the us to look for his posterity more to the East: at earth with slaughter and devastation, which, it least if they settled in Arabia at first, some of might previously have been supposed, could them seem afterwards to have migrated to a gratify none but himself. But the very existgreater distance. Indeed, this appears to be ence of war, and the necessity of always being the most accurate account of the peopling of ready for it, and of sometimes waging it, too the regions in the eastern parts of Asia, south || plainly prove man's deprarity, as well as Satan's of Tartary. It is likewise certain, that many influence. Blessed be God, the days are coming, of the Arabians trace back their original to, when all the “nations shall beat their swords Ishmael and Keturah.-Peleg signifies division: l into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning. and had not the division spoken of been ap-ll hooks, and they shall learn war no more:” and pointed about the time of his birth, it does not then ambitious or rapacious conquerors will no appear why that name might not as properly | longer be adjudged illustrious characters, as in have been given to any of his contemporaries, man's partial histories; but they will be brand as to him.

ed with infamy, as in the impartial records o. • 31. Tongues.] (Note, 11:1,2.) The divi-|| the Bible.

plain in the land of Shinar; and they | people is one, and they have all one landwelt there.

guage; and this they begin to do: and now 3 And * they said one to another, Gonothing will be restrained from them which to, let us make brick, and + burn them they have imagined to do. throughly. And they had d brick for 7 Go to, " let us go down, and there stone, and e slime had they for mortar. 1° confound their language, that they P may

4 And they said, Go to, let us build | not understand one another's speech. us a city and a tower, whose top may 8 So the 9 LORD scattered them abroad reach unto heaven, 5 and let us make us a from thence upon the face of all the earth: name, - lest we be scattered abroad upon and they left off to build the city. the face of the whole earth.

9 Therefore is the name of it called 5 And the LORD i came down to see + Babel, because the LORD did there conthe city and the tower, which the chil-| found the language of all the earth: and dren of men builded.

from thence did the LORD scatter them 6 And the LORD said, “Behold, 'the abroad upon the face of all the earth. le 14:10. Ex. 2:3.

1 1. 9:19. Acts 17:26.

149. Ps. 55:9. Jer. 5:15. I Cor. • Heb. a man said to his neigh | f Deut. 1:28. 9:1. Dan. 4:11,22.

m 6:6, 8:21. Ps. 2:1-4. Luke 1: 14:2-11.

94, 49:7. Luke 1:51. c4,7. Ec. 2:1. Is. 5:5. Jam. 4:13. 4:30. Joha 5:44.

That is, Confusion. 10:10. Is

o Job 5:12,13. 12:20. Ps. 33:10. | 13: 14: Jer. 60: 51: Heb. burn them to a brerning. Ji 18:21. Ex. 19:11. John 3:13.

Acts 2:4-11. d Ex. 1:14. 5:7–18. 2 Sam. 12: k 3:22. Judg. 10:14. 1 Kings 18:

r 10:25,32, Acts 17:26. 91. Is. 9:10. 65:3. Nab. 3:14. 27. Ec. 11:9.

p 10:5,20,32, 42:23. Deut. 28:

b See on 10:10.


g 2 Sam. 8:13. Prov. 10:7. Dan.

n 5. 1:26, 3:22. Is. 6:8.


h 8. Ps. 92:9. Luke 1:51.


ing his vengeance; they would probably have Chap. XI. v. 1, 2. Many learned men are chosen for the purpose some high mountain, of opinion, that the events here recorded occur- and not a plain: but they proposed to themselves red about the time of Peleg's birth, or a hundred the acquisition of renown; they wanted to do and one years after the deluge: but their argu-l something in order to be admired and celebratments are by no means conclusive: and the ed; and they sought their own glory among posidea impressed on the mind in reading the terity. Yet it is remarkable that no history chapter, of the numbers, to which the family of records so much as the name of one of these Noah was already increased, favors the opin- || Babel-builders, except that obscure intimation ion that a longer term of years had elapsed. | respecting Nimrod before referred to.-It apProbably the division of the earth before men- || pears likewise, that they meant this tower to tioned, was a distinct transaction from the dis- | be a centre of union, that they might not be dipersion, which took place on this occasion. It || vided, and “scattered abroad upon the face of was the purpose of God, declared in the bless- | the whole earth.” And probably their chief. ing pronounced on the sons of Noah, that they | tains, Nimrod especially, intended it to be the should “replenish the earth." (9:1.) This im metropolis of that universal dominion of which plied that they should be divided into distinct they seem to have been ambitious.-It does nations, under separate governments, inhabit | not appear that they built the tower for an ing different countries, till the whole earth was idolatrous temple expressly; but idolatry was repeopled. But, as they all spake one language, | early introduced, and this became one of its and, with but few exceptions, had cast off the chief residences fear of God; they formed a project which tend-ll V. 5. The Lord took particular notice of ed to counteract his purpose.Some regular this daring enterprise; and men, who take such division of the earth seems to have taken place notice, come to the spot to examine for themat the time that Peleg was born, probably by selves. (Note, 6:6,7. The distinction between divine appointment, under the direction of Noah “the children of men,” or the openly profane, and his sons. (Marg. Ref.-Note, 10:22—30.). and “the children of God,” or professors of -But the several families, to which the differ true religion, still subsisted. We may be sure, ent regions were assigned, had not yet sepa- || that Noah, Shem, Eber, and other pious per: rated, and were unwilling to separate.—The sons, had no concern in this ambitious rebelexpression, “as they journeyed from the East,lious project. may refer to some of the expeditions headed by U V. 6–9. Ever since Adam broke through Nimrod, who, having united the whole company | the fence of the divine prohibition, by eating under his government, perhaps led them to the forbidden fruit, men have not been restraincombine in this undertaking: (Note, 10:8-12.) ||ed from any thing on which they set their though some think that Noah had settled to the hearts, unless by a strong hand. The remarkEast of Shinar, when he left the ark, and that able language here used, not only implies counhis descendants were now removing towards sel and determination, and an indignant conthe West.

tempt of the presumptuons project formed by V.3, 4. The company, or their leaders, con- || the builders; but is likewise a clear intimation sulted together, and excited and animated each of the plurality of persons in the Deity, and other in encountering difficulties. The plain can admit of no other consistent interpretation. which they had chosen, contained no quarries (Note, 1:26,27.)-The power of that God, who of stone; but it yielded quantities of bitumen, I first gave man' the gift of speech, was exerted which formed a natural cement: and, having in confounding the language of this rebellious thus obtained mortar, their ingenuity and reso company; and nothing could be more suited to lution suggested a method of surrounting the break their wicked combination. Some indeed other impediment to their design, (which have thought, that no more is meant, than dito erect both a cily, and an exceedingly hi 18, Liding their counsels, by leaving them to their tower,) by burning clay into bricks. If 18

99 | cible

plent passions, till they quarrelled and sepabad planned this enormous building to se,

ted; and several other interpretations have themselves against a future deluge, as for Il y en given: but the variety of languages, which ting or distrusting the promise of God, or a

ever since prevailed on earth, proves that 64]

Jins if they

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L 1956.

10 T These are the generations of 21 And Reu lived after he begat Serug Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, two hundred and seven years, and rB. C and begat Arphaxad two years after the begat sons and daughters.

| 2185 flood.

| 22 And Serug lived thirty years, [B. c. 11 And * Shem lived after he begat Ar- and begat Nahor. B. c.7 phaxad five hundred years, and be-l. 23 Ănd Serug lived after he begat Nagat sons and daughters.

hor two hundred years, and begat (B. c. B. C.7 12 And Arphaxad lived five and sons and daughters. 2311. ] 1.d thirty years, and begat Salah.

24 And Nahor lived nine and -B.C. 13 And Arphaxad lived after he begat twenty years, and begat Terah. [ 212 B. C.7 Salah four hundred and three years, ll 25 And Nahor lived after he begat 1908.and begat sons and daughters. ||Terah an hundred and nineteen sb. c. B. C.7 14 And Salah lived thirty years, years, and begat sons and daugh- [ 200 2281.] and begat Eber.

ters. 15 And Salah lived after he begat Eber 26 | And Terah lived seventy years, B. C.7 four hundred and three years, and and begat * Abram, Nahor, and Haran. 1878. J begat sons and daughters.

27 Now these are the generations of 8. C.7 16 And Eber lived four and thir-Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and 2247.] 17.ty years, and begat * Peleg. Haran; and Haran begat y Lot.

17 And Eber lived after he begat Pe- 28 And Haran died before his father leg four hundred and thirty years, and Terah, in the land of his nativity, in ? Ur begat sons and daughters.

of the Chaldees. 18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and 29 And Abram and Nahor took them begat + Reu.

wives: the name of Abram's wife was 19 And Peleg lived after he begat Reu a Sarai; and the name of Nahor's wife, B. c.two hundred and nine years, and be- Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the 2217.) 117. J gat sons and daughters.

father of Milcah, and the father of Is20 And Reu lived two and thirty years, cah. and begat + Serug.

1–29. 2 Pet. 2:7. $27. 10:21,22 i Chr 1:17--27. * Luke 3:35. Phalec.

a 17:15. 20:12. y 31. 12:4. 13:1–11. 14:12. 19:/b 22:20. 24:15.

$ Luke 3:34. Thara.
11 12:4,5. 22:20--24. Josh. 24:2.

1 Chr. 1:26,27.

z 15:7. Neh. 9:7. Acts 7:4.

Luke 3.94-36.

It Luke 3:35. Ragau.

i Luke 3:35. Saruch.

u 10:21,25. I Chr. 1:19.

their language was confounded, and that they ters of idolatry, and the type of the mystical could not understand each other. By an ex- || Babylon, “the mother of harlots and abominatraordinary miracle, their minds were strange- tions of the earth;" which likewise is, and will ly confused, as to the meaning of the terms in be, confusion. which they had before conversed; and led to V. 10—25. The sacred writer, having given form other words and expressions. Thus new a general account of the tribes and nations delanguages were produced; and, probably, these | scended from the three sons of Noah; before he were as numerous as the principal families in proceeded to trace the line of Shem to Abram, the company, who could understand one anoth introduced the building of Babel and the coner but could not converse with their former as || fusion of tongues, as in a parenthesis. The sociates. Thus the very plan which they had Septuagint read, “Arphaxad lived one hundred formed to prevent their dispersion made way and thirty-five years, and begat Cainan. ... for it; and in consequence the several tribes | And Cainan lived one hundred and thirty years, removed to the regions allotted to them. In and begat Salah.” And St. Luke refers to the some respects this was a severe rebuke, and genealogy, with this additional link in it. (Luke led to the more entire separation of most of || 3:36. According to the Hebrew text, followed them from the worshippers of God: but it tend- | by our version, we may by computation find, ed to accomplish his purpose in replenishing that the original revelation made to Adam, the earth with the human species. There is might be transmitted to Abram, at above two scarcely a great nation in the world, but what thousand years' distance, through only two in'has its own language. The dividing of lan-termediate persons. Adam lived till Methusaguages was therefore the dividing of nations; |leh was two hundred and forty-three years old; (and so a bar to the whole world being under and Methusaleh died when Shem was about one (one government. Fuller.-Noah, and other hundred, who lived almost as long as Abraham. pious persons, chiefly the descendants of Shem . The Septuagint, indeed, add one hundred in the line of Eber, not being concerned in years to all, beginning at Arphaxad; and take this project, retained the original language. them away from the subsequent life of some of Now, if this was, as it is highly probable, the them. (Note, 5:4–20.)It is remarkable in Hebrew, we may conclude it was thus called | how gradual a manner the life of man was short. from Eber, to whose descendants it was pecul-ened after the deluge, till it was confined withiar: and perhaps this is the most satisfactory in its present limits. reason that can be assigned, why Abraham is V. 26, 27. Terah seems to have lived seven. called the Hebrew, and his posterity the He-ty years before he had any children, and in breus. This name, however, seems to have process of time to have had Abram, Nahor, and been at erst general to all the race of Eber. Haran, and perhaps others. But, though Abram Babel signifies confusion; (Bp. Patrick: Leigh;) || was mentioned first, as the most honorable and the city was afterwards called Babylon, character; it is probable that he was Terah's and continued, for many ages, the head-quar Il youngest son, and not born till his father was a VOL. I.


taken into Pharaoh's house, who by plagues is compelled to 30 But Sarai was e barren; she had noll

restore her, 1417. He reproves Abram, and sends him away, child.

18-20. 31 And Terah d took Abram his son, WTOW the LORD a had said unto Abram, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, Get thee out of thy country, and and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son from thy kindred, and from thy father's Abram's wife; and they went forth withhouse, unto a land that I will shew thee. them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into 2 And I will make of thee a great the land of Canaan; and they came unto nation, and I will bless thee, and make Haran, and dwelt there.

thy name great; and thou shalt be a 32 And the days of Terah were two blessing. hundred and five years: and Terah diedl 3 And e l will bless them that bless in Haran.

thee, and curse him that curseth thee:

and 'in thee shall all families of the earth CHAP. XII.

be blessed. God calls Abram and blesses him, 1-3. He, with Lot, leaves a 11:31,32. (s. 41:9. 51:2. Ez. d 14:14—16. 18:18. 19:29. 28.4. Haran and comes to Canaan, 4, 5. The Lord appears to him, 33:24.

1 Kings 1:47. Gal. 3:14. and Abram worships, 6-9. Abram in a famine goes down tob Josh. 24:2,3. Ps. 45:10.11. - 27:29. E.. 23:22. Num. 24:9

Egypt, and feigns bis wife to be his sister, 10_13. She is | Luke 14:26-28. Acts 7:2-6. Matt. 25:40,45. c 15:2.3. 16:1,2. 18:11.12. 25:21. le 28. Heb. 11:8.

Heb. 11:8.

f 18:18. 22:18. 26:4. 28:14. 30: 29:31. 30:1,2. Judy. 13:2. 1 f 32. 12:4. 27:43. 294,5.-Acts |c 13:16. 17:6. 18:18. 46:3. Ex. 27,30. 39:5. Ps. 72:17. Acts 3: Sam. 1:2. Luke 1:7,36. 7:4. Charran.

32:10. Num. 14:12. Deut. 26:5. 25,26. Gal. 3:8. d 26,27. 12:1.

2 Sam. 7:9. 1 Kings 3:8,9.

hundred and thirty years of age. For Terah | in heaven, and laugheth them to scorn;" and lived two hundred and five years; and Abram, all the efforts of sinners to honor themselves who did not leave Haran till after his death, I will at last terminate in shame and confusion.was only seventy-five when he departed thence. In the difficulty with which our intercourse (12:5.)

with foreign nations is carried on, and the v. 28–32. Sarai is supposed by some to labor with which learning is acquired, we exhave been the daughter of Haran, and the same perience the effects of the transaction at Babel. as Iscah. She is called the daughter-in-law of Indeed, one great hindrance to the promulgaTerah (31), as being Abram's wife; yet Abram tion of true religion, both in former and latter afterwards said, “she is the daughter of my li ages, has arisen from this source. Yet, “rightfather, but not the daughter of my mother." cous art thou in all thy judgments, O LORD!” (20:12. Probably Haran was the eldest son of When it was thy sovereign purpose to spread Terah, and Abram his youngest by another the Gospel among the nations which thou badst wife: and thus, Sarai was the daughter, or dispersed, how easily didst thou by the gift of grand-daughter, of Terah, Abram's father, but tongues remove this impediment!-Oh! remove not of his mother.-It seems that Terah left his | all other impediments, and fill the earth with country on a divine monition made to Abram. Il truth and righteousness. (12:1. Acts 7:2,3.)-Idolatry must have become very general at this early period; for both Te

NOTES. rah and his family had served other gods before Chap. XII. V. 1-3. To prevent the uni. this call; which was doubtless one reason of the versal prevalence of idolatry, and to reserve command to Abram finally to leave his native la remnant, to whom his oracles might be decountry. Terah appears to have been very | livered, and among whom his ordinances might ready to obey the call, and even active in re- || be established, till the coming of Christ; the moving from Ur: and he reached a place called Lord, as a Sovereign, chose Abram, from among Haran or Charran, (well known in history, and his associates in idolatry. “Thus the God of perhaps thus named Irom Terah's deceased son;) glory appeared to him," probably by a visible but here he stopped, probably through sickness manifestation; and, having made himself known and infirmity; and Abram, having attended him | unto him, and satisfied him that this was a ditill he died, afterwards proceeded on his journey vine revelation, he commanded him to leave his towards Canaan. The other branches of the native country.-It is not certain that idolatry family seem afterwards to have left Ur, and to was more prevalent there than in Canaan; but have settled at Haran.

Abram might more easily avoid it among stran

gers, than among his former associates: he was PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. therefore likewise required to leave all his kinHow soon do men forget the most tremendous dred, that is, all who would not accompany him. judgments, and return to their former crimes!! _«The Lord had said," &c. That is, when he The increase of wickedness kept pace with that was in Ur of the Chaldees: and perhaps be reof the human species; though the desolations of peated the call after Terah's death. To engage the deluge were before their eyes, though they | Abram's prompt obedience, God promised to bless sprang from the stock of righteous Noah, and him personally, in things temporal, spiritual, and though that patriarch was still living! So in- ll eternal; and relatively in his posterity, by effectual is every thing, except the sanctifying “making of him a great nation.”God would grace of the Holy Spirit, to rectify the obliquity | also comake his name great.”—Abram was not of the human will, and subdue the depravity of renowned, either as a conqueror, a lawgiver, the human heart!-Arduous undertakings can or an inventor of useful and ingenious arts: he be accomplished only by counsel, harmony, and was not a monarch, a genius, a philosopher, or mutual encouragement; which we often find in so much as an author; but a plain man, dwellthe enterprises of daring sinners against the ling in tents, and feeding cattle all his days: yet cause of God, and which are too often wanting perhaps no mere man has been so widely and in the endeavors of his servants to promote his permanently honored. The Jews, and many glory. There is, however, no counsel or wis- | tribes of the Saracens and Arabians, justly own dom against the Lord. While men on earth and revere him as their progenitor: many na. are plotting to defeat his purposes, “he sitteth Il tions in the East exceedingly honor his memory

4 So Abram departed as the LORD had || and said, ' Unto thy seed will I give this spoken unto him; 6 and Lot went with land: and there 9 builded he an altar unto him: and Abram was seventy and five the LORD, who appeared unto him. years old when he departed out of Haran. 3 And he removed from thence unto

5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and a mountain on the east of Beth-el, and Lot his brother's son, and all their sub-pitched his tent, having Beth-el on the stance that they had gathered, and b the west, and Hai on the east: and there he souls that they had gotten ' in Haran; and builded an altar unto the LORD, and · callthey went forth to go into the land of ed upon the name of the LORD. Canaan, and k into the land of Canaa 41 9 And Abram journeyed, *going on they came.

still toward the south. 6 And Abram passed through the land

(Practical Observations.) into the place of Sichem, unto the plain 10 | And there was ua famine in the of m Moreh. And the Canaanite was land: and Abram * went down into Egypt then in the land.

p 13:15. 17:3. 26:3. 28:13. Ps. 12–14. 1 Cor 1:2. 7 And the LORD o appeared unto Abram, 105:9–12.

* Heb. In going and journcying.

S. 8:20. 13:4,18. 26:25. 33:20. | 13:36 g 11:27. | Shechem. John 4:5. Sychar. ir 28:19. 35:3,15,16.

20:1. 42:5. 43:1. 47:13. Ruth h 14:14,21. marg. 46:5—26. | Acts 7:16. Sychem.

$ Josh. 7:2. 9:3. Ai. Neh. 11:31. 1:1. 2 Sam. 21:1. 1 Kings 17: m Deut. 11:30. Judg. 7:1. Aija.

18 2 Kings 4:38. 6:25. 7: Ps. k Acts 7:4. Heb. 11:8,9.

n 10:15,19. 13:7. 15:18_21. 14:20. 13:4. 21:33. Ps. 116.4. 107:34. Jer. 14:1. Acts 7:11. I 33:18. 34:2. 35:4. Josh. 20:7. 17:1. 18:1. 32:30.

Joel 2:32. Acts 2:21. Rom. 10: x 20:2,3. 40:3,4. 2 Kings 8:1,2. 24:32. Judg. 9:1. 1 Kings 12:1.

i 11:31.


at this day, and glory in their real or pretended that Canaan was almost entirely unknown to relation to him. Throughout the visible church him; being at least three hundred miles disbe bas always been highly venerated; and at tant from Haran, and separated by great rivers, this day, Jews, Mohammedans, and many Gen- and an extensive and perilous desert.-Lot also, tiles, vie with each other and with Christians, l, with his family, went with him, having become, who should most honor this ancient patriarch!! probably by his means, a believer: and they Nothing could be more improbable at the time, I took such of their possessions as could be rethan this event; yet the prediction has been moved, with the servants who were their propfulfilling, most exactly and minutely, during erty, and perhaps many of them proselytes to the course of almost four thousand years! Need their religion. Thus with steady perseverance we any other proof, that the historian wrote as they went forward, and by the Lord's guidance "he was moved by the Holy Ghost?”—The Lord and protection safely arrived in Canaan. also promised Abram that he should be a bless V. 6, 7. The Lord appeared to Abram on his ing." To the latest ages important blessings arrival in Canaan, to testify his acceptance of would for his sake be vouchsafed to his posteri his faith and obedience, and to encourage him; ty; he should be an instrument of great good, llat the same time that he welcomed him to the while he lived, to his relations, domestics, and promised land, which he assured him should be neighbors; and his example would be eminent. I the possession of his posterity: yet he then had ly useful till the end of time. All the true lino child, the Canaanites dwelt in it, and he blessedness the world is now, or ever shall could only sojourn there as a stranger upon "be, possessed of, is owing to Abram and his I sufferance. Accordingly Abram "builded an

posterity. Through them we have a Bible, alaltar, unto JEHOVAH, who appeared to him.” "Savior, and a gospel. They are the stock onli He made an open profession of his religion; "which the Christian church is grafted. Their ll maintained the public worship of JEHOVAH; "very dispersions have proved the riches of the lavowed his faith in the promised Seed, in pre“world.' Fuller.The Lord would also have figuration of whose atonement sacrifices were the same friends and enemies with his chosen instituted; and probably, both with his family servant, rewarding the kindness, and pupish- land such of his neighbors as were induced to ing the injuries, done to him, as if done to him- join him, he observed the sabbaths with sacred self. In him, and in One descended from him, I solemnity. Thus, in faith, he seemed to take all blessings centre; and through and from him|| possession of the promised land, in the name of they have been communicated to unnumbered JEHOVAH, as the land which in future ages millions, and shall continue to be so, till all na- I would be the principal seat of true religion.tions shall be made happy in him, and by faith | Sichem is afterwards spelt Shechem, which best in Jesus become “Abraham's seed, and heirs accords with the original.The word rendered according to the promise.” (Notes, Acts 3:24– plain, is generally supposed to mean an oak, 26. Rom. 4: Gal. 3:)

or grove of oaks.-- The clause, “The Canaanite v. 4, 5. “By faith Abram obeyed, and he was then in the land," might be added afterwent out not knowing whither he went.” He wards as an explanatory note, perhaps by Ezra: was fully satisfied that the call, promise, and yet some think, that the branch of the devoted command, were from the living God. He be-/l nations, which were called Canaanites, then inlieved that his testimony was true, and his habited this district; but, before the times when proinise faithful, and that he was able to fulfil || Moses wrote, had been dispossessed by some it. He was assured, that the blessing of the other tribe. Almighty was sufficient to compensate for all|| V. 8. Beth-el.] Many of these names were that he could lose or leave behind, to counter-Il given afterwards; but Moses spake of the sevvail all trials, to supply all wants, and to answer leral places as they were known in his time. and exceed all his desires and expectations. “Calling on the name of the Lord," seems to His natural reluctance might be strong; and signify the public worship which aco many would deride him as a visionary, for leav-l nied Abram's sacrifices. Some render , he ing all, without so much as being able to in-ll«preached concerning the name ol forın his inquiring neighbors, or expostulatingllas intimating that he joined instru relatives, whither he was going. For it seems devotions. (18:19.)


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